Search: For - policy

2494 results found

The impact of public transport on traffic congestion in cities
Sep 26, 2023

The impact of public transport on traffic congestion in cities

Proper policy measures and improvement in the performance of public transport would help draw people away from private transportation and address traf

The impact of urbanisation on health
Jun 10, 2020

The impact of urbanisation on health

To control diseases in a more sustainable manner, the health of the inhabitants has to become a key factor of urban development.

The Implications of India’s Revised Roadmap for Biofuels: A Lifecycle Perspective
Aug 14, 2023

The Implications of India’s Revised Roadmap for Biofuels: A Lifecycle Perspective

Transport activity in India has increased more than sevenfold over the last two decades, its gasoline-fuelled pathway leading to a rapid rise in negative environmental externalities. To decouple the sector’s growth from high emissions, policymakers are scaling up efforts to deploy cleaner fuels for the sector; in particular, liquid biofuels have received a significant push. However, while biofuels help lower emissions at the point of us

The importance of Modi's visit to Myanmar
Nov 11, 2014

The importance of Modi's visit to Myanmar

As the Modi government brings in a renewed push to India's Look East policy with an "Act East" policy, Myanmar's geostrategic position becomes all the more important for India to put the necessary connectivity links with the country and the wider region.

The India-China Border Question: An Analysis of International Law and State Practices
Dec 16, 2020

The India-China Border Question: An Analysis of International Law and State Practices

Over the years, India has attempted to find political as well as legal solutions to its border dispute with China; these efforts have met with little success. This paper argues that the reason a resolution to the India–China border issue remains elusive is the inadequate understanding—and enforcement—of International Law. It examines the sustainability of China’s position, as well as its general approach to International Law, its interpre

The India-China Nuclear Dynamic: India’s Options
Dec 22, 2020

The India-China Nuclear Dynamic: India’s Options

The ongoing India-China face-off in Eastern Ladakh may appear to be a small-scale confrontation between conventional forces. But it is still one between nuclear-armed states, and the threat of escalation cannot be denied. In its wake, India has carried out a series of missile tests, while China too has fired a number of ballistic missiles near the Paracel and Spratly Islands, apparently to warn the US, but hardly something New Delhi can ignore. T

The Indo-Pak stand-off gets a new twist
Aug 19, 2014

The Indo-Pak stand-off gets a new twist

New Delhi, having sent a tough message, will hopefully, be working along a coherent policy perspective. Relations with Pakistan are too important to be left hostage to knee-jerk reactions.

The International Rules Based Architecture: Identifying Indian Priorities
Jul 06, 2013

The International Rules Based Architecture: Identifying Indian Priorities

The Observer Research Foundation (ORF), in partnership with the Foreign and Commonwealth Office of the United Kingdom, organised a multi-stakeholder workshop on the 'International Rules-Based Governance' on March 15, 2013. The objective of the workshop was to arrive at a better understanding of the order of priorities for India within the international rules-based architecture.Three areas of focus were identified, namely: Corporate governance ben

The Ithai barrage of Manipur: To decommission or not
May 23, 2023

The Ithai barrage of Manipur: To decommission or not

The Ithai Barrage impounds the Manipur River just below the confluence of the Imphal River and the Tuitha River south of Loktak Lake, and is part of the Loktak Hydroelectric project that supplies hydropower to the seven Northeast states. Over time, the dam has affected the hydrology of the lake and caused harm to the ecology and economy of the region. The Manipur government is now urging the Centre to consider decommissioning the barrage. This br

The Jihadi Factor in India-Pakistan Peace Process
May 01, 2006

The Jihadi Factor in India-Pakistan Peace Process

The India-Pakistan peace process, punctuated with -uctuating waves of optimism and anxiety, has completed three years, and it is appropriate, and timely, to review whether the primary On April 22, 2003 the Indian Prime Minister, Mr Atal Bihari Vajpayee, told the Indian Parliament that India was unilaterally opening “the doors for talks” with Pakistan. The offer was based on two simple premises: one, that Pakistan would stop cross-border in

The Kashmir conflict: Managing perceptions and building bridges to peace
Oct 09, 2018

The Kashmir conflict: Managing perceptions and building bridges to peace

This brief examines the Kashmir conflict from the perspective of the young population who have grown up in tumultuous times in the Valley. It builds on findings of field surveys conducted by the author across the Kashmir Valley over the last two years, covering issues that remain unanswered three decades since the start of the insurgency. These topics include Kashmiriyat, the exodus of pandits, governance and administration, the post-2016 unrest

The land acquisition debate: A review
Aug 16, 2012

The land acquisition debate: A review

Land acquisition remains at the centre of many controversies and public policy paralysis in India. There are very few public policy issues in India that rival land acquisition in terms of its complexity, challenges and significance to country's growth and transition to more urbanised and industrialised status.

The legacy of Vajpayee and Singh
May 16, 2014

The legacy of Vajpayee and Singh

Narendra Modi's emphasis on Vajpayee's foreign policy legacy is politically significant for a number of reasons. It has offered much-needed reassurance all around that India will not abandon its traditional nuclear restraint, continue to seek peace with neighbours and promote regional prosperity through the economic integration of the subcontinent.

