Search: For - governments

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China’s practice in recognising Governments: The case of Taliban
Sep 15, 2021

China’s practice in recognising Governments: The case of Taliban

International recognition of government has always been more based on realpolitik rather than agreed upon priniciples

Elected Women Representatives in Local Rural Governments in India: Assessing the Impact and Challenges
Jan 31, 2024

Elected Women Representatives in Local Rural Governments in India: Assessing the Impact and Challenges

India’s 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act, which empowered local self-governments (Panchayati Raj Institutions) and reserved one-third of electoral seats in these bodies for women, has elevated women’s participation in rural governance. India is among the foremost countries for women’s participation in local governments, with over 1.45 million women shaping local decision-making. Women leaders are a critical link between local governance, s

TPP -- FDI booster or Corporations handcuffing Governments?
Dec 11, 2015

TPP -- FDI booster or Corporations handcuffing Governments?

A common thread that runs through TPP, TTIP and CETA deals is the Investor-state dispute settlement system (ISDS), an opaque supranational court that decides disputes, bypassing the domestic courts and national laws. Now, the fear is that these trade deals might just end up producing managed rather than free trade.

Western Governments’ Response to Diasporic Separatists: Weighed and Found Wanting
Sep 28, 2023

Western Governments’ Response to Diasporic Separatists: Weighed and Found Wanting

Recent public mobilisations in certain Western countries of separatists demanding that a homeland for Sikhs be created in Punjab (or Khalistan) are raising concerns about the threats that these groups pose to India’s security. Tamil Eelam nationalists are also continuing to mobilise themselves in activities hostile to Sri Lanka that openly display militant iconography and messages. What motivates host countries, such as Canada and the United Ki

Why governors are more favoured than elected governments in Kashmir
Jun 13, 2019

Why governors are more favoured than elected governments in Kashmir

It is ironical that despite being an outsider the governor manages to strike a chord with the locals. What is it that the governor does right which ev

#US China tension: हिंद-प्रशांत क्षेत्र में नई सरकारों के साथ, नए दांव-पेच में लगा चीन
Jun 02, 2022

#US China tension: हिंद-प्रशांत क्षेत्र में नई सरकारों के साथ, नए दांव-पेच में लगा चीन

हिंद प्रशांत क्षेत्र में अमेरिका को मात देने के लिए चीन कुछ भी करने को तैयार है. वह ऑस्ट्रेलिया और दक्षिण कोरिया को भी गले लगाने का तैयार है. इस तरह चीन ने अपनी कूटनीति को धार

#US China tension: हिंद-प्रशांत क्षेत्र में नई सरकारों के साथ, नए दांव-पेच में लगा चीन
Jun 02, 2022

#US China tension: हिंद-प्रशांत क्षेत्र में नई सरकारों के साथ, नए दांव-पेच में लगा चीन

हिंद प्रशांत क्षेत्र में अमेरिका को मात देने के लिए चीन क�

2022—The year to redefine cities as first tiers of urban governance
Jan 08, 2022

2022—The year to redefine cities as first tiers of urban governance

A holistic restructuring of federal, systemic, and financial governance is required to empower our city governments

26/11 and the media: Where were the protocols?
Nov 24, 2018

26/11 and the media: Where were the protocols?

Off the record, top Indian government sources admit that by and large, when governments and law enforcement authorities put systems in place in a cris

7 economic reforms that await Modi Season 2
May 24, 2019

7 economic reforms that await Modi Season 2

With Verdict 2019 giving a greater political force to Modi’s next five years, we hope some of them will make the grade, or at least, in experiential

70 Policies — Minimum Wages Act, 1948
Aug 01, 2018

70 Policies — Minimum Wages Act, 1948

Through the Minimum Wages Act, the Parliament declared that governments — not economic agents — would decide the amount of wages paid.

