Energy News Monitor | Volume XIV; Issue 42

    The week's news, trends and analyses from India's energy sector.

     Diesel,Energy Imports,Gas Price,LNG,LPG

    COLD WEATHER BOOSTS LNG DEMAND

    Gas News Commentary: February — March 2018

    India

    India is poised to lift its domestic natural gas price to the highest in at least two years, boosting earnings of producers like ONGC, according to a survey of analysts and industry participants. The federal government will increase the price to $3.2/mmBtu for April to September, almost 11 percent more than the current price of $2.89/mmBtu, according to an average of 10 estimates. Higher gas prices may encourage producers to boost investment and production, helping the country meet its goals of cutting energy imports and more than doubling the share of gas in the energy mix. The increase will boost the earnings of India’s largest gas producer ONGC and Oil India Ltd. This will be the highest gas price since $3.82/mmBtu for the six months ended March 2016. In October, India raised the domestic gas price for the first time in nearly three years to $2.89. The forecasts in the latest survey ranged from $3.05 to $3.30/mmBtu. ONGC produced about 64 mmscmd of natural gas in the first 10 months of the financial year that began in April, comprising about 72 percent of India’s total gas output. Companies producing gas from some deep-water fields with high pressure and high temperature areas are allowed a higher tariff of about $6.30/mmBtu. That price is also due to be revised from 1 April.


    Higher gas prices may encourage producers to boost investment and production, helping the country meet its goals of cutting energy imports and more than doubling the share of gas in the energy mix.


    GAIL (India) Ltd. proposes swapping seven LNG cargoes across May-October 2018, according to the tender document and traders. The Indian importer has 20-year deals to buy 5.8 mtpa of US LNG in total, split between Dominion Energy’s Cove Point plant and Cheniere Energy’s Sabine Pass. With few tankers to ferry the fuel to India, GAIL has already struck swap deals for a chunk of its Sabine Pass volumes, and is extending that programme to cover Cove Point output. Under the swap, GAIL sells its share of output from US export plant Cove Point on a free-on-board basis in return for taking delivery of equal amounts of LNG to India’s Dahej/Hazira import terminal.

    India's 20-year deal on import of natural gas from the US would be a "milestone" in bilateral ties and go a long way in strengthening and reinforcing trade relations between the two countries said US officials. GAIL has contracted 3.5 mtpa LNG from Cheniere Energy's Sabine Pass liquefaction facility in Louisiana. Cheniere Energy Inc. has dispatched its first shipment of US LNG to India through its Sabine Pass LNG terminal in Louisiana. GAIL had signed a SPA with the US LNG exporter Cheniere Energy in December 2011. The SPA went into effect 1 March. Under terms of the agreement, Cheniere will sell and make available for delivery to GAIL about 3.5 mtpa of LNG.  International relations experts commented that sale and purchase of energy should follow commercial rather than geo-political rationales.

    The deal would generate more than a billion dollars for the US company, which began exporting in 2016. US Energy Association has worked with the US Agency for International Development in India for more than 25 years promoting energy security through increased trade, investment and access to clean sources of power and fuel. India currently imports LNG from Qatar and Australia under long-term contracts at Petronet LNG's Dahej terminal in Gujarat. Shell, too, imports LNG at its Hazira terminal from across various geographies.

    The IEX, the country’s largest power trading platform, is looking at launching a spot gas exchange for trading of natural gas produced by marginal fields. The company was in discussion with stakeholders on the proposal. A higher price would help operators produce gas from the marginal fields. Since output from these fields was less, gas production did not make commercial sense at a lower rate, he said. Currently, natural gas derivatives are being traded on commodity platforms such as the NCDEX. If the IEX’s plan succeeds, this will be the first spot gas market in the country. The move comes at a time when gas-based power generation is facing fuel crisis. Of the 24,150 MW of gas grid-connected power generation capacity in the country, 14,305 MW has no supply of domestic gas. The remaining (9,845 MW) is working at a sub-optimal level. The Centre recently conveyed to private power producers that natural gas would no longer be allocated, and that they would have to bid to buy the fuel.

    GSPC has launched tender for a LNG for the end of March. The tender was launched, as per GAIL seeks two April cargoes via a parallel tender. Indian LNG demand is on an upswing with Essar Energy also seeking spot supply and Torrent Power Ltd. discussing purchases bilaterally for 2018.

    RIL will likely stop producing from its MA field in the KG-D6 block by October following continuous decline in output for years. MA is one of the three fields currently producing in RIL-BP's KG block and the only one that produces both oil and gas. D1 and D2 are the other two fields producing only gas. MA will be the first of the three fields to be shut that initially generated big expectations but began disappointing within years of starting production. RIL, the operator of the KG-D6 block, has presented the possibility of shutting the MA field by October 2018 in the annual work programme submitted to the government recently. The lease of floating production storage and offloading unit, which processes output from the MA field, is coming to an end by October. RIL owns 60% in the KG block while BP owns 30% and Niko the balance 10%. The MA field began producing in September 2008 while the D1, D3 fields went onstream in April 2009. The average production from the KG block has fallen to 4.9 mmscmd during October-December of 2017 from a peak of 69.43 mmscmd in March 2010. The peak production included 66.35 mmscmd from D1and D3 and 3.07 mmscmd from MA. The gas output from MA field peaked in January 2012 to 6.78 mmscmd. The MA field produced 2,042 barrels per day of crude oil and condensate during October-December of 2017. About 70% of the gas reserves from D1, D3 and MA fields have been recovered so far.

    A government oversight panel headed by DGH approved $4 billion investment plan of RIL and BP plc for developing three sets of natural gas discoveries in the KG-D6 block in the Bay of Bengal. The finds will add around 20 mmscmd of peak production, according to BP. RIL is the operator of block KG-DWN-98/3 or KG-D6 while UK's BP Plc has 30 percent interest and Niko Resources of Canada the remaining 10 percent. The three set of discoveries are ones that the partners are focusing on reviving the flagging output at KG-D6. Management Committee is the final approving authority after which the companies start investing. RIL and BP had in mid-June last year announced investing ₹400 billion in the three sets of finds to reverse the flagging production in KG-D6 block.

    Petronet LNG has planned to launch around 20 LNG fuel stations on a 4,000 km route running from Delhi to Thiruvananthapuram as part of its larger scheme in association with oil marketing companies and state roadways of Rajasthan, Gujarat and Kerala. The company has also purchased four buses from Tata Motors for its office use in Cochin that will run on gas. It is expected that around 200,000 trucks that join the fleet every year could run on LNG, as it would bring nearly 30-40% price advantage compared to other fuels. India has committed under the Paris Convention to reduce its carbon emissions by 33% to 35% by 2030. It is believed if India shifts to these many LNG vehicles, it could help India meet at least 2.5% of this commitment. India’s target is to raise the use of gas in its energy mix to 15% in three to four years from 6.5% now, to curb emissions and cut its dependence on imported oil. According to Petronet, out of the total 78 mt of diesel that the country consumes every year, the share of trucks and buses comes to around 28 mt and hence a shift to cleaner gas fuel may turn advantageous for the environment.


    Petronet LNG has planned to launch around 20 LNG fuel stations on a 4,000 km route running from Delhi to Thiruvananthapuram as part of its larger scheme in association with oil marketing companies and state roadways of Rajasthan, Gujarat and Kerala.


    Rest of the world

    More than $200 billion of investment in LNG is needed to meet a boom in demand by 2030, Royal Dutch Shell, the world’s top LNG trader, said. The LNG market is set to continue its rapid expansion into 2020 as facilities approved for construction in the first half of the decade come on line, in a development expected easily to meet sharp growth in consumption of the super-chilled fuel. But a decline in spending in the sector since 2014 as a result of weaker energy prices will create a supply gap from the mid-2020s unless new investments emerge, Shell said. LNG plants are complex and expensive, requiring large processing units, known as trains, that cool natural gas to around minus 160 degrees Celsius (minus 260 Fahrenheit). The liquefied fuel is then shipped to demand centers and converted back into gas. While LNG demand is expected to grow from 293 mtpa in 2017 to around 500 mtpa by 2030, supplies are seen slipping to 300 mtpa due to a lack of new projects and natural declines in existing production. The cost of developing the required capacity is roughly $1 billion/mtpa. That does not include investments in the development of the gas fields associated with LNG plants. Shell is considering moving ahead on new projects such as LNG Canada and Lake Charles on the US Gulf Coast. The Anglo-Dutch company is expected this year to launch the Prelude floating LNG plant in Western Australia, one of the largest and most complex gas projects in history. LNG demand is set to grow twice as fast as gas power plants in China, South Korea and India switch from coal and governments move to reduce carbon emissions, Shell said.

    Royal Dutch Shell could boost its share of natural gas production to triple that of oil in order to meet self-imposed goals to halve carbon emissions by 2050. Shell is even rolling out a program charging customers 1 to 2 cents at the gasoline pump to be used to plant trees around the world to offset carbon emissions. The energy sector will need gas production operations to reduce emissions of methane, a potent greenhouse gas, or the case for the fuel as a lower carbon alternative would be “fatally undermined.” Shell, the world’s top trader of LNG, currently produces around 3.7 mboe of which roughly half is natural gas.

    Royal Dutch Shell is planning to build a truck loading facility at its Hazira LNG terminal on India’s west coast as it looks to meet demand from industrial users, the company said. The facility, which could be ready by next year, will be used to supply industrial demand through trucking in places that can’t access supply from the grid. Shell Gas B.V, a unit of Royal Dutch Shell Plc, holds a majority stake in the Hazira LNG Terminal and Port in a venture with a unit of France’s Total SA. LNG trucking works well for locations off-grid, with China and India the two obvious markets. Gas hauled by trailers is seen growing to a tenth of China’s total gas consumption of around 240 bcm in 2017, from 5.6 percent in 2014, but is a new development in India. Shell expects LNG demand to rise again in China this year as the world’s second-largest importer of the super-chilled fuel extends a program to switch from coal to cleaner gas beyond the capital Beijing to large industrial cities.

    Dominion Energy Inc. said the first vessel carrying LNG from its newly constructed Cove Point LNG export terminal in Maryland left the facility, another sign of growing US prowess as an oil and gas producer. The LNG tanker Gemmata left fully loaded, according to energy data provider Genscape, which said it observed the loading of the vessel through its cameras set up to watch the facility. Dominion said it spent about $4 billion to add export facilities at Cove Point, long an LNG import terminal on Chesapeake Bay. The facility is still undergoing final commissioning, the company said. Cove Point is the second big LNG export terminal in the Lower 48 US states after Cheniere Energy Inc’s Sabine Pass terminal in Louisiana, which exported its first cargo in February 2016. After decades of importing massive amounts of gas, the US became an exporter of the fuel in 2017 for the first time in 60 years due to record US gas production from shale fields. The US is expected to become the world’s third-biggest LNG exporter by capacity in 2018, furthering President Donald Trump’s goal of American energy dominance by exporting US oil and gas to help create jobs at home and provide more security to the nation’s allies around the world. US LNG export capacity is expected to rise to 286 mcm/day by the end of 2020 from 107 mcm/day. Cove Point is designed to liquefy about 21 mcm of gas. 28 mcm can power about 5 million homes.

    Exxon Mobil is planning to build a Mozambique LNG export project and is looking to expand operations at its Papua New Guinea and Qatari LNG projects, the company said. The company is also concerned by the lack of new LNG project approvals over the past two years even as many projects were canceled.

    Chevron Corp is exploring options including the sale of a minority stake in its Canadian LNG project as it pushes ahead. Among the parties in talks with Chevron for a possible stake in Kitimat LNG are Petroliam Nasional Bhd, or Petronas, which scrapped its own $36 billion LNG project in British Columbia last year due to challenging market conditions. Canadian companies Seven Generations Energy Ltd and Tourmaline Oil Corp are in discussions to supply natural gas to Chevron’s project, the people said. Seven Generations may also consider buying a stake in the project by partnering with other gas producers. While any possible deal with a financial investor would be strictly a cash infusion to help support the cost of building the project, a deal with a producer could be structured as a commitment to supply natural gas to the plant for a period of 20 to 25 years. The project in British Columbia, a 50/50 joint venture with Australia’s Woodside Petroleum Ltd, has a 20-year, 10 mtpa export license for LNG and is expected to cost tens of billions of dollars to build.

