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Nepal: Is Biden’s win win-win for the Himalayan Republic?
Nov 25, 2020

Nepal: Is Biden’s win win-win for the Himalayan Republic?

The situation now seems to be ripe to reorient the relationship by instilling new foreign policy mechanisms that can be helpful for not only the US an

Nepal’s new coalition government: A solution for its political woes?
Apr 12, 2024

Nepal’s new coalition government: A solution for its political woes?

With the formation of a new coalition in Nepal, political matters will most likely overshadow economic and social issues

Nepal’s response to the Ukrainian Crisis
Mar 23, 2022

Nepal’s response to the Ukrainian Crisis

Is Nepal abandoning its non-aligned policy and siding with the Western bloc as it denounces the Russian invasion?

Net metering versus net billing
Nov 18, 2019

Net metering versus net billing

Hasty net metering policy revisions by states will upset India’s renewable energy targets

New Australian govt is internationalist in outlook
Jan 22, 2008

New Australian govt is internationalist in outlook

The High Commissioner of Australia to India, H.E. Mr. John McCarthy, delivered a talk at ORF on "The new administration in Australia and Asia" on 22nd January, 2008. He gave a comprehensive account of the new administration's foreign policy.

New challenges, flexible partnerships—election season commences in South Asia
Sep 05, 2023

New challenges, flexible partnerships—election season commences in South Asia

As the Maldives, Bhutan, and Bangladesh head toward elections, they continue to commit to democracy

New elite takes the helm in China
Mar 21, 2023

New elite takes the helm in China

Discussions are taking place amongst China’s elites on the restructuring of CPC and state institutions to make them respond to the demands of the Po

New energy in India-Saudi Arabia ties
Oct 31, 2019

New energy in India-Saudi Arabia ties

India and Saudi Arabia are re-defining their foreign policy priorities: For New Delhi, Saudi Arabia and the Arab Gulf states are becoming key interlocutors in the Middle East. For Riyadh, India is one of the eight major powers with which it wants to forge strategic partnerships as part of its Vision 2030.

New horizons for satellite Earth observation
Dec 01, 2016

New horizons for satellite Earth observation

The rise of small satellite platforms has brought a paradigm shift in the manner satellite Earth observation (EO) business is conducted.

New kids on the bloc
Aug 26, 2023

New kids on the bloc

As BRICS expands to 11 members, the challenge ahead will not be of who else joins BRICS, but what policy decisions are taken and how are they implemen

New Maldives President: India’s Friend or Foe?
Oct 17, 2023

New Maldives President: India’s Friend or Foe?

It likely that Malé will remain sensitive to India’s broad strategic concerns around China, but will likely push also for closer ties to Beijing.

New opportunities ahead for greater India-US cooperation
Jun 09, 2014

New opportunities ahead for greater India-US cooperation

During a closed door discussion with US Assistant Secretary Nisha Desai Biswal, Indian strategic thinkers and foreign policy experts discussed the new opportunities lying ahead for greater India-US cooperation.

Next steps in peace process
Feb 15, 2006

Next steps in peace process

The next steps towards peace with Pakistan need to be thought out carefully to prevent the dialogue process from getting derailed or losing steam - two possibilities which seem to be staring in the face of policy makers on either side of the border.

No easy solutions to cyber security concerns: Karsten Geier
Oct 12, 2016

No easy solutions to cyber security concerns: Karsten Geier

Karsten Geier, head of the Cyber Policy Coordination Staff at the German Federal Foreign Office's interview on CyFy 2016

No Prime Minister, 'Terrorism' and 'Militancy' are not the same thing
Feb 05, 2019

No Prime Minister, 'Terrorism' and 'Militancy' are not the same thing

The Modi government has declared that virtually everyone who opposes its policies in Jammu and Kashmir is a terrorist. This makes it difficult to find a way out of the Kashmir miasma.

No war, no peace: The aftermath of the 'surgical strikes' raises concerns
Nov 11, 2016

No war, no peace: The aftermath of the 'surgical strikes' raises concerns

There is disquiet among India’s policy making circles that are being done to address a domestic constituency in aftermath of surgical strikes in PoK.

Northwest turbulence
Mar 04, 2015

Northwest turbulence

What Delhi needs is a strategy that will generate some influence for India in shaping the future of the critical northwest sub-region. Such a strategy will necessarily involve sustained dialogue with Pakistan, a recalibration of the Afghan policy, encouragement to the peace talks between Kabul and Rawalpindi and the readiness to engage all powers who have a stake in the region's stability.

