Search: For - weapons

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A Future without Nuclear Weapons
Nov 09, 2011

A Future without Nuclear Weapons

The elimination of nuclear weapons is a pre-condition for peace in the 21st century. This was the key message delivered by the Hon'ble Senator Douglas Roche, renowned campaigner for nuclear disarmament in his address to Indian experts at the ORF campus in New Delhi.

A joint India-Pakistan initiative on the humanitarian impact of nuclear weapons
May 06, 2017

A joint India-Pakistan initiative on the humanitarian impact of nuclear weapons

India and Pakistan could demonstrate their responsible stewardship of nuclear weapons by launching a bilateral initiative on HINW.

A new class of zero days and autonomous weapons systems
Nov 12, 2018

A new class of zero days and autonomous weapons systems

What if there was a new class of zero days on the horizon? What if, even if it was a known zero day, it wouldn’t necessarily be able to be patched,

Amidst calls for a ban, India leads the debate on Lethal Autonomous Weapons
Nov 29, 2017

Amidst calls for a ban, India leads the debate on Lethal Autonomous Weapons

At a decisive meeting on the future of LAWS, countries such as Pakistan and Cuba have called for a pre-emptive ban, while others like US, Germany and Russia disagree.

Are Nuclear Weapons Gaining New Salience in National Security Strategies?
Jun 18, 2021

Are Nuclear Weapons Gaining New Salience in National Security Strategies?

Nuclear states are clearly planning for the long-term future of their nuclear capabilities.

ASAT weapons: A real threat to the future of Space
Oct 11, 2022

ASAT weapons: A real threat to the future of Space

Counterspace capabilities such as ASAT weapons have been criticised for accentuating regional insecurities rather than diminishing the threats faced b

Assault weapons for the Indian Army and BrahMos Export: India must build on gains
Jan 27, 2022

Assault weapons for the Indian Army and BrahMos Export: India must build on gains

India would have to make the best use of the India-Russia joint venture by producing, improving, and inducting the new weapons into the Indian Armed F

Beyond the ‘Lethal’ in lethal autonomous weapons: Applications of LAWS in theatres of conflict for middle powers
Dec 21, 2018

Beyond the ‘Lethal’ in lethal autonomous weapons: Applications of LAWS in theatres of conflict for middle powers

Even as Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems (LAWS) promise to revolutionise the battlefield, very little analysis moves beyond the great powers to examine the interests that middle powers may have in these systems. Shaped by their own geostrategic contexts, demographic issues and geography challenges, countries like India, South Korea, Indonesia or the Philippines may find utility in LAWS for improving the efficiency of their forces, reducing both

Biological Weapons and Biosecurity - Lessons from the COVID19 war
May 10, 2020

Biological Weapons and Biosecurity - Lessons from the COVID19 war

In the second of a two-part series on how the Covid-19 pandemic has thrown open doubts on biosecurity, Ambassador Lakshmi Puri writes on how internati

Biological weapons and biosecurity — Lessons from the COVID-19 war
May 09, 2020

Biological weapons and biosecurity — Lessons from the COVID-19 war

In the first of a two-part series on how the COVID-19 pandemic has raised consciousness about the dangers of biological warfare Ambassador Puri writes

Cash for weapons: Battered Nepal's 'amnesty' offer
Feb 18, 2004

Cash for weapons: Battered Nepal's 'amnesty' offer

The Nepalese government¿s offer of surrender and rehabilitation to Maoist insurgents¿announced by Foreign Minister Kamal Thapa on December 18, 2003¿¿whose deadline concluded on the eve of the eighth anniversary of the Maoist ¿People¿s War¿, on February 12, 2004, has met with partial success.

China acquiring weapons that can target US systems: US scholar
May 11, 2011

China acquiring weapons that can target US systems: US scholar

China has avoided taking up regional and global responsibilities despite the United States' basic policy and efforts to make it a responsible stakeholder in the international community and help it take its rightful place as a global power, according to US scholar Dr Michael Auslin.

Civil society and nuclear weapons policy
Jan 15, 2015

Civil society and nuclear weapons policy

At a conference on "Civil Society and Nuclear Weapons Policy", organised by ORF and Chatham House in Bangkok, there was a general consensus among participants that the emphasis should be given on raising awareness on the various hazardous impacts of the nuclear weapons explosion, especially in the nuclear weapons states.

