Search: For - political economy

83 results found

70 Policies: A treatise on the evolution of India’s political economy
Aug 24, 2018

70 Policies: A treatise on the evolution of India’s political economy

Focused primarily on the Indian economy, Gautam Chikermane's new book, 70 Policies, also explores the impact of external influences — legal, politic

Interim Budget: The political economy of stagnation
Feb 01, 2019

Interim Budget: The political economy of stagnation

The puzzle of India’s political economy is to reconcile the expectations of “Great Society” welfare with stagnating middle-income productivity.

Local political economy biggest non-tariff barrier
Mar 04, 2014

Local political economy biggest non-tariff barrier

To check non-tariff barriers in the south Asian region, India being the largest economy in the region must take the lead, but other partners must extend cooperation and come together on a common platform.

South Africa’s COVID19 Responses: Unmaking the Political Economy of Health Inequalities
Feb 17, 2021

South Africa’s COVID19 Responses: Unmaking the Political Economy of Health Inequalities

South Africa’s Covid-19 responses are marred by policy paradoxes. How does a country with one of the most sophisticated health systems in Africa account for the highest number of Covid-19 fatalities? This brief argues that contemporary approaches to South Africa’s social, domestic, and foreign policy responses should be viewed through the theoretical lenses of racial capitalism—a racially hierarchical political economy constituting war, mil

A brief history of India’s Interim Budgets
Jan 29, 2024

A brief history of India’s Interim Budgets

On 1 February, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman will make her most important political economy speech

Autonomy vs. Integration: The Eternal Kashmir Debate
Sep 16, 2016

Autonomy vs. Integration: The Eternal Kashmir Debate

With Kashmir on the boil the older debate of autonomy of Kashmir has resurfaced

Balancing Old and New in Delhi: Modern Delhi’s Perspective on Built Heritage Conservation
Aug 23, 2023

Balancing Old and New in Delhi: Modern Delhi’s Perspective on Built Heritage Conservation

While existing literature provides solid documentation of conservation policy and legislation, coverage of civil society's perceptions and role within conservation schemes is relatively sparse. This paper presents the under-represented perspective of modern Delhi on the policies and realities of heritage conservation.

Bitter morning-after pill for new govt post elections
May 20, 2019

Bitter morning-after pill for new govt post elections

Severe inequality in the allocation of public finance is a primary reason for rural impoverishment.

Bridging Water Demand and Supply in Delhi: The Potential of Rainwater Harvesting
Aug 19, 2020

Bridging Water Demand and Supply in Delhi: The Potential of Rainwater Harvesting

The Delhi government is facing numerous challenges in managing water demand and supply in the capital, primary of which are water shortages and declining groundwater levels. One of the strategies that are being employed to address these issues is the promotion of rainwater harvesting (RWH). This report provides an account of the growth and development of Delhi’s RWH sector. The analysis shows that while the programme has met with some success,

Bridging Water Demand and Supply in Delhi: The Potential of Rainwater Harvesting
Aug 19, 2020

Bridging Water Demand and Supply in Delhi: The Potential of Rainwater Harvesting

The Delhi government is facing numerous challenges in managing water demand and supply in the capital, primary of which are water shortages and declining groundwater levels. One of the strategies that are being employed to address these issues is the promotion of rainwater harvesting (RWH). This report provides an account of the growth and development of Delhi’s RWH sector. The analysis shows that while the programme has met with some success,

Campaign Finance Reforms in India : Issues and Challenges
Feb 13, 2013

Campaign Finance Reforms in India : Issues and Challenges

The essence of any democratic system is the healthy functioning of political parties and consequently free and fair elections. Free and fair elections imply not only a legal institutional framework for the conduct of elections and a transparent electoral process.

Can Economic Sanctions Replace Armed Forces in Modern Warfare?
Aug 17, 2023

Can Economic Sanctions Replace Armed Forces in Modern Warfare?

Economic sanctions are often seen as an alternative to war, but they do not always have the desired effect. This brief argues that for such sanctions to be effective, economic interdependence must be established, economic rationality must outweigh political ambition in the sanctioned country, and the message of the sanctions must be clear. Using the sanctions against Russia as an example, this brief contends that because of the interdepen

Can the world collaborate amid vaccine nationalism?
Apr 22, 2021

Can the world collaborate amid vaccine nationalism?

The COVID-19 pandemic has mutated into a global political economy crisis, with new fault lines emerging along market shares and intellectual property

Centre-State Relations in India: Time for a New Framework
Apr 09, 2015

Centre-State Relations in India: Time for a New Framework

This paper assesses the major shifts that have occurred in the country's federal system in the last three decades. It also provides a list of recommendations to improve Centre-state relations in India.

