Search: For - policy

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How India deals with Pakistan and China
Jun 02, 2011

How India deals with Pakistan and China

It might be interesting to analyse our diplomatic handling of China and Pakistan on a comparative basis. These two countries pose the most difficult and complex foreign policy challenges to us. Is our approach to both countries similar, or there are differences in the way we engage them?

How India sees its neighbourhood: From the lens of Young India
Jan 02, 2023

How India sees its neighbourhood: From the lens of Young India

A close assessment of India’s foreign policy reveals the youth’s understanding and acceptance of India’s policy towards its neighbours

How PM Modi's trips are securing India's defence
Jun 17, 2014

How PM Modi's trips are securing India's defence

Narendra Modi's visits out of New Delhi last week have emphasised the new government's understanding of India's Grand Strategy. In some ways, it marks a continuity with the policy of past governments, but in important ways it presages a departure.

How Tesla solved India's broadband puzzle in 1893
Jun 27, 2011

How Tesla solved India's broadband puzzle in 1893

It's time policy mandarins remove their blinkers and jettison their vested interests to learn the sharp and focused lessons that history of science teaches so beautifully

How to mis-understand trade
Jan 23, 2017

How to mis-understand trade

Trade relations between Europe and India require new eclectic and dynamic ways of thinking. This brief examines hurdles in mainstream policy thinking that block the way for imagining and doing trade differently.

How to speed up urbanisation
Mar 16, 2020

How to speed up urbanisation

Reckless urbanisation that does not provide for quality of life to the citizens may be counterproductive for the desired levels of growth.

How “Indian” are Indian startups?
Jun 13, 2018

How “Indian” are Indian startups?

Market mechanisms — more than policy interventions — are perhaps efficient interlocutors of the success of the startups' ecosystem.

https://www.orfonline.org/research/health-infrastructure-planning-amid-covid-19-the-case-of-mumbai/
Jan 13, 2021

https://www.orfonline.org/research/health-infrastructure-planning-amid-covid-19-the-case-of-mumbai/

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused unprecedented stress on India’s urban public health infrastructure, underscoring the need for urban planning to account for increased demand for health amenities during crises. This paper evaluates the city of Mumbai’s 1991 and 2034 development plans and finds inherent infrastructural inadequacies. It calls on urban-policymakers to complement development plans with robust dynamic health strategies that conside

If Pakistan remains India’s problem, Taiwan will remain America’s
Sep 23, 2021

If Pakistan remains India’s problem, Taiwan will remain America’s

The US needs to alter its policy towards Pakistan for an enhanced partnership on the Taiwan front

If talks and terror can’t go together, neither can trade and terror
Mar 29, 2024

If talks and terror can’t go together, neither can trade and terror

Pakistan may want to normalise relations by bifurcating their “India policy” from their “Kashmir policy”, but this is no longer acceptable to

Ignore Pakistan till it starts behaving like a normal neighbour
Dec 10, 2014

Ignore Pakistan till it starts behaving like a normal neighbour

When a strategy yields no results, or worse, is counterproductive, then the wise move is to change it. Our strategy of not reacting to repeated Pakistani depredations or offering conciliatory gestures may have earned us international accolades but has not made Pakistan change its policy options or stance towards India.

Imagining a global IR out of India
Aug 17, 2023

Imagining a global IR out of India

The global order is fast-changing; the field of International Relations (IR), less so. Despite the rise of other countries in economic and geopolitical terms, the field of IR continues to be dominated by the West and its theories, methods and policy concerns. The idea of ‘Global IR’ proposed in this brief aims to make the field more inclusive and universal. After outlining the major elements of a Global IR paradigm, the brief suggests that In

Importance of Obama's India visit
Jan 24, 2015

Importance of Obama's India visit

Both President Obama and Prime Minister Modi have seized the moment to reinvigourate the bilateral ties. If Modi has put America at the very centre of his dynamic foreign policy strategy, Obama appears eager to work with what is undoubtedly a more vigorous and action-oriented government in Delhi.

Importance of social mobility for sustainable development
Sep 05, 2022

Importance of social mobility for sustainable development

Policy responses must be targeted to uplift those who were at the lowest socio-economic rungs as it shows that a higher degree of social mobility help

Imran Khan has talked about fixing India-Pakistan ties. The first step should be a reality check
Jul 30, 2018

Imran Khan has talked about fixing India-Pakistan ties. The first step should be a reality check

There is no reason to believe that we will witness some change in Pakistan’s foreign policy.