Deconstructing Pakistan's Command and Control ? Tactical Nuclear Weapons
Oct 13, 2014

Deconstructing Pakistan's Command and Control ? Tactical Nuclear Weapons

Development and production of tactical nuclear weapons (TNWs) by Pakistan has increased the level of tensions in South Asia, though it has, in an attempt to ease global concerns over its development of TNWs, has assured that its top leadership will continue to have complete control over its TNWs if deployed.

Future of Nuclear Weapons
Dec 29, 2007

Future of Nuclear Weapons

Mr L V Krishnan, a Nuclear Scientist who had worked with the Department of Atomic Energy, Government of India, gave a presentation on the 'Future of Nuclear Weapons', at an Interaction in the ORF Chennai Chapter of the Observer Research Foundation on 29 December 2007.

Gearing up for space wars: on America's plans to build space weapons
Jul 02, 2018

Gearing up for space wars: on America's plans to build space weapons

The implications of the American plans for a space weapons corps are still unclear

How hypersonic weapons are redefining warfare
May 02, 2024

How hypersonic weapons are redefining warfare

Given the growing relevance of hypersonic weapons, India needs to accelerate its efforts in their development and in the deterrence of these weapons.

Is South Korea Considering Nuclear Weapons?
Jan 31, 2023

Is South Korea Considering Nuclear Weapons?

Whether South Korea builds a nuclear bomb on its own or not, nuclear weapons are gaining greater importance in the national security thinking of many states in the Indo-Pacific.

Lethal Autonomous Dragon: China’s approach to artificial intelligence weapons
Nov 15, 2017

Lethal Autonomous Dragon: China’s approach to artificial intelligence weapons

China does not want to be at the receiving end of a technological asymmetry in what may very well be the conventional approach to war in the future. I

Machine-driven weapons need an international system of accountability
Feb 22, 2019

Machine-driven weapons need an international system of accountability

In the absence of clear norms on human accountability and attribution for autonomous weapons, we could see states like Pakistan deploy LAWS for operations outside their borders.

Maldives President sacks Defence Minister after police recover weapons
Jan 22, 2015

Maldives President sacks Defence Minister after police recover weapons

In Maldives, a midnight police break-in and alleged yet uncontested seizure of 'dangerous weapons' from Defence Minister Mohamed Nazim's residence has led to his unceremonious replacement by Maj-Gen (Retd) Moosa Ali Jaleel, until then High Commissioner to Pakistan.

Moscow swaps food for weapons with North Korea
Apr 14, 2023

Moscow swaps food for weapons with North Korea

Russia’s increasing dependence on other heavily sanctioned countries like North Korea exposes the Russian defence industry’s inability to meet its

Proliferation of IS produced weapons: How it made its own military industrial complex
Apr 10, 2019

Proliferation of IS produced weapons: How it made its own military industrial complex

Particularly important to weapons’ innovations are individual factors; to successfully innovate a group must have access to individuals with the kno

Pulwama terror attack, nuclear weapons and the India-Pakistan conflict dyad
Feb 18, 2019

Pulwama terror attack, nuclear weapons and the India-Pakistan conflict dyad

India must consider military retaliation, as further inaction will only go on to reinforce Pakistan’s nuclear deterrence.

Reevaluating Bioweapons Amid Global Political Fragility
Jan 04, 2023

Reevaluating Bioweapons Amid Global Political Fragility

Unstable political systems, ineffectual international organisations, and unprecedented technological advancements have created a global environment that can enable the development and deployment of bioweapons. New-age bioweapons could be used for more than just as weapons of mass destruction. This necessitates a new approach to mitigate risks by staying apace with technological development. India must take a leadership position at the Biological

Setting the guardrails for AI in weapons
Jan 30, 2024

Setting the guardrails for AI in weapons

Any governance of Artificial Intelligence (AI) needs to consider the deadliest applications of AI

Syrian Chemical Weapons:The Danger Within
May 11, 2023

Syrian Chemical Weapons:The Danger Within

The Syrian case is a unique one. A country with a WMD-armed country has never witnessed civil strife before. The active involvement of terror groups like Hezbollah, Hamas and al-Qaeda in Iraq coupled with the weakening hold of the Assad regime over large swathes of the country makes the situation grim.