    Angela Merkel’s government is seeking to build a LNG industry in Germany basically from scratch to reduce the nation’s dependence on supplies arriving by pipeline from Russia and Norway. With gas reservoirs depleting from the UK to the Netherlands, Germany is becoming increasingly reliant on Russia for its energy needs at a time when political tensions are mounting with Vladimir Putin’s government in Moscow. That’s prompting Merkel to think again about LNG as an option, building terminals on the North Sea and Baltic Sea that could import the fuel and bypass facilities in the neighbouring Netherlands, Poland and Belgium. Her newly formed coalition has a “coalition contract” that among other policies sets out an energy agenda including LNG for the next four years. Gas consumption rose 5 percent last year, the AGEB industry group said. And since Germany currently has no terminal for importing the fuel in its liquid form and turning it into gas, those supplies arrived by pipeline. Russian gas made up more than 60 percent of Germany’s total imports for most of last year. Across Europe, LNG use is on the rise. Imports to the 28 member states increased an annualised 22 percent at the end of the third quarter, with nations such as the UK and Spain in the lead in developing import capacity. Still, most terminals in northwestern Europe are underused. Merkel also is allowing German companies to promote the Nord Stream 2 pipeline, an expansion of an existing route for gas to flow from Russia to Europe under the Baltic Sea.


    Angela Merkel’s government is seeking to build a LNG industry in Germany basically from scratch to reduce the nation’s dependence on supplies arriving by pipeline from Russia and Norway.


    Iran has nearly doubled gas production at South Pars, the world’s largest gas field, in the past year. Gas production at South Pars increased from 285 mcm to 555 mcm in the past Iranian calendar year, which started in late March 2017. Total signed a deal with Tehran last July to develop phase 11 of Iran’s South Pars field with an initial investment of $1 billion. Total will be the operator with a 50.1 percent stake, alongside Chinese state-owned oil and gas company CNPC with 30 percent and National Iranian Oil Co subsidiary Petropars with 19.9 percent.

    Golar LNG said it had started production at its FLNG platform in Cameroon, the world’s second working example of the nascent technology and a milestone likely to boost its Fortuna project in Equatorial Guinea. As the cost of land-based LNG plants more than tripled in the decade to 2013, Golar pioneered the conversion of aging LNG tankers into giant refrigerators capable of chilling gas into its liquid form at minus 162 Celsius. By starting up the pilot floating plant in Cameroon, Golar is removing uncertainty about the risks associated with squeezing equipment into a fraction of the space occupied by an LNG plant on land. Success in Cameroon could speed up Golar’s progress in Equatorial Guinea, where a final investment decision on Fortuna FLNG was delayed after three Chinese banks pulled out last year.

    Russia and Serbia have revived an idea of building a gas pipeline in the Balkan country, a project that would enable Gazprom to step up its gas supplies to Europe, bypassing Ukraine. The Serbian pipeline will be linked to Bulgaria and Hungary via two interconnectors to ship Russian gas from the TurkStream pipeline. Serbia, which had given Russia’s Gazprom Neft majority stake in its oil company in exchange for its inclusion in the South Stream project, imports more than 90 percent of its annual gas needs from Russia via Ukraine. The EU candidate country, together with its traditional ally Russia is looking now for ways to secure gas supplies bypassing Ukraine. Gastrans, in which Gazprom holds a 51 percent stake and Srbijagas the remainder, invited parties interested in using the pipeline, to submit non-binding capacity reservation bids by April 15. The public call was issued to determine demand for natural gas and characteristics of the pipeline more precisely, Gastrans said. The EU halted the South Stream project saying the owner of the pipeline and gas supplier need to be separated.

    Russia’s energy ministry said that gas giant Gazprom’s intention to terminate contracts with Ukraine poses no immediate threat to natural gas supplies to Europe through Ukraine. The issue of gas transit has intensified after the Russian group said it would end the contracts after a Stockholm arbitration court ordered it to pay more than $2.5 billion to Ukrainian energy firm Naftogaz. Gazprom said it had started moves to terminate gas supply contracts with Naftogaz, though Kiev said there had so far been no impact on supplies through its pipelines to Europe. Gazprom’s announcement marked an escalation in a long-running dispute between Moscow and Kiev, which has left Ukraine struggling to stay warm and which the EU has said could threaten gas flows across the continent. Russia said that gas transit would not be at risk until Gazprom and Naftogaz fully terminated their agreement. Ukraine’s state-owned gas pipeline operator Ukrtransgaz said it had had to take additional measures to ensure gas transit to European customers. Ukraine saw an increase in gas supplies from Poland, Slovakia, and Hungary, which has fully offset the impact of Gazprom’s decision. But analysts said it wanted to prevent Russia from shipping gas to Europe bypassing Ukraine, downgrading its geopolitical significance.


    Russia’s energy ministry said that gas giant Gazprom’s intention to terminate contracts with Ukraine poses no immediate threat to natural gas supplies to Europe through Ukraine.


    Poland’s law on natural gas storage violates the EU rules on security of gas supplies, the EU said, giving Warsaw two months to address its concerns. Poland amended a bill on obligatory oil and gas reserves in the summer of 2017 to set conditions requiring private gas companies that want to import gas to maintain some reserves. Under the bill, gas importers with inventories abroad will have to book transmission capacity at cross-border links to be able to send gas to Poland in case of emergency. Poland’s energy ministry played down the Commission’s concerns, saying they were part of a “routine analysis” of compliance of national laws with EU regulations. Some smaller Polish players in the gas market have criticised the bill, saying it is unfair and will result in gas prices rising in Poland.

    Israel expects a decision to go ahead with the construction of a 2,000 km pipeline linking vast eastern Mediterranean gas resources to Europe to be made by early 2019. The pipeline, which will cross from Israel and Cyprus into Greece and Italy in deep waters, would mark a major milestone for the rapidly developing gas industry in the Levantine Basin in the east corner of the Mediterranean, offering access to a large market. The European Union considers the pipeline, estimated to cost $7 billion, as “extremely competitive” as the four partner countries continue construction plans for the technically complex line. The pipeline, known as East Med, will be able to transfer between 9 to 12 bcm annually. The project owners are IGI Poseidon, a joint venture between Greece’s natural gas firm DEPA, and Italian energy group Edison. More than 900 bcm of gas have been discovered offshore Israel while Cyprus’ Aphrodite gas field holds an additional 128 bcm. Both areas are expected to hold more reserves. Israel, where gas consumption has risen sharply over the past decade, will have 400 to 500 bcm available to export. The vast amounts of gas discovered since the early 2000s in Israel have transformed the region’s economic reality as it signed a number of deals to sell natural gas to neighbours Jordan and Egypt. Israel is also considering the construction of a pipeline to Turkey, where gas demand is rapidly growing, although the project appears to have stalled in recent years amid political tensions between the two countries. Israel plans to launch this summer a new auction for 20 to 30 exploration offshore blocks to trigger the development of further gas resources, Steinitz said.

    Falling industrial demand and mild weather have turned China’s energy giants into sellers of LNG in Asia for the first time since last year’s massive import spree. Chinese players were on the receiving end of last year’s doubling of LNG prices, largely driven by their rapid shift to gas to combat coal smog as well as elevated regional demand for the fuel. LNG producer profits soared in tandem with spot prices hitting three-year highs above $11/mmBtu as China’s buying spree peaked in December and January. But a slump set in as milder weather settled over Japan and other major gas consumers in the region and expectations that Chinese buyers returning from the Lunar New Year break would take up the slack fell through. Plunging demand turned national oil companies like CNOOC, Sinopec and PetroChina into sellers and they are now offering cargoes for late March and April delivery. Meanwhile, spot LNG prices have sunk to the mid $8/mmBtu range.


    Falling industrial demand and mild weather have turned China’s energy giants into sellers of LNG in Asia for the first time since last year’s massive import spree.


    At least 10 of China’s domestic LNG plants have resumed output in the past week after the government cut off their supply, providing the first signs that the country’s gas supply crunch is starting to ease. The return of the plants, which liquefy domestically produced gas that is then trucked to end-users, has raised LNG supply in China’s interior, pushing nationwide LNG prices lower. These restarts are also a sign that state-owned gas producers Sinopec and China National Petroleum Corp have resumed piping gas to the facilities after the government ordered them to divert shipments from the plants to residential users to make up a supply shortfall during the winter heating season. Yangcheng Shuntianda Gas Corp, based in China’s Shanxi province, southwest of the capital Beijing, has restarted its plant, with the capacity to liquefy 500,000 cubic meters of gas, after shutting in December.

    State oil giant Saudi Aramco signed a preliminary deal to pursue international gas opportunities with Royal Dutch Shell as part of top crude exporter Saudi Arabia’s diversification drive before the listing of Aramco. The Memorandum of Understanding would include gas upstream and liquefaction projects. Last year, Saudi Arabia and international oil companies had discussed gas venture opportunities inside the kingdom and abroad. The kingdom has a long-term goal of increasing the use of gas for domestic power generation, thus reducing oil burning at home and freeing up more crude for export. Expanding its gas portfolio inside the kingdom as well as abroad could help increase Aramco’s valuation as it generates more revenue from exports than selling oil at lower domestic prices — Saudi Arabia is the world’s fifth-biggest oil consumer despite being only the 20th-biggest economy. Aramco was interested in investing in international upstream ventures, particularly gas, and could invest in importing gas into the kingdom.

    Australia’s Woodside Petroleum has dropped plans to build a liquefied natural gas export plant at Grassy Point on Canada’s west coast, choosing to focus on another Canadian LNG project, Kitimat, run by Chevron Corp. Woodside’s rights to develop the Grassy Point LNG site, about 30 km north of Prince Rupert, expired on January 15, and the company said it had decided not to renew the agreement. The company had done little work on the Grassy Point project to export up to 20 mtpa of LNG, and did not mention it in growth plans outlined last May. The decision to scrap Grassy Point adds to a string of LNG projects that have been delayed or shelved in Canada due to a global LNG supply glut. Woodside flagged last year that Kitimat, which has a 20 year, 10 mtpa export license, was part of its growth plans for beyond 2026.

    Global natural gas markets were roiled as an earthquake in Papua New Guinea caused a large-scale supply disruption of LNG while a late winter blast in Europe triggered unprecedented price spikes. ExxonMobil Corp has declared force majeure on exports from its Papua New Guinea LNG project, which has been shut since a powerful earthquake. As a result, Asian spot LNG prices jumped by 5 percent, to $8.80/mmBtu. Exxon is having trouble gauging the extent of the earthquake’s damage, given the remoteness of the gas field, in the mountainous jungles of Papua New Guinea, 700 km from the export terminal. Spot LNG prices for May were already $1 lower than April’s, at around $7.75/mmBtu. The market situation has also been eased by increasing supplies from Malaysia’s Bintulu LNG export facility, which had seen disruptions in recent weeks. While the winter in North Asia is showing signs of tapering off, most of Europe has been caught by a wave of extreme cold late in the season, which pushed up British spot natural gas prices to record highs of 275 pence per therm on 1 March, the equivalent of over $30/mmBtu, and up 130 percent from the last close in February, and up 400 percent since the end of December. European importers were vying with bids from Asia for spot LNG cargoes from Qatar and the United States.

    A consortium including Japan’s JERA and Marubeni Corp is aiming to ship LNG to Australia’s east coast, looking to supply industrial gas users and possibly a new power plant, the group said. This is the second proposed LNG import terminal for Australia, the world’s no.2 LNG exporter, as the country grapples with a supply gap at a time when its gas producers have locked in long-term contracts to sell LNG to Japan, China and South Korea. A final investment decision is expected this year on the project to import up to around 2 mtpa of LNG starting in 2020. The LNG receiving terminal would be able to meet up to three-quarters of the gas needs of Australia’s most populous state, New South Wales, where manufacturers like BlueScope Steel and Orica have major operations. The consortium would charter an existing LNG import vessel, at an estimated cost of around $30 million to $35 million a year, rather than building a new floating storage and regasification unit. That is a fraction of the billions of dollars that would be needed to develop a new gas field and pipelines to supply the equivalent volume of gas, 100 petajoules a year. The proposed new LNG import terminal would be located at either Port Botany, Port Kembla and Newcastle, all of which are close to existing gas pipelines, helping to keep down costs.

