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From Rio to Paris: India in global climate politics
Dec 24, 2017

From Rio to Paris: India in global climate politics

This paper analyses India’s participation in more than two decades of global climate politics. India has transitioned from a protest voice on the fringes of global climate policy to one that is actively shaping international efforts to combat climate change. Analysis of the drivers behind India’s negotiating positions on climate change thus far has focused on the competing motives of equity and co-benefits, which has however been insufficient

From Risk to Resilience: Climate Vulnerability Assessments in India
Aug 22, 2023

From Risk to Resilience: Climate Vulnerability Assessments in India

Climate adaptation has been at the forefront of UN climate negotiations over the past decade, given the increasing frequency of extreme weather events at the global, national, and sub-national levels. Climate vulnerability and risk assessments (VRA) are essential for adaptation planning, as they help identify areas, populations, and systems that are most at-risk from the impacts of climate change. They can also be used as a tool to develop adapta

From turmoil to clarity: International relations in the new decade
Jan 04, 2021

From turmoil to clarity: International relations in the new decade

Indian foreign policy will have to respond to the meta-trends by crafting an approach that is more than just the sum of its bilateral and multilateral

From War Zone to China’s Poster Child, to Economic Despair: Angola’s 40-Year Journey
Jan 28, 2021

From War Zone to China’s Poster Child, to Economic Despair: Angola’s 40-Year Journey

Angola is rich in natural wealth, with massive petroleum and diamond deposits across its territory. Most of its people, however, continue to live in poverty. Since its independence in 1975, Angola has had a tumultuous journey: from being a war zone, to becoming a poster child for Chinese engagement in the continent, and since 2015, declining to its current state where the challenges are so massive—negative growth rates, high external debt, risi

G20 Summit 2019: Will it be just another gathering of world leaders?
Jun 24, 2019

G20 Summit 2019: Will it be just another gathering of world leaders?

The G20 has gradually transformed itself from a forum for economic crisis management — through international cooperation and discussion on specific

G20 Turkey Summit: Towards resilience, recovery and sustainability
Nov 10, 2015

G20 Turkey Summit: Towards resilience, recovery and sustainability

The G20 Summit at Antalya in Turkey is expected to focus extensively on infrastructure investment on one hand and climate and energy policy on the other. The latter seems quite natural, ahead of the Conference of Parties in Paris in December.

G20 शहरांसाठी ‘जागतिक व्यासपीठ’ हवे
Jan 30, 2021

G20 शहरांसाठी ‘जागतिक व्यासपीठ’ हवे

संयुक्त राष्ट्रांच्या अजेंडा-२०३०मध्ये शहरे सुरक्षित, शाश्वत व सक्षम करणे हे ध्येय आहे. त्यासाठी जी-२० राष्ट्रगटाच्या धर्तीवर सिटी-२० गट बनणे आवश्यक आहे.

G7 Summit | Modi and Trump meet in the shadow of subcontinent’s changing geopolitics
Aug 26, 2019

G7 Summit | Modi and Trump meet in the shadow of subcontinent’s changing geopolitics

Donald Trump’s engagement with the Kashmir issue has a lot to do with his need to secure Pakistan’s backing for his Afghanistan policy.

Gender and the Gig Economy: A qualitative study of Gig platforms for women workers
May 24, 2023

Gender and the Gig Economy: A qualitative study of Gig platforms for women workers

Despite the unprecedented growth of India’s gig economy and possible benefits to women service providers, little attention has been paid to the hurdles faced by women in pursuing gig work. Indeed, gig work has witnessed similar gendered division as has been evident in traditional work, and has not led to a direct increase in Female Labour Force Participation (FLPR) in India. This brief examines the existing literature on the problems faced by w

Gender-Responsive Budgeting in India, Bangladesh and Rwanda: A Comparison
Jul 22, 2020

Gender-Responsive Budgeting in India, Bangladesh and Rwanda: A Comparison

Gender-responsive budgeting (GRB) is a targeted fiscal instrument that several developing countries have cemented into their growth plans. GRB is used to ensure that policy prescriptions to alleviate gender inequality translate into outputs by linking them to budgetary allocations. Although the concept was introduced in India, Bangladesh and Rwanda at around the same time (the early 2000s), the three countries have followed different routes and a

Gender-Responsive Budgeting: A task ahead for India’s 15th finance commission
Aug 10, 2018

Gender-Responsive Budgeting: A task ahead for India’s 15th finance commission

Gender equality is a fundamental human right. This principle is also found in the SDG 2030 Agenda where its signatories, including India, reaffirmed their commitment to mainstreaming gender development and ensuring equal representation of women in political and economic decision-making. This paper outlines gender-budgeting norms for resource allocations as an essential prerequisite for India to achieve progress towards the SDG-5 on gender equalit

Gendered Prevalence of Non-Communicable Diseases in India’s Older Adults
Feb 16, 2024

