Search: For - policy

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Kashmir’s transformation from terrorism to tourism
Sep 21, 2023

Kashmir’s transformation from terrorism to tourism

The recent increase in the number of tourist arrivals in Jammu and Kashmir indicates that peace is returning to the Valley

Kerry-Khurshid dialogue: Time for hard decisions
Jun 20, 2013

Kerry-Khurshid dialogue: Time for hard decisions

Recently, in two special reports (ORF-Heritage Foundation and ORF-Center for American Progress) Indian and American scholars have come out with many suggestions to fast-track India-US relations. If the policy-makers at the Annual Strategic Dialogue take on board some of these recommendations, it will go a long way in re-energising the relationship.

Lanka pit-stop
Nov 05, 2014

Lanka pit-stop

What Colombo and Beijing are telling Delhi is that Chinese naval presence in Sri Lanka is now routine and India should get used to it. Delhi quite clearly will find it hard to digest. But, if Delhi wants to limit or reverse Colombo's strategic tilt towards China, it should start with a comprehensive review of its policy towards Sri Lanka.

Leakgate: Govt needs more transparency, not less
Mar 31, 2015

Leakgate: Govt needs more transparency, not less

For a government committed to 'minimum government, maximum governance' it is time that policy making in key economic ministries become far more open and consultative, its acts and actions predictable. In the long run, that is the only way to ensure that policies for the auctions of licenses, processes of tendering and award, and actions to ensure their implementation -- are not subject to capture by select coteries.

Lesson from an unsettled  boundary
Apr 29, 2013

Lesson from an unsettled boundary

We can only speculate on the causes of their present westward shift in the Daulat Beg Oldi area. But one thing is clear: the central locomotive of Chinese policy remains Tibet. Despite massive investments in the region, large numbers of Tibetans remain disaffected.

Lessons from 30 years of women’s reservation in panchayats
Dec 07, 2023

Lessons from 30 years of women’s reservation in panchayats

Women representatives have played a critical role in redefining local priorities, but proper measures need to be adopted to address the existing chall

Lessons from transboundary waste trade: Why India should focus on the judicious use of its own waste
Aug 23, 2018

Lessons from transboundary waste trade: Why India should focus on the judicious use of its own waste

This paper examines two types of waste on which India can explore transboundary waste-trade opportunities and challenges: farm-produce waste and municipal solid waste. Using lessons learnt from trade between other countries, the paper argues that while India can augment its economy through increased waste exports or imports, certain conditions must be met for India to benefit from sustained international waste trade practices. The paper recommend

Let's stick to our guns on Pakistan
Jun 10, 2019

Let's stick to our guns on Pakistan

The Modi government has been diplomatically polite and is in no haste to reach out to Pakistan for bilateral talks yet.

Leveraging exports for economic growth
Sep 01, 2022

Leveraging exports for economic growth

Reducing the trade deficit is essential for economic growth. Better policymaking can aid to that end.

Leveraging the Global Macroeconomic Environment for Recovery and Growth: Opportunities for G20 Under India’s Presidency
Aug 04, 2022

Leveraging the Global Macroeconomic Environment for Recovery and Growth: Opportunities for G20 Under India’s Presidency

The global macroeconomy has undergone unprecedented change in recent years, particularly because of the COVID-19 pandemic. While the G20 had an effective coordinating role in steering the global economy through the 2008 global financial crisis, its role in engineering an inclusive and sustainable recovery from the pandemic has been more mixed. Incomes in the advanced G20 economies are on track to return to pre-pandemic levels by end-2022 but have

Leveraging the Rice Export Ban for Crop Substitution in India
Mar 20, 2024

Leveraging the Rice Export Ban for Crop Substitution in India

India is the world’s largest rice exporter, making it a significant player in the global rice market. A global rice shortage is anticipated amid rising geopolitical tensions and commodity prices. To safeguard domestic consumers from exorbitant price shocks, India has banned the export of non-basmati white rice since July 2023. This paper examines the ban's implications, especially regarding welfare redistribution among basmati and non-basmati f

Light Tanks: A Missing Priority for the Indian Army
Jul 16, 2021

Light Tanks: A Missing Priority for the Indian Army

The Indian Army’s (IA) difficulties with regard to the acquisition of light tanks are as much self-inflicted as they are a product of fiscal constraints. The Army has exerted only half-hearted efforts in developing its light-armoured capabilities—inconsistent with current Army doctrine and in disregard of history. Indeed, the IA has used light armour in high-altitude operations in the past. This paper argues that the IA is hobbled by an infan

Limited platforms to resolve US-China nuclear issues
May 06, 2013

Limited platforms to resolve US-China nuclear issues

While there are fears in both the US and China about each other on the nuclear issue, the platforms to resolve the issues and dispel hostile perceptions were limited, says Dr. Lora Saalman, Carnegie's Beijing-based Nuclear Policy Program scholar.