    Regional leaders launched construction work on the Afghan section of an $8 billion natural gas pipeline that will link the energy-rich Central Asian nation of Turkmenistan through Afghanistan to Pakistan and India. Ex-Soviet Turkmenistan holds the world’s fourth-largest natural gas reserves but has been heavily dependent on gas exports to China after Russia cut back gas imports in the past few years. The project is expected to transport 33 bcm of natural gas a year along an 1,800 kilometer route from Galkynysh, the world’s second-biggest gas field, to Fazilka near the border with Pakistan in northern India. While the pipeline will allow Turkmenistan to find new consumers in Asia and cut its dependence on Beijing, which buys about 35 billion cubic meters of gas annually. It is also being seen as a central plank in ambitious regional development goals. The TAPI project, supported by the United States and the Asian Development Bank, has been touted by Turkmenistan since the 1990s. But the start of work was delayed because of the problem of crossing Afghanistan. The pipeline will run for hundreds of kilometers through areas of southern Afghanistan largely controlled by Taliban insurgents fighting the Western-backed government in Kabul but the movement has signaled that it will not hinder the project. The Taliban issued a statement, pledging its cooperation with TAPI, which it said would be an important element in building up Afghanistan’s economic infrastructure. Afghanistan, which suffers from chronic energy shortages, is expected to take 5 bcm of gas itself, with the rest divided equally between Pakistan and India. In addition, Kabul will earn hundreds of millions of dollars in transit fees.


    Regional leaders launched construction work on the Afghan section of an $8 billion natural gas pipeline that will link the energy-rich Central Asian nation of Turkmenistan through Afghanistan to Pakistan and India.


    NATIONAL: OIL

    Diesel use in India set for record in 2018

    27 March. Demand for diesel in India is set to hit a record in 2018 as the government targets massive infrastructure spending in the fiscal year that starts April 1, with Prime Minister Narendra Modi seeking a second term in elections in 2019. Diesel consumption growth in calendar 2018 may be more than double last year, analysts and traders said, aided by an expected regular monsoon this year that should boost demand in the world’s third-largest oil consumer for diesel used in harvesting and other farming, leading to higher rural spending. India’s average monthly diesel consumption was about 6.6 million tonnes, or about 1.6 million barrels per day (bpd), in 2017. That was up about 3.1 percent from 2016, when average monthly consumption was 6.4 million tonnes. Meanwhile India’s diesel exports in February were up 32 percent to 2.31 million tonnes year-on-year.

    Source: Reuters

    India's oil import bill to jump by 25 percent in FY'18

    26 March. India's oil import bill is likely to jump by a quarter to $87.7 billion in the current fiscal year which ends this weekend as international oil prices have surged. India had imported 213.93 million tonnes (mt) of crude oil 2016-17 for $70.196 billion or ₹4.7 lakh crore. For 2017-18, the imports are pegged at 219.15 mt for $87.725 billion (₹5.65 lakh crore), according to the latest data available from oil ministry's Petroleum Planning and Analysis Cell (PPAC). India relies more than 80 percent on imports to meet its oil needs. During first 11 months of current fiscal (April 2017 to February 2018), the country imported 195.7 mt crude oil for $63.5 billion. The basket of crude oil that India imports averaged $55.74 per barrel in the April-February period as compared to $47.56 a barrel in 2016-17 and 46.17 in 2015-16. Every dollar per barrel change in crude oil prices impacts the import bill by ₹823 crore ($0.13 billion).

    Source: Business Standard

    SC asks Centre to consider BS-VI fuel in 13 metros from April 2019

    26 March. The Supreme Court (SC) asked the Centre to look into the possibility of rolling out the BS-VI fuel in 13 metro cities by April 2019, besides introducing it in the national capital from the beginning of the next month. The Centre had earlier informed the top court it had advanced by two years the deadline for supply of the Euro-VI petrol and diesel and would start it in Delhi from April 1, considering the "serious pollution levels" in the national capital and adjoining areas. On February 21, the Centre had informed the apex court that it will introduce Euro-VI fuel in Delhi by 1 April. The top court had earlier directed the Centre to clear its stand on the availability of Bharat Stage (BS)-VI emission standard compliant fuel in Delhi.

    Source: The Times of India

    Ahead of polls, LPG loan repayment deferred

    23 March. Ahead of polls, government-owned companies decided to defer recovery of loans that free-LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) connection beneficiaries had taken for buying cooking gas refills. Over 3.6 crore poor women have been given free LPG connections since June 2015. While the ₹1,600 cost of LPG connection is borne by the government, the cost of buying LPG stove and refill (gas cylinder) was to be borne by the beneficiaries. To help poor, oil firms provided interest-free loan to fund the cost of LPG stove and refill to beneficiaries. Indian Oil Corp (IOC) said about 70 percent of the PMUY (Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana) customers availed interest free loan facility provided by OMCs (Oil Marketing Companies) towards financing LPG stove and/or first LPG cost. To recover the loan, the oil companies were pocketing the subsidy government gives to all LPG consumers. Giving details of the deferment of loan recovery, IOC said the scheme shall be applicable for all the existing PMUY LPG connections who have taken loan for stove and/ or first LPG cost from OMCs. All PMUY customers who have outstanding loan as on March 31, 2018 will have a deferred recovery of the outstanding amount up to 6 LPG refills. The government raised the target of providing free cooking gas connection to poor women households to 8 crore from previously stated 5 crore.

    Source: Business Standard

    Myanmar, India mull building cross-border oil pipeline

    23 March. India has proposed to build a pipeline from the country’s east coast to deliver oil products, mainly diesel, to Myanmar. A working group has been formed by Myanmar and India to look at issues such as security, land and oil storage, and how to price the fuel and the oil’s specification. Myanmar currently imports about 100,000 barrels per day (bpd) of diesel and gasoline mainly from Singapore, and produces only 12,000 bpd of oil locally. The country has invited investors to build refineries but high land cost is one of the main issues to overcome. The country has also held its first round of talks with China and Bangladesh to discuss building an electricity transmission grid across borders to ease power shortages.

    Source: Reuters

    Overtime at LPG bottling plants raises safety concerns in the industry

    March 23, 2018. Almost six months after a massive fire broke out at an LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) bottling plant of Hindustan Petroleum Corp Ltd (HPCL), at Cherlapally in Hyderabad, the government's decision to give a go-ahead for night shifts at such plants has raised safety concerns in the industry. This decision came after LPG demand increased considerably on the back of government schemes such as the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) over the past two years. LPG consumption in India increased 10 percent from 19.62 million tonnes (mt) in 2015-16 to 21.54 mt in 2016-17. It is expected to touch 23.5 mt in 2017-18. The higher number of hours has helped bring down waiting time for a refill. It was as high as 15 days earlier in the Northeast and in Kerala but has come down to four or five days.

    Source: Business Standard

    OMPL seeks heavy naphtha in rare move

    March 22, 2018. ONGC Mangalore Petrochemicals Ltd (OMPL) is seeking heavy cut naphtha through an import tender in a rare move and coming at a time when overall naphtha supplies are tight, traders said. The petrochemical firm, owned by Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Ltd and parent company Oil and Natural Gas Corp (ONGC), is looking to buy a total of 105,000 tonnes of the fuel for May to August delivery. It is looking to import two 15,000 tonne cargoes for May, followed by another two cargoes of the same size for June. But it needs only one 15,000 tonne cargo for July arrival and another two cargoes at 15,000 tonnes each for August. It was unclear why OMPL was looking to import the feedstock required for its paraxylene plant which has a capacity of more than 900,000 tonnes. The tender closes on April 3, with offers to stay valid until 4 April. OMPL had issued an import tender for heavy naphtha in 2015.

    Source: Reuters


    NATIONAL: GAS

    Hiranandani family to invest ₹35 billion in oil and gas

    26 March. Niranjan Hiranandani’s family is investing around ₹3,500 crore to build liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminals in Maharashtra and West Bengal, in a diversification for the Mumbai developer who built the iconic 250-acre Hiranandani Gardens township in suburban Powai. Led by Darshan Hiranandani, Niranjan’s son, H-Energy (formerly known as Hiranandani Energy) expects to start commercial operation of its first LNG terminal at Jaigarh in Maharashtra by October. The Hiranandanis are spending around ₹1,700 crore in setting up the terminal and laying down a 60 km pipeline from Jaigarh to Dabhol that is expected to be ready by May 2018. The energy venture operates as a subsidiary of Niranjan’s realty firm Hiranandani Communities, which primarily focuses on building large townships across Maharashtra. Darshan Hiranandani said, H-Energy has devised plans to ramp up the energy business and is looking to bring in more professionals at the senior level. It also expects to provide gas to retail outlets in the long term, he said.

    Source: Livemint

    Punjab cabinet clears policy for laying of CGD gas pipelines

    22 March. The Punjab cabinet approved policy guidelines to facilitate laying of gas pipelines across the state. The move is in line with a High Court directive to the state government to frame a uniform policy for laying of such pipelines. The policy was drafted after examining the policy of Gujarat as suggested by the Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (PNGRB), and in consultation with the concerned departments. At a meeting chaired by Chief Minister Amarinder Singh, the State Cabinet gave its nod to the new guidelines for grant of permission, levy of restoration charges and determination of compensation for Right of Use of Way for laying of City Gas Distribution Network (CGDN) on land belonging to State Government Departments/Urban Local Bodies/State Authorities.

    Source: The Economic Times


    NATIONAL: COAL

    CIL's competitive edge under scanner over rising output cost, ageing mines

    27 March. In the coming years, though government-owned Coal India Ltd (CIL) is poised to maintain leadership in a liberalised regime for the commodity, the world’s largest coal miner is also threatened with losing its competitive edge, primarily for technical reasons. An internal assessment by the company in formulating a vision for the year 2030 reveals the strip ratio across its major mines is increasing substantially, which would lead to increased production cost. This ratio refers to the volume of waste material required to be handled to extract every one tonne of ore. By the assessment, the weighted average strip ratio for Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd (MCL), the largest CIL subsidiary, would increase from 0.9 to 1.4 by 2020. For Northern Coalfields, from 2.8 to 4. At South Eastern Coalfields, the second largest subsidiary, from the current 1.2 to 1.9. Analysts are sceptical about Indian coal faring against the black diamond from Australia, Indonesia, South Africa and others. For, Indian coal has a lower gross calorific value and more of impurities. The Centre recently allocated 11 mines to CIL and these are expected to add about 225 million tonnes (mt) of coal every year to its production capacity. Leaving the recent allocation aside, the current production capacity of CIL with other miners is 1,500 mt yearly.

    Source: Business Standard

    CIL eyes road route to augment supply to customers

    27 March. In order to overcome supply hurdles, Coal India Ltd (CIL) is looking at effective utilisation of road network to deliver dry fuel to customers, specially power plants. With the rail network at its best carrying 320 rakes of fuel from coal pitheads to power plants every day, the road network can help boost supplies to power producers as a short-term measure. According to the company data, offtake during the April-February period was at 525 million tonnes (mt) against the target of 541 mt. Coal dispatches to consumers in various sectors, including power, were 12 mt through road network in April-October 2017-18. Coal is transported from mines to power plants by railways and road network. Besides, it is also transported using merry-go-round train and belt conveyor system. The country is heading towards becoming a power surplus nation. The demand for coal from power plants is also rising but due to the limited source of supply the plants at long distances from mines are facing supply issues which need to be addressed. It is the roads which can be built earlier than the other three ways and CIL is eyeing this mode to supply coal.

    Source: Business Standard

    Adani Enterprises signs coal mining pact with NLC India

    26 March. Adani Enterprises said it has signed a coal mining agreement with NLC India Ltd for development and operation of Talabira II and III coal block. Talabira (Odisha) Mining Pvt Ltd (TOMPL) has become a successful bidder for mine developer and operator (MDO) tender of Talabira II and III coal block issues by NLC India Ltd, it said. The coal ministry has allocated the block to NLC India for development, mining and captive consumption of the dry fuel from the blocks in its various end use power plants. NLC had floated a tender for selection of mine developer and operator (MDO) for development and operation of the two Talabira blocks in November 2017 and reverse auction was conducted in January, wherein TOMPL became the successful bidder.