The logic behind calling out “manels”
Aug 04, 2020

The logic behind calling out “manels”

Why are there women behind the scenes but not in the discussion?

The long road ahead: Russia and its ambitions in the Far East
Sep 11, 2019

The long road ahead: Russia and its ambitions in the Far East

Indian government and businesses would do well to carefully examine their prospects.

The Long Shadow of NATO-Russia Contestation on India
Apr 07, 2023

The Long Shadow of NATO-Russia Contestation on India

There are fundamental structural changes shaping the security landscape in Europe and they are also casting their shadow on Indian foreign policy and national security.

The menace of building collapses in urban India
Oct 05, 2020

The menace of building collapses in urban India

Solutions to the problem are pretty obvious. The first step is to set the policy right. Governments have to begin by scrapping the rent laws as they s

The Narendra Modi government should engage Canberra more substantively
Jun 05, 2019

The Narendra Modi government should engage Canberra more substantively

India should not lose sight of the fact that it needs strong regional partnerships if the challenge of China’s rise is to be managed effectively.

The National Rural Livelihoods Mission: Drawing Lessons from the First Ten Years
Jul 23, 2021

The National Rural Livelihoods Mission: Drawing Lessons from the First Ten Years

The National Rural Livelihoods Mission was launched in June 2011 to create institutional platforms for the rural poor, enabling them to increase household incomes through livelihood support and access to financial services. This brief evaluates the achievements of the programme in its first 10 years. It finds that the Mission has met with some successes in improving the lives of rural women, who are the backbone of the programme, and consequently

The national security discourse is changing
Sep 10, 2021

The national security discourse is changing

Policymakers and practitioners are leading the emerging consensus on the need to fundamentally reassess assumptions

The need for a strategy to counter China’s Human Rights violations
Mar 03, 2023

The need for a strategy to counter China’s Human Rights violations

The challenge for policymakers is to identify the means necessary to tackle the threat China poses to security while also addressing threats to human

The new anti-colonialists
Apr 20, 2019

The new anti-colonialists

It’s up to India’s policymakers to effectively make use of the opportunities provided by growing concerns about the Chinese project to make India emerge as a net provider of regional connectivity.

The New Australia-China dynamic
Mar 03, 2023

The New Australia-China dynamic

Australia’s reformed policy towards China is not a turn to China; it’s a return to normality

The new Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) Quota: The changing idea of affirmative action
Nov 23, 2022

The new Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) Quota: The changing idea of affirmative action

The recent Supreme Court ruling on the EWS quota is expected to shape the procedural as well as aspirational dynamics of the discourse of affirmative

The new Sino-Russian partnership
Jun 12, 2015

The new Sino-Russian partnership

Xi Jinping's foreign policy gives acute emphasis to the development of silk roads. The closer Moscow and Beijing get, the more Russia will have to adjust to China's interests. It is important to understand that while Moscow depends heavily on Beijing, the situation is not true in the reverse.

The Obama Visit: Issues and Challenges
Jul 31, 2023

The Obama Visit: Issues and Challenges

Indo-US relations that have witnessed a remarkable transformation in recent years, both in tenor and substance, are under intense scrutiny on the eve of US President Barack Obama's forthcoming visit to India. While relations between the two democracies have moved from one of 'estrangement' to a relationship of 'engagement' at many levels, there are outstanding issues that need to be addressed. This Issue Brief explores the prospects for cooperati

The Only Way to Make Climate Progress
Jan 18, 2024

The Only Way to Make Climate Progress

Green technology and capital is concentrated in rich countries. Here’s how to address the north-south divide.

The outcome of India’s Kashmir bet could be profound
Dec 17, 2019

The outcome of India’s Kashmir bet could be profound

The altering of Kashmir’s special status poses risks, but it can also help consolidate our periphery

The outsourcing debate in the US elections
Aug 20, 2012

The outsourcing debate in the US elections

In the US presidential election, dominated by domestic issues and with little focus on foreign policy, outsourcing has emerged as a point of discussion. India is one of the top countries to which the US outsource work.

The Pathway to Affordable Housing in Urban India: A Case Study of Mumbai
Apr 25, 2023

The Pathway to Affordable Housing in Urban India: A Case Study of Mumbai

The affordable housing challenge plagues cities across India. Although city administrations have framed various strategies to tackle the issue, weak implementation, flawed policies, and an inherent lack of capacity to find longterm solutions have allowed slums to proliferate as an alternative. This paper examines the affordable housing issue in Greater Mumbai. Since affordability is not absolute but relative to the development stage and income di

The prevailing political climate in Maldives
Jan 23, 2023

The prevailing political climate in Maldives

Indian External Affairs Minister Jaishankar’s visit to the Maldives came as the politico-electoral climate in Maldives began heating up

The promise and perils of Artificial Intelligence partnerships
Jun 23, 2021

The promise and perils of Artificial Intelligence partnerships

AI can be a force for good. It has emerged as one technology of particular importance because of its role as an accelerator, its versatility, and its wide applicability. But challenges include standards-setting, supply chain resilience, talent retention, and data policy

The quagmire of Rare Earth Elements: The strategic overtones and their critical importance
Jun 30, 2023

The quagmire of Rare Earth Elements: The strategic overtones and their critical importance

There is a need to acknowledge the REE sector as a ‘strategic sector’ with policy interventions to make it lucrative for entrepreneurs with adequa

The rationale behind Antony Blinken’s nomination and its implications for India
Nov 25, 2020

The rationale behind Antony Blinken’s nomination and its implications for India

Blinken’s record as a clear-eyed internationalist could inform a pragmatic US policy towards India.

