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Beyond JCPOA — Secondary sanctions, projects and investments
Jul 20, 2018

Beyond JCPOA — Secondary sanctions, projects and investments

India has planned several oil and gas development projects, and pipeline projects in Iran. It is believed that the proposed investment for these proje

BRICS remains on course for bigger, more effective projects in the years to come
Oct 18, 2016

BRICS remains on course for bigger, more effective projects in the years to come

The BRICS ship remains on course to sail steady, and is heading for more effective projects in years to come post the show of strength in Goa

Bridging integration: Infrastructure projects in Kashmir
Mar 27, 2023

Bridging integration: Infrastructure projects in Kashmir

The completion of infrastructure projects in the Kashmir Valley will boost economic development, social integration, and security advantage

Bridging the gap: Addressing international barriers to climate action projects in the developing world
Dec 12, 2017

Bridging the gap: Addressing international barriers to climate action projects in the developing world

This report is part of the Observer Research Foundation’s “Financing Green Transitions” series which aims to find potential linkages between private capital, in all its forms, and climate action projects. The series will primarily examine domestic and international barriers to private capital entry for mitigation oriented climate projects, while also examining potential avenues for private capital flow entry towards adaptation and resilienc

Energy Transition Through Waste-to-Energy Projects in Peri-Urban and Rural Areas
Jan 25, 2023

Energy Transition Through Waste-to-Energy Projects in Peri-Urban and Rural Areas

Waste-to-energy projects in India have historically been city-centric. As cities are well-served by LPG and CNG distribution systems, the Bio-CNG produced has to be used for either fuelling urban public transport, or moved to rural areas at considerable cost. Distributed production and distribution of compressed biogas (CBG) from municipal organic waste in rural and peri-urban areas could be a cheaper option for local consumers. Such prod

Environmental effects of Chinese projects in Myanmar
Apr 15, 2020

Environmental effects of Chinese projects in Myanmar

Since 2010, China has been casting its eyes on Myanmar’s rich natural resources for commercial exploitation.

Exploring Prospects for India-Azerbaijan Ties Through Connectivity Projects
Jan 22, 2024

Exploring Prospects for India-Azerbaijan Ties Through Connectivity Projects

Azerbaijan has become an attractive investment destination, connecting Europe, Central Asia, Russia, and the Indian subcontinent via the International North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC) and the Trans-Caspian International Transport Route (TITR). Indeed, over the years, India has explored various options to enhance connectivity with Russia and Europe via Azerbaijan. This brief assesses how the Western Route of the INSTC and the TITR can improv

Financing Solar Projects Under JNNSM
Sep 08, 2011

Financing Solar Projects Under JNNSM

Observer Research Foundation, in collaboration with BRIDGE TO INDIA and Solar Energy Society of India, organized a round-table discussion on "Financing the Solar Projects under JNNSM" on 9th Aug, 2011.

For power-starved J&K, is transfer of hydro power projects from NHPC to State a solution?
Aug 17, 2018

For power-starved J&K, is transfer of hydro power projects from NHPC to State a solution?

The enlarged footprint of projects in J&K, with one third of its installed capacity being in J&K has earned the NHPC the local sobriquet of the new �

Great walls: Addressing domestic barriers to climate action projects in India
Dec 11, 2017

Great walls: Addressing domestic barriers to climate action projects in India

This report is part of the Observer Research Foundation’s “Financing Green Transitions” series which aims to find potential linkages between private capital, in all its forms, and climate action projects. The series will primarily examine domestic and international barriers to private capital entry for mitigation oriented climate projects, while also examining potential avenues for private capital flow entry towards adaptation and resilienc

I2U2 brings hi-tech food, clean energy projects
Jul 16, 2022

I2U2 brings hi-tech food, clean energy projects

The emergence of this new grouping is clearly an outcome of the Abraham Accords of Aug 2020 and the possibilities that they have created for Israel and the UAE to be on the same platform with India and the US. As President Biden moves to Saudi Arabia for the second leg of his visit to West Asia, we are likely to see a push towards integrating Israel through trade, technology, direct flights and people-to-people contact even with countries where f