    Source: Business Standard

    CIL to adopt more transparent, customer-friendly pricing system

    26 March. Coal India Ltd (CIL) will adopt a new pricing system from April 1, which the company’s chairman Gopal Singh said will be more customer friendly, transparent and aligned with global norms. CIL will start charging prices determined on the basis of paise per unit of energy for various grades of coal to be sold from next month. The company has called a meeting of stakeholders in the power and non-power sectors to brief them about the new pricing system, to be notified, and clarify any doubts. The grading system based on total energy content per kilogram remains, but the price of each consignment will be determined by a rate fixed for each unit of energy for that particular grade and the total energy contained in 1 kilogram (kg) of coal for the consignment. This means that the price of each tonne of coal will be based on its total energy content. Under the present system, the price used to be the same for a range of energy content, which was categorised as grades. CIL, however, has reduced the number of grades from 17 earlier to 10 under the new system. Each grade, under the new system, will now have a pricing coefficient which would be in paise per kilocalorie or paise per unit of energy. This coefficient, when multiplied with the energy content in each consignment in gross calorific value (GCV) terms, will determine the price of one tonne of coal for that consignment. According to CIL, coal of grades between G10 and G14 –mainly used by power generators – have been grouped as one. The energy content of this grade will range between 3,101 GCV and 4,600 GCV. It would have a price coefficient of 23 paise per kilocalorie. The price of power grade coal within this band would vary between ₹713 per tonne on the lower side and ₹1,058 per tonne on the higher side. Under the old system, the prices of these grades varied between Rs 748 per tonne and ₹1,024 per tonne. Grade G9 with calorific value ranging between 4,601 GCV and 4,900 GCV, also used by power companies, is likely to have a pricing coefficient of 24 paise per kilo calorie. Its price would vary between ₹1,104.24 per tonne and Rs 1,176 per tonne, depending on the actual energy content in each consignment. Under the existing system, this grade was priced at ₹1,140 per tonne. However, each consignment will need to be tested for the exact quantum of energy content in each kg of coal and CIL has been putting in place systems and the infrastructure to support the new system.

    Source: The Economic Times

    Wani coal mines gates now open to public

    25 March. Tourism got a shot in the arm as the gates of coal mines in Yavatmal district were recently opened to public, which were otherwise restricted to those working in the field. The tourists will now have access to as deep as 200 metres below the ground so that they could see the stockpile in Ukani open cast and Bhandewada coal mines situated near Wani. This is the second mine in the region after Saoner to have opened doors to the people. With the initiative of Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation (MTDC) and Western Coalfields Ltd (WCL), people can see mining operations and visit the workshop division. They also will be taken to Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary and Sahasrakund waterfall, among other places of tourists’ attraction. The mines are located around 134 kilometres from Nagpur and MTDC has clubbed the tour with a package that also includes a visit to Tadoba forest and Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary. The tourists will also be shown old and decaying buildings which were once used for mining.

    Source: The Times of India

    NTPC starts coal production from second mine

    23 March. NTPC Ltd, the country’s largest power generator, announced it has started production of coal from its second coal mine as part of a larger strategy to secure local fuel supply for its generation stations. The government has allotted the state-owned firm ten coal blocks to meet fuel requirements. Its first coal block, Pakri Barwadih in Jharkhand, has been in operation since June 2017. NTPC is currently working on five coal blocks — including Pakri Barwadih, Chatti Bariatu, Kerandari, Talaipalli and Dulanga – with total geological reserves of 3.8 billion tonne and mining capacity of 56 million tonne per annum.

    Source: The Economic Times

    Tuticorin Port creates new record in coal handling

    23 March. V O Chidambaranar Port Trust said it has created a new record by handling 48,701 tonnes of thermal coal in a single day on March 20. Earlier, the port had handled 42,508 tonnes in a single day on January 14 last. Neyveli Thermal Power Plant, too, handled 3.28 million tonnes of coal during 2016-17 and 3.11 million tonnes during this financial year upto February. Chairman of the port trust I Jeyakumar said the port was continuously striving to achieve improvement in performance and productivity in order to attract more volume of traffic.

    Source: Business Standard

    Meghalaya assures all efforts to ensure resumption of coal mining

    23 March. The Meghalaya government will put in all efforts to ensure resumption of coal mining in the state in accordance with environmental rules and regulations. Public Works Department Minister Prestone Tynsong said that the state had incurred loss of ₹416 crore in terms of revenue following the NGT (National Green Tribunal)'s 2014 ban on coal mining. Tynsong said that the government will leave no stone unturned to ensure that the NGT lift its ban, and may even form a delegation to meet the Prime Minister and President to apprise them on this matter. The NGT had ordered an interim ban on "rat-hole" coal mining in Meghalaya from April 17, 2014, after the All Dimasa Students' Union and the Dima Hasao District Committee filed an application before the tribunal alleging that the water of the Kopili river was turning acidic due to coal mining in Jaintia Hills.

    Source: Business Standard

    India's coking coal imports jump 12 percent in April-February 2017-18

    21 March. The country's coking coal import increased to 43.53 million tonnes (mt) from 38.83 mt during the period April 2017 – February 2018, a jump of 12.10% over same period last year, according to mjunction, a leading e-commerce company. The trend highlights India’s dependence on imported coking coal that has been the concern for steel and power sectors. These sectors essentially depend on low ash content coal, which is not abundant in India. Low ash coal, which is used in blast furnaces and Basic oxygen furnaces of steel plants is thus largely imported from Indonesia, Australia and South Africa. However, the fluctuations in prices of imported coking coal often eats into the profit margin of steel industry players. Given the problem, the steel industry has been groping for a dependable solution to meet the growing demand for coking coal.

    Source: The Economic Times

    CIL to set up plants for coal gasification: Goyal

    21 March. To promote environment-friendly uses of coal, Coal India Ltd (CIL) is planning to set up plants for coal gasification. To promote cleaner and alternate use of coal, CIL is pursuing initiatives for setting up plants for gasification of coal and its further processing into downstream chemicals, Coal and Power Minister Piyush Goyal said. He said the government has already taken several initiatives to improve the efficiency of coal based power plants and to reduce carbon footprint. All new, large coal-based generating stations have been mandated to use the highly efficient supercritical technology, he said.

    Source: Business Standard

    NATIONAL: POWER

    No power tariff hike in Andhra Pradesh next fiscal

    27 March. Power consumers in Andhra Pradesh will not face any power tariff hike in 2018-19. Andhra Pradesh Electricity Regulatory Commission Chairman G Bhavani Prasad, releasing the tariff order, said 100 percent of the consumers in 2018-19. He indicated that power consumers would get more relief in future. While 92 percent of the power consumers in 2015-16, 96.6 percent in 2016-17 and 90.5 percent in 2017-18, were spared from tariff hike, there will be total exemption next fiscal. The free or concessional supply of power to agriculturists of all descriptions will continue in 2018-19. Sharing insights into power purchase cost, which was as high as ₹ 33,626 crore in 2014-15, the Regulator said it was gradually brought down to ₹24,565 crore in 2018-19. While the distribution licensees have projected a deficit of ₹7,983 crore, the Commission estimated the deficit to be ₹6,030 crore, thus limiting the burden by ₹ 1,953 crore. The government has enhanced the subsidy from ₹3,700 crore in 2017-18 to ₹6,030 crore. The commission accepted a long pending demand of industries for incentivising power usage during off peak hours from 10 pm to 6 pm, where they get concession of ₹1 per unit. Earlier, 15 lakh consumers of 1.59 crore consumers were affected by 3 percent to 3.6 percent increase in charges, which the regulator said was less than the inflation in 2016-17.

    Source: The Hindu Business Line

    Kalpataru Power Transmission bags orders worth ₹9 billion

    27 March. Engineering, procurement and construction firm Kalpataru Power Transmission Ltd (KPTL) has bagged three orders worth ₹901 crore. The company has bagged a turnkey order from Tamil Nadu Transmission Corporation for the construction of 765 kilovolt (kV) D/C transmission lines and a ₹64 crore contract from Power Grid Corp and state electricity boards for a GIS substation and transmission line, it said. The third contract worth ₹195 crore was awarded by the Central Organisation for Railway Electrification (CORE) for design, supply, erection, testing and commissioning for railway electrification, including overhead equipment and traction substation works.

    Source: The Hindu Business Line

    TPDDL launches super-efficient “Gorilla” fans at 40 percent discount

    27 March. Tata Power Delhi Distribution Ltd (TPDDL), the private power distributor in the national capital, announced it has launched super-efficient “Gorilla” ceiling fans at a 40 percent price discount for consumers. The company said the country’s most energy-efficient fans use a super-efficient Brushless DC motor to deliver 63 percent more efficiency than non-star rated fans. The fans have been designed by Atomberg Technologies, a start-up by the alumni of Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Mumbai. The motor of the fans consumes only 28 Watt power as compared to 75 Watt consumed in a non-star rated fan. TPDDL claimed the Gorilla fans do not produce any humming noise and do not heat on operation and also come with a smart remote with sleep mode and timer mode. TPDDL is offering two modes for purchase of the fans. Consumers can visit nearby TPDDL customer care centre with latest electricity bill or any authorised identity proof. They can also buy the fans online through the TPDDL website. The fan is priced at ₹2,200 per unit when purchases offline. For online purchase, the fan is priced at ₹2,300 per unit. The fans are available in 3 colour options and carry 3 year on-site warranty.

    Source: The Economic Times

    Power men across UP strike work against government's privatisation bid

    27 March. Power employees across Uttar Pradesh (UP) struck work to protest against the state government's decision to privatise electricity in Varanasi, Lucknow, Meerut, Gorakhpur and Moradabad. Unions of the power employees also warned the state government that after this token one-day strike, they will be forced to go for a longer agitation in case there was no immediate roll back on the decision. The strike called by the Vidyut Karmachari Sanyukt Sangharsh Samiti saw engineers and employees abstaining from work throughout the day. The association said that normal work will resume but on April 9, all power men, engineers will go on a three day strike. Protests and demonstrations would be held at all district headquarters and project offices during this three-day protest, it was announced. Association General Secretary Ashok Kumar said that be it revenue collection or plugging in line losses, the government power officials and employees have been working very hard to improve the situation. The power employees also said that other than directly affecting them, privatisation will also punch in a hole in common man's budget as the power tariff would also witness a steep hike. Employee associations have also warned the state government against any punitive action against them like arresting them and said this if this happened, it would be responsible any further escalation of matters. Protests were witnessed outside the gates of the Pipri, Panki, Obra, Aanpara, Harduaganj and Parischa power plants and Power Department offices at Lucknow, Mirzapur, Faizabad, Ghaziabad, Noida, Meerut, Saharanpur, Jhansi, Banda, Allahabad, Agra, Kanpur, Aligarh, Bareily and Moradabad.

    Source: Business Standard

    J&K suffers ₹48 billion yearly power losses

    26 March. Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) suffers losses of around ₹4,800 crore in a year in the power sector, state Finance Minister Altaf Bukhari said. Bukari said state suffers approximately ₹4,800 crore yearly loss against the procurement of electricity which can be brought down if the society develops the habit of resource conservation. None other than teacher can help to bring this change as they are architects of an emancipated and progressive society, the Minister said and sought the cooperation of teachers to take this message to every home. Our state needs to develop a habit of judicious use, conservation and generation of resources to make them long lasting for posterity. Teachers through their grit of patience and untiring teaching capabilities can make children understand about the importance of developing these good habits, the Minister said while addressing a huge gathering of teachers on the occasion of Lecturers Day.

    Source: Business Standard

    UP opposition slams BJP's government's go ahead to power privatisation

    26 March. The Uttar Pradesh (UP) assembly witnessed an uproar as opposition legislators protested against the Yogi Adityanath government's recent decision to privatise electricity in five major cities of the state. The state government however justified its decision, saying that this would lead to better and adequate power supply to the people. Power Minister Shrikant Sharma said that the move stemmed from the commitment of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) government to provide better power supply to the people, while clarifying that private companies would only be involved in revenue collection and minimising line losses. He also categorically denied that production and transmission of power was being passed on to private players. The Minister also assured the house that the power arrears of state government departments would be cleared and deposited within one year and informed that a process of installing prepaid meters in all government offices and buildings has been initiated.

    Source: Business Standard

    Chandigarh set to get more power in summer from central pool

    25 March. The UT electricity department has sought enhancement of its share of unallocated electricity quota from 4% to 14%. The electricity department is hopeful of getting additional 100 MW of power to meet the peak-hour demand — period of high consumer demand — which it can draw from central generating stations around the clock. The electricity department caters to more than 2 lakh consumers with an annual energy consumption of around 1,600 million units. The department is facing peak-hour power shortage of around 130 MW in 2018-19. The projected annual average peak demand is 496, while available power is 366 MW. The peak demand in the month of April is 338 MW, while the power available during the period is 226 MW. Similarly, in May, the department would have 283 MW of power against the projected peak demand of 461 MW with a shortfall of 178 MW, the highest in the year. In June, the power available during peak hours is 366 MW against the projected demand of 489 MW. In July, 338 MW power would be available against the peak demand of 466 MW. The second highest gap that is of 143 MW in the month of September. The available power is 294 MW against projected peak demand of 437 MW. Peak hour is a period in which the consumer demand is highest. The gap between the projected peak power and available power reaches maximum during the summer season. UT superintending engineer M P Singh said they will start getting additional power after getting approval from the ministry. He further said it will be of great help to meet the peak-hour power demand. Power demand has steadily risen in the last few years and the non-availability of additional supplies has pushed the peak hour deficit.

