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The mule and his very big nuclear button
Jan 08, 2018

The mule and his very big nuclear button

Trump is the proverbial black swan which was not anticipated – a low probability, high-impact presence which is disrupting American politics, its alliance systems and its governance structures.

The new bipolarity: Myth or reality?
May 31, 2018

The new bipolarity: Myth or reality?

There are growing tensions between countries traditionally considered partners. For those who love binaries — is this the new bipolarity?

The new crisis of finance
Dec 13, 2017

The new crisis of finance

The failure of global finance to create a bridge between savings that earn low returns in the global north and the projects that would create much-needed infrastructure in the global south has caused a crisis that needs the attention of global regulators. Among the multiple causes of this crisis is the stringent regulatory response to the 2008 financial crisis, including new lending norms for banks; the tardy response of institutional investors t

The new world – shaped by self-interest
May 24, 2023

The new world – shaped by self-interest

Limited liability partnerships among nations will constitute the geometry of politics. This is a gritty, realist world. We may not like it, but it’s here to stay

The Pandemic at 24 Months: An Assessment
Aug 14, 2023

The Pandemic at 24 Months: An Assessment

Two years since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, an estimated 14-24 million people have died worldwide due to the coronavirus or the chaos of lockdowns and other impacts. To a great extent, much of this current state of the world is due to human health being profoundly misunderstood and neglected in international relations and national politics. This brief discusses two principles that can help understand why this pandemic is not at an

The Paradox of ‘Centralised Federalism’: An Analysis of the Challenges to India’s Federal Design
Sep 17, 2020

The Paradox of ‘Centralised Federalism’: An Analysis of the Challenges to India’s Federal Design

The Indian model of federalism may be one of the most interesting typologies in the world, characterised as it is by a paradox, to begin with: that of being a “centralised federalism.” This paper provides a temporal framework in the discourse on Indian federalism by outlining the history of the country’s federal structure in four different time periods, from the birth of the Indian republic to these contemporary times. It shows how the prev

The Red Sea crisis and political equity of non-state armed actors
Feb 02, 2024

The Red Sea crisis and political equity of non-state armed actors

The growing influence of non-state militant actors in the global order needs to be scrutinised

The return of history has begun to unravel the Davos Consensus
Jan 31, 2023

The return of history has begun to unravel the Davos Consensus

Geopolitics has split the world again and bloc-wise trade arrangements will have winners and losers

The rise of anti-American rhetoric in South Asia: An assessment
May 05, 2023

The rise of anti-American rhetoric in South Asia: An assessment

South Asian nations are using anti-American rhetoric to push back against the US’s demands for internal reforms and signal their agency and increasi

The rise of the extraterritorial ISPS
Jul 05, 2022

The rise of the extraterritorial ISPS

The rise of extraterritorial ISPs indicates that the great power politics has also slowly permeated into this realm.”

The South Korean elections: Another round of political logjam?
Apr 18, 2024

The South Korean elections: Another round of political logjam?

The victory of the Opposition party in the recent South Korean elections will force the President to focus more on the domestic agenda than on foreign

The trends shaping the post-COVID19 world
May 11, 2020

The trends shaping the post-COVID19 world

Six geopolitical lines will define the contours of the emerging global order

The U.S. Escalates Chips War With China
Apr 03, 2023

The U.S. Escalates Chips War With China

Global geopolitics is in a state of intense flux. China’s rise has led to greater competition in the international system, with the United States and the post-War global order coming under increasing challenge. China’s high economic growth rate in the past several decades has meant bigger military budgets. In turn, its military rise threatens security in the Indo-Pacific region where China seeks to dominate, from the Himalayas to South China

The undeniable potential of the India-US strategic partnership
Nov 19, 2019

The undeniable potential of the India-US strategic partnership

India and the United States are natural allies because of structural and systemic convergences that the two countries experience in contemporary globa

The US election just became more uncertain
Oct 10, 2020

The US election just became more uncertain

Opinion polls could be misleading and the pandemic’s impact difficult to assess; the cyclical shift in politics is unsure

The Venezuela-Guyana dispute: A storm in a teacup?
Jan 18, 2024

The Venezuela-Guyana dispute: A storm in a teacup?

The current escalation of the longstanding dispute between Venezuela and Guyana over the Essequibo region seems to be nothing more than a storm in a t

The Xi Plan: The Political Factors Driving China’s COVID-19 Strategy
Dec 19, 2022

The Xi Plan: The Political Factors Driving China’s COVID-19 Strategy

The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) is seeking to promote a political model with centralisation and one-party rule at the core to achieve economic growth and stability. This brief assesses the extent to which the CCP’s policymaking mechanisms and internal politics have influenced China’s strategy to combat the COVID-19 pandemic.

