Search: For - Europe

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Boris Johnson delivers a Brexit
Dec 25, 2020

Boris Johnson delivers a Brexit

For Boris Johnson, this is a personal victory as he can now claim that he has managed to protect national sovereignty after Brexit, an ambition that h

Boris Johnson’s India visit: Prioritising bilateral agendas over timing
Apr 21, 2022

Boris Johnson’s India visit: Prioritising bilateral agendas over timing

Despite differing positions on the Ukraine crisis, both the countries are choosing to prioritise their bilateral relations 

Breaking Glass Ceiling? Mapping EU-India Security Cooperation
May 11, 2023

Breaking Glass Ceiling? Mapping EU-India Security Cooperation

This year marks the 15th year since India and the European Union (EU) agreed on a Strategic Partnership in 2004. Over the years, despite robust bilateral relations between individual European states and India, the EU-India relations have largely been in the area of potential rather than accomplishment. This brief evaluates the emerging security partnership by focusing on three key areas, viz. peacekeeping, nuclear issues, and maritime security. I

BRICS and Eurozone Crisis
Nov 09, 2011

BRICS and Eurozone Crisis

It is apparent that panaceas such as debt write-downs only offer short term relief to the debt ridden Eurozone as long as structural imbalances persist. European leaders need to look for a multipronged approach to deal with the problems.

Bridges to the future — Alternative connectivity paradigms and their geopolitical implications
Dec 28, 2020

Bridges to the future — Alternative connectivity paradigms and their geopolitical implications

Driving all of the visions is the fact that the world’s infrastructure needs far exceed what any single country can provide. And those needs are onl

British PM Theresa May visits India: What's on the agenda
Nov 07, 2016

British PM Theresa May visits India: What's on the agenda

British PM Theresa May arrived in India on her first bilateral visit outside Europe to reinvigorate India-United Kingdom strategic partnership post BREXIT

Brussels summit reveals faultlines of EU
Jun 30, 2018

Brussels summit reveals faultlines of EU

While Merkel might have, once again, narrowly saved her head in Brussels, the reality is that rightwing populism as a new political force has not only

Bubbles and Other Troubles: Risks from Ultra Easy Monetary Policy
Aug 12, 2014

Bubbles and Other Troubles: Risks from Ultra Easy Monetary Policy

Spillovers from unconventional monetary policy in the AEs pose a systemic risk for emerging market economies (EMEs). Unconventional monetary policies to ensure cheap liquidity and easy credit conditions have been used not only in the US but in Europe as well as Japan.

Building Resilience in India’s Power Sector
Jul 21, 2023

Building Resilience in India’s Power Sector

India’s power sector requires sustained efforts to achieve the power generating capacity target of approximately 1.2 terawatts by 2047. It needs such capacity to meet the demands of economic growth and achieve the Sustainable Development Goal 7 of providing universal electricity access. At the same time, the country also needs to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions to meet commitments to global climate action agreements. This paper revi

Can Economic Sanctions Replace Armed Forces in Modern Warfare?
Aug 17, 2023

Can Economic Sanctions Replace Armed Forces in Modern Warfare?

Economic sanctions are often seen as an alternative to war, but they do not always have the desired effect. This brief argues that for such sanctions to be effective, economic interdependence must be established, economic rationality must outweigh political ambition in the sanctioned country, and the message of the sanctions must be clear. Using the sanctions against Russia as an example, this brief contends that because of the interdepen

Can the P20 infuse democracy into a less democratic global architecture
Nov 06, 2023

Can the P20 infuse democracy into a less democratic global architecture

Since P20-type parliamentary diplomacy has seen acceptance, slight organisational changes can place the P20 on track for being an exemplar multilatera

Can the World Breathe Easy Now?
Jan 30, 2004

Can the World Breathe Easy Now?

2004 is a significant year for Europe. In May of this year, the European Union (EU) will induct ten new members, eight of which were part of the former Communist regime of the Soviet Union. While four of these East European states (Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic and Slovakia) are struggling with mounting budget deficits and contemplating awkward spending cuts, France and Germany (the dominant European powers) are immersed in a deep economic

Can we make the CBAM work for India?
Apr 10, 2024

Can we make the CBAM work for India?

