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EU Counter-Terrorism Coordinator Office: A Non-Starter?
Apr 22, 2004

EU Counter-Terrorism Coordinator Office: A Non-Starter?

The immediate concerted European response in the aftermath of Madrid blasts on March 11, 2004 was the creation of the post of a Counter-Terrorism Coordinator, who would directly work under the European Union (EU) High Representative for Foreign and Security Policy, Javier Solana. In fact, the idea of effective counter-terror coordination and intelligence sharing

EU चा स्थलांतर करार आधुनिकीकरणाच्या दिशेने निर्णायक पाऊल
Oct 11, 2023

EU चा स्थलांतर करार आधुनिकीकरणाच्या दिशेने निर्णायक पाऊल

सात वर्षांच्या वाटाघाटींनंतर, नवीन कराराने युरोपियन युनियनच्या आश्रय आणि स्थलांतर नियमावलीच्या आधुनिकीकरणाच्या दिशेने निर्णायक पाऊल उचलले आहे.

Europe: यूरोप में युद्ध के बाद जर्मनी की रक्षा नीति
Dec 13, 2022

Europe: यूरोप में युद्ध के बाद जर्मनी की रक्षा नीति

जर्मनी की राष्ट्रीय सुरक्षा रणनीति विदेश और सुरक्षा नीत�

Europe’s slow adaptation to a rapidly changing world
Jun 14, 2022

Europe’s slow adaptation to a rapidly changing world

The Ukraine war has confronted the EU with global realities like the end of a Eurocentric world agenda

Eurozone to blame for Greece's problems
Jul 21, 2015

Eurozone to blame for Greece's problems

Greece's problems were inevitable because the concept of Eurozone is based on flawed solidarity. While the monetary policy is controlled by the ECB, the fiscal policy is under the member states. They have to obey the diktat of the ECB regarding interest rates and this has made Greece uncompetitive with rising costs.

EU’s expanding engagement in Central Asia to counter Russia and China
Jul 14, 2023

EU’s expanding engagement in Central Asia to counter Russia and China

The geopolitical and security crisis has forced the CARs and the EU to rethink their foreign policy regarding the region's sovereignty, safety, and st

Evolving contours of Delhi-Manila ties
Jun 28, 2023

Evolving contours of Delhi-Manila ties

In a region that is increasingly defined by cooperation based on like-mindedness, shared interests, and common concerns, the Philippines-India ties ar

Examining Manila's Contemporary West Philippine Sea Strategy
May 23, 2024

Examining Manila's Contemporary West Philippine Sea Strategy

As China pursues its expansionist ambitions in the greater South China Sea, Philippines President Ferdinand Marcos Jr. is working to enhance his country’s ability to exercise its sovereignty and sovereign rights. Towards this end, Manila is expanding its strategic options through robust external partnerships and national policy recalibrations to secure its lawful waters in what it calls the West Philippine Sea. There are concerns, however, abou

Examining Pakistan Army's new doctrine
Jan 04, 2013

Examining Pakistan Army's new doctrine

Pakistan Army recently declared adopting a new doctrine of war fighting, termed sub-conventional warfare, in its policy document, the Green Book. The book, published at regular intervals, is a manual of new doctrines and guidelines which the GHQ distributes among senior military officials.

Existential dilemma of Indian think tanks
Sep 09, 2009

Existential dilemma of Indian think tanks

why should Delhi have a monopoly on good ideas? While Mumbai is the economic capital of India, its history has also forced it to be a center of strategic and policy thought from which Delhi remains divorced

Expanding the common ground
Sep 30, 2017

Expanding the common ground

Gen. Mattis' visit underscored the growing salience of defence ties in shaping the trajectory of Indo-US relations.

Experiments in Alcohol Prohibition: A Review of Maharashtra’s Chandrapur Experience
Aug 14, 2023

Experiments in Alcohol Prohibition: A Review of Maharashtra’s Chandrapur Experience

Maharashtra imposed alcohol prohibition in the Chandrapur district in April 2015. However, in 2021, the state government annulled the liquor ban as evidence indicated that the district administration had failed to comprehensively implement it, with several social and economic consequences that compromised the wellbeing of Chandrapur. Experiments in prohibition in India and the US show that it is nearly impossible for such widespread socia

Exploiting the untapped potential in India-Korea partnership
Aug 14, 2019

Exploiting the untapped potential in India-Korea partnership

In recent years, both nations have displayed a renewed focus and prioritisation of establishing strong relationships with each other and the neighbouring ASEAN countries.

