Search: For - LAWS

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Beyond the ‘Lethal’ in lethal autonomous weapons: Applications of LAWS in theatres of conflict for middle powers
Dec 21, 2018

Beyond the ‘Lethal’ in lethal autonomous weapons: Applications of LAWS in theatres of conflict for middle powers

Even as Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems (LAWS) promise to revolutionise the battlefield, very little analysis moves beyond the great powers to examine the interests that middle powers may have in these systems. Shaped by their own geostrategic contexts, demographic issues and geography challenges, countries like India, South Korea, Indonesia or the Philippines may find utility in LAWS for improving the efficiency of their forces, reducing both

Catch (20)22: Resolving the decade-long deadlock around LAWS
Jan 03, 2023

Catch (20)22: Resolving the decade-long deadlock around LAWS

It is high time that the annual discussion around lethal autonomous weapons systems (LAWS) delivers a legal or political framework for regulatory purp

Corporate Funding of Elections: The Strengths and Flaws
Aug 23, 2023

Corporate Funding of Elections: The Strengths and Flaws

This Issue Brief seeks to outline the history of corporate funding in India, legislation governing corporate funding, institutional innovations in corporate funding like electoral trusts, and international experiences and their relevance in the Indian context. Given the increasing clamour for transparent and accountable corporate funding of political parties, the Brief also explores the perils of over-reliance on corporate funding.

Demolition of Noida Towers: A zero-tolerance policy towards violation of laws
Sep 07, 2022

Demolition of Noida Towers: A zero-tolerance policy towards violation of laws

The recent demolition of the twin towers of Noida showcases that violation of urban laws in the real estate industry will no longer be tolerated.

Electoral demographic flaws may weaken realisation of SDGs in India
May 14, 2019

Electoral demographic flaws may weaken realisation of SDGs in India

If we want our federal governance structure to promote the SDGs, we must focus on the scale of geographical area of constituencies rather than only th

Ironclad laws needed
Jul 17, 2006

Ironclad laws needed

The Mumbai blasts were an act of war against the Indian state; it would be naïve to term it as anything else. It was an act of terror to kill as many Indians as possible. It was an act enabled, to a large measure, by a growing perception among the terrorist groups, especially those operating from Pakistan, that the Indian state was soft and indolent.

Manifestos must harp on laws for gender friendly urban work spaces
May 06, 2019

Manifestos must harp on laws for gender friendly urban work spaces

Several of India’s current laws ostensibly help women succeed in the workplace, but actually have the opposite effect of impeding growth and equalit

Minimal changes to existing laws adequate to fight  corruption
Jun 24, 2011

Minimal changes to existing laws adequate to fight corruption

The controversy over the Lok Pal refuses to die down. Coupled with the Baba Ramdev's aborted fast over unearthing black money, particularly that which is stashed away in overseas tax havens, Anna Hazare's continuing call on a 'Jan Lok Pal bill'.

Modi’s U-turn on farm laws: A set back in the history of India’s economic reforms
Nov 19, 2021

Modi’s U-turn on farm laws: A set back in the history of India’s economic reforms

The repeal of the three farm laws will most likely lead to a quarter century where no political party will touch agricultural reform

Stricter implementation of laws key to women's safety
Mar 19, 2014

Stricter implementation of laws key to women's safety

Safer cities are a product of technology, policing, community participation, education, and planning and architectural design. In the policy frame, focus should be on inclusive development, participatory approaches, identity mainstreaming, and sustainable urban development to create a more equal and tolerant urban society.

The Agnipath Scheme: Overcoming structural flaws
Jul 04, 2022

The Agnipath Scheme: Overcoming structural flaws

The Agnipath Scheme might appear to be feasible on paper but won’t pan out well in practice.

This isn't just about Paytm — Laws on government access to data need to change
May 30, 2018

This isn't just about Paytm — Laws on government access to data need to change

The Cobrapost Paytm story highlights, perhaps more importantly, the inadequacy of the legal system in place when requesting data from online companies that collect vast quantities of information about their users.

#किसान आंदोलन: किसानों के विरोध की पहेली?
Jul 30, 2023

#किसान आंदोलन: किसानों के विरोध की पहेली?