For India, the CBAM entails more than just export reductions to the EU. It also prompts concerns about equity, efficiency, and alignment with certain

CAR: Back to chaos and lawlessness
Jan 06, 2014

CAR: Back to chaos and lawlessness

Since France has said that it will not be continually involved in African intervention, the solution to security problems in Africa must come from the Africans themselves. The establishment of a pan-African force to react to crisis with support from Europe has been suggested by France.

Challenges in applying the EU Cybersecurity Index globally
Jun 05, 2024

Challenges in applying the EU Cybersecurity Index globally

The world needs cyber resilience with preventive measures to minimize threats. Redesigning the CSI with separate sub-indices for prevention and deterr

China debates the crisis in Ukraine
Feb 28, 2022

China debates the crisis in Ukraine

The Ukraine-Russia crisis places China in a unique situation as it aims to avoid antagonising the West by openly siding with Russia

China under Xi is an ‘abnormal’ state
Aug 10, 2023

China under Xi is an ‘abnormal’ state

Incidents of sudden disappearance of celebrities have been common in China. But Qin Gang’s case is special. Not only has he disappeared but his public records are also being erased.

China-UK: A strategic partnership
Oct 27, 2015

China-UK: A strategic partnership

Xi's visit to the United Kingdom was not about trade and investment only. It has an important strategic component, viz, shaping China as a truly global power. Recall that the end station of both the land and maritime components of the Belt Road Initiative is Europe. As China shifts its economy towards high-end manufacturing and services, it is targeting the European market, where its two largest partners are Germany and UK.

China’s endgame in the Russia-Ukraine conflict
Jan 19, 2023

China’s endgame in the Russia-Ukraine conflict

According to the Chinese internal discourse, a prolonged war between Russia and Ukraine seems to best serve China’s strategic interests

Chinese views on the evolving dynamics of US-China-Russia ties
Feb 16, 2022

Chinese views on the evolving dynamics of US-China-Russia ties

The benefits from Russia-China relations outweighs the benefits that each could receive from their relationship with the US, however, uncertainty loom

Chip-ageddon? The Race to Ace Tech Sovereignty
Sep 26, 2021

Chip-ageddon? The Race to Ace Tech Sovereignty

From Taiwan and South Korea to China and the US and EU, the race towards manufacturing semiconductor chips has only just begun

Coalition government and future of South Africa’s foreign policy
Jun 18, 2024

Coalition government and future of South Africa’s foreign policy

With some political manoeuvrability and the strong leadership of President Ramaphosa, the ANC is expected to continue to remain in power.

Code of Conduct on Space: India Should Lead the Way
May 26, 2011

Code of Conduct on Space: India Should Lead the Way

As the two codes of conduct on space - European Union's (EU) Code of Conduct (COC) on Space and the Stimson Code - are gaining momentum in the international arena, Observer Research Foundation (ORF) organised a roundtable on Thursday, May 26, 2011 to discuss India's concerns with these codes.

Connecting Distant Geographies: The EU in the Indo-Pacific
Sep 24, 2021

Connecting Distant Geographies: The EU in the Indo-Pacific

Although Europe is not geographically proximate to the Indo-Pacific, it has a clear interest in the stability of the region that has become a pivot for global economic and strategic interactions in recent years. This paper analyses the prospects for increased partnerships between the European Union (EU) and the countries of the Indo-Pacific. It examines current engagements of the EU, as an institution and as individual countries, in the region, a

COP27 में घाटे और क्षति के लिए वित्त: अधूरी सफलता और गंवाए गए अवसर
Dec 10, 2022

COP27 में घाटे और क्षति के लिए वित्त: अधूरी सफलता और गंवाए गए अवसर

शर्म अल-शेख़ जलवायु सम्मेलन में एक बड़ी आम सहमति ज़रूर बन�

Covid-19 and its aftermath: Impact on China’s soft power
Jun 12, 2020

Covid-19 and its aftermath: Impact on China’s soft power

As the scale of global challenges swells in size, so does the need for leading ad-hoc transnational countries to prove their diplomatic proficiency. C

COVID-19: Lessons from the ‘Spanish lifestyle’ terminator
Sep 28, 2020

COVID-19: Lessons from the ‘Spanish lifestyle’ terminator

The impact of COVID-19 has shown that Spain, like many other countries, must work hard on improving its internal capability to manage pandemics.