    Source: The Economic Times

    Power crisis looms in Gujarat as Adani, Essar stop supply

    24 March. A power surplus state till recently, Gujarat may witness a scorcher of a summer, with private power producers —Adani and Essar — discontinuing supply on account of paucity of coal. The situation forces the state to meet demand by procuring expensive power from energy exchanges and other sources. Gujarat Urja Vikas Nigam Ltd (GUVNL) has invited bids for procurement of 2,000 MW of power for April, May and June to meet rising demand. GUVNL has PPA (power purchase agreement) of 2,000 MW with Adani Power, 1,000 MW with Essar Power Gujarat and 1,805 MW with Tata Power. Essar discontinued supply from December 15 while Adani stopped supply from January 20 without any prior notice to GUVNL or the Gujarat Electricity Regulatory Authority (GERC). During March, power demand has increased by 640 MW to about 14,890 MW per day and it will increase more when temperature rises further in coming months. At present, Gujarat is depending on central sources for power as its own power production is not sufficient to match the demand. About 53% of power supply comes from central sector sources. The state government has served notices to Adani and Essar for resumption of power supply. It may be mentioned that as per the terms of the PPAs, if any supplier discontinues supply for over a year, it would be declared a defaulter. Energy experts maintain that Essar and Adani have violated terms and conditions of the PPAs and have also violated the Supreme Court order by discontinuing supply. With present installed capacity of about 27,236 MW in the state, GUVNL can easily manage and cater power demand up to 20,000 MW. But due to stoppage of supply by Adani and Essar, GUVNL is being compelled to purchase more than 2,500 MW from the Indian Energy Exchange (IEX) at a higher rate of nearly ₹5 per unit. At present, GUVNL is managing supply to consumers with major contribution from the central sector. Moreover, GUVNL has to purchase power from the IEX at ₹5.01 per unit during peak hours with an average cost of ₹4.25 per unit.

    Source: The Financial Express

    NTPC's Lara plant starts generating power in Chhattisgarh

    23 March. NTPC Ltd said its first unit of 2x800 MW Lara Super Thermal power station in Chhattisgarh commenced generating electricity, which took the group's total capacity to 52,991 MW. The company is currently building an additional capacity of over 19,000 MW at multiple locations in the country, it said. After the first unit of Lara plant starts generation, the total commissioned capacity of the NTPC and the NTPC group has become 46,100 MW and 52,991 MW, respectively, it said. Located at Raigarh, the first unit has gone on-stream just ahead of the summer season and will help meet additional power demand for states in western region, including Chhattisgarh.

    Source: Business Standard

    Power tariff remains unchanged in Odisha

    22 March. Rejecting appeal of various distribution companies to hike power tariff, Odisha Electricity Regulatory Commission (OERC) announced that it will remain unchanged for 2018-19 fiscal. The OERC said the power tariff hike will put extra burden on common people. OERCs Director (Regulatory Affairs) Priyabrat Patnaik said 1 percent rebate over and above the normal rebate will be given if consumers pay bills online. He said the power tariff for domestic consumers having consumption upto 50 units has remained unchanged at ₹2.50 paise per unit. Two state-owned power generation companies, Odisha Hydropower Corp (OHPC) and Odisha Power Generation Corp (OPGC), earlier urged the OERC to hike power tariff. Power distribution companies such as Gridco, OPTCL, CLDC, Cesu, Cesco, Nesco, Wesco, Southco too had been demanding tariff hike citing increase in infrastructure cost. Instead of hiking the power tariff, the Commission, however, stated that distribution companies should take steps to reduce the aggregate technical & commercial (AT&C) losses which will help them reduce losses. The OERC last year hiked of 10 paise per unit in electricity tariff for 2017-18. The Commission has fixed the tariff at ₹2.50 per unit for the first 50 units, ₹4.30 per unit for consumption above 50 units upto 200 units, ₹5.30 per unit for consumption above 200 to 400 units and ₹5.70 per unit for consumption above 400 units.

    Source: Business Standard

    EESL floats second tender for procuring 5 million smart meters

    22 March. Energy Efficiency Services Ltd (EESL) has floated its second tender for procuring five million smart meters to be installed on a pan-India basis, reports Nishtha Saluja. The new smart meters tender is based on international competitive bidding process like the company’s previous tenders. In a pre-bid meeting conducted, the tender elicited response from over 40 companies from across the country. Some of these players include Secure Meters, Landis Gyr, Genus, HPL and L&T. A JV (joint venture) of PSUs (Public Sector Undertakings) under the power ministry, EESL had last year invited bids for five million smart meters to be deployed across Uttar Pradesh (UP) and Haryana.

    Source: The Economic Times

    GE Power bags ₹2.3 billion order from NTPC

    March 21, 2018. GE Power India said it has bagged a ₹230 crore order for upgrading three 660 MW super critical steam generators at Barh Stage-I project of NTPC Ltd. As part of the contract, the company will perform the pressure part metallurgy upgradation for three 660 MW super critical steam generators. The upgradation scope includes primary super heater, convection super heater and low-pressure re-heater. This will help NTPC to commission the 3x660 MW plant which was started 12 years ago, it said.

    Source: Business Standard


    NATIONAL: NON-FOSSIL FUELS/ CLIMATE CHANGE TRENDS

    Vikram Solar commissions 350 KW rooftop solar project for Ordnance Factories unit

    27 March. Solar power developer Vikram Solar Ltd announced it has commissioned a 350 KW rooftop solar power plant for Gun and Shell Factory (GSF) in Cossipore, Kolkata. GSFCossipore is a unit of the Ordnance Factories Board that manufactures special equipment for the Indian Army. The project is spread across 4,180 square meter of roof top area that has 1,130 modules powering five buildings. The solar installation is expected to save 430 tonnes of Carbon Dioxide emissions, the company said. The company has a rooftop Engineering, Procurement and Construction (EPC) portfolio of around 60 MW comprising government clients. Vikram Solar’s annual Photo-Voltaic module production capacity stands at 1,000 MW.

    Source: The Economic Times

    Badarpur thermal power plant likely to close by deadline

    27 March. The Supreme Court-appointed Environment Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority (EPCA) reviewed the status of the closure process of Badarpur thermal power plant and asked agencies to increase production at the Bawana gas plant from 250 MW to 500 MW by April 15. In a meeting with government officials and power agencies, EPCA was informed that the process to shut down the Badarpur unit is ahead of schedule and is likely to meet the July 31 deadline. EPCA said it was important to utilise the Bawana plant to avoid wastage of public resources. EPCA member Sunita Narain further asked the authorities to ensure that the Bawana plant generates 500 MW from April 15, if not April 1. On February 28, EPCA allowed resumption of operations at the Badarpur plant, but set a deadline of July 31 for its closure. Power department said its closure won’t affect Delhi’s power supply.

    Source: The Times of India

    Surat becomes first district to have 100 percent solar powered health centres

    26 March. At a time when global warming is mounting with each passing day, Gujarat's Surat district has switched to solar power to combat the issue. Surat has become the first district in the country to have 100 percent solar powered Primary Health Centers (PHC). There are a total of 52 PHCs in the district and all of them are now powered by solar system. This initiative will not only bring down the electricity bill by 40 percent but also help fight global warming.

    Source: Business Standard

    BHEL wins its largest solar PV plant order for 75 MW in Gujarat

    26 March. Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd (BHEL) said it has won its largest solar photovoltaic (PV) power project for setting up a 75 MW power plant in Gujarat. BHEL said the order has been placed by Gujarat Industries Power Company for setting up a plant at the Gujarat Solar Park in Charanka. With this order, BHEL's solar portfolio has risen to 545 MW, it said. The company is currently executing over 150 MW of ground-mounted and rooftop solar PV projects across the country. The company said it offers EPC (engineering, procurement and construction) solutions both for off-grid as well as grid-interactive solar plants.

    Source: Business Standard

    Government ends anti-dumping probe on solar cells from China, Taiwan and Malaysia

    24 March. The commerce ministry's investigation arm DGAD (Directorate General of Anti-Dumping and Allied Duties) said it is terminating its anti-dumping probe on imports of solar cells from China, Taiwan and Malaysia. The Indian Solar Manufacturers Association has made a request to terminate the present investigation, it said. The probe was initiated by the DGAD on July 21 last year following complaints of dumping of the product by the association. Imposition of anti-dumping duty is permissible under the World Trade Organisation (WTO) regime. Both India and China are members of the Geneva-based body. The duty is aimed at ensuring fair trading practices and creating a level-playing field for domestic producers vis-a-vis foreign producers and exporters.

    Source: Business Standard

    India, UK have launched joint research projects for clean water, energy

    23 March. India and the UK (United Kingdom) have launched joint research projects on water quality and energy demand reduction. Minister of State for Environment Mahesh Sharma said that the research projects aim to deliver mutual benefits and research solutions to the two countries. He said the projects also aim to address shared global sustainable development goals in the areas of clean water and clean energy. He said that these projects will be supported by India's Department of Science and Technology in collaboration with UK's Natural Environment Research Council, Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council and Social Research Council.

    Source: Business Standard

    RB commissions first solar powered facility

    23 March. Consumer health and hygiene RB India, (erstwhile Reckitt Benckiser) commissioned its first solar powered factory in Mysore as part of project Greenathon. The factory, running on 'green power' forms an extension to RB's continuous efforts to reach its worldwide sustainability targets, the company said. The factory meets 75 percent of the energy needs with solar energy and aims to be the first factory running on 100 percent green power in India within couple of years. This marks RB's first power purchase agreement (PPA) in India, which forms a landmark in its sustainability journey. This initiative will enable reductions in carbon emissions by 80% for the Mysore site over the next 10 years. The company has signed a 10 year 2.4 MW power purchase agreement (PPA) with Amplus Energy solutions. Amplus has developed 42 MW solar park called as Nayaka in Chitradurga, Karnataka that supplies energy to the Mysore plant.

    Source: Business Standard

    Work on Brahmapuram waste plant to start in April

    22 March. The waste-to-energy project proposed to be set up at Brahmapuram that had been mired in controversy will be on track soon. The foundation stone of the first phase of the project will be laid in April. The construction of the first phase of the project, which is to treat garbage will be completed by January 2019. In the first phase, a plant to process the garbage and produce refuse derived fuel (RDF) which is in the form of bricks would be set up. In the second phase, the gasification plant to generate energy from the RDF will be constructed. Following Kochi corporation’s difficulty in implementing the waste-to-energy plant proposed at Brahmapuram, the state had entrusted overall monitoring of the project to district collector. The government had viewed that the district collector use powers of revenue department and that of the district magistrate for speedy implementation of the project. Kochi corporation had handed over 20 acres in Brahmapuram to GJ Eco Power Private Ltd for starting the construction of the plant. The construction of the project designed in 2015 had been stuck in controversies and lack of various clearances. The total cost of the project, which will generate 10 MW of electricity, is 295 crore. The promoters of the project envisage that 85% of the total revenue can be generated from electricity produced at the plan

    Source: The Economic Times

    Schneider Electric keen to tap EV charging market

    22 March. Schneider Electric said it is keen to tap the electric vehicle (EV) charging infrastructure market in India. Given the huge potential in the EV charging space, the company displayed its EV charging infrastructure named EVLinks during an innovation summit on March 19-20, Schneider Electric said. The company's technologies are powering businesses and key government programmes, including Make in India, Smart Cities Mission and Electric Mobility, and around 15 percent of India's solar capacity is based on its technology, Schneider Electric India Managing Director Anil Chaudhry said.