Mainstreaming sustainability outcomes in big infrastructure projects
May 13, 2020

Mainstreaming sustainability outcomes in big infrastructure projects

Urban infrastructure projects using brownfield or greenfield development can cause damage to natural habitats. To achieve the Agenda 2030 goal of “leaving no one behind” while mitigating the destruction of habitats, an integrated approach towards infrastructure development must be adopted. This paper outlines the current paradigms of sustainable infrastructure provision, highlighting how and why sustainability outcomes are overlooked at diffe

Mega rail projects an opportunity to slash India's carbon emissions
Nov 19, 2009

Mega rail projects an opportunity to slash India's carbon emissions

The Indian railway is the largest passenger rail system in the world, yet it makes up just about 13% of India's transport sector

Now, emerging Sino-Japanese rivalry on high speed railway projects in Asia
Oct 09, 2015

Now, emerging Sino-Japanese rivalry on high speed railway projects in Asia

As the two biggest Asian economies, China and Japan are directly involved in infrastructure development in many Asian countries and this has led to fierce rivalry between the two. The recent decision of the Indonesian government to offer the construction of Jakarta-Bandung high speed network to China came as a bolt from the blue to Japan.

Pakistan: Why has China halted CPEC projects
Nov 25, 2020

Pakistan: Why has China halted CPEC projects

Political fragility, increased interference of security agencies and the army establishment in the matters of civilian administration and even CPEC pr

PIL: A hidden roadblock in large infrastructure projects
Feb 14, 2023

PIL: A hidden roadblock in large infrastructure projects

PILs are being misused as instruments to bog down infrastructure projects, affecting India’s growth in the long run

Slow, Not Steady: Assessing the Status of India-Eurasia Connectivity Projects
Feb 03, 2023

Slow, Not Steady: Assessing the Status of India-Eurasia Connectivity Projects

India’s robust economy has tremendous potential. But for sustained economic growth, it needs direct access to the Eurasian markets, backed by reliable, resilient, and diversified supply chains. Indeed, enhanced connectivity with Central Asia and the wider Eurasia is essential to promote regional stability and unlock economic opportunities for all countries in the region. This paper analyses the status of the key connectivity projects in the reg

The Arab League Summit: Saudi Arabia projects authority by hosting Syria and Ukraine
May 25, 2023

The Arab League Summit: Saudi Arabia projects authority by hosting Syria and Ukraine

The recent Arab League Summit showcased Saudi Arabia’s attempt to bring change in its foreign policy approach

2070 पर्यंत शून्य कार्बन उत्सर्जनाचे लक्ष्य कसे साध्य केले जाईल?
Apr 30, 2024

2070 पर्यंत शून्य कार्बन उत्सर्जनाचे लक्ष्य कसे साध्य केले जाईल?

भारताने 2070 पर्यंत शून्य कार्बन उत्सर्जनाचे उद्दिष्ट ठेव�

A blueprint to evaluate digital governance
Apr 18, 2013

A blueprint to evaluate digital governance

Sooner than later, India will have to start evaluating its e-governance projects. And in the near future, the focus will shift to the outcomes of e-governance initiatives.

A fixed annual statutory fund could be the answer to cash strapped cities
Jun 18, 2020

A fixed annual statutory fund could be the answer to cash strapped cities

The pandemic has highlighted both the increasing significance of cities in the larger national governance ecosystem as also exposed their vulnerabilit

A Proposed Architecture for a Central Bank Digital Currency for India
Jul 14, 2023

A Proposed Architecture for a Central Bank Digital Currency for India

Most central banks across the globe are today seized with the idea of cryptocurrency, with countries like Sweden and China already embarking on their pilot projects. This paper argues that most of the proposed architectures for a Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC) are not designed to mimic the paper currency in its digital form. It proposes an architecture that largely retains all the properties of a paper currency, with only one limitation—i