In its mission to go green, India must focus on just transition
Jun 23, 2021

In its mission to go green, India must focus on just transition

The measure of a successful energy transition must go beyond statistics of installed capacity of renewables, investments and number of jobs. While these are important, the face of the transition should become the lives, livelihoods and well-being of the economy

In search of fair grades
Dec 14, 2010

In search of fair grades

Access to higher education has been a long-standing policy concern in India. Reservation for different social groups at the central and the state levels has been a typical policy response.

Inclusive health solutions: Insights from Raisina 2024
Mar 14, 2024

Inclusive health solutions: Insights from Raisina 2024

Collaboration across sectors, responsible use of technology, and a deep understanding of local contexts are key to addressing global health challenges

India and Africa: Charting a Post-COVID19 Future
Jun 25, 2020

India and Africa: Charting a Post-COVID19 Future

The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed the fragility of healthcare systems and strained economies across the globe. India and countries in Africa have emerged as hotspots due to the dual burden of large populations and weak health infrastructure. This lack of infrastructure, coupled with decreasing investments in healthcare over the years, has left their societies and governments underprepared and potentially overwhelmed by COVID-19. As developing reg

India and China in Central Asia: Understanding the new rivalry in the heart of Eurasia
Feb 17, 2020

India and China in Central Asia: Understanding the new rivalry in the heart of Eurasia

After the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, India established official ties with the five former Soviet Republics of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan; so did China. In recent years, both India and China have come up with different strategies to strengthen their respective ties with these resource-rich economies, collectively called the Central Asian Republics (CARs). China’s strategy is the ambitious Belt and Roa

India and China: Is Maldives balancing or tilting?
May 07, 2020

India and China: Is Maldives balancing or tilting?

The structure of the international system and balance of power tend to limit the foreign policy choices of smaller states. But we are now living in a

India and Counterforce: A Question of Evidence
May 14, 2020

India and Counterforce: A Question of Evidence

Even as India has had a long-running debate about many aspects of its nuclear doctrine, most importantly, its No First Use (NFU) policy, the country continues to maintain the NFU. This paper makes a critical assessment of recent arguments made by Christopher Clary and Vipin Narang that India may be reconsidering its NFU policy because of counterforce “temptations”. The paper dissects the evidence they present—statements made by mostly retir

India and global trade governance: Redefining its ‘national’ interest
Dec 24, 2017

India and global trade governance: Redefining its ‘national’ interest

This paper considers and explains the shifts and consistencies in India’s engagement with structures of global trade governance beginning from the Uruguay round of trade negotiations in late 1980s. It makes three major arguments. First, that although India has participated actively in global trade negotiations since the establishment of the General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs (GATT) it was only under the present-day trade governance institut

India and International Sanctions:Delhi’s Role as a Sanctioner
Sep 26, 2013

India and International Sanctions:Delhi’s Role as a Sanctioner

Over the years, sanctions have emerged as a preferred foreign-policy tool for many States, especially in the West. Sanctions serve a number of purposes, including the application of economic and political pressure on specific governments with a view to change their stance on a particular issue. International organisations, throughout the 20th century, used sanctions to impose their positions. The League of Nations first imposed sanctions in 1921

India and Japan: Changing Dimensions of Partnership in the post-Cold War Period
Mar 06, 2010

India and Japan: Changing Dimensions of Partnership in the post-Cold War Period

Indo-Japanese relations have witnessed a paradigm shift since 2000 when both countries launched a global partnership in order to address a range of issues affecting regional and global peace and prosperity. Systematic efforts made by the leaders of both countries since then have strengthened their partnership. Until very recently, their interactions were mainly limited to economic issues, but today they cover a wide spectrum of subjects including

India and Latin America: Where ignorance is not bliss
Sep 12, 2017

India and Latin America: Where ignorance is not bliss

India and South America have barely managed to maintain minimal bilateral ties for the last several decades. Absent strong ties in geography, what India and South America have instead is a shared post-colonial history. Colonised by European powers for several centuries, both began their journey as independent countries under conditions of underdevelopment and having inexperienced polities with a limited foreign policy agenda. Today, it is not onl

India and Russia in Central Asia: Opening the doors of perception
May 18, 2024

India and Russia in Central Asia: Opening the doors of perception

Russia views India’s burgeoning role in Eurasia with optimism, both politically and economically and recognises its potential to fortify its trade a

India and the Budapest Convention: Why not?
Oct 20, 2016

India and the Budapest Convention: Why not?

