Search: For - armed forces

113 results found

Armed forces need sober political leadership not the spurious praise of electoral season
Apr 29, 2019

Armed forces need sober political leadership not the spurious praise of electoral season

What the armed forces seek is sober political leadership and sustained attention to their organisational and resource problems.

Can Economic Sanctions Replace Armed Forces in Modern Warfare?
Aug 17, 2023

Can Economic Sanctions Replace Armed Forces in Modern Warfare?

Economic sanctions are often seen as an alternative to war, but they do not always have the desired effect. This brief argues that for such sanctions to be effective, economic interdependence must be established, economic rationality must outweigh political ambition in the sanctioned country, and the message of the sanctions must be clear. Using the sanctions against Russia as an example, this brief contends that because of the interdepen

Developing an Effective Anti-Drone System for India’s Armed Forces
May 23, 2023

Developing an Effective Anti-Drone System for India’s Armed Forces

The use of drones or Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), both for military and civilian purposes, has increased in India in the past decade. At the same time, counter-drone systems are also being developed to address the threats posed by UAVs. How effective are these counter-drone mechanisms? This brief explores this question, and offers suggestions for India to reduce the growing threat from drones. Any evaluation of the efficacy of anti-drone syst

Guardians of tomorrow: How AI shapes the future of the armed forces
Jan 30, 2024

Guardians of tomorrow: How AI shapes the future of the armed forces

The ongoing narrative of AI in the military involves finding a balance between fostering innovation and seeking military dominance

IAS Recruitment should be through Armed Forces
Sep 02, 2004

IAS Recruitment should be through Armed Forces

The central government is considering a proposal to select aspiring IAS and allied services candidates after the 12th standard with a view to catching them young for a career in the bureaucracy. Presumably, a new academy will be established for this purpose because the Mussoorie academy has a different charter.

Indian armed forces and 70 years of independence
Aug 16, 2017

Indian armed forces and 70 years of independence

As we celebrate our 70th Independence Day this month, there is much to ponder over.

Indian armed forces joint doctrine: Elusive quest for integration
May 26, 2017

Indian armed forces joint doctrine: Elusive quest for integration

The doctrine’s ambitious purpose, in principle, is to help provide a framework for an integrated approach to warfare by all the three branches of the Indian armed forces. However, the JDIAF makes little substantive progress toward force integration among the three services.

ISRO’s DSSAM and the expectations of India’s armed forces
Dec 28, 2020

ISRO’s DSSAM and the expectations of India’s armed forces

The ISRO and potentially some players from the private sector should be enlisted, unless it is already happening, to develop the requisite technology

Learnings from the Ukraine battlefield for armed forces
Mar 22, 2023

Learnings from the Ukraine battlefield for armed forces

There are six key takeaways for India from the Russia-Ukraine conflict. The Indian armed services, especially the Indian Army, has its task cut out.

Strengthening the C4ISR capabilities of India’s Armed Forces: The Role of Small Satellites
Jun 15, 2020

Strengthening the C4ISR capabilities of India’s Armed Forces: The Role of Small Satellites

Small satellites have gained considerable importance in recent years. Although small spacecraft have existed for decades, their military applications have recently gained prominence owing to technological advances in their development and integration into the armed services of the major spacefaring countries across the world. This paper analyses the significance of small satellites in the C4ISR capabilities of the three service branches of the In

Towards the Integration of Emerging Technologies in India’s Armed Forces
Feb 24, 2023

Towards the Integration of Emerging Technologies in India’s Armed Forces

The application of emerging technologies will play a key role in the performance of India’s armed forces. All three services understand the significance of these technological innovations in modern warfare, although their development has been uneven across the branches. This analysis provides an overview of how far the three services of the Indian armed forces have gone in integrating Artificial Intelligence (AI), cyber technology, and

Whatever the provocation, the Indian armed forces cannot take recourse to illegal acts
Apr 17, 2017

Whatever the provocation, the Indian armed forces cannot take recourse to illegal acts

The state’s monopoly of violence is accepted only if it follows the rule of law; if it doesn’t, it justifies the breaking of its monopoly by individuals, mobs and insurgents.

