Author : Sonali Mittra

Issue BriefsPublished on Sep 13, 2023 PDF Download
ballistic missiles,Defense,Doctrine,North Korea,Nuclear,PLA,SLBM,Submarines

India’s Energy Transition in a Climate-Constrained World

Energy transitions in developing economies like India are complex processes
involving substantial financial and technological resources as well as appropriate innovation.
These transitions are central to the climate debate, where emphasis is placed on increasing the
share of renewables in the energy mix to mitigate the adverse impacts of climate change. This
paper examines the historical attributes of energy transition and finds various critical factors
that determine the success of such shift: appropriate IPR regimes; local innovation; economic
feasibility of the energy resource; and affordability of end-users. These, in turn, are interlinked
with socio-political and economic processes of development. In all, suitable support from
national and global communities is required to build local innovation capacities, encourage
advancement of energy technologies, and allow for the rethinking of income-growth models to
transition towards environmentally benign energy resources.

While India is committed to promoting environmental sustainability, it is struggling to balance such goals with its pursuit of economic growth. The country suffers from energy poverty, with large populations lacking access to modern power sources and dependent instead on wood, biomass and other non-conventional fuels for their basic needs. Lack of access to modern energy impacts people’s health and quality of life, environment, and the country’s overall economic productivity and development. To provide modern energy to its population and meet existing demand gap, India needs to upscale its energy production. Domestic coal reserves provide the cheapest source of energy supply but climate change concerns require alternative, lower carbon strategies.

Financial and structural implications of transitioning from a coal-based economy to renewables are huge, which necessitates support from international communities as well as strong policy interventions from national governments. To understand the imperative policy and institutional support for such transitions, it is worthwhile to analyse the history of past energy transitions. This paper extracts the factors and processes of historical energy transition in the US and England, from wood.

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Sonali Mittra

Sonali Mittra

Sonali Mittra is a therapist, specializing in Regression therapy, Inner Child healing, Family Constellations, and Access bars. She is certified by TASSO International, Netherlands, Clover ...

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