Exploring new drivers in India-Russia cooperation
Oct 24, 2017

Exploring new drivers in India-Russia cooperation

The 70th anniversary of Russia-India relations is an opportune time to make a comprehensive assessment of the current state of their cooperation, keeping in mind the long history of friendship between the two countries. In the last few years, India and Russia have been struggling to retain the legacy of their long-term relationship while moving beyond the traditional spheres of cooperation to reach new heights. To expand their bilateral agenda,

Exploring the Promises and Perils of Chinese Investments in Tech Startups: The Case of Germany
Mar 10, 2021

Exploring the Promises and Perils of Chinese Investments in Tech Startups: The Case of Germany

China’s tech giants and venture capital funds are making increasing amounts of investment in startups abroad. Startups, being key drivers of digital innovation, are attractive investment targets; the capital can in turn help them grow and scale. These Chinese investments, however, are also the subject of increasing concern, amidst heightening global competition around digital technologies. Investments can lead to a sell-out of technology, an in

Export controls and the green transition: Securing critical mineral supply chains
Nov 08, 2023

Export controls and the green transition: Securing critical mineral supply chains

In light of high import dependencies and export bans imposed by resource-rich countries, countries need to create secure critical mineral supply chain

Extreme Heat Events in India’s Cities: A Framework for Adaptive Action Plans
Jan 22, 2021

Extreme Heat Events in India’s Cities: A Framework for Adaptive Action Plans

Among the most severe consequences of climate change is the global rise in average temperatures, and the resultant increase in the frequency and intensity of heatwaves. Cities are particularly vulnerable to heatwaves as their high built density absorbs and retains heat, leading to higher temperatures than the surrounding areas and causing the ‘heat island’ effect. India’s northwest region routinely experiences abnormally hot days during the

Factoring Assam in the India–Bangladesh relations
Mar 25, 2021

Factoring Assam in the India–Bangladesh relations

Bilateral ties and engagements between India and Bangladesh help in exploring many new windows of possibilities for Assam, ranging from trade and comm

False promises of an electric vehicle utopia
Aug 30, 2019

False promises of an electric vehicle utopia

Pollution-free, decongested and zero emissions. This is what electric vehicles offer Delhi, but its current policy does not achieve this.

Fast Data for Faster Decision-making: The Utility of High-frequency Economic Indicators
May 24, 2023

Fast Data for Faster Decision-making: The Utility of High-frequency Economic Indicators

The COVID-19 pandemic is posing unique challenges to policymakers across the globe, necessitating efficient action in short timeframes. During such crises, having the right data at the right time is crucial to making informed policy decisions.  Traditional economic indicators can be inadequate owing to issues of timeliness, granularity, and difficulty in collection. There is a need therefore for higher-frequency and more granular data to track e

Fast-tracking Sri Lanka peace talks
Apr 09, 2004

Fast-tracking Sri Lanka peace talks

By declaring that India should be actively involved in the Sri Lankan peace process, Mahinda Rajapakse, the newly sworn-in Prime Minister of the island-nation has put both the peace process and India back at the centre-stage back again. Lakshman Kadirgamar, the ruling dispensation¿s foreign policy czar, has said as much. In her maiden national telecast after the parliamentary polls

Fast-Tracking the Flight of India’s Drone Industry
Aug 16, 2023

Fast-Tracking the Flight of India’s Drone Industry

India is keen to leverage its nascent civilian drone (or unmanned aerial vehicle) industry to become a global hub. Since 2021, it has built a conducive policy ecosystem to support the domestic drone industry. In what this brief collectively calls the ‘Drone Regulations 3.0’, it includes the liberalised Drone Rules 2021, a production linked incentive scheme, the unmanned aerial vehicle traffic management policy, the certification scheme for un

FATF: धुंधली विदेश नीति और आर्थिक हालात से परेशानी में ‘तुर्की’
Nov 01, 2021

FATF: धुंधली विदेश नीति और आर्थिक हालात से परेशानी में ‘तुर्की’

तुर्की के आर्थिक और राजनीतिक तनाव को संभालते हुए वैश्विक

Femme force: Assessing the WPS Index in Indo-Pacific nations
Mar 07, 2024

Femme force: Assessing the WPS Index in Indo-Pacific nations

The Indo-Pacific countries must enhance the components of the WPS agenda in their respective countries to foster inclusive and sustainable development

Fencing frontiers with Myanmar: The benefits and challenges of FMR along India-Myanmar border
Jan 08, 2024

Fencing frontiers with Myanmar: The benefits and challenges of FMR along India-Myanmar border

Initiated in 1970, the FMR experienced a resurgence in 2016, finding a place within the broader Act East Policy of New Delhi.

Financing climate adaptation: How do we equate the social and the economic rates of return?
May 05, 2023

Financing climate adaptation: How do we equate the social and the economic rates of return?

Despite the acknowledgement of the undeniable significance of climate adaptation at the highest of forums, nothing much has been done so far to ensure

Financing for Agenda 2030: Deepening India-EU Development Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific
Feb 12, 2024

Financing for Agenda 2030: Deepening India-EU Development Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific

As the world confronts multiple challenges which are intricately connected, our path for development stands at a crucial juncture. In the context of the embroiling polycrisis, progress on the sustainable development goals (SDGs) has been steady but fragile with major and persistent challenges. Financing for Agenda 2030 has emerged as a major bottleneck with several developing economies, especially the least developed countries (LDCs), low-income