The year ends, but the chaos may just be beginning
Dec 31, 2014

The year ends, but the chaos may just be beginning

2014 by far has been the most chaotic year in international politics, since the end of the Cold War. The Islamic State terrorists in the Middle East threaten to upturn borders settled for close to a century. Europe is in the throes of an unexpected tussle with Moscow. In the South and East China seas, China's aggressiveness is too clear now to be ignored.

The ‘chip war’ is now embedded in US-China techno-economic rivalry
Nov 27, 2023

The ‘chip war’ is now embedded in US-China techno-economic rivalry

The US-China competition for dominance in the chip race will have a profound impact on numerous other sectors critical to the great power politics of

The “three-language” formula: Why rake up Language Issue again?
Jun 13, 2019

The “three-language” formula: Why rake up Language Issue again?

Putting language off the agenda of politics was one of Nehru’s major contributions. Why some thought it was time to bring back the idea of imposing

Things are looking up for Indo-China ties
Apr 16, 2013

Things are looking up for Indo-China ties

India need not bite the bait, it can use the space created for pushing its own agenda with China which includes resolving our border dispute, getting the Pakistani monkey off our backs and getting better terms of trade from the Chinese. China is unlikely to yield anything easily, but if the emerging Indo-Pacific geopolitics provides an opportunity, New Delhi would be foolish to look the other way.

Three intelligence dictums recapitulated in the US’s COVID-19 surprise
Apr 29, 2020

Three intelligence dictums recapitulated in the US’s COVID-19 surprise

Where the stakes are high, political leaders have few incentives to take intelligence warnings seriously.

Time ripe for think tanks to rethink dissemination of information
Jan 19, 2019

Time ripe for think tanks to rethink dissemination of information

A gradual development has tasked think tanks with the responsibility of shaping contemporary narratives around economics, security, politics, nuclear arrangements, among others.

Tokyo assembly polls: A warning shot for Abe
Jul 07, 2017

Tokyo assembly polls: A warning shot for Abe

In the past, Tokyo has acted as a harbinger of change in Japan's national politics. Could outcome of Tokyo election influence course of national polit

Towards a 21st century protest playbook
Feb 06, 2021

Towards a 21st century protest playbook

Lessons in agitation politics: From practice to theory and back

Towards public financing of elections and political parties in India: Lessons from global experiences
Nov 24, 2017

Towards public financing of elections and political parties in India: Lessons from global experiences

Democracy costs a lot of money. To fight elections and run their routine activities, political parties in India seek donations from all possible sources including ‘illegal’ and ‘interested’ money. This has serious ramifications in preserving the integrity of Indian democracy. An increasing number of countries, meanwhile, have taken the path of public subsidies and direct funding of parties and political activities — aiming to reduce dep

Tracking India’s Progress in Clean Water and Sanitation: A Sub-National Analysis
Jun 01, 2020

Tracking India’s Progress in Clean Water and Sanitation: A Sub-National Analysis

This paper creates an index to track the achievement of UN Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG 6: Clean Water and Sanitation) across India’s states. The SDG 6 index incorporates both supply-side indicators and demand management variables, as well as institutional interventions. In this paper, state-wise indices are constructed to identify their respective performances in the domains of access to clean water and provision of sanitation facilitie

Trump’s Afghanistan strategy and emerging alignments in the region: Implications for India
Nov 15, 2017

Trump’s Afghanistan strategy and emerging alignments in the region: Implications for India

US President Donald Trump’s new Afghanistan strategy for America’s longest war has potential to drastically alter existing regional relations. The policy, announced after an exhaustive eight-month-long review process, attempts to give a new direction for future US involvement in Afghanistan. Becoming president at a time when old alignments are undergoing transition, Trump’s task has not been easy. Given the constraints, however, Trump’s A

Turkey Says ‘No’ to Presidential Government
Sep 13, 2023

Turkey Says ‘No’ to Presidential Government

The general elections of 7 June 2015 were Turkey's last scheduled elections until the next one in 2019. Coming at a time when the country and its neighbours are on the brink of profound transformation, and given the increasing complexity of the socio-political situation in the Middle East, the elections results may well re-define the direction of West Asian politics for some time to come.

Ukraine has got another lifeline but it may be clutching at straws
Apr 24, 2024

Ukraine has got another lifeline but it may be clutching at straws

A new US aid package for Kyiv can’t mask the fact that its American support has been wearing out

UK’s Rwanda Bill: Stopping the boats or setting a precedent
Apr 09, 2024

UK’s Rwanda Bill: Stopping the boats or setting a precedent

Aside from financial aid, the UK’s Rwanda bill does not offer any incentives to Rwanda and only exports the domestic challenges caused by immigratio

Understanding the different shades of populism around the world
Aug 14, 2019

Understanding the different shades of populism around the world

The 21st century sees the rise of populist politics. It should be investigated in its myriad manifestations taking root across the world.

