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The state of India's pulses sector
Dec 08, 2016

The state of India's pulses sector

Pulses are the cheapest source of protein for Indians – and thus a favoured food item nationwide. The Indian pulses sector, however, faces numerous challenges. Scrutiny of the sector increased sharply after price fluctuations in 2015-16 and the increase in import of pulses. Government interventions, as part of the anticipated supply response to the shortfall in availability of pulses, did not entirely mitigate the problem. The sector stands at

The State of the Economy
May 27, 2015

The State of the Economy

Prime Minister Modi's moves on the social sector insurance policy for the poor stand out as an outstanding achievement. But in all other sectors much needs to be done and assessments on the government's performance are divided.

The strategic logic of the No First Use nuclear doctrine
Aug 30, 2019

The strategic logic of the No First Use nuclear doctrine

India’s No First Use policy was a result of the lessons that India’s key strategic thinkers learned in the long decades they spent thinking about

The Summit of the Americas: From ‘maximum pressure’ to calculated engagement
May 30, 2022

The Summit of the Americas: From ‘maximum pressure’ to calculated engagement

The US adopts a more regional-looking foreign policy as it looks forward to hosting the 9th Summit of the Americas.

The suspension and future of US‒Taliban talks: The good, the bad, or the inevitable?
Oct 07, 2019

The suspension and future of US‒Taliban talks: The good, the bad, or the inevitable?

For Trump, although bringing American troops stationed in Afghanistan has been one of the most important objectives, the calling off of the talks coul

The Taiwan Factor in the US’s Regional Posture
Dec 18, 2023

The Taiwan Factor in the US’s Regional Posture

The US has long grappled with the Taiwan issue. So far, its policy of ‘strategic ambiguity’ has deterred the use of force by the People’s Republic of China (PRC). It is a moot question if this policy can be sustained to counter the PRC’s assertive military posture in the Taiwan Strait. The question before the US is whether it can deter an invasion and avoid a war with the PRC, simultaneously. The PRC is determined to seek reunification an

The Telangana trouble
Aug 14, 2013

The Telangana trouble

With newer forms of identities taking over the older ones and parochialism and regional chauvinism becoming the new lingo of identity in the age of Twitter and Facebook, time is now ripe for a serious debate on reorganisation of States in India. The country can no longer afford to postpone this serious public policy issue.

The Trans -Atlantic Defence Dilemma
Dec 11, 2003

The Trans -Atlantic Defence Dilemma

More than ever before, the United States needs the continued support of the European Union (EU) in defence and security matters, especially in the war against terrorism. A draft security strategy prepared in June 2003 by Javier Solana, the EU High Representative for the Common Security and Foreign Policy (CFSP) delineated the threats to security in Europe; international terrorism, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and failed states.

The transformation of Kigali into Africa’s cleanest city
Jul 27, 2022

The transformation of Kigali into Africa’s cleanest city

Due to various policy initiatives undertaken by the Rwandan government, Kigali has now emerged as the cleanest city in Africa.

The UK Shifts to the Indo-Pacific: An Opportunity for India-UK Ties
Feb 15, 2021

The UK Shifts to the Indo-Pacific: An Opportunity for India-UK Ties

When the United Kingdom (UK) releases the highly anticipated integrated review of its foreign, defence, security and development policy in March, it will mark the first formal iteration of the UK’s Indo-Pacific strategy. This brief explores the dynamics that are driving the UK’s tilt to the Indo-Pacific. It identifies three key drivers that are prompting the shift: a reappraisal of China, the economic fallout of Brexit, and the UK’s close t

The United Arab Emirates’ dilemma in the Ukraine war: To vote or not to vote
Mar 08, 2022

The United Arab Emirates’ dilemma in the Ukraine war: To vote or not to vote

How have multiple domestic and foreign policy factors influenced the United Arab Emirates’ recent stance against Russia in the UNGA meeting?

The unravelling of Pax Americana
Aug 25, 2021

The unravelling of Pax Americana

Afghanistan has eroded US power and credibility. A transactional America will now encounter transactional friends

The West Asian paradigm
Sep 29, 2017

The West Asian paradigm

With the India–US dynamic and bilateral strategic engagements with West Asian powers increasing significantly, direct policy outcomes will become mo

The world has its eyes set on how Biden takes on China
Feb 10, 2021

The world has its eyes set on how Biden takes on China

America’s leader has signalled the continuity of its China policy but Indo-Pacific countries aren’t yet sure of it

The world's last colony
Nov 09, 2002

The world's last colony

In our dealings with Pakistan on the Kashmir issue, we have often appeared defensive, occasionally apologetic, leading to a bleeding heart syndrome among some of us. This approach ignores that Pakistan has cynically used violence, and the world has allowed it to do so, as an instrument of foreign policy. This attitude also mixes sympathy and concern for the innocent with that for the terrorist.

The Xi Plan: The Political Factors Driving China’s COVID-19 Strategy
Dec 19, 2022

The Xi Plan: The Political Factors Driving China’s COVID-19 Strategy

The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) is seeking to promote a political model with centralisation and one-party rule at the core to achieve economic growth and stability. This brief assesses the extent to which the CCP’s policymaking mechanisms and internal politics have influenced China’s strategy to combat the COVID-19 pandemic.