Not promoting, not exporting: India’s democracy assistance
Dec 24, 2017

Not promoting, not exporting: India’s democracy assistance

India is commonly — and rightly — considered as a reluctant democracy promoter. But while sceptical about the motives behind Western attempts to promote democracy and about the effects of their democracy promotion efforts, India has since the mid-2000s moved warily to involve itself in “democracy assistance”. This article argues that New Delhi has engaged in these activities in the context of a wider shift in strategy, in parallel with t

Nothing substantial in the India-US Annual Strategic Dialogue
Jun 20, 2012

Nothing substantial in the India-US Annual Strategic Dialogue

For two reasons, no big ticket items or headline-grabbing news came out of this year's third Indo-US Annual Strategic Dialogue. For one, the US is in election mode; the second reason is the policy paralysis in New Delhi.

Nuclear deal will sail through: Talbott
Sep 18, 2006

Nuclear deal will sail through: Talbott

Observer Research Foundation (ORF), New Delhi, hosted a talk on Monday, September 18, 2006, by Brookings Institution President Strobe Talbott on "US Foreign Policy in the Presidential Election Season".

Nuclear Developments in Iran: Comprehending the Indian View
Apr 21, 2015

Nuclear Developments in Iran: Comprehending the Indian View

This paper examines Indian policies and decisions on Iran's nuclear programme and reveals a number of critical factors which have influenced New Delhi on this matter in varying degrees.

Nuclear energy in India: Small may not be beautiful
Feb 03, 2022

Nuclear energy in India: Small may not be beautiful

Small modular reactors may not be as conducive for India’s nuclear needs as previously envisaged

Nutrition as the main pillar to a healthy and wealthy India
Sep 06, 2017

Nutrition as the main pillar to a healthy and wealthy India

Countries like India are in the phase of a transition where the public policy challenges presented by overnutrition are in addition to those posed by undernutrition, instead of replacing traditional challenges of undernutrition.

Obama 2.0: Who will crash the party?
Dec 01, 2012

Obama 2.0: Who will crash the party?

If the first term of President Obama is any indication, U.S. foreign policy will to continue to develop in a cautious, limited, pragmatic, yet largely reactive manner. There will be few American efforts to order the new multipolar world, or respond proactively to much of anything.

Obama likely to continue his balanced approach towards China
Apr 04, 2013

Obama likely to continue his balanced approach towards China

Obama's China policy, motivated by an increasing level of interdependence, will involve constructive engagement with China. However, simultaneously, the US will also seek to ensure that their image of being a great power in Pacific-Asia does not change, according to US scholar Prof. Ronald W. Pruessen.

Obama's Africa outreach: Too little, too late?
Jul 26, 2013

Obama's Africa outreach: Too little, too late?

The US needs to seriously reconsider its policy of advising African countries about how they go about their foreign policy or risk losing any goodwill it has left in the region. Also, perhaps, Obama's Africa visit has come too late in the day and his promises are too little to entice the Africans.

Oil-for-loans: Chinese energy investments in Russia
Feb 22, 2023

Oil-for-loans: Chinese energy investments in Russia

The Sino-Russian bilateral signifies China’s urgency for resilient global energy supply chains to meet its increasing energy needs through its oil-f

Old women: The “hidden workforce” and not at all dependent
Mar 07, 2024

Old women: The “hidden workforce” and not at all dependent

Despite being labelled as dependents, older women, especially from low-income households, contribute significantly through unpaid and paid work, witho

On Jerusalem, Modi government is putting ideology over national interest
Dec 12, 2017

On Jerusalem, Modi government is putting ideology over national interest

Bandwagoning with the US cannot be a substitute for a working foreign policy in our own region and near abroad.

One belt, one road, and now one circle
Feb 21, 2018

One belt, one road, and now one circle

The anticipated economic and strategic windfall from environmental change in the Arctic has spurred China to officially enunciate an Arctic policy. Ke

One-upmanship at the top shows cracks in China’s system
Jun 16, 2022

One-upmanship at the top shows cracks in China’s system

The rise of other contenders in the CCP raises questions about Xi’s long-term political prospects.

