With a distinguished academic career spanning four decades Prof Abhay Pethe has held several positions in the University of Mumbai's Department of Economics such as Professor of Econometrics Lakdawala Chair Professor in Planning and Development and more recently Dr. Vibhooti Shukla Chair in Urban Economics and Regional Development. Most recently he was a Distinguished Fellow at ORF and Senior Resident Fellow at the Mumbai School of Economics and Public Policy (MSE-PP). He has authored two books and has published extensively in reputed journals and also in books and magazines. He has successfully guided 25 Ph.D. students.He was the Dean of Faculty of Arts and Member of Management Council which is the highest executive authority in the University. Amongst other things he was also the Chairman Campus Development Council and a member of the Governing Board &: Academic Council of TISS. He has been a member of the Advisory Committee of the Central Board of Film Certification and Marathi Viswakosh Mandal. He has been associated with Maharashtra Economic Development Council (MEDC) Bombay Chamber IMC and Bombay First. He is on the board of studies of various autonomous colleges. He Chairs the Economics Board at Welingkar Institute of Management and Research. Currently he is a special advisor to the Vice Chancellor of Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics (GIPE) and a Senior Fellow at the Pune International Centre (PIC).