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China in Latin America: A rising power’s forays into US backyard
China Foreign Policy | Economic Diplomacy | International Trade and Investment Aug 10, 2023

China in Latin America: A rising power’s forays into US backyard

China, a late entrant in Latin America, has now emerged as the region’s major economic partner. Bilateral trade between the two stands today at more than USD 200 billion. By augmenting investments and trade in Latin America, Beijing has managed to project itself as an alternative to the United ...

Beyond the ‘Lethal’ in lethal autonomous weapons: Applications of LAWS in theatres of conflict for middle powers
Media and Internet | Internet Governance Aug 10, 2023

Beyond the ‘Lethal’ in lethal autonomous weapons: Applications of LAWS in theatres of conflict for middle powers

Even as Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems (LAWS) promise to revolutionise the battlefield, very little analysis moves beyond the great powers to examine the interests that middle powers may have in these systems. Shaped by their own geostrategic contexts, demographic issues and geography challenges, countries like ...

Navigating Considerations of Global Governance, National Strategies, and Ethics in Biowarfare
Climate, Food and Environment | Developing and Emerging Economies | Sustainable Development | Climate Change | Agriculture Aug 07, 2023

Navigating Considerations of Global Governance, National Strategies, and Ethics in Biowarfare

Biological weapons can come from naturally occurring microbes and viruses; but innovations in genomic editing are opening up new, potentially more threatening avenues for their development. These innovations can cause or spread disease or resist known therapeutic approaches. Addressing such threats of biowarfare requires obtaining ...

Federalism and Interstate River Water Governance in India
Domestic Politics and Governance Aug 04, 2023

Federalism and Interstate River Water Governance in India

Interstate (River) Water Disputes (ISWDs) are a continuing challenge to federal water governance in India. Rooted in constitutional, historico-geographical, and institutional ambiguities, they tend to become prolonged conflicts between the states that share river basins. This paper examines the constitutional complexities, contentious political federalism, and identity-based electoral ...

Towards Zero Deaths: Imperatives for Safer Indian Railways
Urbanisation in India | Transportation Aug 04, 2023

Towards Zero Deaths: Imperatives for Safer Indian Railways

In 2019, the Indian Railways (IR) recorded zero fatalities from accidents caused by operational errors. However, many people continue to meet with train-related mishaps that are beyond the IR’s control; many of these accidents result in death. The IR’s experience in preventing deaths in accidents ...

The Imperatives of India’s Climate Response
Energy | Climate Change Jul 27, 2023

The Imperatives of India’s Climate Response

As the global climate crisis intensifi es, nations are becoming more hard-pressed toformulate responses that will be acceptable to all stakeholders. In an effort to understandIndia’s approach to addressing the challenges of climate change, this paper describesthe natural circumstances that have historically shaped its responses. ...

Russia and the Future of the Arctic
Law and Justice | Maritime Security | Internal Security | Climate Change Jul 27, 2023

Russia and the Future of the Arctic

Russia—the state with the longest Arctic coastline—is embarking on an ambitious plan to benefit from the vast natural resources of the region, while undertaking a military modernisation effort that had been stalled after the end of the Cold War. As one of the strongest players ...

As China Strengthens Army Logistics, the Implications for India’s Eastern Frontier
Indian Foreign Policy | Great Power Dynamics | China Foreign Policy | Internal Security | Indian Defence Jul 26, 2023

As China Strengthens Army Logistics, the Implications for India’s Eastern Frontier

Logistics is meaningless if it cannot do what is central to war—fighting. In order to bolster the logistical capabilities of all the major service branches of the Chinese military—including the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN), PLA Air Force (PLAAF), and the PLA Rocket Force (PLARF)—the ...

Contributors

J. M. Mauskar

J. M. Mauskar

Spending more than 34 years as a Public Servant as an officer of the Indian Administrative Service he has had ’hands on’ experience of International Trade, Investment Promotion, Overseas Investments, International Contracts, Dynamics of Petroleum Sector and Environmental issues, especially ...

Read More + Preeti Kapuria

Preeti Kapuria

Preeti Kapuria was a Fellow at ORF Kolkata with research interests in the area of environment development and agriculture. The approach is to understand the linkages between biodiversity ecosystem functioning and ecosystem services and to examine how environmental governance participatory ...

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