Corporate Funding of Elections: The Strengths and Flaws
Aug 23, 2023

Corporate Funding of Elections: The Strengths and Flaws

This Issue Brief seeks to outline the history of corporate funding in India, legislation governing corporate funding, institutional innovations in corporate funding like electoral trusts, and international experiences and their relevance in the Indian context. Given the increasing clamour for transparent and accountable corporate funding of political parties, the Brief also explores the perils of over-reliance on corporate funding.

Embracing the future
Jul 24, 2021

Embracing the future

The reforms of 1991, which were a cohesive wide range of reforms, covered large segments of the economy. However, in its totality, they were hamstrung

Federalism and Interstate River Water Governance in India
Jan 04, 2021

Federalism and Interstate River Water Governance in India

Interstate (River) Water Disputes (ISWDs) are a continuing challenge to federal water governance in India. Rooted in constitutional, historico-geographical, and institutional ambiguities, they tend to become prolonged conflicts between the states that share river basins. This paper examines the constitutional complexities, contentious political federalism, and identity-based electoral political dynamics that fuel ISWDs. It discusses the River

Financial Inclusion of Women: Current Evidence from India
Aug 17, 2023

Financial Inclusion of Women: Current Evidence from India

Financial inclusion is critical to achieving the economic empowerment of women—one of the targets under the fifth Sustainable Development Goal on gender equality. In India, one in every five women lack access to a bank account. Although the country’s programmes promoting financial inclusion have increased the percentage of women having access to a bank account, wide gaps remain in account use, and access to savings and credit. Women c

Financially empowering urban local bodies to get India’s cities up and running
Jun 14, 2018

Financially empowering urban local bodies to get India’s cities up and running

The role of the State Finance Commissions between States and local bodies is supposed to mimic the role of Finance Commissions between the Centre and

Gender and Identity on Social Media
Sep 13, 2023

Gender and Identity on Social Media

This Issue Brief looks at the world of digital spaces and analyses issues such as the politics of silencing women; propriety; and health and gender-specific vulnerabilities.

India’s economy is now riding a roller-coaster
Aug 26, 2019

India’s economy is now riding a roller-coaster

The problem is that no political economy sensitive plan to implement these reforms has emerged.

India’s Intelligence Agencies: In Need of Reform and Oversight
Jul 23, 2015

India’s Intelligence Agencies: In Need of Reform and Oversight

This report draws from the conference on the Future Challenges to India's Intelligence System organised by ORF in February 2015. What tasks face India's intelligence agencies in implementing reforms in order to address the more complex national security threats confronting the country today?

India’s Shifting Governance Structure:From Charter of Promises to Service Guarantee
Jul 25, 2012

India’s Shifting Governance Structure:From Charter of Promises to Service Guarantee

Once synonymous with inefficiency and slothfulness, India's public service delivery system is finally being overhauled and put on the path of reforms. Ironically, these reforms are being spearheaded by a set of state governments. This paper attempts to capture the key trends of this impressive development which has far reaching consequences for democracy and governance in the country.

Infrastructure, institutions and industrialisation: The Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor and regional development in Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh
Aug 21, 2023

Infrastructure, institutions and industrialisation: The Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor and regional development in Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh

The Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC) is one of several infrastructure megaprojects underway in India, intended to boost industrial modernisation and generate manufacturing employment for India’s young, largely unskilled workforce. Field research in DMIC investment sites in Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh shows that its implementation is highly uneven across States and regions. The research, along with the literature, suggests that regional ind

Insurrection in the ‘other’ Kashmir
May 16, 2024

Insurrection in the ‘other’ Kashmir

Although the current uprising PoJK is predominantly centred around economic issues, there is a deeper underpinning of issues of political economy and

Japan: Deconstructing the denuclearisation policy
Aug 12, 2011

Japan: Deconstructing the denuclearisation policy

The recent decision by the government of Naoto Kan to denuclearise Japan by 2050, regardless of its naivete, has certain traits that could help in overhauling the political economy of Japan's energy sector.

Justice System in Crisis: The Case of India’s Undertrial Prisoners
Aug 20, 2015

Justice System in Crisis: The Case of India’s Undertrial Prisoners

Six of every 10 of India's prisoners languishing in jails across the country are undertrials: their cases have yet to be tried, and they are spending more time in jail than they would have, if convicted. The slow march to justice for undertrials must be seen in the context of a criminal justice system in need of an overhaul. This paper examines the plight of the country's undertrials and recommends ways to move forward.

Locating the Madrasa in 21st-Century India
Apr 01, 2021

Locating the Madrasa in 21st-Century India

Madrasas in India offer basic literacy to millions of mostly poor Muslims, generally free of cost; they also serve as safe spaces for the preservation of Islamic culture. In many areas across the country, madrasas are the only option for poor Muslim families to provide their children basic education. This brief evaluates current madrasa education in India and identifies specific weaknesses that hamper its modernisation. It recommends remedial mea

Modi 2.0: governance to need a frugal touch
Jun 07, 2019

Modi 2.0: governance to need a frugal touch

The government must redeem its earlier commitment to reduce the FD to 2.5% of the GDP over five years.

