Search: For - urbanisation

193 results found

Did urban issues resonate in the 2019 polls?
May 20, 2019

Did urban issues resonate in the 2019 polls?

What is missing in most manifestos is a coherent and comprehensive vision backed by a workable strategy to address the challenges that India’s growi

Engendering India’s burgeoning cities
Dec 05, 2016

Engendering India’s burgeoning cities

Mainstreaming gender in urbanisation can be a useful tool in understanding and tackling exclusionary growth and access to resources in urban spaces more generally.

Enhancing Access to Urban Climate Finance: Learnings from Four Cities in India
May 22, 2024

Enhancing Access to Urban Climate Finance: Learnings from Four Cities in India

This brief discusses the challenges faced by urban local bodies (ULBs) in India in accessing urban climate finance (UCF), and proposes solutions based on successful strategies used by some of them. The hurdles include institutional barriers and limited capacity. The brief finds that ULBs that have met with success in accessing UCF overcame the obstacles through early sensitisation programmes and global network connections. It offers plausible sol

Enhancing population health: India's policies and programmes
Apr 05, 2024

Enhancing population health: India's policies and programmes

India is prioritising access to affordable, high-quality healthcare services through recent government policies, reflecting a strong commitment to hea

Financially empowering urban local bodies to get India’s cities up and running
Jun 14, 2018

Financially empowering urban local bodies to get India’s cities up and running

The role of the State Finance Commissions between States and local bodies is supposed to mimic the role of Finance Commissions between the Centre and

Food security in China and its role in pushing the G20 Agenda
May 10, 2023

Food security in China and its role in pushing the G20 Agenda

Though China has significantly reduced the rate of malnutrition, the country still faces challenges in ensuring food security

Formulating open-space policies for India’s cities: The case of Mumbai
Apr 22, 2020

Formulating open-space policies for India’s cities: The case of Mumbai

Over the past decade, Mumbai’s civil society has raised concerns over the way in which the municipal corporation appears to be prioritising rapid development at the cost of the city’s public space. Indeed, the city has lost significant areas of its open spaces owing to various reasons, among them archaic policies, unrealistic goals, and the labyrinthine division of power and jurisdiction between the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation and othe

Frailty in the concrete jungle: Why are the urban poor more vulnerable to multimorbidities?
Jun 26, 2023

Frailty in the concrete jungle: Why are the urban poor more vulnerable to multimorbidities?

Low-income groups are more susceptible to multimorbidities due to unequal access to healthcare in urban areas

Getting to the Green Frontier
Jan 26, 2022

Getting to the Green Frontier

The Indian government’s commitment to pursuing low-carbon development is evident in its ambitious targets and path-breaking climate initiatives

Guiding peri-urban transformation
Feb 07, 2022

Guiding peri-urban transformation

The rapid urbanisation of peri-urban areas across India requires targeted and planned intervention to allow cities to grow in a sustainable manner

Hastening rural to urban migration: A national imperative
May 19, 2023

Hastening rural to urban migration: A national imperative

It is abundantly clear that India’s urbanisation needs serious conceptual and financial inputs if it has to be pushed into the fast-track lane

Indian cities and floods
Oct 22, 2019

Indian cities and floods

There is a need to look at city bariatrics — and articulate policies that disincentivise demographic density towards better urban sustainability.

India’s Enduring Urban Housing Shortage: The Case for Upgrading Informal Settlements
Jul 23, 2023

India’s Enduring Urban Housing Shortage: The Case for Upgrading Informal Settlements

In 2015, the Indian government launched the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana-Urban (PMAY-U) as a response to the perennial challenge of shortage in urban housing. As of June 2021, 11.2 million houses have been sanctioned under PMAY-U, of which 4.8 million have been completed. However, various analyses indicate that PMAY-U dwellings may be insufficient in quantity, and that some of them may be either unaffordable or unviable for those who need them the

India’s urban reality
Sep 09, 2019

India’s urban reality

Unless India takes up urban planning with the seriousness it deserves, the future of some of the mega projects of the incumbent government such as the

Integrating paratransit to address India’s urban transport concerns
Mar 28, 2024

Integrating paratransit to address India’s urban transport concerns

Paratransit services have addressed the deficiency in suitable transportation within urban cities, yet policies to regulate this service are still lac

IPEF में भारत का किरदार: देश के मुनाफ़े का लेखाजोखा
Jun 18, 2022

IPEF में भारत का किरदार: देश के मुनाफ़े का लेखाजोखा

IPEF की रूपरेखा में ख़ामियों के बावजूद ये ढांचा भारत को दक्ष

Lopsided development threatens China
Aug 18, 2011

Lopsided development threatens China

Balanced urbanisation and rural development is an urgent requirement in China, if it has to fulfill its goals of sustainable development. For this purpose, budgetary allocations and farmers' support have to be tweaked, along with agricultural modernisation.