COVID-19’s impact on EU solidarity and US healthcare debate
May 01, 2020

COVID-19’s impact on EU solidarity and US healthcare debate

Even as the coronavirus pandemic strains European solidarity, its ideas on social protection experience a fillip — but this time on the other side o

Culture & National Identity
Nov 15, 2003

Culture & National Identity

Call it a discussion or debate or whatever, but the current European thinking on lending a religious identity to the emerging and expanded European Union may have a bearing on the evolving situation in India and the rest of the world. By referring to the ¿cultural, religious and humanist inheritance of Europe¿ in the Preamble to the draft, Europeans may have begun defining and

Curtains on the Qaddafi Pantomime
Feb 28, 2011

Curtains on the Qaddafi Pantomime

The mass arrival of refugees could well cause the international community to contemplate a model where European troops take care of different sectors to keep the peace in the Mediterranean. But since European intervention will smack of re-colonisation, the ball will be tossed upto the UN Secretary General to devise a muscular UN Force.

Debate on Space Code of Conduct: An Indian Perspective
Jul 23, 2023

Debate on Space Code of Conduct: An Indian Perspective

As the debate for a Space Code of Conduct gains momentum, there is a need to frame a code that is acceptable to all space-faring nations. This Paper assesses the concerns of Asian countries, especially India, on the code proposed by the European Union

Decoding the Biden administration’s Indo-Pacific Strategy
Feb 19, 2022

Decoding the Biden administration’s Indo-Pacific Strategy

A dedicated Indo-Pacific strategy has been released by the Biden administration, showcasing the US’ long-term commitment to the region

Decoding the digital euro: What lies ahead?
Oct 05, 2023

Decoding the digital euro: What lies ahead?

The digital euro can revolutionise digital payments but its future remains uncertain as it grapples with widespread political scepticism about its pur

Digital Euro: Aspirations of a sovereign alternative to crypto-assets
Jul 31, 2021

Digital Euro: Aspirations of a sovereign alternative to crypto-assets

With plans of launching the digital euro project, the Eurozone aims at producing “a riskless, accessible and efficient form of central bank money”

Digital minilaterals and new approaches to technology cooperation
Dec 30, 2020

Digital minilaterals and new approaches to technology cooperation

Minilateral forums and nontraditional groupings will fill a global policy vacuum, enable deeper, nuanced debates, and help public discourse and debate

Digital Yuan: Is the renminbi ready to take on the dollar?
Jun 27, 2022

Digital Yuan: Is the renminbi ready to take on the dollar?

The development of China's Digital Yuan is another step in the process of internationalising the renminbi. Will this threaten the dollar's internation

Direct air capture: Inching towards cost competitiveness?
Oct 11, 2021

Direct air capture: Inching towards cost competitiveness?

DACCS technologies can help mitigate climate crisis by reducing CO2 emission, however, there are certain limitations, therefore, these needs to be enr

Dissecting the demonetisation verdict
Jan 07, 2023

Dissecting the demonetisation verdict

Does the Supreme Court demonetisation majority verdict erode the institutional autonomy of RBI?

Doubting Delhi
Jan 08, 2013

Doubting Delhi

From America to Bangladesh and Australia to Europe, those who bet on big breakthroughs with India in the last few years can't hide their disappointment at its seeming inability to seize the opportunities at hand. It is up to Delhi to prove that the concerns of its friends and partners around the world are misplaced.

East meets West
Apr 29, 2022

East meets West

India’s ties with Europe have grown notwithstanding its stance on Russia over Ukraine

Eastern promise: The power shifts in EU politics
Mar 04, 2023

Eastern promise: The power shifts in EU politics

Central and Eastern Europe have activated the geopolitical dimension of the EU and showcased their importance in shaping the EU’s future

Elections in Türkiye: Marking a reset in EU-Türkiye relations?
May 28, 2023

Elections in Türkiye: Marking a reset in EU-Türkiye relations?

Europe is closely observing the Turkish elections as a change in leadership could lead to a reset in Türkiye-EU relations

Ending the Ukraine war in an imperfect world
Jul 11, 2022

Ending the Ukraine war in an imperfect world

But the problem now is that the conflict is being cast in binaries, making compromise difficult