Search: For - Nuclear weapons

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A Future without Nuclear Weapons
Nov 09, 2011

A Future without Nuclear Weapons

The elimination of nuclear weapons is a pre-condition for peace in the 21st century. This was the key message delivered by the Hon'ble Senator Douglas Roche, renowned campaigner for nuclear disarmament in his address to Indian experts at the ORF campus in New Delhi.

A joint India-Pakistan initiative on the humanitarian impact of nuclear weapons
May 06, 2017

A joint India-Pakistan initiative on the humanitarian impact of nuclear weapons

India and Pakistan could demonstrate their responsible stewardship of nuclear weapons by launching a bilateral initiative on HINW.

Are Nuclear Weapons Gaining New Salience in National Security Strategies?
Jun 18, 2021

Are Nuclear Weapons Gaining New Salience in National Security Strategies?

Nuclear states are clearly planning for the long-term future of their nuclear capabilities.

Civil society and nuclear weapons policy
Jan 15, 2015

Civil society and nuclear weapons policy

At a conference on "Civil Society and Nuclear Weapons Policy", organised by ORF and Chatham House in Bangkok, there was a general consensus among participants that the emphasis should be given on raising awareness on the various hazardous impacts of the nuclear weapons explosion, especially in the nuclear weapons states.

Deconstructing Pakistan's Command and Control ? Tactical Nuclear Weapons
Oct 13, 2014

Deconstructing Pakistan's Command and Control ? Tactical Nuclear Weapons

Development and production of tactical nuclear weapons (TNWs) by Pakistan has increased the level of tensions in South Asia, though it has, in an attempt to ease global concerns over its development of TNWs, has assured that its top leadership will continue to have complete control over its TNWs if deployed.

Future of Nuclear Weapons
Dec 29, 2007

Future of Nuclear Weapons

Mr L V Krishnan, a Nuclear Scientist who had worked with the Department of Atomic Energy, Government of India, gave a presentation on the 'Future of Nuclear Weapons', at an Interaction in the ORF Chennai Chapter of the Observer Research Foundation on 29 December 2007.

Is South Korea Considering Nuclear Weapons?
Jan 31, 2023

Is South Korea Considering Nuclear Weapons?

Whether South Korea builds a nuclear bomb on its own or not, nuclear weapons are gaining greater importance in the national security thinking of many states in the Indo-Pacific.

Pulwama terror attack, nuclear weapons and the India-Pakistan conflict dyad
Feb 18, 2019

Pulwama terror attack, nuclear weapons and the India-Pakistan conflict dyad

India must consider military retaliation, as further inaction will only go on to reinforce Pakistan’s nuclear deterrence.

The Limits of Military Coercion in Halting Iran’s Nuclear Weapons Programme
Aug 06, 2021

The Limits of Military Coercion in Halting Iran’s Nuclear Weapons Programme

Israel believes that the use of force is essential to stopping Iran from making the nuclear bomb. A vocal section of the strategic affairs community in the United States agrees with the proposition. This brief argues that military means are unlikely to sabotage the nuclear weapons programme of an advanced-stage bomb-seeker like Iran. Moreover, use of force could be counterproductive as it can incentivise Iran’s pursuit of the bomb, and it may e

Treaty on the prohibition of nuclear weapons set to enter into force
Nov 05, 2020

Treaty on the prohibition of nuclear weapons set to enter into force

On January 22, 2021 the TPNW will enter into force. But will it matter?

A balance of forces: The very meaning of ‘victory’ and ‘defeat’ in a war has changed. Ask the Americans
Feb 01, 2020

A balance of forces: The very meaning of ‘victory’ and ‘defeat’ in a war has changed. Ask the Americans

Even short of nuclear war, it is open to debate if India, the preponderant South Asian military power, has the capacity to beat Pakistan at this juncture.

A new churn in the Indo-Pacific
Sep 18, 2021

A new churn in the Indo-Pacific

Will the growing security partnership between Australia, US and UK strengthen Indo-Pacific security or loosen the bonds with another key player, Franc

Answering the nuclear conundrum
May 11, 2020

Answering the nuclear conundrum

There has been virtually no real discourse on Indian nuclear thinking in recent years, though there have been some declarative statements.

As prospects of arms control wane, the rise of nuclear risks
Mar 10, 2022

As prospects of arms control wane, the rise of nuclear risks

Whichever way the conflict ends, one outcome is clear: Nuclear weapons are here to stay and any prospects for nuclear arms control and nuclear disarmament have receded further.