    Source: Business Standard

    Government proposes to reduce reliance on fossil fuel based power generation: Delhi Budget

    22 March. In its Budget for 2018-19, the Delhi government has proposed to encourage renewable energy initiatives to reduce fossil fuel-based power generation. A host of renewable energy initiatives have been lined up for the power department in 2018-19 that will reduce reliance on fossil fuel-based power generation in Delhi, Deputy Chief Minister Manish Sisodia said presenting the Budget in Delhi Assembly. The budgetary allocation for the energy sector ₹2,190 crore in 2018-19, is four percent of the total budget expenditure of ₹53,000 crore. The total capacity of renewable energy in Delhi until February 2018 was 133.13 MW, which included 81.13 MW of solar power and 52 MW of electricity generated from waste-to-energy plants. In addition 74 MW of solar power is under progress, he said. The government has already committed to purchase 1,000 MW of green power, solar and wind, in the coming year. The government will bring out a Group Net Metering policy to enable utilisation of huge solar potentials by roping in state-run schools, markets and other buildings of government, he said. The government will pilot a scheme named agriculture-cum-solar farm scheme to incentivise installation of solar panels on raised structures without affecting farming activities, he said.

    Source: Business Standard

    Cabinet apprised of India-Guyana MoU on renewable energy

    21 March. The Union Cabinet was apprised of an MoU (Memorandum of Understanding) between India and Guyana on bilateral cooperation in renewable energy. The MoU was signed on 30 January here by Power and New & Renewable Energy Minister R.K. Singh and Carl B Greenidge, 2nd Vice President and the Foreign Minister of the Co-operative, Guyana. Both sides aim to establish the basis for a cooperative institutional relationship to encourage and promote technical bilateral cooperation on new and renewable energy issues on the basis of mutual benefit, equality and reciprocity.

    Source: Business Standard

    Solar auctions in Maharashtra & Karnataka put off on lack of bidders

    21 March. In a reversal of the upbeat sentiment prevailing in solar energy last year, two recent solar auctions – one in Maharashtra and the other in Karnataka – have failed to attract enough bidders, leading to their repeated postponement. Though India added a record 7,295 MW in 2017-18 until February end, and bid out another 10,500 MW through the year, Maharashtra’s latest 1,000 MW solar auction received bids of only 530 MW and thus had to be postponed for the fourth time. The auction, first announced by the Maharashtra State Electricity Distribution Company Ltd (MSEDCL) in December last year, had been put off three times earlier already. Its third deadline of February 23, received only two bids, while the fourth for 9 March, again drew bids of just 530 MW. Similarly, Karnataka’s 1,200 MW auction for projects at the Pavagada Solar Park drew bids of only 550 MW at the second effort. The Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Ltd (KREDL), which is holding the auction, initially set the last date for bid submission at 21 February but attracted only two bids of 100 MW each. The second deadline was set for March 2, and drew bids of just 550 MW. In KREDL’s last solar auction for 860 MW, conducted across different talukas of Karnataka, winning tariffs had varied between ₹2.94 and ₹3.54 per unit. KREDL set the ceiling tariff at ₹2.93 per unit in the subsequent auction in a bid to drive prices further down, but clearly developers feel prices have already reached their limit.

    Source: The Economic Times


    INTERNATIONAL: OIL

    Iraq may build oil storage in Japan, South Korea to drive Asian sales

    27 March. Iraq is studying the possibility of building crude oil storage facilities in South Korea and Japan as part of a plan to increase sales to Asian clients, the head of the Iraqi state-oil marketer SOMO, Alaa al-Yasiri, said. SOMO received offers from Exxon Mobil, Total, Japan’s Sumitomo and China’s Unipec, to take part in marketing Iraqi crude, he said. Iraq plans to stop loading crude from its southern port of Basra for three to four days in early April due to maintenance, he said. Iraq has 10 million barrels in oil storage capacity in the southern region, he said. Iraq’s crude output should not exceed 4.360 million barrels per day in compliance with a deal between oil exporting nations to curb supply in order to lift prices, he said. March oil exports won’t exceed 3.426 million bpd, he said.

    Source: Reuters

    Chevron's Venezuela oilfields operating normally

    27 March. Chevron Corp’s Venezuela oilfields continue to operate normally, the US company said, even as concerns mount about the OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) member’s production due to a host of challenges. Chevron operates in Venezuela, home to the world’s largest oil reserves, as part of its 30 percent stake in the Petropiar joint venture with PDVSA, the Venezuelan state-controlled oil company. Venezuela’s overall oil production fell to a 28-year low last year amidst insufficient investments, payment delays to suppliers, US sanctions and a talent brain drain.

    Source: Reuters

    Apache makes oil discovery at Garten prospect in UK North Sea

    26 March. Apache said that it has made a significant oil discovery at the Garten prospect located in Block 9/18a Area-W in the UK (United Kingdom) North Sea. The Garten discovery well targeted a downthrown structural closure and encountered more than 700 feet of net oil pay in stacked, high quality Jurassic-aged sandstone reservoirs. Recoverable resource is expected to exceed 10 million barrels of light oil, which is at the high end of predrill estimates. Apache has a 100 percent working interest in the Garten block. The Garten discovery well will be suspended as a future producer and tied back to the Beryl Alpha platform. Apache is working closely with the Oil and Gas Authority (OGA) to obtain the regulatory approvals to initiate production, which is anticipated in the first quarter of 2019.

    Source: Energy Business Review

    Russia holds firm as top crude oil supplier to China

    26 March. Russia kept its spot as the largest crude oil supplier to China in February, data showed, a role it held in January and for the past two years on an annual basis. Russia supplied 5.052 million tonnes, or 1.32 million barrels per day (bpd) last month, up 17.8 percent from a year earlier, data from the Chinese General Administration of Customs showed. Saudi Arabia regained its No. 2 ranking after losing out to Angola in January, with February supplies coming in at 4.635 million tonnes, or 1.21 million bpd, down 2.9 percent on year but up from 1.01 million bpd in January. The hefty Russian shipments, which gained 21 percent for the January-February period over a year earlier, came after a second East Siberia-Pacific Ocean (ESPO) pipeline started commercial operation in January, along with expanded domestic connections in China.

    Source: Reuters

    UK North Sea oil output to resume decline after brief respite

    26 March. The UK (United Kingdom) North Sea is set to resume a two-decade decline in oil production next year, snapping a brief period of growth since 2015, consultancy Bernstein said in a report. Production in the North Sea, home to the Brent global crude benchmark, peaked in 1999 at 2.6 million barrels per day (bpd) and had steadily slipped until 2014, when it hit around 800,000 bpd. In the past four years, output has stabilised or even recovered. The halt to the decline stemmed from the start-up of several new fields such as the BP-operated Quad 204 west of the Shetland Islands and Enquest’s Kraken field east of them. Production from the UK North Sea, considered the world’s first deepwater oil basin, is expected to grow by 4 percent, or roughly 40,000 bpd, in 2018 before declining from 2019 to 2021. Infill drilling sharply accelerated following a drop in rig rates in the wake of the 2014 oil price downturn. In 2016, 54 wells were completed, more than double the number in 2012. At the same time, the production efficiency of wells and platforms increased to 73 percent in 2016 from 60 percent in 2012, accounting for a 200,000 bpd gain in output over the period, according to Bernstein.

    Source: Reuters

    Iraq supports OPEC-led oil output cuts: President

    26 March. Iraq supports OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries)’s agreement to cut oil output, Iraqi President Fuad Masum said at a meeting with OPEC Secretary-General Mohammad Barkindo. Iraq, the second-largest producer in the OPEC, has limited its output in line with OPEC’s pledge to cut supply by about 1.2 million barrels per day (bpd) as part of a deal with Russia and other nations. OPEC and those non-member producers are cutting their combined oil output by 1.8 million bpd until the end of 2018. OPEC and non-OPEC oil ministers are due to hold their next meeting in June, during which they may adjust the agreement based on market conditions.

    Source: Reuters

    China oil futures launch may threaten primacy of US dollar: UBS

    26 March. China’s launch of its crude futures exchange will improve the clout of the yuan in financial markets and could threaten the international primacy of the dollar, argues a new report by Hayden Briscoe, APAC head of fixed income at UBS Asset Management. Already, Unipec, the trading arm of Asia’s largest refiner Sinopec, has inked a deal with a western oil major to buy Middle East crude priced against the newly-launched Shanghai crude futures contract. This helps cement the exchange’s viability and challenges the petro-dollar system, in which oil deals are executed in dollars. This would decrease demand for the greenback and boost US (United States) inflation. China surpassed the US in 2017 to become the world’s largest oil importer. Nevertheless, the existing price benchmarks — Brent and WTI (West Texas Intermediate) crude — are both in dollars, and importers across the world must buy dollars in order to conduct oil deals. But the move to trade oil in yuan will diminish the role of the greenback in global financial markets, argues Briscoe. Pricing oil in renminbi and launching a trading hub will raise China’s prominence and integrate it further in global markets.

    Source: Reuters

    Lundin Petroleum find more oil at Norway's Luno II in North Sea

    26 March. Sweden’s Lundin Petroleum said it has found more oil at its Luno II discovery off Norway and aims to submit a development plan for the field around the end of this year. The company has been drilling an appraisal well at the North Sea field and said in February it was “very close” to deciding on its development. Lundin Petroleum is the operator of the field and has a 50-percent stake. Its partners are Austria’s OMV with 20 percent and Norway’s Statoil and Germany’s Wintershall with 15 percent each.

    Source: Reuters

    Too early to consider leaving oil cut deal: Russian Energy Minister

    26 March. Russian Energy Minister Alexander Novak said it was too early to consider exiting the global oil output deal and that any withdrawal from the agreement should be done gradually. Saudi Arabian Energy Minister Khalid al-Falih said that OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) members will need to continue coordinating with Russia and other non-OPEC oil-producing countries on supply curbs in 2019 to reduce global oil inventories to desired levels.

    Source: Reuters

    Shell to sell West Qurna 1 oilfield stake to Japan's Itochu for $406 million

    23 March. Oil major Royal Dutch Shell agreed to sell its entire stake in Iraq’s West Qurna 1 oilfield to Japan’s Itochu Corp for $406 million. The deal comes shortly after the Anglo-Dutch company agreed to exit the Majnoon oilfield, one of the largest fields in OPEC member Iraq, and hand over its operation to Basra Oil Company (BOC) by end-June. Shell EP Middle East Holdings B.V. will sell the entire share capital of Shell Iraq B.V. (SIBV), which holds a 19.6 percent stake in the oilfield to a unit of Itochu, the Anglo Dutch company said. The West Qurna 1 oilfield, operated by Exxon Mobil Corp, produces around 405,000 barrels per day.

    Source: Reuters

    Iraq's southern oil exports fall for third month in March

    23 March. Oil exports from southern Iraq have fallen by 70,000 barrels per day (bpd) this month, according to shipping data and an industry source, suggesting OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries)’s second-largest producer is heading for a third month of lower shipments. Southern Iraqi exports in the first 21 days of March averaged about 3.36 million bpd, compared to 3.43 million bpd in February, shipping data showed. The fall suggests there is still no sign of extra supplies reaching the market from Iraq even though oil prices rallied this year to $71 a barrel for the first time since 2014, supported by an OPEC-led agreement to cut output. Iraq had been boosting exports from its southern terminals, which handle the bulk of such trade, to offset a halt in shipments from its northern Kirkuk oilfields in October after Iraqi forces seized control of fields from Kurdish fighters. Northern exports have averaged 270,000 bpd so far in March, compared with an estimated 340,000 bpd in February, according to shipping data and the industry source. That is far below levels of more than 500,000 bpd in some months of 2017. Northern exports could rise if Iraq goes ahead with a plan to export Kirkuk oil by truck to Iran, but this has been delayed. OPEC, Russia and other producers are cutting output by about 1.8 million bpd until the end of 2018 in an effort to get rid of a global crude glut and support prices.

    Source: Reuters

    Saudi expects oil producers to extend output curbs into 2019

    23 March. OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) members will need to continue coordinating with Russia and other non-OPEC oil-producing countries on supply curbs in 2019 to reduce global oil inventories to desired levels, Saudi Arabian Energy Minister Khalid al-Falih said. OPEC and non-OPEC countries struck a production supply agreement in January 2017 to remove 1.8 million barrels per day from global markets and end a supply glut. The cuts helped lift oil prices to current levels of around $65 per barrel. The oil producers will convene in June in Vienna to discuss further cooperation. It was unclear what oil supplies would need to be in 2019, he said. Falih has previously said that OPEC would do better to leave the oil market slightly short of supplies rather than ending too early the output cut deal. Saudi Arabia and Russia have spearheaded efforts to reduce global oil stockpiles to their five-year average, ending years of oversupply sparked by the rapid rise in production from shale oil producers in the United States.