The Xi-Biden virtual summit: A gamechanger?
Nov 16, 2021

The Xi-Biden virtual summit: A gamechanger?

The virtual summit between Biden and China might define the new policy shift that will govern US-China relations in the coming days

Thinking Progress: Making ‘G20’ Fit for 2020s
Dec 02, 2022

Thinking Progress: Making ‘G20’ Fit for 2020s

The T20 engagement group of the G20 will address key areas of policy focus—from Digital Public Infrastructure and Macroeconomics to Climate Finance

Through the looking-glass: Towards a citizen-centric urban metaverse
Nov 14, 2023

Through the looking-glass: Towards a citizen-centric urban metaverse

In embracing the metaverse, data-driven smart cities can unlock transformative possibilities for urban life quality for building new planning models

Time for bold options in Afghanistan
Aug 16, 2010

Time for bold options in Afghanistan

India's Afghanistan policy has for long been hos tage to the vagaries of policy making in Washington and the enormous baggage of myths and wishful thinking which burden its strategic outlook.

Time for India to enhance engagement with Central Asia
Feb 27, 2019

Time for India to enhance engagement with Central Asia

A politically, geographically and economically integrated Central Asia is important for India to achieve its goal of ‘connecting’ with the region.

Time ripe for think tanks to rethink dissemination of information
Jan 19, 2019

Time ripe for think tanks to rethink dissemination of information

A gradual development has tasked think tanks with the responsibility of shaping contemporary narratives around economics, security, politics, nuclear arrangements, among others.

Time to Boost India-Bangladesh Trade and Economic Relations
Jul 28, 2023

Time to Boost India-Bangladesh Trade and Economic Relations

Among India's neighbours, Bangladesh occupies a special position not only because of India's role in its liberation but because geographically, too, it surrounds Bangladesh from three sides. The beginning of close economic relations between the two countries can be traced back to 1971. After its independence, Bangladesh's requirements of consumer goods, especially food, came from India. Over the years, the country has sought easier access to Indi

To be not talking to Pakistan is dumb
Oct 31, 2015

To be not talking to Pakistan is dumb

The Modi government appears to have abandoned the multi-pronged policy of its predecessor of simultaneously engaging Islamabad and dealing with cross-border terrorism. This government made a surprise beginning with the idea of promoting South Asian unity . But since then it has been fixated on countering terrorism at the cost of everything else, though Pakistani covert activity in India has seen a sharp decline since 2008.

To Price or not to Price? Making a Case for a Carbon Pricing Mechanism for India
Sep 26, 2022

To Price or not to Price? Making a Case for a Carbon Pricing Mechanism for India

The 2021 Conference of Parties 26 (COP26) propelled nations to ramp up their climate targets and the concomitant Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions. However, the updated NDCs and the announced pledges for 2030 remain insufficient and poorly aligned with the targets of the Paris Agreement. The reduction in projected 2030 emissions is estimated to be 7.5 percent—far lower than the 30 percent requi

To Stay or To Go: Decoding Chinese Enterprises’ ‘India Dilemma’
May 20, 2024

To Stay or To Go: Decoding Chinese Enterprises’ ‘India Dilemma’

In recent years, India has become a hot investment destination for Chinese companies. While Chinese investments in India have come under greater scrutiny following the 2020 Galwan incident, this has done little to reverse Chinese enterprises’ strong appetite for the Indian market. At the same time, Beijing is increasingly concerned that in their rush to capitalise on the Indian market, Chinese companies are embracing the ‘Make in India’ pol

To view developments in the neighbourhood simply as ‘pro-China’ or ‘pro-India’ is myopic
Feb 27, 2018

To view developments in the neighbourhood simply as ‘pro-China’ or ‘pro-India’ is myopic

Whether or not a military intervention in Male would have restored democracy without harming India’s credibility in the region is uncertain. That it would not have limited Beijing’s growing profile is unquestionable.

Tough India more likely under Modi
Apr 05, 2014

Tough India more likely under Modi

Narendra Modi's view of foreign affairs is likely to be shaped by the outlook of his contacts in the world of commerce. This is not a bad thing, because, the key to any "tough" or decisive policy rests on the state of the Indian economy. But toughness as policy is fraught with all manner of danger, like Nehru's "tough" policy with China in 1962.

Towards a Deliberative BIMSTEC
Aug 06, 2020

Towards a Deliberative BIMSTEC

The Bay of Bengal region links South Asia and Southeast Asia, with the BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) serving as a platform of trans-border cooperation. The BIMSTEC’s prime assets are the historical and cultural links between the nations, and their spirit of community. However, the lack of both a robust decision-making mechanism and a set of common rules have slowed down the growth of th

Towards a European consensus on China?
Aug 04, 2023

Towards a European consensus on China?

