Search: For - security threats

34 results found

Common responses to maritime security threats in the Bay of Bengal
Nov 14, 2017

Common responses to maritime security threats in the Bay of Bengal

The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) appears to be gaining momentum in formulating collective strategies to combat non-traditional security threats in the subregion. This brief describes how BIMSTEC had focused on bilateralism or trilateralism from its inception in 1997 until 2015, thereby failing to pursue a more comprehensive and long-term approach to addressing the common threats to their

Cybersecurity threats from online gaming
Aug 04, 2023

Cybersecurity threats from online gaming

There is an urgent need for governments and policymakers around the world to start paying more attention to the gaming industry as cybersecurity threa

Cybersecurity Threats in Online Gaming: Learnings for India
Jan 10, 2024

Cybersecurity Threats in Online Gaming: Learnings for India

This brief examines the rapid growth of the global online gaming industry and the consequent increase in cyber threats. Issues such as microtransactions, money laundering, and predatory practices by developers can stymie the industry’s growth potential if not addressed. Many countries’ current gaming-focused regulatory frameworks do not cover these challenges and will need to be revised. India—a significant gaming market—must also conside

Kabul hosts the Silk Road Mayors Forum in defiance of security threats
Oct 07, 2017

Kabul hosts the Silk Road Mayors Forum in defiance of security threats

Kabul city is potentially one of the region’s major business hubs which can open many doors for international investment and cooperation.

A New Framework for a Secure Digital India
May 10, 2023

A New Framework for a Secure Digital India

The rapid pace of digitalisation poses new national security risks for countries like India, a country with over 700 million internet users. The multilayered digital ecosystem comprising of infrastructure, devices and applications is complex, and security threats evolve at a breakneck pace. This makes it difficult for states to develop an effective response to individual or organisational security threats. India therefore has often had to resort

Asia central to the stability and prosperity of the US
Feb 15, 2013

Asia central to the stability and prosperity of the US

Security concerns in Asia are largely related to non-traditional security threats such as terrorism, piracy, disaster management and transnational crime. These threats are becoming more and more traditional as countries have to deal with them on a daily basis.

Cooperative Security in the Straits of Malacca: Policy Options for India
Jun 18, 2005

Cooperative Security in the Straits of Malacca: Policy Options for India

The Straits of Malacca is rife with several security threats, such as piracy, maritime terrorism, drug smuggling, gun running and illegal immigration. These challenges have the potential to disrupt, if not destroy, the maritime shipping in the Straits. Although regional countries have made considerable efforts to address these problems with some encouraging results, the challenges and threats are too formidable and complex for the combat capabili

Cyber Mercenaries: A Call to Action for the Quad
Sep 20, 2023

Cyber Mercenaries: A Call to Action for the Quad

This paper investigates, in the context of the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue or Quad, the burgeoning threats posed by cyber mercenaries acting as proxies for revisionist states bent on destabilising the institutions and societies of adversary nations. The paper offers essential definitions of what comprises cybersecurity threats, including cyber mercenaries, and delineates current trends. Drawing on open-source intelligence and insights from cy

Debt ad Infinitum: Pakistan’s Macroeconomic Catastrophe
May 31, 2023

Debt ad Infinitum: Pakistan’s Macroeconomic Catastrophe

This paper dissects the causes behind Pakistan’s ongoing economic crisis. The causes include dwindling forex reserves, the phenomenon of ‘galloping inflation’, a falling Pakistani Rupee, uncompetitive and undiversified export basket, burgeoning external debt, lack of fiscal prudence, debt distress, and a worsening business environment—all cascading to a balance of payment crisis. While austerity measures, appeals for loan rollover to debt

Defence budget : Long-term strategy needed
Feb 16, 2006

Defence budget : Long-term strategy needed

The emergence of Bangladesh as the new hub of international Islamist terrorism, insurgency in Nepal and Maoist militancy across several states, add new challenges to national security threats that India traditionally tackles. Despite these, India's defence expenditure continues to decrease in real terms and as a percentage of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) every year.

Fixing Cyber Vulnerabilities: An Agenda for the Quad
Feb 16, 2024

Fixing Cyber Vulnerabilities: An Agenda for the Quad

The COVID-19 pandemic sparked rapid digitalisation worldwide, with work-from-home interactions, online payments, and online consultations for various services becoming acceptable practices. While this shift in the manner and nature of work brought enormous benefits, crucially in terms of access, it has also increased the kind of cyber security threats that countries face, with vulnerabilities felt particularly in the health and financial sectors.