Modi and Buddhism: Between Cultural and Faith-Based Diplomacy
Nov 30, 2015

Modi and Buddhism: Between Cultural and Faith-Based Diplomacy

India has always been shy of adding a religious tint to its foreign policy. In the last decade, however, the aspiring global power began engaging in what has come to be called 'Buddhist diplomacy' in its outreach to countries in the South, East and Southeast Asia. 􀀫e prime minister is diligently pursuing India's 'Buddhist agenda' and taking it beyond its borders, emphasising the Indian and Hindu links with Buddhism. Concurrently, another Asian

Net neutrality and antitrust: Options for India
Sep 13, 2023

Net neutrality and antitrust: Options for India

By most indications, India has arrived at a principled affirmation of net neutrality; the country must now turn its attention to its regulatory aspects. This essay examines whether the Competition Commission of India (CCI) can assume the primary role in enforcing net neutrality. It will trace the Commission?s short history to determine whether it has adequate jurisdiction and the strength of precedent to regulate the internet.

New knowledge paradigms for Tech and I: Toward a more ethical digital society
Jun 06, 2019

New knowledge paradigms for Tech and I: Toward a more ethical digital society

Measuring the proportion of internet users globally is done in disparate ways, and even those who have some degree of access may not have meaningful a

Nuclear Safety and Regulation in India: The Way Forward
Sep 13, 2023

Nuclear Safety and Regulation in India: The Way Forward

While the regulatory and safety structures of India's civilian nuclear programme have served the country well, they are in need of an upgrade. This paper examines the paths that lie ahead.

Oil Supply Routes in the Asia Pacific: China’s Strategic Calculations
Jul 23, 2023

Oil Supply Routes in the Asia Pacific: China’s Strategic Calculations

This Paper examines the existing critiques of China's oil supply diversification strategies in the Asia Pacific. It deconstructs the growing energy relationship between China and the Middle East that has made the security of the Hormuz Strait and the Malacca Strait vital to China's energy security. It also analyses specific geographic and strategic chokepoints in China's oil supply route and concludes that supply diversification motivations are d

Poverty, Criminality, Extremism: The Interrelated Sources of Insecurity in Maldives
Aug 16, 2023

Poverty, Criminality, Extremism: The Interrelated Sources of Insecurity in Maldives

Maldives, or the Maldive islands in the north-central Indian Ocean, is widely regarded as a paradise by holiday-seekers from across the world. Yet, its own people are beset by severe issues of insecurity. This brief investigates the various threats to security in the island nation, primary of which is the massive income inequality. It outlines a political and religious history of the nation, and explores their influence in the current sta

Q1 GDP वृद्धि अनुमान: उत्साहजनक पर उम्मीद से थोड़ा कम
Sep 27, 2022

Q1 GDP वृद्धि अनुमान: उत्साहजनक पर उम्मीद से थोड़ा कम

क्या भारतीय अर्थव्यवस्था विकास की पटरी लौट आई है? वित्ती�

Regulatory Changes in India in the Time of COVID19: Lessons and Recommendations
Jun 10, 2020

Regulatory Changes in India in the Time of COVID19: Lessons and Recommendations

This report tracks the changes to India’s business regulatory framework in the first 40 days of the nationwide lockdown due to the COVID-19 virus. The Union and state governments have been highly proactive in creating spaces for doing business while managing the ongoing health crisis. The governments have attempted to modify the business-related legal infrastructure within the confines imposed through the lockdown. While under normal circumstan

Social Marginalisation in Urban India and the Role of the State
Sep 15, 2023

Social Marginalisation in Urban India and the Role of the State

Urban inequality is a blight experienced by many cities, even in the developed world.In developing countries like India, these social and economic inequalities become even morepronounced, with living conditions in certain populations crossing the line to the abysmal. Inthese cities, agencies responsible for addressing welfare concerns are unable to do so, as theythemselves grapple with a host of challenges. This paper argues that any positive tra

Statehood or Autonomy: Rethinking Governance in India’s Capital
Oct 30, 2015

Statehood or Autonomy: Rethinking Governance in India’s Capital

Delhi, India's national capital, has long been the subject of a quandary: Should it be granted full statehood, or maximum autonomy commensurate with its megalopolis status? is paper takes a tour of select national capitals to understand how other nations have arranged their governance and handled competing jurisdictions and functions. Lessons are drawn from this examination of other capitals, and recommendations are put forth towards a more sensi