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Rocking the boat in the South China Sea
Jun 21, 2019

Rocking the boat in the South China Sea

There has been a status quo of tensions in the South China Sea, a focal point of frequent upheaval.

Royal Succession in Saudi Arabia: Challenges before the Desert Kingdom
Feb 11, 2015

Royal Succession in Saudi Arabia: Challenges before the Desert Kingdom

With a new king in power, this paper looks at royal politics in Saudi Arabia and identifies topical domestic and regional challenges from the Saudi perspective.

Sanders narrows down the gap with Clinton
Jul 08, 2015

Sanders narrows down the gap with Clinton

Unlike the crowded and competitive Republican presidential nomination field, the Democratic field, for a long time, looked empty with only Hillary Clinton. The strong entry of Sanders in the Democratic nomination has given the American voters a fair choice between Clinton and Sanders' respective brands of politics.

SCO-RATS शिखर सम्मेलन: भारत की चिंताओं के निपटारे की आधी-अधूरी क़वायद
Jun 03, 2022

SCO-RATS शिखर सम्मेलन: भारत की चिंताओं के निपटारे की आधी-अधूरी क़वायद

SCO के सदस्य देशों को अपनी नाइत्तेफ़ाक़ियों और मतभेदों को �

Sea drones: Implications of the great underwater wall of China
Aug 02, 2017

Sea drones: Implications of the great underwater wall of China

Several emerging trends like increasing congestion of global commons, especially in the maritime domain and the rapid development of disruptive techno

Security in India's Neighborhood: The View from Washington
Mar 14, 2005

Security in India's Neighborhood: The View from Washington

In a talk jointly organized by ORF ORF Chennai and Department of Politics and Public Administration, University of Madras on March 14, 2005, at the University of Madras, ORF Chennai,

Shadows of the past loom on 2017
Dec 26, 2016

Shadows of the past loom on 2017

Many of the phenomena go back to the financial crisis of 2008, the biggest shock to the global economic system since the 1929. Nine years after 1929, a nervous, pessimistic and Hobbesian world was plunged into war. 2017 is nine years after 2008.

Shifting sands: Navigating the new geopolitical landscape in 2024
Dec 26, 2023

Shifting sands: Navigating the new geopolitical landscape in 2024

The year 2024 is poised to be a period of significant transformation, characterised by extensive changes on both domestic and international fronts

South Africa elections 2024: Political pluralism or fractured democracy?
Apr 15, 2024

South Africa elections 2024: Political pluralism or fractured democracy?

With an increasing number of political parties, the potential of coalition politics is an imminent reality in South Africa as it heads to the polls

South Asia South Asia Weekly 5
Feb 10, 2008

South Asia South Asia Weekly 5

The series of bomb blasts killed 48 people between February 2 and 4 marred the Diamond Jubilee celebrations of the Sri Lanka's Independence from the British rule... The celebrations, held at Galle Greens in full public view despite repeated threats, were also marred by party politics when opposition parties including UNP, JVP and TNA refused to be a part of the procession.

South Asia South Asia Weekly 6
Feb 17, 2008

South Asia South Asia Weekly 6

Chief of Army Staff (COAS) General Kayani has issued statement to pull armed forces out from the mire of politics in which they have become entrenched. The latest statement by the COAS came at a corps commander's conference held in Rawalpindi.

South Asia Weekly Report | Volume XII; Issue 23
Jun 11, 2019

South Asia Weekly Report | Volume XII; Issue 23

Exploring much needed political reforms in the Congress party, the judicial reforms in Maldives and other recent developments from South Asia.

South China Sea Monitor | Volume V; Issue 10 | Shifting Sands in the South China Sea
Nov 04, 2016

South China Sea Monitor | Volume V; Issue 10 | Shifting Sands in the South China Sea

Geopolitics of South China Sea appears to be ever-changing with approach of the Philippines towards China assuming a shift under current President Duterte

Sowing the wind, reaping the whirlwind
Jun 19, 2022

Sowing the wind, reaping the whirlwind

The self-goal could have been avoided, but the ruling party saw the emerging warning signals with eyes wide shut. Some party sections clearly felt they were clever enough to run with the hare and hunt with the hounds, and that religious polarisation in domestic politics could work to electoral advantage even as the PM and his diplomats wooed the Muslim nations of the Gulf. Perhaps, they don’t recognise that we live in an interconnected world, w

Sri Lanka, India and changing political dynamics
Sep 25, 2020

Sri Lanka, India and changing political dynamics

Zooming out and looking at South Asian geopolitics, India appears to be reaching out, repairing and resetting relations with several of its smaller ne

Sri Lanka: Did the Indian vote help - and how?
Mar 30, 2013

Sri Lanka: Did the Indian vote help - and how?

