Search: For - modernisation

77 results found

Army modernisation alone not enough
Jan 06, 2015

Army modernisation alone not enough

Several developments over the last few months have made clear that the Army modernisation programme, at least, is turning into a train wreck. This is not to say that all is well with the modernisation of the Air Force and the Navy, but just that the Army modernisation programme stands on far shakier ground, with minimal scope for results.

China's military modernisation and its implications
Mar 01, 2017

China's military modernisation and its implications

The China Dream of a strong military "with Chinese characteristics" will give it a great power status by 2049.

China's Space Strategy and Modernisation
Feb 20, 2013

China's Space Strategy and Modernisation

China has a space lab in orbit and it also plans to launch 100 satellites during its on-going five year plan from 2011-15. Twenty space craft will be launched this year including its third lunar probe and a manned space craft that will dock with China's space lab. There are indications that, by 2020, China may have more than 200 space craft in orbit accounting for about one-fifth of the world's total.

China’s Military Modernisation: Recent Trends
Apr 11, 2023

China’s Military Modernisation: Recent Trends

China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA) has undergone many changes since Xi Jinping became general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) in 2013. Efforts at modernising the PLA have been conducted in earnest for the past 10 years through the overhaul of the organisation and the introduction of latest technologies to make it battle-ready. This paper describes these capability-related and institutional changes in China’s military, wh

Dispelling doubts about India's naval modernisation
Mar 24, 2017

Dispelling doubts about India's naval modernisation

Critics of the aircraft carrier fail to appreciate the political objectives that maritime power is meant to further

INS Vagir: India’s submarine modernisation plans
Dec 27, 2022

INS Vagir: India’s submarine modernisation plans

India is modernising its submarine fleet but the endeavour is challenging

Low allocation may hit modernisation plan
Mar 01, 2013

Low allocation may hit modernisation plan

The defence budget had grown by 17% in 2011-12 and 12% in 2012-13. A mere 1.79% of the GDP, it is a far cry from the stated goal of spending 3% of GDP on defence backed by the Parliamentary Committee on Defence.

Strategic implications of Chinese military modernisation
Jan 13, 2010

Strategic implications of Chinese military modernisation

A solely American perspective would be ill-suited to understanding the complex dynamics and goals of China's military ambitions

US wrongly prefers authoritarian modernisation in Afghanistan: Scholar
Sep 12, 2013

US wrongly prefers authoritarian modernisation in Afghanistan: Scholar

US did not believe in the view that democracy could accomplish economic growth in Afghanistan. And their preference was authoritarian modernisation rather than through democratic means, according to Stanford University professor Dr. Robert Rakove.

Aero India 2011: Glimpses of State's changing mindset
Mar 11, 2011

Aero India 2011: Glimpses of State's changing mindset

Aero India 2011 raises a few issues for future debates. Should aerospace modernisation be a national priority as India enhances its hard power? An affirmative answer validates the significance of Aero India. But, such fundamental issues need to be debated beyond the confines of the government.

Allies in focus: The US-Japan-Philippines Summit
Apr 16, 2024

Allies in focus: The US-Japan-Philippines Summit

The recent trilateral summit between Japan, the Philippines and the US reflects the shared interests to improve collective response and self-defence i

An indefensible posture
Aug 08, 2014

An indefensible posture

The Modi government should recognise the advantages of a defence diplomacy that mobilises external partnerships to accelerate India's defence modernisation, shapes its regional strategic environment and helps Delhi emerge as an indispensable element of a new balance of power system in the Indo-Pacific.

Andaman and Nicobar: India’s ‘strategic anchor’ holds ground
Feb 05, 2019

Andaman and Nicobar: India’s ‘strategic anchor’ holds ground

The strategic build-up and modernisation of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands is a step in the the right direction, but challenges remain.

Answering big questions about Türkiye in the Indian Ocean
Apr 18, 2024

Answering big questions about Türkiye in the Indian Ocean

Türkiye current outreach and aspirations in the Indian Ocean are largely opportunistic rather than part of a grand strategy

Bigger, Not Necessarily Better: India’s Defence Budget 2022-23
Aug 11, 2023

Bigger, Not Necessarily Better: India’s Defence Budget 2022-23

This brief examines India’s defence allocations for 2022-23. It outlines the conceptual and definitional aspects of the defence budget, examines defence allocations from the prism of state of the economy and public finance, and explores the potential impacts of the budget announcements on the defence production sector of the government’s self-reliance mission, Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan. The analysis also utilises a comparison of India’s mi

Budget must focus on defence
Feb 17, 2015

Budget must focus on defence

The Modi Government's first real annual Budget is perhaps its most important test after flunking the Delhi Assembly examination. While businessmen will be watching it to gauge the intentions and determination of the Government to create a pro-business atmosphere, it will be equally eagerly watched by the armed forces community for its modernisation targets.

Cause and Effect: The Factors that Make Pakistan's Military a Political Force
Feb 28, 2024

Cause and Effect: The Factors that Make Pakistan's Military a Political Force

This issue brief assesses the enduring political influence of the military in Pakistan. It delves into the historical, social, and geopolitical factors that have propelled the military's rise in the nation's governance structure. The brief also examines the military-bureaucratic nexus and its role in perpetuating military dominance, and the implications of a weak civil society and its constrained ability to counterbalance military power.

China Threat and the New Japanese Defence White Paper
Aug 16, 2011

China Threat and the New Japanese Defence White Paper

Japan's recently approved Defence White Paper has pointed out discomforting Chinese maritime activities in the region, military modernisation and the opacity about China's goals as challenges to Japan's national security.

