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Rural push can kickstart slack automobile sector
Dec 13, 2019

Rural push can kickstart slack automobile sector

More cars and commercial vehicles for rural India, however, are welcome. India has very low density of cars with 22 per 1,000 citizens compared to 980 in the US and 850 in the UK. Rural women would find work or business if there is a better system of transportation in the villages. It means a focus on the rural economy and making road connectivity better.

Russia and the Future of the Arctic
Oct 28, 2021

Russia and the Future of the Arctic

Russia—the state with the longest Arctic coastline—is embarking on an ambitious plan to benefit from the vast natural resources of the region, while undertaking a military modernisation effort that had been stalled after the end of the Cold War. As one of the strongest players in the high north, Russia will be key in determining the future of the region, which is facing challenges brought about by global warming. This paper examines Russia’

Russia-South Korea relations: Prospects and challenges
Jun 15, 2020

Russia-South Korea relations: Prospects and challenges

The positions of Russia and South Korea on regional affairs — given their respective relations with the China and US — will have a bearing on how

Russia-Ukraine Crisis: Why India needs to do more
Mar 23, 2022

Russia-Ukraine Crisis: Why India needs to do more

Will the course and the outcome of the ongoing Russia-Ukraine war alter New Delhi's foreign policy towards Moscow?

Russia’s Relations in Southeast Asia since 2014: Continuity and Change
Aug 20, 2020

Russia’s Relations in Southeast Asia since 2014: Continuity and Change

This paper outlines the development of Russia’s relations with the countries of Southeast Asia, focusing on the years after 2014. As relations with the West reached a new post-Cold War low, Moscow has intensified its efforts at building stronger ties with the East. The paper deals with the impact of these developments on the state of its political, economic and defense engagement in Southeast Asia, both bilaterally and multilaterally. It will s

Safeguarding Food Self-Sufficiency in the Time of COVID-19: Lessons from Bhutan
Apr 06, 2023

Safeguarding Food Self-Sufficiency in the Time of COVID-19: Lessons from Bhutan

Safeguarding people’s health has been the global priority amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. In Bhutan, emerging lessons show how nutrition and other aspects of health are intricately related to the management of food security during the current crisis, and beyond. The country’s leaders have used moral suasion alongside policy measures to demonstrate that good nutrition need not be a luxury.

Sanctions on Myanmar will not work
Oct 18, 2007

Sanctions on Myanmar will not work

Observer Research Foundation (ORF) organised a brainstorming session on "Possible Approaches for India's policy towards Myanmar" on October 18, 2007. The meeting discussed a gamut of issues including India's Myanmar policy, sanction regime, the China factor, Myanmar's political transition, and international community's response to the recent uprising in Myanmar.

Saudi Arabia gets a new heir-apparent: Implications for India
Jun 27, 2017

Saudi Arabia gets a new heir-apparent: Implications for India

Mohammad bin Salman's ascent to the second most important position in the kingdom will reinforce Saudi Arabia's newly assertive foreign policy.

Saudi moves impacting West Asian geopolitics
Apr 26, 2023

Saudi moves impacting West Asian geopolitics

By bringing China and Russia into the region and by developing strategic partnerships with important players such as India, Riyadh is signalling its intent to reduce its dependence on the US. Mohammed bin Salman is looking at a policy of multi-alignment that affords greater strategic autonomy.

Saving digital media from digital platforms: The Australian way
Mar 07, 2021

Saving digital media from digital platforms: The Australian way

Digitalisation has adversely affected the advertisement-driven business model of journalism. While there has been an acknowledgement that steps should

SCO 2019: Opportunities and challenges for India
Jun 04, 2019

SCO 2019: Opportunities and challenges for India

SCO is a potential platform to advance India’s Connect Central Asia policy.

SCO vs NATO
Jun 07, 2012

SCO vs NATO

For Indian Foreign Policy radicals, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, whose leaders are meeting this week in Beijing, is about an undying dream from the past - building an eastern bloc against the West.

Securing Sea Lines of Communication in Asia
Jul 17, 2023

Securing Sea Lines of Communication in Asia

The Sea Lines of Communication (SLOC) in the Indo-Pacific are a critical enabler of economic development and prosperity in the region but receive little policy attention. In an era of geopolitical contestation, with regional powers reluctant to exert military effort in preserving exclusive access in ‘contested’ spaces, joint military endeavours remain largely confined to non-traditional areas of security. The COVID-19 pandemic, the war in Ukr

Securing Two Oceans: Bolstering India-Australia Defence Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific
Jul 21, 2023

Securing Two Oceans: Bolstering India-Australia Defence Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific

Countries such as India and Australia are redefining their Indo-Pacific policies amidst the growing belligerence of China in the region. The two have a common interest in stability, while standing firmly against any militarisation. Their willingness to partner closely with like-minded countries in the Indo-Pacific lays the foundation for stronger defence and security cooperation between the two middle-power democracies and Indian Ocean li

Seeking a managed exit
Sep 24, 2018

Seeking a managed exit

A year after U.S. President Donald Trump unveiled his new Afghanistan policy, the stalemate continues

Shake-up time for Sri Lanka
Mar 26, 2012

Shake-up time for Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka should understand the nuances of diplomatic existence, survival and self-assertion, appreciate them where possible, accept them where needed. India and others may be blamed for Sri Lanka losing the vote but it should rather shake up Colombo to look into what had gone wrong with its foreign policy strategy, instead.