8 reforms to end India’s regulatory cholesterol
Jul 24, 2021

8 reforms to end India’s regulatory cholesterol

The low hanging fruit has been plucked. The road ahead will need deeper and more impactful reforms at all levels of governments — Union, States and

A bridge across the Palk Strait
Jan 28, 2015

A bridge across the Palk Strait

Earlier during his stint in office nearly 10 years back, Ranil Wickremesinghe had mooted the idea of building a bridge - literally - across the Palk Strait, linking his country to India. Now that he is back as prime minister and as part of a 'cohabitation arrangement' but through political consensus, unlike in the past, the two governments could consider reviving the proposal for mutual and greater benefits.

A convenient handmaiden called freedom
Dec 18, 2012

A convenient handmaiden called freedom

The ruckus at WCIT is all about the cosy relationship between governments, big businesses and commerce and not about Internet freedom.

A Public-Private-People Partnership Model for Digital Economy Recovery in the Post-Pandemic World
Aug 03, 2023

A Public-Private-People Partnership Model for Digital Economy Recovery in the Post-Pandemic World

The onset of the COVID-19 pandemic hastened the widespread adoption of digitaltechnologies across the globe. The pace of digitalisation—from the micro levels ofeducation and e-commerce to the macro levels of supply chains and productionnetworks—has galvanised governments to advance digital regulations. Thetightrope walk of creating policies that enable digital innovation and ensureregulations are in the larger public interest have led to inte

A ‘Triple T Transition’ to a sustainable recovery
Aug 17, 2020

A ‘Triple T Transition’ to a sustainable recovery

As countries continue to battle the insidious virus, a chorus of voices is rising up to demand fundamental changes in the way governments and industri

Ahead of fisheries talks, TNA too says 'Indians are robbing' their fish
May 07, 2014

Ahead of fisheries talks, TNA too says 'Indians are robbing' their fish

A lot will depend on how the TNA and the NPC proceed during the upcoming fishers' talks in Colombo. For any fishers-negotiated solution to be effective, it has to have the cooperation of the Tamil Nadu and Northern Province Governments across the Palk Straits.

AI Governance in India: Aspirations and Apprehensions
Dec 06, 2023

AI Governance in India: Aspirations and Apprehensions

The Observer Research Foundation’s first Tech Huddle was held on 23 November 2023 and focused on the governance of artificial intelligence (AI) in India, highlighting the rapid growth and adoption of AI as well as the complexities associated with developing regulatory frameworks for it. AI governance is in its infancy, both globally and in India, and grapples with issues such as the explainability of AI systems as well as the embedded biases, s

Article 370 a burden on Jammu and Kashmir people
Jul 05, 2014

Article 370 a burden on Jammu and Kashmir people

Article 370 is a burden on the people of Jammu and Kashmir which has been misused by successive State governments to stall the delivery of several public welfare initiatives of the Central Government, according to dean of Jammu Central University.

Assessing the Efficacy of the West’s Autonomous Cyber-Sanctions Regime and its Relevance for India
Sep 09, 2022

Assessing the Efficacy of the West’s Autonomous Cyber-Sanctions Regime and its Relevance for India

Cyber-sanctions have emerged as a preferred tool for Western governments to deter cyberattacks emanating from their adversaries’ territories. As they implement such sanctions, however, these states face various challenges one of which is the difficulty in attribution. Moreover, the sanctions have only partially curbed the malicious cyber activities. Yet, the regime continues to expand, and many allies of the United States are emulating its prac

Automation in moderation: Preserving fundamental rights while moderating online content at scale
Apr 14, 2021

Automation in moderation: Preserving fundamental rights while moderating online content at scale

In order to safeguard against function creep, governments and platforms must be transparent about how and where automated tools are used.

Been there, done that
Jul 14, 2015

Been there, done that

Twenty-five uninterrupted years of mostly weak coalition governments at the Centre may have closed political options in Jammu and Kashmir, but now that we have a majority government in New Delhi, decisions may be easier.