Gendered Prevalence of Non-Communicable Diseases in India’s Older Adults

Rapid advancements in medicine and falling fertility rates have contributed to the rise in the population of India’s older adults in recent decades. This demographic and epidemiological shift has a gendered impact: A higher proportion of women over the age of 60, compared to their male counterparts, suffer from Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) such as diabetes, hypertension, heart and bone diseases, cancers, cognitive decline, and depression. T

Gendering the G20: Empowering women in the digital age
Jun 28, 2017

Gendering the G20: Empowering women in the digital age

Women make up a majority of the four billion people excluded from the digital economy. Policy narratives assert that the digital economy has the potential to transform the world of work. Conversely, there are concerns that the existing ‘digital divide’ within and across nations will simply exacerbate existing social inequalities and reinforce gender hierarchies. G20 member states have repeatedly committed to bridging pervasive gender gaps in

General election in Nepal: नेपाल के आम-चुनावों पर क्‍यों है भारत और चीन की नज़र?
Jul 27, 2023

General election in Nepal: नेपाल के आम-चुनावों पर क्‍यों है भारत और चीन की नज़र?

नेपाल के आम चुनाव में पड़ोसी मुल्‍क भारत और चीन की दिलचस्‍पी बनी हुई है. खासकर तब जब चीन भारत को चौतरफा घेरने के लिए चीन नेपाल की जमीन का बेजा इस्‍तेमाल करने में लगा हुआ है.

Geo-economics in East Asia: A word of caution on China
Sep 17, 2013

Geo-economics in East Asia: A word of caution on China

Can China slow down without imploding? No, says Mr. Osamu Tanaka, the Executive Vice President of the Policy Research Institute of the Ministry of Finance, Japan. He predicts that 2017/8 will be the beginning of a Chinese financial meltdown.

Geo-Economics: The art of Trumpnomics
Nov 02, 2020

Geo-Economics: The art of Trumpnomics

A hostile relationship with China, coming out of a consistent aggressive trade policy, is arguably going to be the most enduring legacy of the Trump P

Geopolitical realities may yet push India closer to Nato
Jun 30, 2023

Geopolitical realities may yet push India closer to Nato

It offers a notable contrast that India’s ties with Russia haven’t taken off despite New Delhi’s keenness while its relationship with the US has expanded notwithstanding hesitations.

Germany takes view of the Indo-Pacific
Oct 01, 2020

Germany takes view of the Indo-Pacific

Germany is the second EU country to have an Indo-Pacific policy after France — which views itself as an Indian Ocean country. Germany seeks to be pa

Germany: A wise verdict
Sep 26, 2017

Germany: A wise verdict

The ostrich policy of Merkel’s grand old coalition has reached a dead end. Even without the AfD, the government will have to address uncomfortable q

Germany’s China strategy: An anchor at last?
Aug 07, 2023

Germany’s China strategy: An anchor at last?

The new strategy unveiled by Germany signals a fundamental shift in Berlin’s China policy. Whether it walks this tightrope remains to be seen.

Germany’s National Security Strategy: Where the devil is in the lack of detail
Jun 19, 2023

Germany’s National Security Strategy: Where the devil is in the lack of detail

While Germany’s National Security Strategy is a welcome step, it remains ambiguous on a few crucial fronts

Global Internet Governance: India’s Search for a New Paradigm
Aug 23, 2023

Global Internet Governance: India’s Search for a New Paradigm

What should be India's approach towards the international internet governance discourse? This Issue Brief attempts answer this question by examining the Indian government's engagement with the global community, using the recently concluded NETmundial conference on internet governance as a case study. It also provides policy recommendations for the way forward.

Golden rules for regulating Digital Public Goods
Mar 03, 2023

Golden rules for regulating Digital Public Goods

We must have checks and balances on our technologists and on those who govern technology, especially in the case of DPGs because of their increasingly

Governance, Citizens and New Civil Society in Contemporary Urban India: Lessons from Mumbai
Jun 20, 2013

Governance, Citizens and New Civil Society in Contemporary Urban India: Lessons from Mumbai

The 2011 anti-corruption movement in India—characterised by a huge trust deficit in the political class—was the culmination of several such localised movements that marked the birth of a new civil society in contemporary urban India. This paper studies the profusion of middle-class-led associations in Mumbai fighting for good governance, and their increased political mobilisation in the city. It argues that a new civil society bypasses electe

Govt's move to protect industry ignores both economic theory and history
Feb 27, 2018

Govt's move to protect industry ignores both economic theory and history

Those who wish to blindly ape the Donald Trump-era United States' trade policy clearly have never bothered to think hard about the economic consequences of their actions in India

Great Wall for China? Shaping China’s (mis)behaviour
Apr 20, 2020

Great Wall for China? Shaping China’s (mis)behaviour

Mitigating the adverse impact of Beijing’s crude ambition while simultaneously absorbing Chinese capital is a tough balancing act. Before making policy choices, India must rapidly improve its ability to monitor the full extent of economic exposure to China.