Onward to the Sustainable Development Agenda 2030: Will COVID-19 leave many behind?
Feb 16, 2021

Onward to the Sustainable Development Agenda 2030: Will COVID-19 leave many behind?

The multiple ramifications of the COVID-19 pandemic, and the lockdowns imposed by countries as a response, are being felt in sectors ranging from agriculture to healthcare. The global community must now hurdle massive obstacles to achieving the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). To correctly assess the impact of the pandemic on global sustainability-driven concerns, it is important to understand not only the inter-linkages between the SDGs,

Open-Source Intelligence Has Arrived
Oct 04, 2023

Open-Source Intelligence Has Arrived

The concept of ‘intelligence’ immediately brings to mind a covert world of spies, secrets, and classified documents. That might have been true in the past, but in the current age, Open-Source Intelligence (OSINT) is gaining prominence. OSINT is intelligence based on information that is publicly available and processed by any interested party, and complements traditional intelligence while providing greater situational awareness to a range of

Operationalising Blue Economy in Africa: The Case of South West Indian Ocean
May 11, 2023

Operationalising Blue Economy in Africa: The Case of South West Indian Ocean

Blue Economy is fast becoming an area of huge interest for African policymakers. Has the rhetoric translated to concrete developmental outcomes? This brief examines the question of how the concept of ‘Blue economy’ should be operationalised nationally and regionally in Africa. It highlights strategic entry points that should be driven by both public and private sectors and supported by South-South cooperation: the development of ports, promot

Optimising Urban Agriculture: A Pathway to Food Security in India
Aug 17, 2023

Optimising Urban Agriculture: A Pathway to Food Security in India

As global and urban populations continue to grow, and climate change threatens food security, it is imperative that cities—often the largest food consumers—contribute to its production through urban agriculture. Urban agriculture comprises food and non-food products grown for self-consumption or sale. Entrepreneurs, non-governmental organisations, and citizens worldwide are adopting new technologies to optimise production amid space c

Orbits to objectives: Aligning space security strategy with military CONOPs
Jan 05, 2024

Orbits to objectives: Aligning space security strategy with military CONOPs

India's venture into space security, intertwined with defence readiness, necessitates a comprehensive and well-structured national strategy

ORF recommends $1 billion SAARC Fund
Jan 22, 2004

ORF recommends $1 billion SAARC Fund

The SAARC should plan a billion dollar Infrastructure Fund for developing water and energy projects in areas with high unemployment and poverty rates, a ORF Policy Brief issued on the eve of Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee¿s visit to Islamabad to attend the 12th SAARC Conference.

ORF researcher bags NIXI fellowship
Oct 19, 2010

ORF researcher bags NIXI fellowship

ORF Senior Fellow Dr. R. Swaminathan will work on mobile banking solutions for financial inclusion and prepare a policy document for the government.

Outrage over local pollution: Not an elite? Your cries don’t qualify.
Oct 11, 2021

Outrage over local pollution: Not an elite? Your cries don’t qualify.

Immediate policy changes due to public outrage over health and the ill-effects of pollution are seen only because it is the rich who raise these issue

Overcoming data challenges in tracking India’s health and nutrition targets
Dec 29, 2016

Overcoming data challenges in tracking India’s health and nutrition targets

In May 2016, the Health Secretaries of the States and Union Territories of India gathered in the capital and issued “The Delhi Commitment on Sustainable Development Goals for Health”. Among others, the document acknowledged the need to invest in health data collection, analysis and research so that these can properly inform government policies and strategies necessary to address the various challenges facing India’s healthcare. Such commitm

Pak Army's positive attidue changing scene in South Asia
May 05, 2012

Pak Army's positive attidue changing scene in South Asia

India has expressed its willingness to extend technical assistance for improving infrastructure in Pakistan. Pakistan is bound to realise that holding on to terrorism as an instrument of State policy would not be in its interests as Pakistan would be the real sufferers in the long run.

Pak helping terror regroup
Nov 12, 2003

Pak helping terror regroup

More than Afghanistan and Iraq, it is Pakistan which reflects the failure of the American foreign policy. Or is it naïve on my part to say so since the possibility of Pakistan being sheltered and supported as a nation that spawns terror groups willingly by Washington could in fact be the reality? Why would Washington, or for that matter others, ignore two recent events in Pakistan which clearly point at the regrouping of terror groups under the