Shared Values, Common Goals: Finding Convergences in the Indo-Pacific Strategies of India and South Korea
Sep 26, 2023

Shared Values, Common Goals: Finding Convergences in the Indo-Pacific Strategies of India and South Korea

India and South Korea stand as important middle powers whose influence in the Indo-Pacific region is expanding in their own ways. At the same time, their bilateral partnership today has even bigger potential to serve as a stabilising factor amid shifting regional geopolitical equations. The current year—the 50th since the two countries established formal diplomatic ties—is an opportune moment for harnessing their converging interests. This br

Shift towards geoeconomics: Connecting India with West Asia
May 13, 2023

Shift towards geoeconomics: Connecting India with West Asia

Doval’s Riyadh visit and I2U2’s steady progress demonstrate a nimble, pragmatic and business-like foreign policy.

Shinzo Abe and India:  A lasting legacy
Jul 08, 2022

Shinzo Abe and India:  A lasting legacy

Revisiting late Former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s legacy on both domestic and international fronts.

Shinzo Abe: A statesman who saw the future
Jul 20, 2022

Shinzo Abe: A statesman who saw the future

Shinzo Abe’s astute policies on both international and domestic fronts have left an indelible impression on the world.

Short-sighted Submarine saga
Aug 29, 2013

Short-sighted Submarine saga

The tragic accident of Sindhurakshak should serve as a clarion call for the Navy and the higher defence establishment for introspection over the institutional inadequacies and the need for re-evaluating policy decisions.

Short-sighted submarine saga
Sep 09, 2013

Short-sighted submarine saga

The tragic accident of Sindhurakshak should serve as a clarion call for the Navy and the higher defence establishment for introspection over the institutional inadequacies and the need for re-evaluating policy decisions. A refocused attempt to rectify the growing lack of underwater platforms and warship inventory is the dire need of the hour.

Sino-Indian Border Deadlock: Time to rewrite India playbook
Aug 31, 2020

Sino-Indian Border Deadlock: Time to rewrite India playbook

India’s border dispute with China, which goes back to the 1950s, primarily owes to the absence of an internationally accepted boundary between them, and of an agreement on where runs the Line of Actual Control. The border, as a result, is patrolled and managed by the military forces of both sides. After initial efforts to resolve the dispute failed, the two sides signed a set of agreements aimed at stabilising the LAC and normalising their rela

Sino-Indian Border Infrastructure: Issues and Challenges
Jul 31, 2023

Sino-Indian Border Infrastructure: Issues and Challenges

This paper looks at the recent Chinese infrastructural developments along the Sino-Indian border, including building of highways, road links and oil pipelines that have improved the country's force deployment and sustenance capabilities. The paper also assesses India?s infrastructure initiatives on the border front and argues that they are inadequate, especially in light of the Chinese developments.

Sino-Myanmar Relations and Impact on the Region
Feb 26, 2011

Sino-Myanmar Relations and Impact on the Region

An interaction on 'Sino-Myanmar Relations and Impact on Region' at ORF Chennai noted that Indian response to the security threat emanating from this strategic relationship was inadequate. And India has not been effectively executing the 'Look East' policy.

Slovakia: EU’s latest headache?
Apr 23, 2024

Slovakia: EU’s latest headache?

Peter Pellegrini’s recent presidential victory could mean Slovakia mirroring Hungary's stance on Ukraine, potentially troubling the EU

Slovenian children as pawns in the pandemic powerplay
Sep 14, 2021

Slovenian children as pawns in the pandemic powerplay

As the government flip flops between opening and closing schools, children are suffering from the confusion in policy directives

Small countries must together create structures that can defend against global powers
Aug 16, 2019

Small countries must together create structures that can defend against global powers

The talk by Boris Tadić focuses on African issues as they are becoming strategically important for the future of mankind and for the sustainability o

Small Satellites for India’s Security: A Techno-Entrepreneurial View
Jan 25, 2016

Small Satellites for India’s Security: A Techno-Entrepreneurial View

The past decade has witnessed the proliferation of small satellite technology in various domains including the military, academe and commerce. is paper explores the idea of utilising small satellites technology (of the order weighing less than 150kg) for specic aspects of India's space security interests. It will describe some of the programmes and missions of global leaders in space security, and examine specic applications of small satellite te

Smart Cities: How serious is the Modi Govt?
Mar 21, 2015

Smart Cities: How serious is the Modi Govt?

Building one hundred smart cities, towns or townships will not change India's urban landscape much. India needs an overall smart, well-discussed, thought-out, and lastly effective and efficiently implemented urban development strategy in a holistic urban policy framework. Now is the time to shape it.