Blue Economy in the Indo-Pacific: Navigating Between Growth and Conservation
Jul 28, 2021

Blue Economy in the Indo-Pacific: Navigating Between Growth and Conservation

Once a niche term, Blue Economy (BE) has matured into a popular concept in marine governance discussions in the Indo-Pacific region. As land resources reach their limits, governments in the region are keen to harness the ocean’s wealth for economic projects. Policymakers widely believe the blue paradigm allows marine activities to be earth-friendly and sustainable, and thereby guaranteeing a more equitable future. Recent developments, however,

Budget of small things that contributes to the government’s larger $5 trillion narrative
Jul 05, 2019

Budget of small things that contributes to the government’s larger $5 trillion narrative

Sitharaman’s Budget seeks to inject efficiencies into the regulatory system.

Building a case for the creative economies of the Global South
Mar 30, 2023

Building a case for the creative economies of the Global South

During its G20 presidency, India should engage with governments and policymakers and address the regulatory constraints faced by this sector to keep i

Building a new digitalised world through technology centrism
Oct 24, 2020

Building a new digitalised world through technology centrism

When technology becomes important for a country’s development, governments should balance the advance of technology with openness and autonomy.

Building Trust: Lessons from Canada’s Approach to Digital Identity
May 24, 2023

Building Trust: Lessons from Canada’s Approach to Digital Identity

Both during times of normalcy and crises, governments depend on increasingly digitised identity systems. Such systems, however, have been considered controversial since the use of IBM machines to facilitate the Holocaust. Since then, more contemporary identity systems have tried to ensure that they do not violate citizens’ essential rights. This requires multi-stakeholder coordination, a network paradigm, a focus on open standards rather than s

Can statehood solve Delhi’s problems?
Jun 13, 2018

Can statehood solve Delhi’s problems?

Governments across the world are reluctant to cede power to the city-capitals, but with Delhi being larger than many states in India, it needs to have a relook at its relationship with Centre

Cauvery resolution: Back to square one?
Jul 07, 2018

Cauvery resolution: Back to square one?

Since the dispute started off nearly a century ago, the two riparian states — Karnataka and Tamil Nadu — have been contending on self-interest ove

Collective action against plastic pollution: A global priority agenda
Jun 05, 2023

Collective action against plastic pollution: A global priority agenda

This year’s World Environment Day is aiming to steer individuals, corporations, and governments towards the shared vision of reducing plastic produc

Collective Action to Counter Terrorism' II
Jul 07, 2004

Collective Action to Counter Terrorism' II

Even before 9/11, many commissions had been appointed by different Governments to study the threat posed by terrorism and many seminars, conferences and workshops organised by different think-tanks on the subject. In the US alone, there were three high-powered commissions on the threat posed by terrorism. All this could not prevent 9/11.

Community Driven Development in Developing Countries
Aug 11, 2023

Community Driven Development in Developing Countries

This paper highlights the increasing importance of Community Driven Development (CDD) in the delivery of public services to the poorest sections and enhancing access, voice and accountability in developing countries. Community participation in the delivery of ‘public services’ to the poorest sections of the population in developing countries has often been regarded as an effective mechanism to enhance access, voice and accountability.

Containing COVID-19 crisis in Nepal
Sep 03, 2020

Containing COVID-19 crisis in Nepal

What is needed most at this critical juncture is to strengthen coordination between the federal, provincial and local level governments by keeping the

Coronavirus is straining the concept of federalism
May 05, 2020

Coronavirus is straining the concept of federalism

Dealing with Covid-19 is inflaming already fierce tensions between central governments and states globally.

Countering insurgency in Kashmir: The cyber dimension
Jan 10, 2017

Countering insurgency in Kashmir: The cyber dimension

Countering the militancy in Kashmir has become a highly challenging task due to the exploitation of new information and communication technology by insurgent groups. The battlefield is now a multidimensional one, encompassing both physical territory and cyberspace. The overall capabilities of insurgents have been enhanced by tools in cyberspace that are inexpensive, ever more sophisticated, rapidly proliferating, and easy to use. Militants are sy

Countering violent extremism in Cyberspace
Apr 04, 2015

Countering violent extremism in Cyberspace

There is a need for governments to engage the private sector in counter-terrorism and counter-propaganda initiatives. Counter-terrorism doctrines and strategies have been framed in the last decade with a focus on religious extremism and have failed to encompass other ideas, feel cyber expers.