The RBI has passed the baton of economic growth to the government
Jul 14, 2023

The RBI has passed the baton of economic growth to the government

A normal monsoon and the consequently softer inflation in food prices could force RBI’s hand on both its policy stance as well as on the policy rate

The Relevance of Ancient Indian Strategy in Contemporary Geopolitics
Jul 01, 2021

The Relevance of Ancient Indian Strategy in Contemporary Geopolitics

This brief examines India’s relations with Pakistan and China using the lens of Kautilya, the ancient Indian strategic thinker—and argues for pragmatism: assessing the basis and severity of the threats, searching for possible strategic opportunities amidst the risks, and overall, avoiding the scenario of a two-front war. It begins by acknowledging that Pakistan and China view India through different prisms: for Pakistan, that of ideology; and

The rising role of Buddhism in India’s soft power strategy
Aug 20, 2023

The rising role of Buddhism in India’s soft power strategy

The Modi-led government is placing a strong accent on the use of soft power in India’s foreign policy. One of the more novel manifestations of these initiatives has been engagement in Buddhist diplomacy. The Buddhist faith, due to its emphasis on peaceful co-existence and its wide pan-Asian presence, lends itself well to soft-power diplomacy. This brief will examine India’s attempts at leveraging its historical and present-day associations wi

The road to Mekong: the India-Myanmar-Thailand trilateral highway project
Feb 07, 2017

The road to Mekong: the India-Myanmar-Thailand trilateral highway project

As India places the Mekong sub-region among its priorities under the country’s ‘Act East’ policy, the ongoing India-Myanmar-Thailand Trilateral Highway project––currently the only land connectivity project between India and the Mekong countries and the wider Southeast Asian region––could prove to be a game changer. It is imperative to explore ways to ensure early completion of this strategic communication link. This paper focuses on

The road to peace in Kashmir: Public perception of the contentious AFSPA and PSA
Aug 16, 2018

The road to peace in Kashmir: Public perception of the contentious AFSPA and PSA

The troubled state of Jammu and Kashmir is governed by two controversial laws – the Armed Forces (Jammu and Kashmir) Special Powers Act (AFSPA) of 1990 and its predecessor, the Jammu & Kashmir Public Safety Act (PSA), 1978. In the past few years, state security forces have been enforcing these two laws against suspected militants and insurgents with increasing severity. This paper argues that the combined enforcement of these two laws has s

The Role of Maternal Nutrition in Reducing Childhood Stunting
Jul 21, 2023

The Role of Maternal Nutrition in Reducing Childhood Stunting

Maternal nutrition impacts not only the woman’s health during pregnancy but also that of her newborn; the child’s health in their first 1,000 days of life, in turn, will influence outcomes during childhood. Indeed, maternal undernutrition is estimated to account for 20 percent of childhood stunting in India. It is therefore important to ensure that women enter pregnancy in good health, as measured for example in adequate height and we

The Role of Women’s Nutrition Literacy in Food Security in South Asia
Aug 17, 2023

The Role of Women’s Nutrition Literacy in Food Security in South Asia

Gender inequality is a major cause and effect of hunger and poverty, with women and girls comprising 60 percent of the global hungry. Women face multiple challenges (such as limited access to education and employment opportunities) that curtail their economic autonomy and weaken their bargaining position within the family, consequently impacting household food security. The pandemic has worsened this situation. It is crucial to apply a ge

The Role of Women’s Nutrition Literacy in Food Security: The Case of Africa
Aug 16, 2023

The Role of Women’s Nutrition Literacy in Food Security: The Case of Africa

Women are vital to food security, especially in developing countries where food is more scarce to begin with. Women’s productive and reproductive roles put them at the centre of food security more than any other group. This is true in Africa where, both as farmers and as home managers, women determine the feeding habits, dietary patterns, and nutritional and food security status of their household. This brief argues that promoting femal

The Social and Political Dimensions of Ethnic Conflicts in Manipur
Nov 11, 2023

The Social and Political Dimensions of Ethnic Conflicts in Manipur

The state of Manipur has been steeped in violent conflicts between ethnic groups for decades. The latest, ongoing strife between the Kukis and the Meiteis that erupted in early May has exposed the failure of state forces to contain the violence, even as it reflects the deep-rooted hostility between the two ethnic groups. This brief attempts to engage with the multifaceted, historical ethnic conflict between the Kukis and the Meiteis of Manipur. I

The South Korean elections: Another round of political logjam?
Apr 18, 2024

The South Korean elections: Another round of political logjam?

The victory of the Opposition party in the recent South Korean elections will force the President to focus more on the domestic agenda than on foreign