'Competitive politics' in Tamil Nadu was only one element in India's vote for the US Resolution. But there has been a general sense of dissatisfaction across the State with the Sri Lankan Government's perceived unwillingness to stand by its war-time promises.

Sri Lanka’s quest for strategic prominence in the Indian Ocean
Dec 12, 2016

Sri Lanka’s quest for strategic prominence in the Indian Ocean

At the Galle Dialogue 2016, Sri Lanka sought not only to stress its critical geographical location at the crossroads of important Indian Ocean sea lines of communication, but also to display a catalytic ability to spur regional collaboration in securing the vulnerable commons.

States’ use of non-state actors in cyberspace
Aug 17, 2023

States’ use of non-state actors in cyberspace

Without proper legislation, states using non-state actors for cyberwarfare pose a significant threat to governments, businesses, and individuals

Strategic dynamics in a melting Arctic
Apr 24, 2024

Strategic dynamics in a melting Arctic

While resource exploitation in the Artic may offer short-term gains, the long-term consequences for the planet outweigh them

Strengthening India’s strategic ties with the Mekong subregion
Jan 05, 2021

Strengthening India’s strategic ties with the Mekong subregion

The growing strategic ties with Mekong nations such as Vietnam and Myanmar indicate deepening mutual trust in the rapidly changing regional geopolitic

Supine leadership and its consequences
Aug 16, 2017

Supine leadership and its consequences

While in politics, the consequences of loss tends to be temporary, the same cannot be said of in war.

Tackling the China threat
Sep 01, 2020

Tackling the China threat

A tech Cold War is beginning to reshape global geopolitics.

Technology: Taming – and unleashing – technology together
Jan 16, 2024

Technology: Taming – and unleashing – technology together

Innovative approaches will require regulatory processes to include all stakeholders.

Tehrik-E-Labbaik Pakistan: The New Face of Barelvi Activism
Sep 15, 2021

Tehrik-E-Labbaik Pakistan: The New Face of Barelvi Activism

The emergence of the Tehrik-E-Labbaik Pakistan (TLP) as the largest religious political party in the country has introduced a new, aggressive element in Pakistan’s polity. Although the TLP does not have an armed militant wing, it has demonstrated both its street power and the strength of its electoral base only six years since it was set up in 2015. Exploiting deeply emotional issues like the finality of Prophethood and Blasphemy against the Pr

Telangana and the Domino effect
Aug 08, 2013

Telangana and the Domino effect

As the Telangana issue shows, the principal driver now is politics. If it is electorally useful for a new state to come up, it does. However, this is not good for the country because there are no limits to the number of ways that the country can be further divided and subdivided.

Terrorism in Africa's Sahel: The role of France, Russia and the imperatives for India
Apr 04, 2023

Terrorism in Africa's Sahel: The role of France, Russia and the imperatives for India

The African Sahel region demands the attention of the global community on countering terrorism

The 2020 US elections: What’s at stake for India?
Jun 12, 2020

The 2020 US elections: What’s at stake for India?

The dramatic change in just three months illustrates the unpredictable nature of US politics at an unpredictable time for the world — including Indi

The brown chameleon: Europe’s populism crisis and the re-emergence of the far right
Feb 22, 2018

The brown chameleon: Europe’s populism crisis and the re-emergence of the far right

Right-wing populism has been the most influential political movement in Europe for the last few years.  Far from being a newcomer on the political stage, it has managed to shape political discourses as never before since the end of World War II. This paper identifies what right-wing populism is and why right-wing populist parties have again become relevant in almost every European country.  It argues that it is an expression of, and a reaction

The Centre-State Fiscal Relationship: A Critique and Recommendations
Aug 23, 2023

The Centre-State Fiscal Relationship: A Critique and Recommendations

This Issue Brief aims to deconstruct the Centre-State fiscal relationship by describing the current status quo and the criticisms. It gives recommendations to correct and update the relationship such that it reflects the changed fiscal structure of the country, its States and its people.

The Distracted City: Increasing distress by deviating from the ordained path
Feb 23, 2021

The Distracted City: Increasing distress by deviating from the ordained path

The Indian municipal financial pie is woefully narrow, and a large unfunded mandate is the city’s sad fate.

