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India in the final frontier: Strategy, policy and industry
Jan 29, 2020

India in the final frontier: Strategy, policy and industry

This report builds on the discussions during the 5th ORF Kalpana Chawla Space Policy Dialogue 2019 organised by ORF. The report has three sections: the first covers questions of strategy in space; the second discusses policy dimensions; and the final one explores the role of private enterprises in the space domain. While some sections may include global perspectives, the report views the various challenges in space primarily from an Indian standp

India should hit the snooze button on Afghanistan and Central Asia, focus on oceanic region
Jun 24, 2019

India should hit the snooze button on Afghanistan and Central Asia, focus on oceanic region

India should put its Eurasian ambitions on hold for a while and focus on its immediate neighbourhood.

India should work with China on OBOR for its own economic benefit
May 18, 2017

India should work with China on OBOR for its own economic benefit

India should know that the OBOR scheme is not about CPEC and Pakistan; but in fact its primary goal is to integrate the rich European economy with that of China’s.

India too has to walk the talk, and nearer home
Jan 30, 2015

India too has to walk the talk, and nearer home

The euphoria of the new leadership in Sri Lanka towards the northern Indian neighbour may have set the right tone and tenor for further betterment of bilateral relations as in regional and international contexts.

India's balancing act: Navigating the global energy markets
May 16, 2024

India's balancing act: Navigating the global energy markets

India's pragmatic approach to resilience and adaptability in the face of geopolitical upheavals positions it as a key player in shaping the future of

India's MMRCA Decision: A Strategic Blunder?
Apr 30, 2011

India's MMRCA Decision: A Strategic Blunder?

India's decision to go for the European option in the 42000 crores MMRCA deal is going to hurt India in politico-strategic terms compared to any possible significant gains. Not just numerical superiority and costs but more importantly the strategic benefits should have been the guiding factors in making the decision on MMRCA.

India's strategic autonomy versus Latin America's active non-alignment
Aug 17, 2022

India's strategic autonomy versus Latin America's active non-alignment

India and most of Latin America view the Russia-Ukraine conflict as a ‘regional’ war limited to Europe, but one that has a massive impact on globa

India's Tango With The West Over Russian Oil
May 20, 2023

India's Tango With The West Over Russian Oil

India will be there at the G-7 to remind the West once again that it is playing an important role in the global oil market.

India-ASEAN relations in the maritime domain—an analysis
Nov 17, 2021

India-ASEAN relations in the maritime domain—an analysis

Both India and ASEAN need to act on the ample opportunities available to advance a cooperative and  mutually beneficial maritime relationship

India-Nepal oil pipeline to enhance regional connectivity
Oct 01, 2015

India-Nepal oil pipeline to enhance regional connectivity

The 41 km India-Nepal pipeline, designed to supply cost-effective and environment-friendly petroleum products to the landlocked the nation, is the first trans-national pipeline in the SAARC region. This initiative represents a win-win outcome for both the countries which will also enhance regional connectivity and economic development across the region.

India-Sweden relations: Trajectory of strategic convergence scaling new heights
Apr 09, 2021

India-Sweden relations: Trajectory of strategic convergence scaling new heights

The increasing consolidation of strategic convergence between India and Sweden is based on shared values of democracy, strong institutional affinity,

India-US 2+2 Strategic Dialogue Keeps Indo-Pacific in Focus
Nov 20, 2023

India-US 2+2 Strategic Dialogue Keeps Indo-Pacific in Focus

Despite multiple crises in Europe and the Middle East, the 2+2 strategic dialogue demonstrated that Washington has not entirely lost sight of what needs to be done in the Indo-Pacific.

India: Mooring in foreign shores?
Mar 04, 2015

India: Mooring in foreign shores?

India needs to find money to put into strategic investments and projects across the IOR -- whether it is Myanmar, Iran, Sri Lanka or Mauritius. The way to do it is not governmental schemes which are all running late, but to draw strength from India's entrepreneurial class and the private sector.

India@76 in the global health landscape: Leadership, potential, and prudence
Aug 14, 2023

India@76 in the global health landscape: Leadership, potential, and prudence

India’s focus on inclusive health solutions, emphasis on collaboration, and dedication to research and innovation position it as a beacon of hope in

Indian Army's year of technological advancement in 2024
Feb 03, 2024

Indian Army's year of technological advancement in 2024

While the Indian Army’s emphasis on integrating advanced tools reflects a proactive response to evolving challenges, a broader transformation warran

Indian investments in Africa: Scale, trends, and policy recommendations
May 24, 2017

Indian investments in Africa: Scale, trends, and policy recommendations

Indian investments in Africa, from both public and private sector entities, have increased considerably in the last decade. Yet despite the growing importance of Indian investments in Africa, only a few empirical studies have been carried out on the subject. This paper undertakes a disaggregated analysis of Indian foreign direct investment outflows to Africa from 2008 to 2016, and presents three main findings. First, it confirms earlier analyses

Indian Regional Parties: Do They Genuinely Represent Regional Aspirations?
Nov 10, 2011

Indian Regional Parties: Do They Genuinely Represent Regional Aspirations?

While Non-Congress parties spare no opportunity to accuse the Congress Party of psychophancy and a feudal culture, regional parties are not far behind. In fact, they have perfected the art of dynastic politics, beating the Congress Party.

India–UAE CEPA and the future of India’s Free Trade Agreements
Mar 15, 2022

India–UAE CEPA and the future of India’s Free Trade Agreements

The India-UAE Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) will help augment India's economy and help it to pursue its geoeconomic strategy

India’s bid to kickstart innovation ecosystem in SCO
Jun 15, 2023

India’s bid to kickstart innovation ecosystem in SCO

India has accumulated valuable expertise in navigating complex markets, which can be shared to help startups in SCO countries.