Green lighting growth
Jun 09, 2023

Green lighting growth

Dialling down the tax and public debt-driven, active industrial policy model could greenlight private demand-led consumption and private investment-le

Green taxonomies: A tool with underutilised potential
Feb 21, 2024

Green taxonomies: A tool with underutilised potential

Countries are increasingly adopting green taxonomies to foster a sustainable finance market to attract international investors

Grief in the time of COVID-19
Jan 21, 2022

Grief in the time of COVID-19

The incapability of processing grief after the death of loved ones during COVID-19 has showcased the need to address shortcomings in the mental health

Groundswell of support for India’s ties with the US and the broader West
Aug 21, 2021

Groundswell of support for India’s ties with the US and the broader West

Beyond noting an overwhelming anti-China sentiment, the ORF Foreign Policy Survey’s findings also reflect the successes of India’s multidimensiona

Growth in coal production in India: Inching towards peak coal?
Mar 30, 2024

Growth in coal production in India: Inching towards peak coal?

The global shift in coal consumption towards Asia, led by China and India, signifies a looming peak in coal demand by the early 2030s.

Guarantee Afghanistan's neutrality
Jan 22, 2010

Guarantee Afghanistan's neutrality

Discussions between the American Foreign Policy Council (AFPC) and the Observer Research Foundation (ORF) also saw a general agreement that the Taliban victory in Afghanistan will lead to a civil war with disastrous consequences for Pakistan

Halfway to 2030:Unravelling Global food security challenges
Jan 12, 2024

Halfway to 2030:Unravelling Global food security challenges

To end the intergenerational cycle of poverty and eradicate all types of malnutrition, policymakers must intensify their efforts

Harnessing data to optimise air quality policies
Jul 24, 2023

Harnessing data to optimise air quality policies

A dynamic framework incorporating predictive policy formulation supported by data can be the next phase in tackling air quality issues effectively and

Harnessing renewable energy sources for sustainable development in Africa
Jun 08, 2015

Harnessing renewable energy sources for sustainable development in Africa

Given the need to prioritise growth in the developing world, the goals must be 'development-climate compatible,' not, 'climate-development compatible', according to Dr. Youba Sokona, coordinator, African Climate Policy Centre (ACPC) based in the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa.

Has the Budget done enough to boost Infrastructure?
Mar 04, 2015

Has the Budget done enough to boost Infrastructure?

Overall, the infrastructure sector is the winner in this year's budget. The allocation to the sector will go up by 700 bn rupees in 2015/16 over last year. But this sector needs consolidation in policy framework starting from approval to implementation and an institutional mechanism for fair pricing and competition.

Has Wagner spelt the end of private armies?
Jul 24, 2023

Has Wagner spelt the end of private armies?

The future of the Wagner Group, a private mercenary conglomerate linked to Russian foreign policy, is uncertain, raising questions about its global footprint.

Health as a poll issue: We need better reporting and evidence-informed narratives
Apr 15, 2019

Health as a poll issue: We need better reporting and evidence-informed narratives

Given the historically polarised health policy debates in the country, we need to guard ourselves against alarmism and sensationalism in mass media.

Health as a welfare good in India: Towards a more substantive social protection imperative
Apr 05, 2024

Health as a welfare good in India: Towards a more substantive social protection imperative

Although the government has initiated schemes to extend proper healthcare, many sections of people are still excluded from its coverage or are unable

Health federalism in India: Changing trends
Apr 05, 2024

Health federalism in India: Changing trends

Given the rapid internationalisation of many dimensions of health and disruptive technologies reshaping health strategy, India needs an inter-governme

Health Perspective of the G20 New Delhi Leaders Declaration
Oct 25, 2023

Health Perspective of the G20 New Delhi Leaders Declaration

The New Delhi Declaration’s policy commitments in the health sector emphasise the role of the G20 in revising the existing financial and global heal

Heart of Asia summit: India, Afghanistan team to isolate Pakistan on terror
Dec 03, 2016

Heart of Asia summit: India, Afghanistan team to isolate Pakistan on terror

As Afghanistan President Ashraf Ghani arrives in India on Saturday for the Heart of Asia (HoA) ministerial conference in Amritsar, India's Afghan policy is becoming more robust.

Hong Kong’s National Security Law: Implications for India
Oct 08, 2020

Hong Kong’s National Security Law: Implications for India

China has enacted a National Security Law for the special administrative region of Hong Kong. The provisions of the law can be used to curb peaceful dissent and enhance Beijing’s control over the region. It has the potential to not only change Hong Kong’s legal and political autonomy, but also alter its status as a global financial centre. This paper offers an overview of the national security law and its implications for the ‘one country,

How Fares the PMAY (U)? Taking Stock of India’s National Housing Programme
May 12, 2022

How Fares the PMAY (U)? Taking Stock of India’s National Housing Programme

Across India’s burgeoning cities, the supply of affordable homes is highly inadequate to keep pace with the growing need; as a result, slums and other informally built areas, where living conditions are extremely poor, have grown. In 2015 the Indian government implemented a national housing programme, Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (urban) or PMAY (U) to bridge the gap in affordable housing. This report evaluates the progress of PMAY (U), and finds