China’s attempt to redefine democracy
Dec 27, 2021

China’s attempt to redefine democracy

Both internal and external challenges have propelled China to adopt measures to ensure the economic and social growth of the Chinese society, and in t

China’s economic plans: Reading the tea leaves
Nov 04, 2020

China’s economic plans: Reading the tea leaves

The emphasis on self-reliance, innovation and the whole business of “dual circulation” seems to be aimed at convincing the country that the proces

China’s Military-Civil Fusion Strategy, the US Response, and Implications for India
Jul 21, 2023

China’s Military-Civil Fusion Strategy, the US Response, and Implications for India

Military modernisation was the fourth and last of Deng Xiaoping’s ‘Four Modernisations’. Even before the third modernisation got underway—that of science and technology—China began using commercial technologies to advance its military capabilities. This strategy has gained salience since Xi Jinping came to power in 2012 and made it the state’s key goal to transform the PLA into a “world-class military”. Military-Civil Fusi

China’s moves to strengthen its atomic arsenal
Mar 09, 2021

China’s moves to strengthen its atomic arsenal

Silo-based missile capabilities increase the odds of survivability for China’s small arsenal and are integral to Beijing’s nuclear modernisation e

China’s Nuclear Ambitions, the Implications for India, and the Future of Global Disarmament
Aug 16, 2023

China’s Nuclear Ambitions, the Implications for India, and the Future of Global Disarmament

China’s nuclear weapons arsenal has grown and modernised over the recent years, and current estimates say the country has 350 operational warheads ready for delivery, over 248 land-based ballistic missiles, and 72 sea-based ballistic missiles. China also has 20 nuclear gravity bombs and additional warheads intended to be armed on land- and sea-based missiles. This brief outlines a history of China’s nuclear weapons programme, scrutini

Chinese defence spending in the age of COVID-19
Jun 01, 2020

Chinese defence spending in the age of COVID-19

China’s mere 1.2% projected GDP growth for 2020 will undoubtedly pose problems for its recently declared defence budget, possibly leaving other crit

Civil-military fusion for Atmanirbhar Bharat
Dec 31, 2023

Civil-military fusion for Atmanirbhar Bharat

Given India’s history and ethos, India must forge its own unique structures to achieve jointness and integration and civil-military fusion in the br

Comprehensive national power
May 08, 2017

Comprehensive national power

India needs a strategic effort to understand that it is no longer competing with China, but seeking to cope with an increasing asymmetry of power

COVID-19 and Indian defence planning
May 14, 2020

COVID-19 and Indian defence planning

The Ministry of Defence has fixated on process rather than outcomes for decades with little effort to remedy this, stymying timely modernisation of th

Defence budget and the big picture
Feb 03, 2021

Defence budget and the big picture

A strong and capable military will deter any adversary from casting an evil design. Let the situation at the borders under the pandemic times be a pus

Defence sector needs drastic reforms
Jul 27, 2015

Defence sector needs drastic reforms

Resources are constraining the modernisation drives of India's three services. The government has not been able to check the growth of manpower in the Army and paramilitary forces. This has a direct repercussion on the modernisation plans of the military.

Defence: Not really an ideal Budget
Jul 11, 2014

Defence: Not really an ideal Budget

Modi Govt's defence budget will only sharpen the divide between an increasingly assertive China and the Indian security establishment trying hard to cope up with the Chinese military modernisation programme. China's 2014 military budget is of $132 billion while Indian budget is of approximately US $ 37 bn only.

Estonian Case – The development and promotion of Digital Public Infrastructures
Oct 26, 2022

Estonian Case – The development and promotion of Digital Public Infrastructures

The Estonian experience has showed us that DPI and DPG are both viable and valuable tools for the process of administrative and political modernisatio

EU चा स्थलांतर करार आधुनिकीकरणाच्या दिशेने निर्णायक पाऊल
Oct 11, 2023

EU चा स्थलांतर करार आधुनिकीकरणाच्या दिशेने निर्णायक पाऊल

सात वर्षांच्या वाटाघाटींनंतर, नवीन कराराने युरोपियन युनियनच्या आश्रय आणि स्थलांतर नियमावलीच्या आधुनिकीकरणाच्या दिशेने निर्णायक पाऊल उचलले आहे.

Examining India’s Interim Defence Budget 2024-‘25
Feb 26, 2024

Examining India’s Interim Defence Budget 2024-‘25

Presenting the Interim Budget 2024-’25 on 1 February, the finance minister announced an allocation of INR 6,21,541 crore (approx. US$75 billion) for the Ministry of Defence (MoD). Representing 1.9 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and 13 percent of Central Government Expenditure (CGE), MoD’s new budget is an increase of 4.7 percent over the previous outlays. This brief examines the MoD’s latest budget and contextualises it in the curr

Games delay India's aspiration of building sustainable cities
Jul 17, 2010

Games delay India's aspiration of building sustainable cities

The Commonwealth Games was planned to showcase a modern India. But it has actually set back India's urban modernisation plans through disproportionate focus.

Has China reset military equations?
Oct 09, 2019

Has China reset military equations?

China’s military modernisation has been striking both for its pace and ambition.

India’s national security challenge
Jul 03, 2019

India’s national security challenge

India’s national security landscape, if not irretrievably perilous, is stressed and susceptible to conflict with its neighbouring rivals.

Infrastructure, institutions and industrialisation: The Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor and regional development in Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh
Aug 21, 2023

Infrastructure, institutions and industrialisation: The Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor and regional development in Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh

The Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC) is one of several infrastructure megaprojects underway in India, intended to boost industrial modernisation and generate manufacturing employment for India’s young, largely unskilled workforce. Field research in DMIC investment sites in Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh shows that its implementation is highly uneven across States and regions. The research, along with the literature, suggests that regional ind