An Underdeveloped Corporate Bond Market: The Achilles’ Heel of India’s Growth Story
Mar 11, 2023

An Underdeveloped Corporate Bond Market: The Achilles’ Heel of India’s Growth Story

India’s aspirations to become the third largest economy in the world by 2027, and a developed country by 2047, need to be backed by a liquid, deep, and well-functioning debt market—something that the country does not have. Banks in India typically lack the ability to sponsor long-term projects because their liabilities are of a relatively shorter tenure. An efficient Indian corporate bond market with lower costs and faster issuances could pro

Article 370: Ushering in the new normal
Aug 10, 2020

Article 370: Ushering in the new normal

Even those who had built their careers around the old institutional framework seems to have adjusted to the ‘new normal’ where the real stakeholde

Balances and benefits in Southern South Asia: The Maldives and Sri Lanka in 2021
Dec 28, 2021

Balances and benefits in Southern South Asia: The Maldives and Sri Lanka in 2021

With the changing dynamics in the Indo-Pacific region, both the island states have ample opportunities to balance between India and China.

Bangladesh: Model for the developing world and an emerging regional connectivity hub
Mar 25, 2021

Bangladesh: Model for the developing world and an emerging regional connectivity hub

Bangladesh is trying to engage in various sub-regional connectivity projects via road, rail, and sea routes with India.

Bhutan elections: What is at stake for India?
Jan 22, 2024

Bhutan elections: What is at stake for India?

While the new administration will make little difference in Bhutan’s border negotiations with China, it will promote deeper economic cooperation and

Bhutan: Twenty-five years of energy cooperation with India
May 02, 2014

Bhutan: Twenty-five years of energy cooperation with India

The tiny Himalayan Kingdom of Bhutan has completed 25 years of energy cooperation with India. The idea was/is for Bhutan to facilitate Indian funding for setting up hydro-power projects in the country,

BIMSTEC: Rediscovering old routes to connectivity
Dec 04, 2017

BIMSTEC: Rediscovering old routes to connectivity

As BIMSTEC pushes for transport connectivity, it stands to gain from other, complementary transport connectivity projects that are emerging in the region. BIMSTEC can also take advantage of extant policy designs, and aligning its projects with the various national, bilateral and multilateral projects either ongoing or being planned. Given India’s key role in BIMSTEC — owing not only to its geographical location but also its capabilities — i

Blue Economy in the Indo-Pacific: Navigating Between Growth and Conservation
Jul 28, 2021

Blue Economy in the Indo-Pacific: Navigating Between Growth and Conservation

Once a niche term, Blue Economy (BE) has matured into a popular concept in marine governance discussions in the Indo-Pacific region. As land resources reach their limits, governments in the region are keen to harness the ocean’s wealth for economic projects. Policymakers widely believe the blue paradigm allows marine activities to be earth-friendly and sustainable, and thereby guaranteeing a more equitable future. Recent developments, however,

Bringing India and Thailand Closer via the Trilateral Highway Through Myanmar
Nov 21, 2023

Bringing India and Thailand Closer via the Trilateral Highway Through Myanmar

This brief underlines the immense potential for increased cross-border trade, tourism, and people-to-people interactions between India and its Southeast Asian neighbours. In particular, it evaluates the importance of India–Thailand relations, emphasising the present state of the India–Myanmar–Thailand Trilateral Highway (IMT-TH). Although India and Thailand share a maritime boundary along India’s Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Th

Building better connections
Feb 18, 2015

Building better connections

A major problem in developing connectivity projects has been the lack of higher direction. By virtue of being strategic, these tasks ought to be done in special quick time. But, more often than not, they end up mired in all kinds of problems. At the best of times inter-ministerial and centre-state coordination is poor.