Lost in transit: Unified Metropolitan Transport Authority (UMTA)
Jan 08, 2022

Lost in transit: Unified Metropolitan Transport Authority (UMTA)

With metro rail adding one more layer to urban mass transit, an autonomous UMTA is necessary to increase the modal share of public transport in urban

Mainstreaming sustainability outcomes in big infrastructure projects
May 13, 2020

Mainstreaming sustainability outcomes in big infrastructure projects

Urban infrastructure projects using brownfield or greenfield development can cause damage to natural habitats. To achieve the Agenda 2030 goal of “leaving no one behind” while mitigating the destruction of habitats, an integrated approach towards infrastructure development must be adopted. This paper outlines the current paradigms of sustainable infrastructure provision, highlighting how and why sustainability outcomes are overlooked at diffe

Master plan for Delhi – 2041: An opportunity for proposing effective solutions
Oct 29, 2020

Master plan for Delhi – 2041: An opportunity for proposing effective solutions

From 2021, Delhi’s new master plan, for guiding future development during 2021-41, will be applicable. The plan is currently under preparation and i

Master plans and ‘urban dysfunction’: An analysis
Mar 30, 2021

Master plans and ‘urban dysfunction’: An analysis

At the current rate of urbanisation, India would have taken two and a half centuries to urbanise to the current US levels, as against two centuries fo

Municipal finance reforms in South Africa and its applicability for India
May 27, 2019

Municipal finance reforms in South Africa and its applicability for India

It is time that India lays emphasis on changing its approach to urban governance and makes pragmatic changes in its policy books to make its cities fi

ORF-GIZ Urban Workshop Series Affordable and Liveable Housing for the Migrants and Urban Poor
Jul 25, 2013

ORF-GIZ Urban Workshop Series Affordable and Liveable Housing for the Migrants and Urban Poor

The demand for basic needs has outpaced supply in many cities of the world. This fact is observed in the urban housing sector. High economic growth along with urbanisation has created a huge demand for housing, and according to recent estimates, there is a massive shortage of dwelling units in many urban areas of the world.

Pathways towards resilient cities
May 23, 2023

Pathways towards resilient cities

As urbanisation in India ratchets up, cities would need to be more resilient, both environmentally and economically

Preparing Indian Cities for a Shift to E-Mobility
Apr 12, 2021

Preparing Indian Cities for a Shift to E-Mobility

India is driving a transition to e-mobility in a bid to meet its commitments to the Paris climate agreement. Meeting the e-mobility targets will have multiple benefits, including cleaner air, improved health, and a reduced oil import bill. India’s cities will play a key role in achieving the e-mobility transition through planning and the implementation of local policies, but they must first overcome certain challenges. Assistance from the centr

Reconnecting cities with waterfronts: India's path to sustainable waterfronts
Mar 28, 2024

Reconnecting cities with waterfronts: India's path to sustainable waterfronts

To reverse the adverse effects of industrialisation and rapid urbanisation on water bodies, India must implement sufficient and sustainable measures t

Recurring fires in city hospitals
Dec 21, 2021

Recurring fires in city hospitals

The state needs to address the electrical maintenance issue at hospitals to ensure no such future tragedies take place

Refugee resettlement and futuristic planning: Lessons from Saltlake township
Jan 06, 2024

Refugee resettlement and futuristic planning: Lessons from Saltlake township

Given that some of India’s recent urban expansion projects have attracted criticism for poor planning, Saltlake can serve as an Indian model of urba

Senior citizens, cities and city planning
May 22, 2019

Senior citizens, cities and city planning

Cities have not adopted land use, zoning and fiscal policies that encourage and support development tailored to meet the housing and healthcare needs