Social Marginalisation in Urban India and the Role of the State
Sep 15, 2023

Social Marginalisation in Urban India and the Role of the State

Urban inequality is a blight experienced by many cities, even in the developed world.In developing countries like India, these social and economic inequalities become even morepronounced, with living conditions in certain populations crossing the line to the abysmal. Inthese cities, agencies responsible for addressing welfare concerns are unable to do so, as theythemselves grapple with a host of challenges. This paper argues that any positive tra

Social Media and Political Leaders: An Exploratory Analysis
Jul 21, 2023

Social Media and Political Leaders: An Exploratory Analysis

Politicians have always used the media to communicate with the electorate. What makes social media unique is the scale, speed, and minimal cost at which leaders can do this task. This paper analyses the relationship between political leaders and the microblogging site, Twitter. It provides a comprehensive and systematic analysis of the use of Twitter by two contemporary Indian political leaders—Narendra Modi and Rahul Gandhi. It describ

Social protection to mitigate poverty: Examining the neglect of India’s informal workers
Aug 21, 2023

Social protection to mitigate poverty: Examining the neglect of India’s informal workers

Social protection is crucial in tackling extreme poverty and ensuring equitable development, thus catalysing the transition to a more stable and robust economy. About 50 percent of India’s economy hinges on its informal workers, who comprise 90 percent of the country’s total workforce. Yet, these informal workers continue to be excluded from current social-protection schemes, leaving them with no social or financial safety net and trapping th

Some things are best left secret
Jun 23, 2015

Some things are best left secret

As signaled by the Myanmar operations against militants, the policy shift in New Delhi must be taken seriously. One can hope that it does have a salutary effect on the extremist elements within the Pakistani establishment and the jihadi organisations located in the Pakistan-occupied Kashmir also.

South Africa’s COVID19 Responses: Unmaking the Political Economy of Health Inequalities
Feb 17, 2021

South Africa’s COVID19 Responses: Unmaking the Political Economy of Health Inequalities

South Africa’s Covid-19 responses are marred by policy paradoxes. How does a country with one of the most sophisticated health systems in Africa account for the highest number of Covid-19 fatalities? This brief argues that contemporary approaches to South Africa’s social, domestic, and foreign policy responses should be viewed through the theoretical lenses of racial capitalism—a racially hierarchical political economy constituting war, mil

South Asia South Asia Weekly 19
May 18, 2008

South Asia South Asia Weekly 19

The CPN-Maoists are clear about their economic agenda: they want an economic miracle in Nepal within 10 years. To achieve this objective, they have promised to adopt a liberal economic policy to boost the country's economic development and revive the dormant industrial sector.

South Asia South Asia Weekly 36
Sep 08, 2008

South Asia South Asia Weekly 36

The Maoist-led government presented its Policy and Programme document last week, setting out a whole gamut of tasks facing Prime Minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal 'Prachanda' . The key points of the document are: to draft new constitution within given timeframe of two years,

South Asia Weekly Report | Volume XII; Issue 22
Jun 04, 2019

South Asia Weekly Report | Volume XII; Issue 22

Exploring Bhutan’s transnational trade barriers, Afghanistan’s dismal healthcare facilities and other recent developments from South Asia.

Sovereignty in a ‘Datafied’ World
Oct 18, 2021

Sovereignty in a ‘Datafied’ World

Global data governance is at a crossroads—intensely contested by nations and industry players seeking to shape rules of the road to benefit their strategic interests. India has placed itself at the heart of the battle, its foreign policy vision fuelled by the principle of ‘data sovereignty’—a broad notion that supports the assertion of sovereign writ over data generated by citizens within a country’s physical boundaries. While this visi

Sovereignty Vs. Sovereign Rights: De-escalating Tensions in the South China Sea
Aug 14, 2023

Sovereignty Vs. Sovereign Rights: De-escalating Tensions in the South China Sea

Competing maritime territorial claims in the South China Sea resulting in frequent provocations and standoffs are well-documented. China’s increasingly assertive stance over its claims has led to increased militarisation of the region, making it a potential flashpoint. To better understand the complex SCS question vis-a-vis the extent of, and jurisdiction over this maritime space, this brief explores the distinction between the principl

Sports in Indian cities: Rethinking the use of astroturfs
Nov 07, 2023

Sports in Indian cities: Rethinking the use of astroturfs

The adoption of astroturf in sporting facilities poses a health hazard to humans and aggravates climate issues, thus, urban planning must focus on gre

Sri Lanka: Food security impacted by flawed economic policies
Jun 16, 2022

Sri Lanka: Food security impacted by flawed economic policies

The policy blunders by the Sri Lankan state have adversely affected the food security of the country.

Sri Lanka: Velvet gloves yet a firm grip, from India
May 23, 2014

Sri Lanka: Velvet gloves yet a firm grip, from India

By inviting SAARC Heads of Government for his inauguration, prime minister-designate Narendra Modi has demonstrated a firm grip over the emerging foreign policy scenario(s) and his vision of and for an India of the future.