    Source: Reuters

    BP to drill first deepwater oil well in Mexican block in 2020

    21 March. British oil major BP will drill its first deepwater exploration well at a block it operates in the southern Gulf of Mexico during the third quarter of 2020, according to a plan approved by Mexican oil regulator CNH. The four-year exploration plan for the block located in the Gulf’s Salina Basin is also expected to lead to an investment of $199.5 million and add up to 75 million barrels of oil equivalent in reserves, according to the CNH. Norway’s Statoil and France’s Total are equity partners in the BP-led consortium, which won the development rights to the block in Mexico’s first-ever deepwater oil auction in late 2016.

    Source: Reuters

    INTERNATIONAL: GAS

    Germany fully approves Russia-built Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline

    27 March. Germany has approved the construction and operation of the Russia-built Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline, its operator Nord Stream 2  and the German maritime authority BSH said. The operator said it expected that other four countries along the route of the undersea gas pipeline – Russia, Finland, Sweden and Denmark – will issue permits in the coming months. Germany’s maritime authority said that it had approved the building of the 31 kilometre section that runs through its waters since it posed no danger to shipping or the environment.

    Source: Reuters

    Denmark faces dilemma over Russian gas pipeline

    26 March. Denmark is under pressure to rule on whether a new Russian pipeline supplying gas to Germany can be built near its Baltic coast, a decision that puts it in the line of fire from friend and foe alike. The Danish government is facing fierce lobbying by Russia, EU (European Union) allies and the United States over the €9.5 billion ($11.7 billion) Nord Stream 2 project championed by President Vladimir Putin and financed by five Western firms. A Danish veto, under new legislation allowing it to do so on security grounds, would force Russia, which supplies about one third of Europe’s gas needs, to find a new route for the pipeline. A delay would weaken Russian gas giant Gazprom’s hand in talks with Ukraine for a new gas transit deal after 2019 and create uncertainty for the firm’s partners: Germany’s Uniper and Wintershall, Anglo-Dutch Shell, Austria’s OMV and France’s Engie. Access to cheap Russian gas to offset declining Dutch production takes priority for nations in northern Europe, particularly Germany, but eastern European countries fear the pipeline will make the EU a hostage to Russian gas.

    Source: Reuters

    Qatar proposes Russian companies develop gas fields in 2019-2020

    25 March. Qatar has proposed that Russian companies take part in tenders for the further development of gas fields in 2019-2020. Russian President Vladimir Putin will meet the Emir of Qatar in Moscow on March 26, the Kremlin said. They will discuss the development of Russian-Qatari relations, as well as international and regional issues, according to the Kremlin.

    Source: Reuters

    New Jersey AG opposes eminent domain for PennEast natural gas pipeline

    24 March. New Jersey’s attorney general asked a US (United States) District Court in the state to reject a request by PennEast Pipeline Company to condemn state property interests in preserved land for its proposed natural gas pipeline. PennEast needs the land to build its roughly $1 billion pipeline that will deliver gas from the Marcellus shale formation in Pennsylvania to customers in Pennsylvania and New Jersey. PennEast is seeking to seize 149 of the 211 properties in the path of the proposed pipeline in New Jersey. Out of the 149 properties, about 50 are preserved lands, more than 20 of which the state owns in whole or in part The US Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) approved construction of an approximately 120 mile (190 km) PennEast pipeline in January.

    Source: Reuters

    Mubadala advances $1 billion Malaysia Pegaga gas field project

    21 March. Mubadala Petroleum, Petronas and Royal Dutch Shell will spend more than $1 billion to develop Malaysia’s Pegaga gas field, aiming to produce gas by the third quarter of 2021, Abu Dhabi-based Mubadala said. The project in Block SK320, located in the Central Luconia province, offshore the East Malaysian state of Sarawak, will now proceed to the construction and installation stage, the company said. The Pegaga gas field would be the first development in Malaysia for Mubadala Petroleum, which is fully owned by Abu Dhabi-based state fund Mubadala Investment Company that holds assets worth over $125 billion. The company plans to build an Integrated Central Processing Platform (ICPP) consisting of an eight-legged jacket designed for natural gas throughput of 550 million cubic feet per day plus condensate to be located in water depths of about 108 meters (354 feet), Mubadala said. The output will be sent through a new 38-inch subsea pipeline tying in to an existing offshore network and subsequently to the onshore Malaysia LNG (liquefied natural gas) plant in Bintulu, the company said. Separately, Sapura Energy Bhd, Malaysia’s largest oil and gas services company, said it won the contract from Mubadala Petroleum to undertake the engineering, procurement, construction, installation and commissioning works for the Pegaga gas field.

    Source: Reuters

    INTERNATIONAL: COAL

    Poland's biggest miner PGG expects small rise in 2018 coal output

    26 March. Poland’s biggest mining firm, state-run PGG, expects its coal output to rise slightly this year from around 30 million tonnes in 2017, the company’s Chief Executive Tomasz Rogala said. PGG, which accounts for about half of the amount of thermal coal produced in Poland, missed its original 2017 output target of 32 million tonnes after cost-cutting led to lower investment.

    Source: Reuters

    Indonesian coal firm Atlas Resources sues Noble Group for $260 million

    23 March. Indonesia’s PT Atlas Resources has filed a $260 million lawsuit against Singapore-listed commodity trader Noble Group and its chief executive, accusing them of giving false information, the coal company said. Atlas Resources said that it filed a suit against Noble’s chief executive William James Randall, Noble Group, and Noble Resources International in the Central Jakarta court for unlawful acts related to sales of three of Atlas Resources’ subsidiaries. Indonesian coal is the biggest remaining commodity that Noble trades. Atlas Resources is an Indonesian coal company operating on the islands of Sumatra, Kalimantan and Papua. It had total sales of just below 300,000 tonnes in 2016. Its total assets as of September 2017 were worth $336 million.

    Source: Reuters

    Kosovo's coal-fired power plant unit returns online

    23 March. Kosovo power utility KEK said a 270 MW unit of its Kosovo B coal-fired power plant had returned online after an unexpected outage late forced electricity distributor KESCO to start planned power cuts. Kosovo’s energy system has been under pressure since the beginning of March when European grid lobby ENTSO-E detected that Kosovo had been sapping power from the European network between mid-January and March, while Serbia, which is in charge of balancing Kosovo’s grid, had failed to fill the gap. Although they signed a deal on operating their grids in 2015, it has never been enacted. Serbs in the north of Kosovo, who do not recognise its institutions, refuse to pay the Kosovo grid operator. Kosovo relies on coal for most of its power generation. It has 880 MW of installed capacity at two aging coal-fired power plants and 35 MW of installed capacity at hydropower plants.

    Source: Reuters

    Rio Tinto to sell Queensland coal asset to Whitehaven for $200 million

    22 March. Rio Tinto is to sell its 75 percent stake in a Queensland project to Australia’s Whitehaven Coal for $200 million, in its second deal to shed coal assets. Rio is also in the process of selling its remaining Australian coal asset - a stake in the Kestrel underground mine. The deal, subject to Australian regulatory approvals, is broken down into $150 million payable to Rio Tinto by Whitehaven on the date of completion and a further unconditional payment of $50 million payable a year later. Whitehaven Coal said it would fund the purchase with cash and existing facilities and it was expected to conclude in the second quarter. Glencore, the world’s biggest shipper of export grade coal, has also said it expects to continue to find value in high quality coal. Rio Tinto announced it had agreed to sell to Glencore the Hail Creek coal mine and Valeria coal project in Australia for $1.7 billion.

    Source: Reuters

    INTERNATIONAL: POWER

    French utility EDF to invest $9.9 billion in power storage business

    27 March. French utility EDF plans to invest €8 billion ($9.94 billion) between 2018 and 2035 to become a European market leader in electricity storage. EDF said it aimed to become a French and European market leader, offering storage batteries for customers in the retail power sector. EDF’s investment in power storage will focus on boosting the resilience of power grids, on individual storage for retail customers with solar panels, and on off-grid solar plus storage systems in Africa, notably in Ghana and Ivory Coast. In the coming two years, EDF’s New Business division also plans to invest some €15 million - about a third of its investments - in projects and startups linked to power storage and flexibility.

    Source: Reuters

    ABB bags contract to upgrade two HVDC transmission links in Australia

    27 March. ABB has been awarded a contract to upgrade two vital high-voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission links in Australia to secure future power reliability and energy exchange. Under the $30 million contract, ABB will replace the control and protection systems for Murraylink and Directlink HVDC transmission links with the latest ABB Ability MACH control system. The MACH control and protection solution, which acts like the brain of the HVDC transmission system, is designed to monitor, control and protect the sophisticated technology in the converter stations in order to ensure power security and reliability and efficiency. The 220 MW Murraylink HVDC interconnector connects the Riverland region in South Australia and Sunraysia region in Victoria through converter stations at Red Cliffs in Victoria and Berri in South Australia. ABB said that the underground cables were selected for Murraylink link to minimise visual and environmental impact. The 180 MW Directlink underground connects the New South Wales and Queensland electrical grids in Australia. The two transmission links, which were installed by ABB nearly two decades ago, will be upgraded to further improve power and grid reliability, and extend the operational life.

    Source: Energy Business Review

    Elia to buy stake in German transmission system operator 50Hertz for $1.2 billion

    26 March. Belgian transmission system operator Elia System Operator has announced its decision to exercise its pre-emption right to increase stake in German high-voltage energy network operator 50Hertz Transmission for €976.5 million ($1.2 billion). Elia will acquire an additional 20% stake in Eurogrid International SCRL, the holding company of 50Hertz, from Australian infrastructure fund IFM Investors. Elia said that the acquisition is part of its investment plan in grid infrastructure in Belgium and Germany to support energy transition in Europe. Elia purchased 60% stake in 50Hertz in 2010 from Swedish utility Vattenfall for an €486 million. Elia plans to fully implement previously agreed investment plans valued at €2.3 billion in Belgium and €3.3 billion in Germany over the next five years.

    Source: Energy Business Review

    'Plan B' for Eletrobras distributors includes liquidation

    23 March. Brazil may pursue a “plan B” for six power distribution companies owned by state-controlled utility Eletrobras if they are not privatised by June, which could include liquidating the companies. An “extreme” alternative being worked on in parallel to the privatisation plan would liquidate the distributors and have power regulator ANEEL hold new auctions for power distribution licenses in the regions where they operate, the ministry of mines and energy said.

    Source: Reuters

    Canada’s $1.6 billion Wataynikaneyap power transmission project secures funding

    23 March. The Government of Canada and the Government of Ontario have granted $1.6 billion funding to support the construction of the proposed Wataynikaneyap Power Transmission Line project. Intended to connect 17 remote First Nations communities in Northwestern Ontario to Ontario’s power grid, the project is 51% owned by 22 First Nation communities, while Fortis owns the remaining 49% interest. The project is being developed by Wataynikaneyap Power, a licensed transmission company, regulated by the Ontario Energy Board (OEB). Wataynikaneyap Power will develop and operate approximately 1,800 kilometre (km) of 230 kilovolt (kV), 115 kV, and 44 kV power lines in Northwestern Ontario in order to connect remote First Nations communities to the provincial electricity grid and provide access to clean, reliable and affordable electricity. The project’s first phase of 300 km transmission line from Red Lake to Pikangikum is fully funded by the Canadian government. It is planned to be complete by the end of 2018. The next two phases of the project are subject to receipt of all necessary regulatory approvals, including the leave-to-construct approvals from the OEB, and are scheduled for commissioning by the end of 2020 and 2023, respectively. Upon completion, the Wataynikaneyap Power Grid Connection Project is expected to be the largest indigenous-led and indigenous-owned infrastructure project in Ontario.

    Source: Energy Business Review

    French power generation reduced by over 3 GW due to strike

    22 March. A nationwide strike has reduced French electricity generation by over 3 GW as gas and electricity sector workers join rail and public sector workers in a protest against planned reforms. French grid operator RTE said power production has been cut at French nuclear, coal and oil-fired generation plants totalling over 3 GW.

    Source: Reuters

    ADB offers $260 million loan to expand Pakistan’s power transmission network

    21 March. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has signed a $260 million loan agreement with the Government of Pakistan to help improve the country’s power transmission network. The loan agreement is part of the Second Power Transmission Enhancement Investment Program, which aims to improve coverage, reliability, transparency, and quality of the power transmission service in Pakistan. The funding will be used to expand the 220 kilovolt (kV) transmission network in Sindh and Balochistan provinces as well as to upgrade the supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) and revenue metering systems (RMS) in the country. Modernizing the SCADA and RMS across the national grid is expected to allow real time monitoring and control of the grid while preventing losses, reducing power outages, and increasing grid stability and capacity. The upgrade of power transmission network is also expected to help offtake power from new and renewable power plants to the national grid as well as on the load centers, thus enhancing energy security in the country.