किसानों की तादाद सबसे कम होने के बावजूद किसानों का विरोध �

2014: The year of the Lokpal?
Jan 07, 2014

2014: The year of the Lokpal?

What India needs to understand is that legislation or institutions by themselves do not bring about social change. Countries of Europe or the United States, too, had a history of political corruption. But over the years they have cleaned up their act considerably because of popular sentiment, as well as institutions and laws.

2024: The year that changed democracy?
Dec 16, 2023

2024: The year that changed democracy?

The Indian general election will go beyond reaffirming the power of democracy; it could make 2024 the year that took democracy home to the people of t

2024: लोकशाही बदलणारे वर्ष?
Jan 06, 2024

2024: लोकशाही बदलणारे वर्ष?

भारतात होणारी आगामी लोकसभा निवडणूक लोकशाहीच्या सामर्थ्

70 Policies — Industries (Development and Regulation) Act, 1951
Aug 02, 2018

70 Policies — Industries (Development and Regulation) Act, 1951

The law declared “in the public interest” — a term that would get echoed over the next five decades for several laws and policies, to mean the c

A paragraph on wealth creation for Modi’s Independence Day speech
Jul 19, 2019

A paragraph on wealth creation for Modi’s Independence Day speech

Modi must ensure administrative accountability, redraft coercive laws and end the trust deficit to unleash an Entrepreneurial Revolution in India

AI risks for international peace and security
Jan 31, 2024

AI risks for international peace and security

AI already presents major risks for international peace and security. We must address the dangers of misuse.

Amalgamating small cogs in the giant tech machine: Three lessons for regulators following the Congressional hearings
Aug 13, 2020

Amalgamating small cogs in the giant tech machine: Three lessons for regulators following the Congressional hearings

The prevailing school of thought on antitrust laws cannot reign in Big Tech. Focus should be given to other forms of anti-competitive behaviour.

Amidst calls for a ban, India leads the debate on Lethal Autonomous Weapons
Nov 29, 2017

Amidst calls for a ban, India leads the debate on Lethal Autonomous Weapons

At a decisive meeting on the future of LAWS, countries such as Pakistan and Cuba have called for a pre-emptive ban, while others like US, Germany and Russia disagree.

Artificial imagination: Balancing innovation and rights in the era of generative AI
Mar 04, 2024

Artificial imagination: Balancing innovation and rights in the era of generative AI

Generative AI's impact on creative industries is unfolding through economic shifts and legal challenges, affecting job markets and redefining artistic

Bhullar case verdict and after
Apr 26, 2013

Bhullar case verdict and after

In the 'Bhullar case', the Supreme Court could now be construed to have applied the 'reasonable restriction' theory in the larger application of Article 14 of the Constitution, promising 'equality before law and the equal protection of the laws'.

Budget 2022: Enabling finance for green growth and innovation
Jan 28, 2022

Budget 2022: Enabling finance for green growth and innovation

Budget 2022 could be a turning point for India in achieving its climate ambitions if adequate steps are taken to improve investments and innovation in

Building responsible artificial intelligence
Mar 04, 2022

Building responsible artificial intelligence

As AI is rapidly developing, a robust government-led industry self-regulation regime should be put in place

Centre must step in to end corruption in Kashmir
Mar 09, 2018

Centre must step in to end corruption in Kashmir

Politics of appeasement must be done away with and New Delhi should extend all the anti-corruption laws of India, especially the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988, in Jammu and Kashmir.

Centre needs to continue pace of labour reforms
Dec 03, 2014

Centre needs to continue pace of labour reforms

The labour laws certainly represent a small step but the introduction of even small reforms in labour legislations was long awaited to keep at bay the rising discontent among domestic as well as foreign entrepreneurs from India's manufacturing sector.

Change the electoral system: Salman Khurshid
Jan 24, 2005

Change the electoral system: Salman Khurshid

The electoral system of India has flaws and there is an 'anti-democratic conspiracy of silence' to hide it, Uttar Pradesh Congress Committee chief Mr. Salman Khurshid said during a talk on 'Has the Indian Electoral System Failed?' organized by the ORF Mumbai chapter of Observer Research Foundation on January 24,

Chasing new horizons: Sunset clauses in India’s revamped BIT regime
Mar 28, 2024

Chasing new horizons: Sunset clauses in India’s revamped BIT regime

India must articulate its vision of the sunset clause in future BITS as it seeks to renegotiate these treaties with states

Chile’s ‘peaceful revolution’
Sep 19, 2022

Chile’s ‘peaceful revolution’

The overwhelming rejection of the utopian draft constitution indicates the growing discontent amongst the Chilean population.