Between the lines: How the BJP and Congress manifestos hold up on national security
Apr 12, 2019

Between the lines: How the BJP and Congress manifestos hold up on national security

Against the backdrop of the Pulwama suicide bombing and the Balakot air-strikes, national security has acquired a political salience that it might not have otherwise. This is reflected in the manifestos of both the main national parties, the BJP and the Congress.

Beyond a cautious welcome: Saudi Arabia's response to US-Iran nuclear deal
Dec 20, 2013

Beyond a cautious welcome: Saudi Arabia's response to US-Iran nuclear deal

There is the possibility, albeit remote, of the proliferation of nuclear weapons in the region. Riyadh has always been unambiguous in its stance of acquiring a nuclear weapon if Iran does and the Kingdom's longstanding support for Pakistan's nuclear program alludes to this possibility.

Catch (20)22: Resolving the decade-long deadlock around LAWS
Jan 03, 2023

Catch (20)22: Resolving the decade-long deadlock around LAWS

It is high time that the annual discussion around lethal autonomous weapons systems (LAWS) delivers a legal or political framework for regulatory purp

China’s Nuclear Ambitions, the Implications for India, and the Future of Global Disarmament
Aug 16, 2023

China’s Nuclear Ambitions, the Implications for India, and the Future of Global Disarmament

China’s nuclear weapons arsenal has grown and modernised over the recent years, and current estimates say the country has 350 operational warheads ready for delivery, over 248 land-based ballistic missiles, and 72 sea-based ballistic missiles. China also has 20 nuclear gravity bombs and additional warheads intended to be armed on land- and sea-based missiles. This brief outlines a history of China’s nuclear weapons programme, scrutini

Chinese views on India’s nuclear developments
May 09, 2023

Chinese views on India’s nuclear developments

China has not engaged in a nuclear dialogue with India despite India being a full-fledged nuclear weapons state; this is unlikely to change in the nea

Cold War 2.0: The US-DragonBear standoff in a bifurcated global system
Feb 21, 2024

Cold War 2.0: The US-DragonBear standoff in a bifurcated global system

As the world navigates through Cold War 2.0, the interplay between the US and the DragonBear alliance will underpin much of the global and regional te

Countering US dominance: North Korea's northern triangle strategy
Jul 19, 2023

Countering US dominance: North Korea's northern triangle strategy

The current geopolitical landscape has sparked the re-emergence of a strategic northern triangle aimed to diminish the US’s regional influence

Decoding Wagner’s challenge to Putin
Jul 12, 2023

Decoding Wagner’s challenge to Putin

The Wagner mutiny raises some uncomfortable questions about the President’s control

Don't blame it on China
Oct 17, 2013

Don't blame it on China

India has many reasons to nurse a nuclear grievance against China. For, Beijing's decision to arm Pakistan with nuclear weapons has given Rawalpindi the impunity to pursue cross-border terrorism against India. But Delhi has no reason at all to blame Beijing for its own failures on the nuclear policy front.

For peace in Afghanistan, listen to Afghans
Jul 06, 2017

For peace in Afghanistan, listen to Afghans

Afghanistan's message is clear: the Afghan government and people want peace and they seek to achieve that peace through direct talks with the authorit

India and China’s nuclear equation: Why Chinese scholars are wrong
Dec 12, 2018

India and China’s nuclear equation: Why Chinese scholars are wrong

India’s nuclear weapons programme has been developed in response to the diabolic Sino-Pak nuclear axis. Yet, India has advanced its nuclear programm

India and New Zealand Improve Ties with Jaishankar Visit
Oct 19, 2022

India and New Zealand Improve Ties with Jaishankar Visit

The deepening of India-New Zealand after a lull in relations is important both in bilateral terms and also within the wider regional context.

India and North Korea: The need to engage
Oct 25, 2012

India and North Korea: The need to engage

North Korea's nuclear weapons capability and cooperative ties with Pakistan is a cause of concern for India. Amid reports of North Korea-Myanmar missile nexus, it becomes important for India not only to take stock of the situation but also to engage more with this reticent state.

India can't afford to lower its guard against Pakistan
May 30, 2011

India can't afford to lower its guard against Pakistan

Al-Qaida has put Pakistan at the top of its priorities. Its leaders judge Pakistan as the most vulnerable country for them to hijack, while independent estimates by security and intelligence officials suggest that Pakistan has the capability to add 8-10 China-model low-yield nuclear weapons in its kitty every year.

