Search: For - ecosystems

38 results found

Optimising digital innovation ecosystems for development
May 17, 2024

Optimising digital innovation ecosystems for development

Digital innovation ecosystems are crucial for global development, but balanced growth requires adaptive capacity to optimise their performance

Promoting a ‘GDP of the Poor’: The imperative of integrating ecosystems valuation in development policy
Mar 17, 2020

Promoting a ‘GDP of the Poor’: The imperative of integrating ecosystems valuation in development policy

This paper argues in favour of integrating valuation of ecosystem services in development policy planning in India. The paper presents three cases where monetary values of ecosystem services have been estimated to illustrate the significance of the exercise: the Terai Arc Landscape (TAL) in Uttarakhand, the Kunigal Wetlands in Karnataka, and the Indian Sundarbans Delta (ISD) in West Bengal. The first two cases highlight the ecosystem-livelihoods

Towards an Ecosystems Approach to Fisheries Management Along the Bengal Coast
Jul 08, 2021

Towards an Ecosystems Approach to Fisheries Management Along the Bengal Coast

The management of fish stocks along the Bengal coast has traditionally relied on the formula of dictating where, when, and how much to catch of one particular kind of fish to mitigate the risk of stock depletion. This paper argues that this conventional approach is inadequate in dealing with the multitude of threats, both local and global, posed by anthropogenic interventions in the natural systems and processes. It builds a case for an Ecosystem

#BleedBlue: Building a new narrative to support marine conservation
Nov 28, 2021

#BleedBlue: Building a new narrative to support marine conservation

Blue bonds, like green bonds, can catalyse global capital to work towards the conservation of our marine ecosystems

Achieving SDGs in Small Island Developing States: Financing the Blue Economy Through Collaboration
Apr 17, 2024

Achieving SDGs in Small Island Developing States: Financing the Blue Economy Through Collaboration

The geographical and socioeconomic characteristics of small island developing states (SIDS) expose them to unique challenges. Climate change, in particular, poses a severe threat to SIDS, with rising sea levels, ocean acidification, and changing precipitation patterns negatively affecting their ecosystems, economies, and communities. This brief assesses the challenges faced by SIDS in accessing traditional climate financing and analyses the effec

Adopting the One Health approach
Apr 05, 2024

Adopting the One Health approach

Constitutional provisions for the right to health cannot be realised without integrating frameworks for the health of people and the planet.

AI Governance in India: Aspirations and Apprehensions
Dec 06, 2023

AI Governance in India: Aspirations and Apprehensions

The Observer Research Foundation’s first Tech Huddle was held on 23 November 2023 and focused on the governance of artificial intelligence (AI) in India, highlighting the rapid growth and adoption of AI as well as the complexities associated with developing regulatory frameworks for it. AI governance is in its infancy, both globally and in India, and grapples with issues such as the explainability of AI systems as well as the embedded biases, s

Assessing the Achievements and Challenges of EU-India Cybersecurity Cooperation
Feb 27, 2024

Assessing the Achievements and Challenges of EU-India Cybersecurity Cooperation

The European Union’s (EU) and India’s paths towards becoming “cyber powers” could hardly be more different. The EU has a long tradition of protecting personal privacy rights and patents, while urging to enhance multilateral norms on cyberspace. India’s thinking on cybersecurity has continuously been boosted by the cyber threats emerging from China and Pakistan. It has further been shaped by India’s domestic Information Technology indu

Behind West Asia’s dash for China
Jan 20, 2022

Behind West Asia’s dash for China

West Asia’s geostrategic shift can be witnessed as the Middle Eastern countries increasingly develop closer ties with China

Building an equitable ‘data for development’ space for the G20
Jun 28, 2023

Building an equitable ‘data for development’ space for the G20

The data landscape across the G20 remains highly uneven, with some countries being able to effectively harness D4D while others experience significant

Climate actions need both native and Artificial Intelligence
Apr 22, 2023

Climate actions need both native and Artificial Intelligence

By combining the power of AI with the wisdom of native intelligence, more effective climate actions can be developed

Digital twin: Making India’s clean energy architecture versatile
Mar 26, 2024

Digital twin: Making India’s clean energy architecture versatile

The use of digital twin technologies in renewable energy ecosystems will benefit producers, consumers, and governments alike

Gender-ative AI: An enduring gender bias in generative AI systems
Apr 27, 2023

Gender-ative AI: An enduring gender bias in generative AI systems

Concerted efforts need to be undertaken to close the gender data gap before gender bias becomes an inextricable part of emerging generative AI ecosyst

Governing Urban Wetlands in India: A Pathway to Sustainable Urbanisation
Feb 01, 2024

Governing Urban Wetlands in India: A Pathway to Sustainable Urbanisation

Wetlands are important ecosystems that provide benefits such as flood control, water purification, and biodiversity conservation. In India, however, wetlands are threatened by pollution, encroachment, and rampant real estate development. This brief assesses the East Kolkata Wetlands to illustrate the challenges of preserving urban wetlands in India. It also presents recommendations to establish more comprehensive wetlands management and conservat

India’s Innovation Ecosystem: Mapping the Trends
Feb 08, 2021

India’s Innovation Ecosystem: Mapping the Trends

The integration of Science, Technology and Innovation goals into national policies helps achieve sustained economic and social development. This brief examines the key parameters that govern the global and Indian innovation ecosystems: research investment, education policy, researcher density, publication output, number of patents registered, and the startup environment. It finds that certain elements are crucial in developing a robust strategic

