Talmiz Ahmad joined the Indian Foreign Service in 1974. Early in his career he was posted in a number of West Asian countries (such as Kuwait Iraq and Yemen) and between 1987-90 he was Consul General in Jeddah Saudi Arabia. He also held positions in the Indian missions in New York London and Pretoria. He was Joint Secretary for Gulf and Hajj in 1998-2000.He served as Indian Ambassador to Saudi Arabia twice (2000-03: 2010-11): Oman (2003-04) and the UAE (2007-10). He was also Additional Secretary for International Cooperation in the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas in 2004-06 and Director General of the Indian Council of World Affairs (ICWA) New Delhi in 2006-07. In July 2011 the Saudi Government conferred on him the King Abdul Aziz Medal First Class for his contribution to the promotion of Indo-Saudi relations.After retirement from foreign service in 2011 he worked in the corporate sector in Dubai for four years. He is now a full-time academic and holds the Ram Sathe Chair in International Studies Symbiosis International University Pune.He has published three books: Reform in the Arab World: External Influences and Regional Debates (2005) Children of Abraham at War: The Clash of Messianic Militarisms (2010) and The Islamist Challenge in West Asia: Doctrinal and Political Competitions After the Arab Spring (2013). He writes regularly in the Indian and West Asian media and lectures on the politics and economics of South and West Asia Eurasia and the Indian Ocean and energy security issues.