Women power and the Armed Forces
Feb 04, 2015

Women power and the Armed Forces

Even today, the Army continues to be organised on the basis of regional, linguistic, caste and religious affiliations. Nearly 70 years since Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose raised combat units in which personnel from all over India served together, it is time that our Armed Forces seriously consider these issues of regionalism, ethnicity and deployment of women in combat roles.

A.I. in the Chinese military: Current initiatives and the implications for India
Feb 11, 2020

A.I. in the Chinese military: Current initiatives and the implications for India

The different service arms of China’s armed forces are all undergoing substantial transformation, including exploring the possibilities of integrating Artificial Intelligence (AI) to boost their combat power and effectiveness especially in a time of war. This paper evaluates the significance and potential of AI in improving China’s military capabilities. Chinese official documents and their enunciation of military doctrine indicate that the c

Act of last resort
Sep 01, 2004

Act of last resort

Why does Manipur continue to be on fire? Civil and human rights activists, social scientists and even the media would have you believe that the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA) is primarily responsible for this. Is that so? Why is this act necessary? What does it imply?

Amid Changing Nature and Character of War, the Need for Tech-Oriented Military Commanders for India
Feb 17, 2023

Amid Changing Nature and Character of War, the Need for Tech-Oriented Military Commanders for India

It has historically been assumed that while the nature of war remains the same—i.e., violence inflicted on the adversary to bend them to one’s will—the character of warfare changes with technology, organisation, politics and culture. This notion has changed. Over the past decade, the nature of war has also changed, with increased use of non-contact and non-kinetic modes of warfare expanding the battlefield spatially and temporally.

Assault weapons for the Indian Army and BrahMos Export: India must build on gains
Jan 27, 2022

Assault weapons for the Indian Army and BrahMos Export: India must build on gains

India would have to make the best use of the India-Russia joint venture by producing, improving, and inducting the new weapons into the Indian Armed F

Battle against naxals cannot be won purely by military means
May 30, 2013

Battle against naxals cannot be won purely by military means

The battle against naxals cannot be won purely by military means even though this may be the first requirement. It cannot definitely be won by introducing the Armed Forces in place of the para militaries. This would be the most retrograde of all steps and should not even be considered as an option.

Beijing at sea
Apr 24, 2013

Beijing at sea

The Chinese navy is leading the dramatic shift in the political goals of China's armed forces. Besides territorial defence, the Chinese armed forces now also aim to protect Beijing's expanding interests beyond borders, influence regional security politics and contribute to international peace.

Budget must focus on defence
Feb 17, 2015

Budget must focus on defence

The Modi Government's first real annual Budget is perhaps its most important test after flunking the Delhi Assembly examination. While businessmen will be watching it to gauge the intentions and determination of the Government to create a pro-business atmosphere, it will be equally eagerly watched by the armed forces community for its modernisation targets.

Building Indian Narratives and Battling New Militancy in Kashmir
Jul 26, 2021

Building Indian Narratives and Battling New Militancy in Kashmir

‘Us vs. Them’ narratives fuel conflicts and make them thrive. This brief examines the role of such narratives in impeding the path to peace and stability in Kashmir, especially in the current era of so-called ‘new militancy’ that is aided by social media. This brief explores how India should build a broad, collective identity in Kashmir—one that will supersede radicalism and a desire for secession. It outlines a history of past and curr

Can India edify Myanmar to keep the peace?
Jan 04, 2018

Can India edify Myanmar to keep the peace?

Engaging the Myanmar Army in exercises such as those with India provides an opportunity for Myanmar Army officers to learn from the experiences of other armed forces in international military operations.

Cause and Effect: The Factors that Make Pakistan's Military a Political Force
Feb 28, 2024

Cause and Effect: The Factors that Make Pakistan's Military a Political Force

This issue brief assesses the enduring political influence of the military in Pakistan. It delves into the historical, social, and geopolitical factors that have propelled the military's rise in the nation's governance structure. The brief also examines the military-bureaucratic nexus and its role in perpetuating military dominance, and the implications of a weak civil society and its constrained ability to counterbalance military power.