So far, foreign policy considerations may have prevented India’s accession to the Budapest Convention.

India and the elderly: Assessing the impact of COVID-19 and thinking forward
Dec 09, 2021

India and the elderly: Assessing the impact of COVID-19 and thinking forward

With new variants surfacing, India should take in account its elderly population and undertake suitable policy changes to ensure their survival

India and the European Union: A relationship yet to achieve its true potential
Feb 08, 2022

India and the European Union: A relationship yet to achieve its true potential

Over 60 years of friendship, both India and the EU have maintained robust strategic relation;, however, in some critical areas, there is still room fo

India and the Global Commons: A Case Study of the International Solar Alliance
Aug 14, 2023

India and the Global Commons: A Case Study of the International Solar Alliance

This brief reviews the crucial role of India in global climate politics and highlights the country’s partnerships on sustainable energy in Africa through the India-led International Solar Alliance (ISA). The brief finds that, beyond contributing to climate change mitigation, India—through ISA, in particular—is helping ensure energy security and sustainable livelihoods in sub-Saharan Africa by providing poor communities access to natural, ec

India and the UAE: CEPA cements a promising bilateral
Jun 23, 2023

India and the UAE: CEPA cements a promising bilateral

Growing convergence on contemporary national goals and policy objectives has become the principal driver of the India-UAE relations

India and US: Friends with benefits
Jan 21, 2015

India and US: Friends with benefits

Narendra Modi has emphatically indicated that good and close relations with the US will form the core of his global policy. In the short time he has been in power, Modi has met Obama thrice. An indication of his thrust are the close ties that the Modi government is building with Japan and Australia.

India as a gas-based economy: Six years to go
Apr 09, 2024

India as a gas-based economy: Six years to go

The share of natural gas in India’s primary energy basket remains marginal, thus the probability of India becoming a gas-based economy by 2030 is lo

India as the gateway to the world?
Jul 07, 2010

India as the gateway to the world?

Nowhere else is the confusion and contradiction in Sri Lanka's foreign relations more palpable than in Sri Lanka's 'India policy'. The Government of the day has no problem acknowledging the silent but significant Indian support for 'Eelam War IV' despite domestic developments and international pressures on New Delhi.

India can learn from Brazil's experiences in poverty alleviation
Oct 25, 2013

India can learn from Brazil's experiences in poverty alleviation

In Brazil, extreme poverty has reduced from 15% to 5%, poverty from 34% to 22% and Gini index from 69% to 54% in the period of 1999-2009. So, knowledge sharing between Brazil and India in matters related to public policy and welfare programmes is of high merit.

India cannot take a black-and-white approach to Myanmar
Dec 24, 2021

India cannot take a black-and-white approach to Myanmar

Given the regional complexities, as well as India's own concerns, a more nuanced approach is needed

India could use its historic free speech judgment to reset its position on internet governance. Will it?
Apr 21, 2015

India could use its historic free speech judgment to reset its position on internet governance. Will it?

India must play a leadership role in the development of global Internet policy. The government needs to respond to the demands of its citizens and reset its position on international Internet governance issues, in line with the progressive developments that have occurred at home. In essence, India should be doing a better job at linking the local to the global.

India crucial partner of US in 21st century, says US official
Sep 06, 2009

India crucial partner of US in 21st century, says US official

Dr. Derek Chollet, Principal Deputy Director of the US Secretary of State's Policy Planning Staff, visited Observer Research Foundation for an interaction with ORF faculty.

India Faces a Diplomatic Storm in the Middle East
Jun 13, 2022

India Faces a Diplomatic Storm in the Middle East

This episode illustrates the danger facing Indian foreign policy from domestic political developments, increasingly centered on religious conflict.

India Gas Exchange: One Small Step or a Giant Leap?
Jul 28, 2020

India Gas Exchange: One Small Step or a Giant Leap?

An actively traded spot market for natural gas supplemented with progressive regulation can integrate the domestic and global gas markets.