    Source: Energy Business Review


    INTERNATIONAL: NON-FOSSIL FUELS/ CLIMATE CHANGE TRENDS

    China meets 2020 carbon target ahead of schedule

    27 March. China met its 2020 carbon intensity target three years ahead of schedule last year. China, the world’s biggest energy consumer, cut its 2005 carbon intensity level, or the amount of climate-warming carbon dioxide it produces per unit of economic growth, by 46 percent in 2017. China originally promised to cut its 2005 carbon intensity by 40 percent to 45 percent. The pledge, first made in 2009, was included in the country’s commitments to the international community ahead of negotiations for a new global climate pact in Paris in 2015. However, China struggled to honour another promise to establish a nationwide emissions cap and trade system by 2017, with the scheme delayed by technical problems, including the reliability of emissions data. The country eventually settled for a scaled-back scheme involving only the power sector, which was launched in December last year. But the issue has been complicated by the decision, made at this year’s full session of parliament, to transfer responsibility for climate change and carbon emissions to an expanded Ministry of Ecology and Environment. It was previously under the remit of the state planning agency, the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC).

    Source: Reuters

    Dutch government plans 7 GW in new offshore wind energy

    March 27, 2018. The Dutch government said it will allow five new offshore wind turbine farms capable of producing 7 GW of electricity in the 2024 to 2030 period. The Netherlands is lagging other European countries in renewable energy investments and has launched a programme to speed up renewable energy projects, including tenders to build 4.5 GW of offshore wind farm capacity in the period up to 2023. The Dutch government has capped the amount of gas that can be produced from its offshore Groningen field because of related earthquakes and wants to continue winding down output as part of its emissions-cutting plan. Once completed, the Netherlands will have 11.5 GW of offshore wind capacity, enough to meet 40 percent of the country’s electricity needs, the government said. The news follows the announcement last week that Sweden’s Vattenfall had won a contract to build a 700 MW wind farm off the Dutch coast without receiving any subsidy.

    Source: Reuters

    China draws up plans to promote standardisation in electric vehicles

    March 27, 2018. China said it will work to improve levels of standardisation in its electric vehicle industry - a sector it is aggressively promoting to help combat smog and to position the country as a leading car-making giant in the future. This year its standardisation efforts will focus on recharging, battery design and fuel consumption, the industry ministry said. China will also work to promote its own standards and benchmarks for electric and plug-in electric vehicles overseas, taking advantage of economies of scale to become a global leader in standardisation, it said. Beijing is seeking to engineer a dramatic shift away from conventional gasoline cars with strict production quotas for the so-called new energy vehicles (NEVs), prompting a flurry of deals as both foreign and domestic automakers race to ensure they do not fall short. Some 777,000 NEVs were sold in China in 2017, a jump of 53 percent on the year and the most sold in any one country. Beijing aims to bring annual sales to 2 million units by 2020. China has already drawn up more than 100 technological benchmarks relating to electric vehicles but lack of standardisation has been identified as one of the major challenges facing the sector. Some local governments have even set different requirements to restrict firms from other regions from accessing their markets.

    Source: Reuters

    ADB provides $175.3 million to support SERD’s geothermal project in Indonesia

    26 March. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) will provide $175.3 million loan to PT Supreme Energy Rantau Dedap (SERD) to support development of the second phase of the company's geothermal power project in South Sumatra Province, Indonesia. The bank has signed the loan agreement for the 90 MW Rantau Dedap project, which is being developed by SERD, a joint venture between Indonesian company PT Supreme Energy, Japan’s Marubeni and Tohoku Electric Power and French utility Engie. Planned to be commissioned by 2021, the Rantau Dedap geothermal facilities will have capacity to power up to 130,000 homes, create jobs, and avoid over 400,000 tons of CO2 emissions annually. Additionally, ADB will administer extra financing provided by the Clean Technology Fund (CTF). With a total potential of about 29,000 MW, Indonesia is claimed to hold about 40% of the world’s geothermal reserves. The country’s geothermal resource is expected to contribute to its efforts to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 29% by 2030.

    Source: Energy Business Review

    US withdraws from wind energy power line project

    24 March. The United States (US) Department of Energy withdrew from a 2016 agreement to partner with a private developer on a more than 700 mile transmission line that would have delivered wind power from blustery Oklahoma to Tennessee and beyond. The termination of the deal between DOE and Houston-based Clean Line Energy Partners was mutual. Clean Line’s proposed $2.2 billion Plains & Eastern transmission line was under development for eight years but faced substantial opposition from landowners in Arkansas, who objected to having power lines strung along 200-foot-high towers on their properties. The project also failed to line up a contract with the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) to buy the wind energy it would transmit. Last year, TVA said it did not see a need for energy from the Clean Line project, noting its commercial customers were more interested in solar power generated locally.

    Source: Reuters

    Britain blocks plans for new coal mine on climate grounds

    23 March. Britain has rejected plans for a new open cast coal mine in northeastern England, as it could hamper efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and curb climate change, the minister for local government, Sajid Javid, said. Supporters of the project had said it could bring much needed jobs to the region, while environmental campaigners said it would go against Britain’s commitment to reduce greenhouse gases. Britain plans to phase-out coal use at its power stations by 2025 as a part of its efforts to meet its climate targets, and is part of an international alliance pushing other countries to do the same. The company said the project could employ 100 people and generate almost 50 million pounds ($70.43 million) in related contracts and other benefits to the community. Environmentalists had criticised the plans, saying it would destroy an area of natural beauty and that extracting more coal is at odds with international pledges to reduce greenhouse gas emissions under the Paris climate pact. Britain has a legally binding target to cut emissions of harmful greenhouse gases, such as those produced by fossil-fuel-based power plants, by 80 percent from 1990 levels by 2050. It has also signed up to the international Paris agreement to curb emissions.

    Source: Reuters

    EU faces biodiesel import surge after anti-dumping duty ends

    23 March. The European Union (EU)’s removal of duties on low-price biodiesel from Argentina and Indonesia could mean a surge in EU imports forcing European producers to cut production in coming months, Claus Sauter, chief executive of German biofuels producer Verbio AG, said. The EU has removed duties on biodiesel imports for 13 Argentine and Indonesian producers following the end of legal proceedings at the European Court of Justice. The bloc set anti-dumping duties on imports of the renewable fuel from the two countries in 2013, but faced a series of legal challenges at the European Court of Justice and the World Trade Organization. Both bodies ruled against the EU measures. US (United States) agribusiness group Archer Daniels Midland Company said it would suspend production at a biodiesel plant in Germany because of increasing imports of cheap biodiesel into the EU. The EU’s biodiesel market is about 12 million tonnes a year, mostly for blending with fossil diesel to achieve EU environmental protection targets. Argentine biodiesel from soyoil and Indonesian from palm oil is unsuitable for winter use and would be sold only for use for the low-frost period starting in April.

    Source: Reuters

    Saudi Arabia has options if US walks from nuclear power deal

    23 March. Saudi Arabia has international partners it can work with if the United States (US) walks away from a potential deal on nuclear power technology over concerns about nuclear proliferation, the kingdom’s Energy Minister Khalid al-Falih said. US Energy Secretary Rick Perry has been quietly working with Saudi Arabia on a civilian nuclear agreement that could allow the kingdom to enrich uranium and reprocess plutonium, technologies that nonproliferation advocates worry could one day be covertly altered to produce fissile material for nuclear weapons. The kingdom is also in talks with companies from Russia, China, South Korea and other countries as the race to build two reactors in Saudi Arabia heats up. Saudi Arabia has said it needs nuclear power to move away from burning crude oil to generate electricity and to diversify its economy. Its cabinet approved a national policy program that limits nuclear activities to peaceful purposes. Perry hopes Saudi Arabia will buy nuclear power technology from US companies, including Westinghouse, which went into Chapter 11 bankruptcy this year and abandoned plans to build two advanced AP1000 reactors in the US. Some nuclear analysts believe it is unlikely that the Saudis would choose to work with Russia because it has partnerships with nuclear projects in Iran.

    Source: Reuters

    UK offshore wind industry targets 30 GW capacity by 2030

    22 March. The UK offshore wind industry is considering to work with the UK (United Kingdom) government on a transformative sector deal with an aim to increase the installed offshore wind capacity from the current 13 GW to 30 GW by 2030. The UK offshore wind industry’s new ambition, along with the UK government’s Clean Growth Strategy, is expected to help in contributing in producing one third of the country’s total electricity from offshore wind by 2030. Baroness Brown of Cambridge, who is the UK low carbon business ambassador and vice-chair of the Committee on Climate Change, will lead the Sector’s engagement with the UK government on behalf of the offshore wind industry. As part of this goal, the industry aims to invest £48 billion in energy infrastructure which is expected to result in 9% reduction in overall electricity system costs. The growing global offshore wind market, which is expected to reach over £30 billion per annum by 2030, is likely to present huge export opportunities for the UK, RenewableUK said.

    Source: Energy Business Review

    Macron pushes for EU minimum price for carbon

    22 March. Europe must set a minimum price for carbon, French President Emmanuel Macron said, something that would require a new tax on imports from non-EU (European Union) countries that are not doing enough to tackle climate change. Since his election in May, Macron has championed policies to combat climate change, putting him at odds with President Donald Trump who pulled the United States out of the 2015 Paris Climate accord. Macron reiterated that France would increase the price of carbon emitted there to 84 euros per tonne in 2022 from €44 this year. But he said the carbon trading market was not working efficiently at the European level. Such a minimum price would incentivise greener investments, but would need to be accompanied by a tax on goods from countries beyond Europe’s borders who do not “make the same environmental choices”, he said. Macron also said there should be a target for EU budget spending to help a transition to a green economy and no EU spending should be “hostile” to the environment.

    Source: Reuters

    Enel’s 180 MW Rubi solar power plant in Peru enters operations

    22 March. Enel Green Power Peru (EGPP), a subsidiary of Enel has commenced operations at the 180 MW Rubi solar power plant, built with an investment of $170 million in Peru. Enel invested around $170 million in the construction of Rubi, as part of the investments outlined in the company’s current strategic plan. The project, which is located in the city of Moquegua in Peru’s Mariscal Nieto province, is financed in part through Enel Group’s own resources and in part by the European Investment Bank. Upon completion of the other two projects awarded in the tender alongside Rubi, which are the 132 MW Wayra I wind farm and the 20 MW Ayanunga hydro facility, EGPP will become Peru’s main renewable energy player, as well as the only company in the country operating plants with three different renewables technologies. Enel Green Power, the renewable energies division of the Enel Group, is dedicated to the development and operation of renewables across the world, with a presence in Europe, the Americas, Asia, Africa and Oceania.

    Source: Energy Business Review

    ADB signs $250 million loan deal for China geothermal heating

    22 March. Asia Development Bank (ADB) said it would provide a $250 million loan to Sinopec Green Energy Geothermal Company and Iceland’s Arctic Green Energy Corp to develop clean geothermal heat in smog-prone northern China. Geothermal energy, mainly derived from hot underground springs, generates a quarter of Iceland’s electricity. China had planned to develop geothermal energy in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei belt as part of its anti-smog campaign, the country said. The levels of utilised geothermal resources amounted to around 21 million tonnes of standard coal last year. Coal-fired winter heating has been a major source of air pollution in the region, and an ambitious program to convert more than 5.5 million households from coal to cleaner-burning natural gas ran into difficulties late last year as a result of gas shortages and infrastructure failures. China has been looking at other alternative sources of heating in the region and is hoping to make use of nuclear power, with plans to deploy small-scale “district heating reactors” soon.

    Source: Reuters

    DATA INSIGHT

    Scenario of LPG Domestic Consumers in India

    Type

    LPG Domestic Connections (in Million)

    (As on 01.03.2018)

    IOCBPCLHPCLTotal PSUs
    Registered1266668260
    Active1045761221

    State-wise Domestic LPG Connections (As on 01.01.2018)

    Source: Petroleum Planning & Analysis Cell


    Publisher: Baljit Kapoor

    Editorial Adviser: Lydia Powell

    Editor: Akhilesh Sati

    Content Development: Vinod Kumar Tomar

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