Although Germany’s China strategy and the UK report didn’t meet the desired expectations, they still indicate Europe’s recalibration of its Chin

Towards a holistic digital health ecosystem in India
May 24, 2023

Towards a holistic digital health ecosystem in India

In an effort to facilitate the digitisation of the country’s healthcare systems, India released a National Digital Health Blueprint in January 2020, which provides a detailed framework for a “Federated National Health Information System.” This brief makes a case for expanding the scope of the blueprint to include digital therapeutics, digital diagnostics, and telemedicine. It proposes a “National Digital Health Blueprint 2.0,” with dive

Towards a sustainable smart city: The case of Aizawl
Aug 17, 2018

Towards a sustainable smart city: The case of Aizawl

India’s hill cities are unique poles of development. While they have managed to record some degree of economic growth, increasing urban population and unfavourable topography have also made such growth haphazard and unsustainable. In turn, this has threatened the quality of the built environment and of urban life in these cities. This report studies the case of the hill city of Aizawl, the administrative capital of Mizoram, which is part of the

Towards a Systems Approach to the Management of Grasslands in India
Dec 07, 2022

Towards a Systems Approach to the Management of Grasslands in India

Grasslands that provide a variety of ecosystem services for humans—including carbon storage, which is important to mitigating climate change—are among the world’s most threatened habitats. In India, grassy ecosystems are not accorded any legal protection. Vast acres of these grasslands are converted for revenue-generating use, altering their ecological dynamics and threatening the livelihoods and cultures of pastoral and agrarian communitie

Towards a unique digital South Asian identity
May 10, 2017

Towards a unique digital South Asian identity

Executed properly, Aadhaar could become a central pillar of India’s ‘neighbourhood first’ policy.

Towards an India–US consensus on counterterrorism cooperation
Apr 08, 2020

Towards an India–US consensus on counterterrorism cooperation

This paper examines the environmental and policy-level challenges to the actualisation of US-India counterterrorism cooperation. Indeed, despite their seeming convergence on the imperative of effective counterterrorism, there has been limited cooperation between the two countries. While the US’ sense of “American exceptionalism” and its hegemon status purports a utilitarian notion of the adversary, India’s regional power status makes its

Towards Zero Deaths: Imperatives for Safer Indian Railways
Jan 21, 2021

Towards Zero Deaths: Imperatives for Safer Indian Railways

In 2019, the Indian Railways (IR) recorded zero fatalities from accidents caused by operational errors. However, many people continue to meet with train-related mishaps that are beyond the IR’s control; many of these accidents result in death. The IR’s experience in preventing deaths in accidents caused by operational errors (technically called “consequential accidents”) offers lessons on minimising all railways-related fatalities. This p

Tracking India’s Progress in Clean Water and Sanitation: A Sub-National Analysis
Jun 01, 2020

Tracking India’s Progress in Clean Water and Sanitation: A Sub-National Analysis

This paper creates an index to track the achievement of UN Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG 6: Clean Water and Sanitation) across India’s states. The SDG 6 index incorporates both supply-side indicators and demand management variables, as well as institutional interventions. In this paper, state-wise indices are constructed to identify their respective performances in the domains of access to clean water and provision of sanitation facilitie

Transatlantic Security Divide in Munich
Mar 02, 2004

Transatlantic Security Divide in Munich

Three main issues were discussed in the 40th Munich Conference on Security Policy held on 6-8 February 2004: prospects of transatlantic relations, future of NATO, and future developments in the Middle East. As usual, several Defence and Foreign Ministers, representatives of think tanks, academia, media and the defence industry attended the conference.

Transferable Development Rights and Mumbai
Mar 04, 2021

Transferable Development Rights and Mumbai

The most important reform that needs to be introduced is to permit the use of Transferable Development Rights (TDR) across the entire State and not ju

Transforming manufacturing dynamics: A look into India's PLI scheme
Apr 22, 2024

Transforming manufacturing dynamics: A look into India's PLI scheme

The successful implementation of the PLI scheme will be crucial in realising India's vision of becoming a leading manufacturing hub on the world stage

Trump win could be a game-changer for Asia
Oct 12, 2016

Trump win could be a game-changer for Asia

Obama has had to modify his China policy in response to a more aggressive China. But present challengers are set for big changes in America's Asia policy

Trump's Taiwan rethink and India
Dec 14, 2016

Trump's Taiwan rethink and India

Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen’s phone call to President-Elect Donald Trump last week triggered uproar in foreign policy circles of China, US & beyon

Trumping China’s leadership in the fourth industrial revolution: A “New Era” in Sino-American relations
Nov 14, 2018

Trumping China’s leadership in the fourth industrial revolution: A “New Era” in Sino-American relations

The generational shift in American policy will have three critical consequences for the Middle Kingdom and its ambitions for leadership in the fourth

Trump’s Afghanistan strategy and emerging alignments in the region: Implications for India
Nov 15, 2017

Trump’s Afghanistan strategy and emerging alignments in the region: Implications for India

US President Donald Trump’s new Afghanistan strategy for America’s longest war has potential to drastically alter existing regional relations. The policy, announced after an exhaustive eight-month-long review process, attempts to give a new direction for future US involvement in Afghanistan. Becoming president at a time when old alignments are undergoing transition, Trump’s task has not been easy. Given the constraints, however, Trump’s A