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Cyber Mercenaries: A Call to Action for the Quad
International Affairs | Cyber and Technology Sep 20, 2023

Cyber Mercenaries: A Call to Action for the Quad

This paper investigates, in the context of the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue or Quad, the burgeoning threats posed by cyber mercenaries acting as proxies for revisionist states bent on destabilising the institutions and societies of adversary nations. The paper offers essential definitions of what comprises cybersecurity ...

The Causes and Consequences of Abolishing Cantonments in India
Urbanisation Sep 19, 2023

The Causes and Consequences of Abolishing Cantonments in India

India’s decision to abolish cantonments after carving out the military areas, announced in April 2023, has been met with scepticism and support. Cantonments, primarily created during the British rule to station and house the military, evolved to include civilians as residents and staff to provide ...

India’s UPI Market: Projections for Growth Under Various GDP Scenarios
Indian Economy | Economics and Finance Sep 08, 2023

India’s UPI Market: Projections for Growth Under Various GDP Scenarios

This paper projects the nationwide and state-wise size of India’s Unified Payments Interface (UPI) market under various GDP growth scenarios. The market sizes under these scenarios are expressed in monetary values at the scale of both sub-national units and the Indian economy as a whole. ...

India's G20 Leadership: Elevating Capacity Building for Sustainable Development Financing
Development | Economics and Finance | Developing and Emerging Economies | Sustainable Development Sep 04, 2023

India's G20 Leadership: Elevating Capacity Building for Sustainable Development Financing

India’s G20 Presidency has identified the mandate for the Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors (FMCBG) as thus: “capacity building of the ecosystem for financing sustainable development.” The aim is to scale up efforts in mobilising large pools of global capital for sustainable projects, particularly ...

India’s G20 Leadership: Elevating Capacity Building for Sustainable Development Financing
International Affairs | Indian Foreign Policy | Developing and Emerging Economies Sep 04, 2023

India’s G20 Leadership: Elevating Capacity Building for Sustainable Development Financing

India’s G20 Presidency has identified the mandate for the Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors (FMCBG) as thus: “capacity building of the ecosystem for financing sustainable development.” The aim is to scale up efforts in mobilising large pools of global capital for sustainable projects, particularly ...

Beyond Cyber Fires and Ukraine: PLASSF Impact on a Sino-Indian Conventional War
International Affairs | Defence and Security Sep 01, 2023

Beyond Cyber Fires and Ukraine: PLASSF Impact on a Sino-Indian Conventional War

The ongoing Russia-Ukraine war has served as a laboratory test to assess the effectiveness of Cyber Warfare (CW) capabilities. It would be misleading, however, to extrapolate sweeping conclusions from this conflict about the relative ineffectiveness of CW. Rather, diligence should be exercised by Indian strategic ...

From Risk to Resilience: Climate Vulnerability Assessments in India
Economics and Finance | Climate Change Aug 22, 2023

From Risk to Resilience: Climate Vulnerability Assessments in India

Climate adaptation has been at the forefront of UN climate negotiations over the past decade, given the increasing frequency of extreme weather events at the global, national, and sub-national levels. Climate vulnerability and risk assessments (VRA) are essential for adaptation planning, as they help identify ...

Ending Africa's Chronic Food Insecurity: What the G20 Can Do
International Affairs | Climate, Food and Environment Aug 16, 2023

Ending Africa's Chronic Food Insecurity: What the G20 Can Do

After improving between 2000 and 2013, hunger levels have significantly worsened in Africa in the years since. While global food insecurity is currently at an all-time high, Africa's record in addressing undernutrition was not impressive even in the pre-pandemic era when growth rates were higher. ...

China-Japan-Korea:Tangled Relationships
International Affairs | China Foreign Policy | Multilateralism Aug 11, 2023

China-Japan-Korea:Tangled Relationships

Territorial disputes between China and Japan over the Senkaku/Diaoyu islands in the East China Sea and between Japan and South Korea over the Takeshima/Dokdo islands in the Sea of Japan have,particularly in the second half of 2012, given rise to concerns about peace and security ...

Sino-Indian Border Infrastructure: An Update
International Affairs | Neighbourhood | Indian Foreign Policy | China Military Aug 11, 2023

Sino-Indian Border Infrastructure: An Update

Improved infrastructure has a critical role in enabling a nation to apply military power. On the India-China border, there is a clear military imbalance-not just in terms of equipment and forces on the border but also in terms of the physical infrastructure. This paper will ...

Contributors

Soumya Bhowmick

Soumya Bhowmick

Soumya Bhowmick is an Associate Fellow at the Centre for New Economic Diplomacy at the Observer Research Foundation. His research focuses on sustainable development and globalisation economics. He is pursuing his PhD and holds a double master’s degree in economics ...

Read More + J. M. Mauskar

J. M. Mauskar

Spending more than 34 years as a Public Servant as an officer of the Indian Administrative Service he has had ’hands on’ experience of International Trade, Investment Promotion, Overseas Investments, International Contracts, Dynamics of Petroleum Sector and Environmental issues, especially ...

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