Ideological shift, public support and social media: The ‘New’ in Kashmir’s ‘New Militancy’
Jan 10, 2020

Ideological shift, public support and social media: The ‘New’ in Kashmir’s ‘New Militancy’

The new militant movement in Kashmir, which began with Burhan Wani in the southern areas, has escalated the conflict in the Valley. While militancy is not new in Kashmir, the Pulwama attack put the conflict back on the radar of the international community. This paper examines the changing nature of militancy in Kashmir, specifically with regard to training, recruitment patterns and the use of social media, public support for militants, and an app

India and a Stable Indo-Pacific: Managing Maritime Security Challenges in the Bay of Bengal
Mar 27, 2024

India and a Stable Indo-Pacific: Managing Maritime Security Challenges in the Bay of Bengal

India has the longest coastline in the Bay of Bengal, making it critical for the country to manage maritime security challenges in this space. However, given the transnational nature of most maritime threats, India must cooperate with other Bay littorals and the major powers to address these issues. The Bay of Bengal is a vital part of the Indo-Pacific geostrategic construct, and a secure Bay is fundamental to a stable Indo-Pacific. By addressing

India-Saudi Arabia ties and G20: Bilateral collaboration and beyond
Dec 26, 2022

India-Saudi Arabia ties and G20: Bilateral collaboration and beyond

India’s G20 presidency could help strengthen the bilateral ties and cooperation partnerships with Saudi Arabia

India’s Intelligence Agencies: In Need of Reform and Oversight
Sep 13, 2023

India’s Intelligence Agencies: In Need of Reform and Oversight

This report draws from the conference on the Future Challenges to India's Intelligence System organised by ORF in February 2015. What tasks face India's intelligence agencies in implementing reforms in order to address the more complex national security threats confronting the country today?

India’s Use of Force: The Missing Indirect Approach
Sep 14, 2023

India’s Use of Force: The Missing Indirect Approach

Why does India have so few available options to manage security threats? In crisismanagement, Indian policy-makers have faced all-or-nothing choices, either passivelyabsorbing provocations, or overreacting with massive mobilisations and threats ofgeneral war. In wartime, with the notable exception of the 1971 war, India hasgenerally fought to degrade enemy military capabilities rather than to achieve decisiveoperational effects. This paper argues

Pune exposes policing lapses
Aug 14, 2012

Pune exposes policing lapses

A study done in 2010 by Observer Research Foundation for the Integrated Defence Staff, Government of India, Navigating Near: Non Traditional Security Threats to In dia, 2022', highlighted the huge deficiency that India faces and also recommendations to address some of the gaps

Radiological Security in India: Policies and Challenges
Jun 30, 2020

Radiological Security in India: Policies and Challenges

Radiological sources are used extensively in civilian sectors including for medical, industrial, agricultural and research purposes.  While the positive benefits are well-recognised, concerns about terrorists using these materials to develop a “dirty bomb” are also well-known.  Because of the extensive use of radiological materials in the civilian sector, these are easily accessible. The absence of an overarching regime covering radioactive

Reevaluating Bioweapons Amid Global Political Fragility
Jan 04, 2023

Reevaluating Bioweapons Amid Global Political Fragility

Unstable political systems, ineffectual international organisations, and unprecedented technological advancements have created a global environment that can enable the development and deployment of bioweapons. New-age bioweapons could be used for more than just as weapons of mass destruction. This necessitates a new approach to mitigate risks by staying apace with technological development. India must take a leadership position at the Biological

Secure ICT is impossible without trustworthy suppliers
Nov 10, 2021

Secure ICT is impossible without trustworthy suppliers

To navigate rising cybersecurity threats, Trust Centres are crucial in determining the level of trustworthiness of ICT vendors

Sri Lanka and India: From non-traditional threats to security cooperation
Nov 08, 2022

Sri Lanka and India: From non-traditional threats to security cooperation

India is growing wary of the security threats posed by non-traditional sources from Sri Lanka

The Case for Securitising Pandemics
May 04, 2021

The Case for Securitising Pandemics

The COVID-19 pandemic has wreaked havoc across the globe since the first outbreak in 2019, causing massive losses in lives and livelihoods. This brief examines the nature of the threat, the blind-spots in global health security that were revealed by the pandemic, and why a values-based geopolitical order is critical for the world’s future. It makes a case for the global community to treat health crises, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, as global

The Quad Commits to Regulating Space
Oct 02, 2021

The Quad Commits to Regulating Space

Growing space security threats are proving to be a challenge for existing global governance measures, but consensus on new rules is proving difficult.

Understanding India’s silence on the political crisis in Pakistan
Jun 16, 2023

Understanding India’s silence on the political crisis in Pakistan

Despite being the immediate neighbour, India has chosen to follow a no-reaction policy towards the ongoing turmoil in Pakistan

Virtual Alarm: Social Engineering Attacks Imperil Cyber Security
Aug 23, 2023

Virtual Alarm: Social Engineering Attacks Imperil Cyber Security

Cyber security threats have amplified significantly in the last decade, creating security concerns across the globe. Media reports during this period have highlighted how information network systems have been exploited by cyber criminals-as well as States-on numerous occasions for espionage and intelligence gathering. In this backdrop, this Paper focuses on cyber security concerns related to Social Engineering.

Why India's military isn’t getting the weapons it needs
Aug 06, 2020

Why India's military isn’t getting the weapons it needs

New Delhi's labyrinthine procurement organization is an obstacle to the country's national security. And the external security threats that India confronts, especially that from Beijing, will not miraculously disappear.

दहशतवादाचा बदलता चेहरा : क्रूड ड्रोन्स
Jul 06, 2021

दहशतवादाचा बदलता चेहरा : क्रूड ड्रोन्स

भंगार आणि डक्ट-टेपपासून तयार केलेल्या आणि स्फोटके वाहून नेणाऱ्या ड्रोन्सनी लाखो डॉलर किमतीच्या भारतीय विमानांचे प्रचंड नुकसान केले.