India-Pakistan Relations after Mumbai Attacks
Sep 23, 2009

India-Pakistan Relations after Mumbai Attacks

The Paper makes a critical appraisal of India-Pakistan relations and explores their future trajectory in the aftermath of the Mumbai terrorist attack of November 2008. The rising tide of terrorism within Pakistan after 9/11 and the importance of South Asia to the United States made Pakistan selectively withdraw support to terrorist groups. This, in turn, helped India's efforts to initiate the Composite Dialogue in 2004.

India’s Nuclear Revolution, 25 Years after Pokhran
May 12, 2023

India’s Nuclear Revolution, 25 Years after Pokhran

On Pakistan, India should be more willing to use conventional military options and call out Pakistan’s nuclear bluff

Instead of Sydney, Quad Gathers in Hiroshima
Jun 01, 2023

Instead of Sydney, Quad Gathers in Hiroshima

With U.S. domestic politics calling President Biden home early, the Quad capitalized on their visits to Hiroshima for the G-7 to meet on May 20.

Integrated rocket force: Imperfect but a step in the right direction
May 27, 2023

Integrated rocket force: Imperfect but a step in the right direction

Although the primary reason for the establishment of India’s Rocket Force is China’s rapidly expanding missile and nuclear forces, the IRF contras

Is India ready to be a part of the Non Proliferation Regimes?
May 20, 2011

Is India ready to be a part of the Non Proliferation Regimes?

With the ongoing multi-polarisation of global politics, new powers would emerge which would in turn increase global insecurity and lead to a greater demand for nuclear weapons even by the countries that as of now do not possess them, cautioned Prof. Rajesh Rajagopalan during an ORF roundtable on nuclear non proliferation.

Japan's security policy in the era of new geopolitics
Mar 26, 2015

Japan's security policy in the era of new geopolitics

Japan is facing extremely dangerous situation in North East Asia where North Korea is developing nuclear weapons. It is also witnessing China's excessive assertiveness in the East China Sea and the South China Sea. So, situations like these will influence the way Japan will shape its security policy, says eminent Japanese scholar Prof. Shinichi Kitaoka.

Likely impact of emerging technologies on India’s nuclear arsenal
May 10, 2023

Likely impact of emerging technologies on India’s nuclear arsenal

The use and deployment of nuclear weapons must firmly remain in the hands of human beings and never be delegated to any technological marvel, no matte

Look beyond politics on N-issue
Nov 21, 2018

Look beyond politics on N-issue

Nuclear weapons cannot be a panacea for tackling security challenges to India’s sovereignty

Loose Nukes in Russia: A Catastrophe Waiting to Happen
Nov 23, 2003

Loose Nukes in Russia: A Catastrophe Waiting to Happen

A nightmare scenario facing the world today is that of nuclear weapons in the possession of terrorists. As US President George Bush remarked during his recent UK trip, ¿the greatest threat of our age is nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons in the hands of terrorists.¿ Terrorist groups, as they have proved time and again in the past with conventional weapons

Managing Security An Agenda for the New Government
Oct 30, 2004

Managing Security An Agenda for the New Government

Former Prime Minister Vajpayee¿s government may not have left India shining, but to its credit, it notched up several major achievements on the national security font. Foremost among these was declaring India a nuclear weapons state, a move that unquestionably enhanced India¿s quest for strategic autonomy.

Mangalyaan mission plays vital role in India's development plans
Nov 11, 2013

Mangalyaan mission plays vital role in India's development plans

Today, world powers are debating a regime to regulate outer Space activities. India cannot let itself be left out of any Space regime as happened over nuclear weapons. In order to be heard in the discussions of any new rule-making effort, India needs to demonstrate its capabilities in Space research and technology, something that the Mangalyaan amply did.

New strategic order: Nuclear conundrum
Sep 30, 2017

New strategic order: Nuclear conundrum

If military strength is the final argument in international politics, nuclear weapons are its most emphatic manifestation.

No-First-Use
Apr 29, 2013

No-First-Use

The absence of a standard formulation on the no-first-use of nuclear weapons in the latest Chinese defence white paper has raised questions about a likely evolution in Beijing's nuclear doctrine.

Nuclear bomb not the ultimate answer to national security: Mani Shankar Aiyar
Jun 07, 2011

Nuclear bomb not the ultimate answer to national security: Mani Shankar Aiyar

Senator Douglas Roche has urged the India to lead the movement for disarmament of nuclear weapons, saying India under the leadership of Dr. Manmohan Singh was serious about nuclear disarmament.

Nuclear debates in West Asia since Pokhran II
May 09, 2023

Nuclear debates in West Asia since Pokhran II

A desire for nuclear weapons is an old aim in West Asia, which could materialise in the coming days due to weak non-proliferation norms