Research has shown that more than 50 percent of loss in development in Afghanistan is due to low education of women, poor health outcomes, and limited participation of women in the workforce. Gender equality is a core aspect of sustainable development, extremely difficult to achieve in a country like Afghanistan, burdened by conflict and patriarchy. The return of the Taliban threatens to reverse the small gains that were achieved over the last two decades. What will be the future of Afghan women? Is there a role for the international community in supporting the rights of women in Afghanistan?