India’s clean energy transition needs strong women
Mar 07, 2024

India’s clean energy transition needs strong women

Increasing women’s participation in the skilled labour force has enormous potential for India’s sustainable transition towards clean energy

India’s emerging technology challenge
Oct 16, 2020

India’s emerging technology challenge

Ad-hoc research initiatives and infrequent budgetary allocations would not suffice if India is to develop a vibrant research ecosystem.

India’s G20 Presidency: Streamlining social security for the unorganised sector
Dec 09, 2022

India’s G20 Presidency: Streamlining social security for the unorganised sector

The G20 can help streamline social security systems across countries by initiating innovative mechanisms for sustainable financing and last-mile deliv

India’s Green Hydrogen Policy: Tentative beginnings
Feb 23, 2022

India’s Green Hydrogen Policy: Tentative beginnings

To display its commitment to achieve net zero emissions, India has incentivised the production of green hydrogen.

India’s Growing Energy Insecurity: Volatile crude prices and a tattered road map to reform
Feb 13, 2009

India’s Growing Energy Insecurity: Volatile crude prices and a tattered road map to reform

Over the past few years, there is noticeable amongst India watchers an inescapable feeling of disappointment at what has been seen as a perceptible rolling back of many of the much vaunted reforms that had been the face of the country's efforts to integrate with world energy markets through the turn of the century. With an import dependence of over 70%, and increasing with each passing year, the petroleum sector had been the obvious choice to mov

India’s oil imports: Trends in diversification
Apr 02, 2022

India’s oil imports: Trends in diversification

India needs to carefully devise strategies to diversify its oil import sources.

India’s Open Credit Enablement Network as a Model to Empower MSMEs in Emerging Economies
Oct 09, 2023

India’s Open Credit Enablement Network as a Model to Empower MSMEs in Emerging Economies

India’s micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSME) sector is a key driver of the country’s economic and social development by fostering entrepreneurship and generating substantial employment opportunities at comparatively lower capital costs. However, inadequate access to finance is one of the most crucial barriers to the sector’s growth. Recent developments in digital public infrastructure in India could present new solutions to boost MSM

India’s Rural Youth and SDGs: A case study on Kanchan Ben’s ‘tailored’ skills
Jul 15, 2022

India’s Rural Youth and SDGs: A case study on Kanchan Ben’s ‘tailored’ skills

India must upskill the rural youth through education programmes and skilling initiatives to enhance entrepreneurial abilities and employability.

India’s SCO presidency: Leveraging opportunities
Oct 17, 2022

India’s SCO presidency: Leveraging opportunities

New Delhi must adopt a positive role during the SCO presidency and use the forum for the betterment of the whole of Eurasia

India’s strategy in the China-Russia-USA triangle
Dec 20, 2019

India’s strategy in the China-Russia-USA triangle

Delhi wants to remain an Eurasian power, swinging between East and West according to its priorities. Its military ties with Moscow. The economic importance of Beijing. America as a strategic counterweight – as long as it works.

India’s tactfulness between Russia and the West continues
Jul 06, 2022

India’s tactfulness between Russia and the West continues

India remains consistent in its stance on the Ukraine crisis despite growing pressures from the West.

India’s unaddressed concerns from the SCO-RATS summit
May 26, 2022

India’s unaddressed concerns from the SCO-RATS summit

The SCO member states need to resolve their disagreements and divergences and build trust to achieve a peaceful, safe, and thriving Eurasia.

India’s ‘Look Far East’: The Vladivostok moment in Indo-Russian relations
May 26, 2020

India’s ‘Look Far East’: The Vladivostok moment in Indo-Russian relations

This paper explains Russian co-option of India into the Eastern Economic Forum (EEF) at a high level of participation in September 2019 and the range of agreements involved. It argues that the co-option was the result of Russian President Vladimir Putin’s dissatisfaction with the economic outcomes so far for the Russian Far East of “northeast Asian regional cooperation.” Moscow related this behaviour to skewed priorities of East Asia’s �

Ineffective strategy to fight insurgency
Jul 24, 2014

Ineffective strategy to fight insurgency

All insurgencies are political movements supported by the local population and can only be resolved through political means. The military establishment can only ensure that the rebel movement is sufficiently neutralised and violent action curtailed.

Information wars and regime stability. How can nations respond?
Apr 14, 2021

Information wars and regime stability. How can nations respond?

There is no one-size-fits-all solution, as dis-/misinformation and manipulation are versatile weapons and they adapt to the target, and there is no de

Integrated water resource management: Where are the critics going wrong?
Mar 22, 2023

Integrated water resource management: Where are the critics going wrong?

Critics of IWRM need to note that as a paradigm, it only marks the broad contours of the emerging discipline of water governance that is subject to ch

Interim Budget 2024: India’s health spending during the pandemic years
Feb 03, 2024

Interim Budget 2024: India’s health spending during the pandemic years

In the Interim Budget, the government seems to be focusing on important pillars of its Universal Health Coverage plans, namely healthcare infrastructu

International Code of Conduct for Outer Space: Major Asian perspectives
Oct 27, 2014

International Code of Conduct for Outer Space: Major Asian perspectives

While the EU has been engaged in bilateral, regional and global efforts to enlist greater support for its Code on ICoC, one cannot say with certainty that the result has been totally satisfactory. There are still many countries that see the EU-proposed measure as problematic owing to a number of issues.

International implications of hack-for-hire services
Aug 09, 2023

International implications of hack-for-hire services

If not tackled promptly, India’s reputation as a hotspot of the hack-for-hire industry could jeopardise its role as an upcoming leader in global cyb