Lingering mistrust
May 13, 2013

Lingering mistrust

Media's increasing reach cannot be ignored and policymakers and policymaking has to adapt itself to this grind. Media, despite it many vices, serves as a medium for greater appraisal of government policies. But media should understand that sustained attention comes only with sustained credibility.

Little room for fresh India-Pak initiative
Mar 06, 2017

Little room for fresh India-Pak initiative

India's Pakistan policy is now inextricably linked to its China policy.

Little to choose between the candidates in the third debate
Oct 25, 2012

Little to choose between the candidates in the third debate

The US Presidential debates might not change the election result, but the good thing is that the world now knows what exactly a Romney Presidency would look like from a foreign policy point of view and what Obama is likely to do if he wins a second term -with little substantial difference in their foreign policy positions.

Lloyd Austin’s nomination serves Biden’s political calculations
Dec 24, 2020

Lloyd Austin’s nomination serves Biden’s political calculations

With his nominee for Secretary of Defence, Biden is seeking to manage inter- and intra-party challenges on Capitol Hill, counter the Republican narrat

Looking West
Dec 26, 2012

Looking West

The gathering of southeast Asian leaders last week at a summit in Delhi was a celebration of India's Look East policy. Could we imagine a similar "Look West" strategy towards the Arabian Peninsula?

Macron’s second term will be harder – his centrism pushed opponents to extreme Left & Right
May 03, 2022

Macron’s second term will be harder – his centrism pushed opponents to extreme Left & Right

If Macron loses control of the National Assembly in June, he may be forced into an uneasy co-habitation that will limit his policy options. He knows that.

Mainstreaming sustainability outcomes in big infrastructure projects
May 13, 2020

Mainstreaming sustainability outcomes in big infrastructure projects

Urban infrastructure projects using brownfield or greenfield development can cause damage to natural habitats. To achieve the Agenda 2030 goal of “leaving no one behind” while mitigating the destruction of habitats, an integrated approach towards infrastructure development must be adopted. This paper outlines the current paradigms of sustainable infrastructure provision, highlighting how and why sustainability outcomes are overlooked at diffe

Major breakthrough in Nepal–India relations: Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba’s visit to India
Apr 15, 2022

Major breakthrough in Nepal–India relations: Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba’s visit to India

A shift in India’s policy towards Nepal’s power trade is proving to be favourable for the latter

Make China India's natural ally for development
May 13, 2015

Make China India's natural ally for development

The key challenge PM Modi would face in China is to completely debunk the hypothesis, which some people suspect, that a key objective of Modi's 'Act East' policy is to contain China, in covert or overt support with the U.S., Japan and other affected nations. This task is not surely going to be easy.

Making Iraq out of Lebanon
Mar 09, 2005

Making Iraq out of Lebanon

After having made a Lebanon out of Iraq, the US, duly assisted by France and other West European powers, has embarked on a policy, which is likely to make an Iraq out of the Lebanon.

Making profit a public good: Creating shared values between business and society
Apr 09, 2024

Making profit a public good: Creating shared values between business and society

Governments will have to work with private corporations to provide them with a framework for making profit a public good through a long-run vision of

Malabar Exercise: A concert of democracies on the high seas
Oct 23, 2015

Malabar Exercise: A concert of democracies on the high seas

Exercise Malabar and the trilateral dialogue have assumed significance in the backdrop of the US' rebalance to Asia and India's Act East Policy. The growing convergence of interests among the US, Japan and India on issues such as the Indian Ocean, maritime security, respect for international law and a stable Asian security order has driven the trilateral dialogue.

Maldives' import-reliant economic landscape
Feb 29, 2024

Maldives' import-reliant economic landscape

As Maldives faces a complex economic landscape driven by import dependencies and fiscal policy challenges, strategic policymaking is imperative

Maldives, India, and a hydrography pact
Jan 05, 2024

Maldives, India, and a hydrography pact

The recent decision by Maldives to revoke the hydrographic survey agreement with India is indicative of the ebbing of trust between the two

Maldives: Yameen camp’s efforts to take ‘India Out’ campaign to Parliament fails
Oct 20, 2020

Maldives: Yameen camp’s efforts to take ‘India Out’ campaign to Parliament fails

While there is greater cohesion in the government’s response to India-centric development agreements, it is also seeking to keep the China relations

Maldives’ balanced global outreach
Mar 17, 2023

Maldives’ balanced global outreach

The balanced approach adopted by Maldives highlights how the Maldivian foreign policy has evolved under the Solih presidency

Maldives’ Muizzu Throws in With China
Jan 19, 2024

Maldives’ Muizzu Throws in With China

Malé is playing India and China against each other and trying to get the best deal, but Muizzu appears to have gone a bit overboard this time.