Social protection to mitigate poverty: Examining the neglect of India’s informal workers
Aug 21, 2023

Social protection to mitigate poverty: Examining the neglect of India’s informal workers

Social protection is crucial in tackling extreme poverty and ensuring equitable development, thus catalysing the transition to a more stable and robust economy. About 50 percent of India’s economy hinges on its informal workers, who comprise 90 percent of the country’s total workforce. Yet, these informal workers continue to be excluded from current social-protection schemes, leaving them with no social or financial safety net and trapping th

Strengthening urban India’s informal economy: The case of street vending
Aug 21, 2023

Strengthening urban India’s informal economy: The case of street vending

Street vending was illegal in urban India for almost six decades until the passage of the Street Vendors Act in 2014. Despite the law having legalised the activity, however, the default policy in most cities across India is to clamp down on street hawkers. Yet street vending remains a viable source of employment for many. As the pace of urbanisation increases across India, it is only likely that a greater number of street traders will contest for

Strengthening water governance in the face of climate change
Mar 21, 2024

Strengthening water governance in the face of climate change

A collective will to integrate climate resilience into urban water governance and embrace innovative management strategies is imperative to secure con

The Contributions of Smart Cities Mission: A Stocktaking
Nov 17, 2023

The Contributions of Smart Cities Mission: A Stocktaking

The Smart Cities Mission in India, launched in 2015, is a unique experiment undertaken with the aim of improving people’s quality of life in cities. It bypasses traditional institutional approaches and employs innovative methods to achieve its targets. This brief provides an overview of the work initiated under the mission since its inception and explores the gains so far. It documents sectoral reforms and conducts a critical appraisal of the m

The Enduring Problem of Illegal Constructions in India’s Cities
Jul 14, 2021

The Enduring Problem of Illegal Constructions in India’s Cities

India’s rising urbanisation in recent years has triggered unbridled construction activities to meet the needs of the growing populations in these cities. Not all of these constructions abide by existing laws, however, leading to adverse consequences on governance systems, the environment, people’s health, transportation services, and overall citizen well-being. In extreme cases, illegal constructions have resulted in loss of lives and propert

The future is in urban India: Talbott
Sep 20, 2006

The future is in urban India: Talbott

India is witnessing a phenomenal increase in urbanisation and it is essential that this process is studied and analysed thoroughly to provide for a better quality of life, said Mr. Strobe Talbott, President of the Brookings Institution, while formally releasing ORF Mumbai Vision 2015: Agenda for Urban Renewal, published by Observer Research Foundation in ORF Mumbai on September 20.

The future of urban mobility: Shared, connected, and electric
Feb 22, 2024

The future of urban mobility: Shared, connected, and electric

Cities of the future must have sustainable mobility baked into the core planning process with the ultimate goal of meeting transport demand in a cost-

The Merits and Demerits of Skyscrapers: Learnings for India
May 05, 2023

The Merits and Demerits of Skyscrapers: Learnings for India

Skyscrapers are typically constructed to meet the housing needs arising from increased urbanisation, but they may also fulfil national ambitions to display economic might. This paper examines the advantages and disadvantages of building skyscrapers to establish key learnings for India.

The mystery of China’s shrinking megacities
May 09, 2018

The mystery of China’s shrinking megacities

In the long⎯term, new cities can adopt a ‘decentralised urbanisation’ approach, where stronger linkages between urban and rural areas should be

The need to rethink skilling India
Dec 07, 2017

The need to rethink skilling India

The Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) must account for the possibility of interstate migration, rapid urbanisation and possible changes in the social fabric as populations react to new job opportunities.

The Pathway to Affordable Housing in Urban India: A Case Study of Mumbai
Apr 25, 2023

The Pathway to Affordable Housing in Urban India: A Case Study of Mumbai

The affordable housing challenge plagues cities across India. Although city administrations have framed various strategies to tackle the issue, weak implementation, flawed policies, and an inherent lack of capacity to find longterm solutions have allowed slums to proliferate as an alternative. This paper examines the affordable housing issue in Greater Mumbai. Since affordability is not absolute but relative to the development stage and income di

The quality of local urban democracy
Aug 08, 2023

The quality of local urban democracy

Given that India is on the path to urbanisation, there is a dire need for governance reforms at the municipal level to ensure that it reaches the qual