China resorts to lawfare: A new maritime policy
Nov 16, 2021

China resorts to lawfare: A new maritime policy

In another attempt to assert its dominance, China has issued new maritime laws in the South China Sea which could heighten tensions in the region.

China takes on its toxic tech working culture
Sep 07, 2021

China takes on its toxic tech working culture

Chinese courts and the Communist Party of China are cracking down on companies that violate labour laws

Commercial space mining: Economic and legal implications
Sep 24, 2017

Commercial space mining: Economic and legal implications

The United States and Luxembourg have adopted domestic space laws granting certain legal rights to space mining companies. These moves have initiated a debate on the future of this industry, as well as the passing of relevant laws governing outer space and its resources. This paper makes an assessment of commercial space mining activities in the broader context of the emerging space economy. It finds that entrepreneurs are increasingly looking at

Competition Law in the Digital Space: A Study of Exclusionary Conduct by Tech Conglomerates
Aug 14, 2023

Competition Law in the Digital Space: A Study of Exclusionary Conduct by Tech Conglomerates

The last few decades have witnessed a rise in the use and accumulation of data, often called ‘the oil of the 21st century’. Meanwhile, existing laws and regulations are inadequate in dealing with these changing data consumption patterns; this is true for India. Wrongdoings by tech companies can often go unpunished, including predatory pricing, abuse of dominance, and exclusionary conduct. This brief discusses India’s antitrust laws and regu

Corporate funding of elections: A scrutiny of some recent developments
Apr 12, 2012

Corporate funding of elections: A scrutiny of some recent developments

The pending Companies Bill provides for in an increase in the corporate funding to political parties from 5% to 7.5% of the average net profits. This increase is despite the fact that the presence of strong corporate funding laws has not hindered companies to squeeze out crores in bribes.

Covid-19 and unemployment: Implications for child labour
Jul 31, 2020

Covid-19 and unemployment: Implications for child labour

Poverty is the root cause of child labour, which, despite being a priority for a succession of Indian governments, is yet to be eradicated.

COVID-19: Yogi Adityanath attempts reforms, delivers regulatory chaos in Uttar Pradesh
May 09, 2020

COVID-19: Yogi Adityanath attempts reforms, delivers regulatory chaos in Uttar Pradesh

Across India, reducing regulatory cholesterol is one thing. But suspending all laws, rules and regulations are like throwing the baby with the bathwat

Creating ‘Good’ Digital Public Infrastructure
Oct 26, 2022

Creating ‘Good’ Digital Public Infrastructure

Looking beyond the ‘tech’ aspects of digital public infrastructure to how it interacts with users as individuals, as collectives, and in societies

Debt Diplomacy in Action: An Overview of China's Loans and Investments in West Africa
Sep 15, 2023

Debt Diplomacy in Action: An Overview of China's Loans and Investments in West Africa

In recent years, China has increasingly invested in West Africa to further its ambitious Belt and Road Initiative, diversify its supply chains, and acquire critical minerals and raw materials for its domestic industries. Indeed, China sees immense potential in West Africa for the region’s ability to provide a secure supply of critical minerals and energy resources insulated from the West. Beijing is now the region’s largest bilateral trading

Decentralised social networks and consumer agency
Jan 27, 2023

Decentralised social networks and consumer agency

Social media and networking is also being scrutinised in the wake new data privacy laws

Decoding the new domicile law of Jammu and Kashmir
Jun 30, 2020

Decoding the new domicile law of Jammu and Kashmir

Examining the legal implications of the new domicile laws and what that may mean for the people of Jammu and Kashmir seems to indicate that negative p

Desertions en masse: PTI’s endgame?
May 22, 2023

Desertions en masse: PTI’s endgame?

The growing resignations of his party members and a defendant tone in Imran Khan’s rhetoric signify that the PTI is now struggling to chart its next