Maldives’ new pro-China tilt is worrisome but India hopes for pragmatism
May 17, 2024

Maldives’ new pro-China tilt is worrisome but India hopes for pragmatism

India has been understanding of the Maldivian government’s new policy, but it expects the island nation to respect Indian sensitivities and equally uphold its commitment to bilateral ties

Mapping Next Big Steps in India-US defence partnership
Oct 01, 2015

Mapping Next Big Steps in India-US defence partnership

As the power balances of the 21st century shift, Indo-US defence partnership will not be solely about defence commerce. Instead this vital partnership flows from geopolitical interests. To sustain the momentum, both countries should undertake proactive measures to resolve the complex policy challenges.

Mapping the Literature on Development Assistance in Health: A Bibliometric Analysis
Apr 22, 2024

Mapping the Literature on Development Assistance in Health: A Bibliometric Analysis

This paper presents a bibliometric analysis of the literature on private health aid and official health assistance between 2000 and 2022. It provides an overview of the sites and themes in the literature pertaining to development assistance in health, and collates the significant policy recommendations presented therein. Several crucial findings emerge from the bibliometric analysis: 44.2 percent of the 489 papers/articles assessed focused on low

Marco Rubio: Return of the Republican Savior?
Nov 06, 2015

Marco Rubio: Return of the Republican Savior?

Whilst the US presidential polls are never about foreign policy issues, the 2016 elections would be markedly different and foreign policy is going to be central to the elections. And Marco Rubio's ability to articulate the message of America's international leadership will sustain him in the long race to the Oval Office.

Maritime India: The Quest for a Steadfast Identity
Jul 23, 2023

Maritime India: The Quest for a Steadfast Identity

India’s geography lends itself favourably to the cultivation and expansion of maritime ties. Yet, for much of the country’s contemporary history, the country has overlooked these opportunities. As the world reengages with its vast ocean spaces, India too, has become more willing and capable of participating in the maritime domain. This paper outlines the evolution of the country’s maritime outlook as it shifts its largely continental-orient

Maritime Security and Development in the South-West Indian Ocean Region: Harnessing India’s Engagement with Small Island Developing States
Jul 21, 2023

Maritime Security and Development in the South-West Indian Ocean Region: Harnessing India’s Engagement with Small Island Developing States

In recent years, the Small Island Developing States (SIDS) of the South-West Indian Ocean (SWIO) region have emerged as vital security and developmental partners in the geopolitics of the Indian Ocean Region (IOR)—thereby gaining prominence in India’s foreign policy priorities. This paper examines India’s bilateral and multilateral engagement with the SIDS of the SWIO region, and argues that India should consider the concerns of the

Maritime security issues in the region cannot be separated: Japan's Vice Minister
Sep 06, 2015

Maritime security issues in the region cannot be separated: Japan's Vice Minister

During a lecture on 'Japan's foreign policy: Strategy and practice', Japan's Vice Minister for Foreign Affairs, Mr Akitaka Saiki reiterated the Japanese position that the security issues in the Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean, the South China Sea and East China Sea cannot be treated separately.

Mauritius deepens India’s naval reach
Mar 08, 2024

Mauritius deepens India’s naval reach

With Maldives veering towards China, Mauritius is emerging as a decisive factor in ensuring India’s dominance in the Indian Ocean Region

Middle East energy challenges and India
Jul 23, 2020

Middle East energy challenges and India

India can be much bolder in its engagement with the Middle East, and particularly the Gulf.

Migration, river management, radicalisation: What does the future hold for India-Bangladesh relations?
May 12, 2020

Migration, river management, radicalisation: What does the future hold for India-Bangladesh relations?

India and Bangladesh’s relationship has been growing steadily over the past few years, especially since Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina came to power in January 2009. In 2019, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi described the relationship as being in its “golden era (Sonali Adhyay).” Indeed, Bangladesh is at the centre of India’s flagship ‘Neighbourhood First’ and ‘Act East’ policies, and has been crucial in ensuring peace

Modelling Decarbonisation Pathways for the Indian Economy
Nov 09, 2021

Modelling Decarbonisation Pathways for the Indian Economy

This brief explores four scenarios of climate action for India using a systems dynamics model called the Energy Policy Simulator for India. It investigates policy trade-offs and co-benefits and estimates the costs of climate action. It finds that deep decarbonisation in the Indian economy is possible while also boosting jobs and GDP and avoiding millions of premature deaths due to harmful air pollution. The low-carbon transition will require mass