Building Trust: Lessons from Canada’s Approach to Digital Identity
May 24, 2023

Building Trust: Lessons from Canada’s Approach to Digital Identity

Both during times of normalcy and crises, governments depend on increasingly digitised identity systems. Such systems, however, have been considered controversial since the use of IBM machines to facilitate the Holocaust. Since then, more contemporary identity systems have tried to ensure that they do not violate citizens’ essential rights. This requires multi-stakeholder coordination, a network paradigm, a focus on open standards rather than s

Catalysing Progress Through Capacity-Building Initiatives: Learnings from India’s Pan-African e-Network Project in Ghana and Malawi
Nov 14, 2023

Catalysing Progress Through Capacity-Building Initiatives: Learnings from India’s Pan-African e-Network Project in Ghana and Malawi

Capacity building is a central feature of India’s outreach to Africa. Over the last seven decades, the Indian government has provided numerous scholarships to African students through the Indian Council for Cultural Relations and the Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation scheme. India has also established several technical institutes throughout the continent. However, assessments of India’s capacity-building initiatives remain limited. Th

China building Tibet-Nepal railway is not quite a setback for India
Jun 27, 2018

China building Tibet-Nepal railway is not quite a setback for India

While Nepal has signed up for a rail link with Tibet, it stands to gain more from projects with the Indian Railways.

China Can No Longer Take Sri Lanka for Granted
Oct 17, 2023

China Can No Longer Take Sri Lanka for Granted

Since the early 2000s, China's debt profile in Sri Lanka has increased rapidly, with estimates indicating that over 20% of the overall debt stock is owed to China. Beijing's lending has been opaque on high-interest loans and has often contributed to several white elephant projects. Much of this lending comes from Chinese policy banks, such as China Exim Bank and China Development Bank that is entrusted to further Beijing's economic and commercial

China Learns its Lessons After Decades of Careless Lending
Aug 31, 2022

China Learns its Lessons After Decades of Careless Lending

China is trying to make amends to address some of the longstanding issues with its development projects.

China’s Belt and Road Initiative in the Energy Sector: Progress, Direction, and Trends
Dec 05, 2023

China’s Belt and Road Initiative in the Energy Sector: Progress, Direction, and Trends

China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is central to the country’s ambitious policy reorientation. The energy sector accounts for nearly 40 percent of all investments under the BRI, with significant geostrategic and geoeconomic implications. In recent years, China has adopted a “greening the BRI” strategy, emphasising green energy projects. This brief analyses China’s BRI investments in the energy sector to establish the potential trend

China’s belt and road initiative: Implications in Africa
May 10, 2023

China’s belt and road initiative: Implications in Africa

Over the last two decades, China has established a significant economic presence in most African countries. Its lucrative economic investment package, flexible political approach, and focused big-ticket development projects under the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) provide an ostensibly massive opportunity to African countries. However, the unilateral nature of the initiative, the lack of transparency and accountability to African countries, and t

China’s BRI continues to remain popular amongst Africans despite intense backlash
Oct 09, 2021

China’s BRI continues to remain popular amongst Africans despite intense backlash

There is a growing acknowledgment that the China-funded projects are not economically viable in the long term but African nations still view China in

China’s Solar Value Chain: The Early Drivers
Oct 03, 2022

China’s Solar Value Chain: The Early Drivers

China's export of cheap clean energy equipment is a public good as relatively poor countries can now afford large clean energy projects

Chinese BRI investments: A cornerstone of the expanding China-Bangladesh ties
Aug 10, 2023

Chinese BRI investments: A cornerstone of the expanding China-Bangladesh ties

Although Bangladesh has been able to seek favourable terms from China, will it manage to leverage economic aid while not allowing China strategic inro

Cleaning DRDO's Augean stables
Jan 22, 2015

Cleaning DRDO's Augean stables

Cost and time over-runs have reportedly led to losses of approximately Rs29,000 crore in the DRDO; some 10 projects have been delayed for over five years. The Armed Forces continue to be woefully short of modern weapon systems, ammunition and a vast range of critical equipment.