COVID diplomacy and regional dynamics in Southern Asia
Apr 30, 2020

COVID diplomacy and regional dynamics in Southern Asia

Several Chinese provincial governments have taken the lead on COVID diplomacy in continental Southern Asia.

Covid-19 and unemployment: Implications for child labour
Jul 31, 2020

Covid-19 and unemployment: Implications for child labour

Poverty is the root cause of child labour, which, despite being a priority for a succession of Indian governments, is yet to be eradicated.

COVID19: An opportunity and challenge for ‘Neighbourhood First’ policy
Apr 18, 2020

COVID19: An opportunity and challenge for ‘Neighbourhood First’ policy

India has done well with its neighbours by not giving up on them in their own hour of crisis. Even while the nation was faced with exigencies of every

Cyber adversaries may go after private sector systems: Experts
Jan 17, 2014

Cyber adversaries may go after private sector systems: Experts

Experts warn that while governments are getting better at managing cyber and internet threats, adversaries may go after private sector systems, in the absence of active public-private cooperation.

Cyber Mercenaries: The Failures of Current Responses and the Imperative of International Collaboration
Dec 11, 2023

Cyber Mercenaries: The Failures of Current Responses and the Imperative of International Collaboration

Digital adoption, hastened globally by the COVID-19 epidemic, brought along with it both benefits and threats, including concerns of safety and security of the cyberspace. Current geopolitical dynamics, ongoing strategic and economic disputes, as well as attempts by authoritarian regimes to preserve power have allowed companies with malicious intent—known as ‘cyber mercenaries’—to develop and deploy offensive cyber capabilities. The tools

Cybersecurity threats from online gaming
Aug 04, 2023

Cybersecurity threats from online gaming

There is an urgent need for governments and policymakers around the world to start paying more attention to the gaming industry as cybersecurity threa

Decoding what lies behind the terrorist attack in Punjab
Jul 28, 2015

Decoding what lies behind the terrorist attack in Punjab

Monday's terrorist attack on Dinanagar police station in Gurdaspur district, the first major terror attack in Punjab since 2002, and that took the lives of 11 persons, is a puzzle. This could be a routine warning from the LeT to both the Indian and Pakistani governments against getting too close to each other.

Defying the Odds: Pakistan’s coronavirus story
Sep 29, 2020

Defying the Odds: Pakistan’s coronavirus story

The virus has affected over 25 million people across 213 countries. Governments and citizens alike have had to adapt to the crisis. Pakistan’s story

Digital Dreams, Real Challenges: Key Factors Driving India’s AI Ecosystem
May 08, 2024

Digital Dreams, Real Challenges: Key Factors Driving India’s AI Ecosystem

India, like much of the rest of the world, is faced with the twin but opposing conditions of economic potential and social concerns that need to be negotiated to realise the digital dividends from artificial intelligence (AI) and achieve sustainable and balanced growth. AI systems involve layers of technological dependencies that necessitate and enable social and institutional interdependency between stakeholders, enabling conditions, and resourc

Digital Epiphany? COVID19 and our Tech Futures
May 20, 2020

Digital Epiphany? COVID19 and our Tech Futures

The coronavirus pandemic is wreaking havoc globally, leaving governments and communities struggling to find a response. This is happening even as new

Digital Futures: Leveraging G20 for UK-India Cooperation
Aug 04, 2022

Digital Futures: Leveraging G20 for UK-India Cooperation

India will assume the presidency of the G20 in 2023. One of the key policy challenges for India and other member states is how to regulate the global digital economy. Once a fringe policy issue, the global digital economy is now central to the G20 agenda, with significant implications for individuals, corporations, and governments. Bilateral cooperation within the G20 system can provide additional resources and capability to any presidency, which