The Eastern Corridor and the Law of the Sea: Ensuring Sea-Lane Security
Dec 01, 2020

The Eastern Corridor and the Law of the Sea: Ensuring Sea-Lane Security

The Eastern Corridor is a crucial highway for global trade flows, where any disruption could severely affect the global economy. The route comprises some of the world’s most vulnerable Sea Lanes of Communication (SCLOs), with potential flashpoints such as the South China Sea. For years, these SLOCs have been characterised by tensions in South Asia and Southeast Asia; the more recent years are seeing a heightening of both intent and capacity for

The Ethiopian Civil War: Untangling domestic and international repercussions
Jan 03, 2022

The Ethiopian Civil War: Untangling domestic and international repercussions

Great Power politics and a crumbling federal system implicate the Civil War in Ethiopia

The European Union: An idea whose time has gone
Jan 18, 2019

The European Union: An idea whose time has gone

Once considered the best idea in global politics, today’s Europe is a pale shadow of its glorious past

The fall of Nagorno-Karabakh and its impact
Mar 29, 2024

The fall of Nagorno-Karabakh and its impact

The fall of Nagorno-Karabakh could lead to the rise of a new geopolitical order in the Caucasus and beyond

The future trajectory of the Sino⎯Indian water relations
May 02, 2018

The future trajectory of the Sino⎯Indian water relations

What are the emerging geopolitical implications of water sharing of the Brahmaputra between China and India?

The global space race, 2.0
Feb 14, 2018

The global space race, 2.0

Asia’s growing space race is indicative of the larger geopolitical competition in the region. China’s rise and the strategic uncertainties it has created are particularly worrying to India and Japan, leading to surprisingly fast-growing India-Japan strategic cooperation.

The Great Electoral Debate 2004: A Snapshot
Mar 29, 2004

The Great Electoral Debate 2004: A Snapshot

The forthcoming general election is being watched with bated breath and ever increasing curiosity by different observers. Although the election arithmetic remains more or less the same as it was in 1999, the sheer intensity in which the election is being fought and the issues that are being contested in the public debate may have some implications on the future of Indian politics.

The Gulf’s quest to reconfigure its relations with the US
Apr 22, 2022

The Gulf’s quest to reconfigure its relations with the US

A fast-changing game of geopolitics is also changing one of the US' oldest and most consequential strategic relationships in the Middle East

The Hasina Homerun
Jan 12, 2024

The Hasina Homerun

How Delhi can make the most of its ties with Dhaka

The India-UAE CEPA: India’s renewed love for FTAs
Mar 14, 2022

The India-UAE CEPA: India’s renewed love for FTAs

There is a growing need to analyse the Free Trade Agreements to understand their impact on the economy and the geopolitical repercussions that follow.

The India–US trade dispute and India’s evolving geopolitical role
Aug 01, 2019

The India–US trade dispute and India’s evolving geopolitical role

While the strategic partnership between the United States and India remains robust, some analysts see the relationship as becoming significantly strai

The Indo-Pacific region, maritime focus, and ocean governance
Jan 08, 2022

The Indo-Pacific region, maritime focus, and ocean governance

A new thrust towards ocean governance was witnessed over the past year, as the Indo-Pacific region emerged as a new theatre of power politics

The Jeddah summit was as much about multipolarity as it was about Ukraine
Aug 09, 2023

The Jeddah summit was as much about multipolarity as it was about Ukraine

Ukraine and the US alike see opportunity in the Global South’s multipolarity, because the so-called ‘Global South’ is presenting itself as one

The Kashmir that India Lost: An Analysis of India’s Post-1980s Policy on Gilgit Baltistan
Jul 21, 2023

The Kashmir that India Lost: An Analysis of India’s Post-1980s Policy on Gilgit Baltistan

This paper dissects the history and politics of Gilgit-Baltistan, a part of Pakistan-occupied Jammu and Kashmir (PoJK), from the 1980s to the present day. It analyses the policies implemented by Pakistani leaders in the region and how successive political parties have attempted to justify Pakistan’s administrative control of it while disregarding any democratic, secular or moral principles in the ruling of its supposed subjects. The pap

The Mitrokhin Mystery-Part I
Nov 13, 2003

The Mitrokhin Mystery-Part I

By opposing 'unilateralism in international affairs' and evincing a 'common interest' in the evolution of a multipolar world based on 'cooperative security order' while in Moscow this week, Prime Minister Vajpayee has addressed issues going beyond bilateral ties and regional politics in South Asia. To the extent, Vajpayee and India have been consistently focussing on multipolarism, particularly after the US war in Afghanistan, and on Iraq.