CCP’s 20th Congress: Xi’s Return and Implications for the People’s Liberation Army
Jan 20, 2023

CCP’s 20th Congress: Xi’s Return and Implications for the People’s Liberation Army

The quinquennial National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) is typically the venue for political leadership changes and any restructuring of the country’s military apparatus. However, the 20th CCP Congress in October 2022 saw Chinese President Xi Jinping consolidate his control over the state and military. This brief seeks to understand what Xi’s third term as CCP chief and Central Military Commission chair will mean for t

Cleaning DRDO's Augean stables
Jan 22, 2015

Cleaning DRDO's Augean stables

Cost and time over-runs have reportedly led to losses of approximately Rs29,000 crore in the DRDO; some 10 projects have been delayed for over five years. The Armed Forces continue to be woefully short of modern weapon systems, ammunition and a vast range of critical equipment.

Community policing as a tool for internal security management - Part 2
Jun 02, 2022

Community policing as a tool for internal security management - Part 2

This second part assesses the challenges of insurgency in the Northeast and the Left-Wing Extremism.

Countering insurgency in Kashmir: The cyber dimension
Jan 10, 2017

Countering insurgency in Kashmir: The cyber dimension

Countering the militancy in Kashmir has become a highly challenging task due to the exploitation of new information and communication technology by insurgent groups. The battlefield is now a multidimensional one, encompassing both physical territory and cyberspace. The overall capabilities of insurgents have been enhanced by tools in cyberspace that are inexpensive, ever more sophisticated, rapidly proliferating, and easy to use. Militants are sy

Crisis in Mali: The larger implications
Jan 24, 2013

Crisis in Mali: The larger implications

The Mali crisis has attained added significance in view of the fact that many other African countries like Nigeria and Somalia are also facing the problem of terrorism. The weakness of the armed forces in most African nations encourages such rebel forces. This re-emphasises the urgent need for an efficient African Rapid Deployment Force.

Defence Budget 2023-24: Optimising with limited funds
Feb 10, 2023

Defence Budget 2023-24: Optimising with limited funds

India’s armed forces must be prepared to secure India with the resources available, as well as to prioritise local defence acquisitions over their c

Defence diplomacy and environmental security: Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific and beyond
May 17, 2021

Defence diplomacy and environmental security: Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific and beyond

Security risks associated with the consequences of climate change will have a direct impact on the way the armed forces anticipate, prepare, operate a

Disempowering the soldier
Nov 30, 2018

Disempowering the soldier

By curtailing the effectiveness of the Armed Forces Tribunals, the Government is destroying the military justice system which is a disservice to serving and retired personnel

Dividing to conquer
Apr 17, 2019

Dividing to conquer

Hitting at the neutrality of armed forces will do more damage than good

Douse the anger within
Apr 15, 2019

Douse the anger within

While the Government continues to celebrate the armed forces’ performance for electoral gains, it will do well to remember that the basic tenet of warfare is that the man behind the gun matters more than the gun. Its failure to grant non-functional upgrade is all the more hurtful

Fighting Future Wars: Preparing India for Conflicts in the 21st Century
Aug 14, 2023

Fighting Future Wars: Preparing India for Conflicts in the 21st Century

A nation-state—with its numerous institutions, actors, and daily interactions—is a complex system and it is a tall task to predict the future trajectory of any of its sub-systems such as the armed forces. What is certain, though, is that every sovereign state aims to have a military that is of the highest possible calibre. One of two paths may be chosen to achieve this goal: tying-in the military’s capability development with the ec

Impact of COVID-19 on military preparedness
Apr 14, 2020

Impact of COVID-19 on military preparedness

Militaries must focus on their primary task of protecting our national interests, and no biological incident can hinder it from carrying out its assig

Improving India's capability to account for growing Chinese air power
Sep 04, 2012

Improving India's capability to account for growing Chinese air power

Noting that the objective of the armed forces is not to win wars but to prevent wars, there was a consensus at an ORF discussion that India needs to overcome its deficiencies in order to create a credible deterrence.