Investigating the ecological decline in the Sundarbans
Jun 11, 2024

Investigating the ecological decline in the Sundarbans

Despite efforts by New Delhi and Dhaka to conserve the Sundarbans, institutional safeguards do not effectively translate into on-the-ground protection

Nature’s Coast Guard: Valuing and Financing Mangrove Conservation in the Indo-Pacific
Jun 20, 2024

Nature’s Coast Guard: Valuing and Financing Mangrove Conservation in the Indo-Pacific

The Indo-Pacific, which holds most of the world’s mangroves, faces serious risks from natural disasters, including those related to the long-term sustainability of coastal communities and valuable ecosystems. Mangroves uphold biodiversity, support ecosystem functionality, and sustain local livelihoods; however, financing their conservation is proving to be a massive challenge. This report examines the ecosystem services provided by mangroves, i

ORF roundtable on Personal Data Protection Bill, 2018
Oct 12, 2018

ORF roundtable on Personal Data Protection Bill, 2018

Will data localisation — or a diluted mirroring requirement — serve India’s strategic interests as outlined in the Srikrishna Committee’s report? Moving forward, how can India build data ecosystems that not only feed back into domestic innovation but also protect user privacy at scale keeping in mind the interests of the private sector?

Strategic technology might disrupt India-China status quo
Mar 29, 2017

Strategic technology might disrupt India-China status quo

What does the quest by Chinese companies for "top-to-bottom" domination of digital platforms mean for India?

Strengthening the Online Education Ecosystem in India
Nov 18, 2020

Strengthening the Online Education Ecosystem in India

The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted the formal schooling system in India, as it has across the globe, causing massive pressure on the online education sector. This paper analyses the state of digitalised education in India. It outlines current government guidelines on digital-mode schooling, and uses the case of Maharashtra’s five-year-old efforts at digitalising government schools to gauge preparedness for implementing the guidelines. It highl

String Bio: Integrated methane platform for next-gen sustainable ingredients
Nov 09, 2020

String Bio: Integrated methane platform for next-gen sustainable ingredients

As the ecosystem evolves and companies mature, there are dire requirements for the next phase of innovation driven growth.

The Indus imbroglio: Hostile hydropolitics and lack of integrated basin governance
Feb 08, 2023

The Indus imbroglio: Hostile hydropolitics and lack of integrated basin governance

The politicisation of the water issues of the Indus system has overshadowed the much-required integrated basin governance

Towards a Systems Approach to the Management of Grasslands in India
Dec 07, 2022

Towards a Systems Approach to the Management of Grasslands in India

Grasslands that provide a variety of ecosystem services for humans—including carbon storage, which is important to mitigating climate change—are among the world’s most threatened habitats. In India, grassy ecosystems are not accorded any legal protection. Vast acres of these grasslands are converted for revenue-generating use, altering their ecological dynamics and threatening the livelihoods and cultures of pastoral and agrarian communitie

Towards public financing of elections and political parties in India: Lessons from global experiences
Nov 24, 2017

Towards public financing of elections and political parties in India: Lessons from global experiences

Democracy costs a lot of money. To fight elections and run their routine activities, political parties in India seek donations from all possible sources including ‘illegal’ and ‘interested’ money. This has serious ramifications in preserving the integrity of Indian democracy. An increasing number of countries, meanwhile, have taken the path of public subsidies and direct funding of parties and political activities — aiming to reduce dep

Towards the Integration of Emerging Technologies in India’s Armed Forces
Feb 24, 2023

Towards the Integration of Emerging Technologies in India’s Armed Forces

The application of emerging technologies will play a key role in the performance of India’s armed forces. All three services understand the significance of these technological innovations in modern warfare, although their development has been uneven across the branches. This analysis provides an overview of how far the three services of the Indian armed forces have gone in integrating Artificial Intelligence (AI), cyber technology, and

Why we need a new perspective on rivers
Jul 25, 2018

Why we need a new perspective on rivers

Rivers are the world’s most important ecosystems, not simply a source of water and energy

जी-२० देशांना हवा ‘विकासासाठी डेटा’
Oct 06, 2023

जी-२० देशांना हवा ‘विकासासाठी डेटा’

जी-२० देशांमधील डेटासंबंधीचे वातावरण अतिशय असमान आहे. काही देश ‘विकासासाठी डेटा’ प्रभावीपणे वापरण्यास सक्षम आहेत, तर इतरांना यासाठी अनेक आव्हानांचा सामना करावा लागत आह�

भारत के व्यापार इकोसिस्टम में महिलाओं की हिस्सेदारी
Oct 13, 2023

भारत के व्यापार इकोसिस्टम में महिलाओं की हिस्सेदारी

भारत को महिलाओं के सशक्तिकरण के प्रति अपने वादे को पूरा क�

विकास के लिए डिजिटल इनोवेशन इकोसिस्टम का अधिकतम उपयोग कैसे हो?
May 23, 2024

विकास के लिए डिजिटल इनोवेशन इकोसिस्टम का अधिकतम उपयोग कैसे हो?

डिजिटल आविष्कार के इकोसिस्टम वैश्विक विकास के लिए आवश्य�

सामायिक आरोग्यविषयक दृष्टिकोन स्वीकारणे गरजेचे!
Apr 08, 2024

सामायिक आरोग्यविषयक दृष्टिकोन स्वीकारणे गरजेचे!

लोकांच्या आणि पृथ्वीच्या आरोग्य विषयक नियमांची चौकट एक