The Indian Army: Emerging technologies and weapons platforms
Jan 12, 2022

The Indian Army: Emerging technologies and weapons platforms

Artificial Intelligence and Cyber technologies will augment the existing traditional combat platforms rather than rendering them obsolete  

The Limits of Military Coercion in Halting Iran’s Nuclear Weapons Programme
Aug 06, 2021

The Limits of Military Coercion in Halting Iran’s Nuclear Weapons Programme

Israel believes that the use of force is essential to stopping Iran from making the nuclear bomb. A vocal section of the strategic affairs community in the United States agrees with the proposition. This brief argues that military means are unlikely to sabotage the nuclear weapons programme of an advanced-stage bomb-seeker like Iran. Moreover, use of force could be counterproductive as it can incentivise Iran’s pursuit of the bomb, and it may e

The need for African centrality in the Lethal Autonomous Weapons debate
Apr 08, 2019

The need for African centrality in the Lethal Autonomous Weapons debate

LAWS are transforming into an arena of geopolitical and strategic competition while also reflecting the same inequalities that have characterised tech

Towards policy clarity on Autonomous Weapons Systems
May 24, 2023

Towards policy clarity on Autonomous Weapons Systems

Policy clarity is needed to deal with the idea of a weapons system that surrenders life-and-death decisions to machines. ICRC is an independent humanitarian organisation set up in 1863, that has been playing an active part in discussions around the subject of AWS

Treaty on the prohibition of nuclear weapons set to enter into force
Nov 05, 2020

Treaty on the prohibition of nuclear weapons set to enter into force

On January 22, 2021 the TPNW will enter into force. But will it matter?

What are India’s plans for directed energy weapons?
Sep 25, 2020

What are India’s plans for directed energy weapons?

DEWs are yet to be deployed by any country’s military, but are widely seen as a critical part of future warfare.

When AI crosses the line: The impending threat of Autonomous Weapons Systems
May 06, 2024

When AI crosses the line: The impending threat of Autonomous Weapons Systems

AI has sparked heavy investment in military R&D, notably in Autonomous Weapons Systems (AWS), prompting urgent global debate on the accompanying e

Why autonomous weapons should not be banned
Dec 16, 2017

Why autonomous weapons should not be banned

While it is legitimate to question the ethics and rules surrounding autonomous weapons, the idea that their development will necessarily usher in an apocalyptic future may not be accurate

Why Belarus wants to host Russian tactical weapons
Apr 04, 2023

Why Belarus wants to host Russian tactical weapons

Belarus is willing to host Russia’s tactical nukes as NATO considers expanding presence in Eastern Europe

Why India's military isn’t getting the weapons it needs
Aug 06, 2020

Why India's military isn’t getting the weapons it needs

New Delhi's labyrinthine procurement organization is an obstacle to the country's national security. And the external security threats that India confronts, especially that from Beijing, will not miraculously disappear.

#ASAT एंटी सैटेलाइट हथियार: अंतरिक्ष के भविष्य के लिए असली ख़तरा
Oct 27, 2022

#ASAT एंटी सैटेलाइट हथियार: अंतरिक्ष के भविष्य के लिए असली ख़तरा

अंतरिक्ष में दुश्मन को नुक़सान पहुंचाने वाली ताक़त, जैसे

#ASAT एंटी सैटेलाइट हथियार: अंतरिक्ष के भविष्य के लिए असली ख़तरा
Oct 27, 2022

#ASAT एंटी सैटेलाइट हथियार: अंतरिक्ष के भविष्य के लिए असली ख़तरा

अंतरिक्ष में दुश्मन को नुक़सान पहुंचाने वाली ताक़त, जैसे

A balance of forces: The very meaning of ‘victory’ and ‘defeat’ in a war has changed. Ask the Americans
Feb 01, 2020

A balance of forces: The very meaning of ‘victory’ and ‘defeat’ in a war has changed. Ask the Americans

Even short of nuclear war, it is open to debate if India, the preponderant South Asian military power, has the capacity to beat Pakistan at this juncture.

A conceptual analysis of Sino-Indian space deterrence and space warfighting
Apr 24, 2017

A conceptual analysis of Sino-Indian space deterrence and space warfighting

This paper evaluates the importance of a space military strategy for India against China. It argues that in light of China’s advances in space weapons, New Delhi needs to seriously consider developing at least a limited menu of space weapons and integrate them into India’s defence posture. It draws on conceptual literature on nuclear deterrence, air power and sea power to show that space weapons, at least some variants, are usable military in

A new churn in the Indo-Pacific
Sep 18, 2021

A new churn in the Indo-Pacific

Will the growing security partnership between Australia, US and UK strengthen Indo-Pacific security or loosen the bonds with another key player, Franc

A new Cold War
Mar 06, 2018

A new Cold War

Both the US and Russia have been developing a range of new weapons over the past decade and a half — recent developments have prompted the Russians to highlight their “achievements”.