Understanding the Rejuvenation of China’s Revolutionary Impulse
Sep 15, 2022

Understanding the Rejuvenation of China’s Revolutionary Impulse

Various explanations have been proffered for Chinese President Xi Jinping’s renewed emphasis on ideology. The popular narratives attribute it to either Xi’s power ambitions, or a reaction rooted in his personal trauma during the Cultural Revolution of the 1960s. Meanwhile, an alternative discourse projects the rise of ideology politics as a response to a possible legitimacy crisis facing the Communist Party of China (CPC). This paper weighs i

Understanding the Unique Nature of Political Violence in Bengal
Jul 21, 2023

Understanding the Unique Nature of Political Violence in Bengal

In many countries across the world, democracy and political violence can be inseparable. Even the most advanced western democracies have not escaped this pitfall. For the young republic that is India, political violence is commonly linked to electoral politics and in many instances, is episodic. States such as Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, and Kerala, for example, have had a long history of violent incidents erupting during elections. West Bengal

Unravelling of ‘Naya Pakistan’
Apr 12, 2022

Unravelling of ‘Naya Pakistan’

Reveals continuing limitation of politics and Imran Khan’s failure to change it

Unshackle Indian retail e-commerce
Mar 28, 2022

Unshackle Indian retail e-commerce

Through timely regulation, the government can aid in enlarging the ecosystem of retailers in e-commerce

UP Elections 2022: यूपी चुनाव में ‘आइडेंटिटी पॉलिटिक्स’ का विश्लेषण!
Jul 30, 2023

UP Elections 2022: यूपी चुनाव में ‘आइडेंटिटी पॉलिटिक्स’ का विश्लेषण!

यूपी के चुनाव, पहचान की राजनीति की केंद्रीयता को मज़बूत क�

UP Elections 2022: यूपी चुनाव में ‘आइडेंटिटी पॉलिटिक्स’ का विश्लेषण!
Feb 16, 2022

UP Elections 2022: यूपी चुनाव में ‘आइडेंटिटी पॉलिटिक्स’ का विश्लेषण!

यूपी के चुनाव, पहचान की राजनीति की केंद्रीयता को मज़बूत क�

Urban Rental Housing in India: Towards ‘Housing For All’
Dec 08, 2020

Urban Rental Housing in India: Towards ‘Housing For All’

Indian cities have long struggled with the challenge of inadequate housing amidst rapid urbanisation and worsening urban poverty. Government policies have failed to fill the gap, focused as they are on ownership housing alone and neglecting rental housing. The 2015 draft National Urban Rental Housing Policy and 2019 draft Model Tenancy Act aim to rectify this situation. For these policies to be successful, however—and for India to realise its g

Urgent need to improve India's border infrastructure
Sep 06, 2010

Urgent need to improve India's border infrastructure

India needs to improve its border infrastructure in the background of the changing geopolitics of Asia that will increasingly be shaped by Sino-Indian relations, pointed out a panel discussion on "India's Border Infrastructure" at ORF.

US and China: Decoupling in the era of COVID19
Jun 09, 2020

US and China: Decoupling in the era of COVID19

Questions about the utility of globalisation are not new. Could the COVID-19 outbreak be the final nail on the coffin for an idea that drove the world economy in the past three decades?  In theory, countries would produce what they specialised in, leaving it to the market to ensure everyone got a better price for it. As 2020 began, the pandemic spread from one province of China and soon disrupted production across the world. Countries banned the

US Debt Crisis: Viable Recovery Plan Still Missing
Aug 04, 2011

US Debt Crisis: Viable Recovery Plan Still Missing

The negotiations leading to the compromise legislation in the US Congress revealed two interesting trends. One, the increasing influence of the Tea Party Caucus in Republican politics and by extension in the American political system. Second, the absence of effective Presidential leadership in the debt-ceiling debate.

US Midterm Elections 2022: ‘अमेरिका में मध्यावधि चुनावी नतीज़ों के निहितार्थ’
Jul 27, 2023

US Midterm Elections 2022: ‘अमेरिका में मध्यावधि चुनावी नतीज़ों के निहितार्थ’

अमेरिका में मध्यावधि चुनाव के नतीज़ों के बाद लगता है कि ड�

US Midterm Elections: अब यूक्रेन जंग में बाइडेन को मदद करने से नहीं रोक पाएंगे ट्रंप
Jul 26, 2023

US Midterm Elections: अब यूक्रेन जंग में बाइडेन को मदद करने से नहीं रोक पाएंगे ट्रंप

Joe Biden help Ukraine यूक्रेन की मदद को लेकर बाइडन प्रशासन की बड़ी चिंता क्‍या थी. ट्रंप समर्थकों ने बाइडन को यूक्रेन में दी जा रही मदद को लेकर को क्‍या कहा. क्‍या अब बाइडन यूक्रेन को दी ज�

US protectionist strategy to affect Indian labour markets and competition?
Mar 22, 2019

US protectionist strategy to affect Indian labour markets and competition?

India must be prepared to tackle the uncertainty surrounding international politics and economics, especially the Trump Administration by creating a s