Financing India’s Green Transition
May 12, 2023

Financing India’s Green Transition

Climate change has emerged amongst India’s most formidable challenges to sustained GDP growth. To accelerate the implementation of the country’s commitments under the Paris Agreement and advance its progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals, finance is key. India needs to develop a comprehensive strategy and an integrated policy approach that aligns the country’s financial systems with the long-term needs of the economy while incor

Fiscal prudence still matters
May 11, 2020

Fiscal prudence still matters

Govt will need to spend more, but should credibly commit through institutional reform to future transparency and prudence

Fiscal restructuring and its impact on nutrition financing in India
Aug 24, 2017

Fiscal restructuring and its impact on nutrition financing in India

In 2015, the United Nations agreed to end hunger in all forms by 2030. While India has committed itself as a stakeholder in the 2030 agenda for development, its own record in reducing hunger has been less than satisfactory. Latest data from the National Family Health Survey-4 show an improvement in nutritional indicators of children under-five. However, there are huge differences across states and social groups. Nutrition should thus remain high

Five challenges that would shape the outcome of NEP 2020
Nov 26, 2021

Five challenges that would shape the outcome of NEP 2020

The path to successfully execute NEP is riddled with hurdles; the Centre and states need to work closely to overcome them

Food Security Schemes Need To Focus On Diet Diversification
Dec 08, 2023

Food Security Schemes Need To Focus On Diet Diversification

India's nutrition levels have been a matter of concern. Policymakers have to shift their approach to find a long-term solution for the problem

For Beijing and New Delhi, 2020 was the point of no return
Dec 29, 2020

For Beijing and New Delhi, 2020 was the point of no return

Indian foreign policy has been at the front and centre of challenging China’s global designs. New Delhi was the first country to warn the world of the dangers of China’s BRI at a time when almost every other country was willing to buy into Beijing’s narrative.

Foreign Fighters in Ukraine: The Indian Position
Aug 14, 2023

Foreign Fighters in Ukraine: The Indian Position

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has led to a full-fledged international armed conflict, and the Ukrainian president has issued a call to people across the world to join the country’s battle through the International Legion of Territorial Defence (ILTD). At the time of writing, 500 Indians have submitted applications to join the ILTD, and one is already in the force. This brief contextualises the rise of Indians fighting ‘foreign’ war

Foreign Secretary at ORF
Apr 10, 2007

Foreign Secretary at ORF

Observer Research Foundation organised a lecture by Shivshankar Menon, Foreign Secretary, Government of India, on "Indian Foreign Policy: The Challenges Ahead" on Tuesday April 10, at the ORF Delhi campus.

Foreign Secretary launches book on 'Modi's World: Expanding India's Sphere of Influence'
Jul 18, 2015

Foreign Secretary launches book on 'Modi's World: Expanding India's Sphere of Influence'

Launching the new book of Dr. C. Raja Mohan, 'Modi's World' on Friday, Indian Foreign Secretary Dr. S. Jaishankar explained the changes brought out by the foreign policy of the Modi government.

Foreign Universities in India: Lessons and Learnings from Global Experiences
Oct 20, 2023

Foreign Universities in India: Lessons and Learnings from Global Experiences

In May 2023, India’s University Grants Commission announced draft guidelines to allow foreign universities to establish operations in the country. This paper explores the potential outcomes of the decision by assessing the experiences of foreign institutions in China, the United Arab Emirates, South Korea, and Malaysia. The case studies highlight that only a few world-class universities are keen to establish campuses in foreign countries. As su

Former PM Envoy launches "Nuclear Security in India" report
Jun 01, 2015

Former PM Envoy launches "Nuclear Security in India" report

'Nuclear Security in India' Report, launched recently by former PM Envoy on Non-Proliferation Rakesh Sood, sets out a list of policy recommendations which essentially seeks to address the gaps that still remain in the overall architecture of nuclear security in the country.

Formulating open-space policies for India’s cities: The case of Mumbai
Apr 22, 2020

Formulating open-space policies for India’s cities: The case of Mumbai

Over the past decade, Mumbai’s civil society has raised concerns over the way in which the municipal corporation appears to be prioritising rapid development at the cost of the city’s public space. Indeed, the city has lost significant areas of its open spaces owing to various reasons, among them archaic policies, unrealistic goals, and the labyrinthine division of power and jurisdiction between the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation and othe

Four Expectations from COP26
Nov 02, 2021

Four Expectations from COP26

The COP26 summit will need to work towards four key outcomes: increased finance for climate action; more ambitious emissions reduction commitments; fi

Framing multistakeholder conversations on encryption
Dec 06, 2016

Framing multistakeholder conversations on encryption

On August 12, 2016 the Observer Research Foundation convened the first in a series of multistakeholder roundtables on encryption. This report is the outcome of the discussion of issues and proposal of solutions conducted at the roundtable. Being a complex, technical-legal question around access to data for law enforcement, encryption has long been a contested issue. Creating best-in-class regulation on encryption will require targeted interventio

France-Germany cooperation to mitigate EU challenges
Jul 02, 2020

France-Germany cooperation to mitigate EU challenges

Franco-German cooperation can mitigate the rise of the European Right, lead the EU’s post-COVID19 economic recovery, and strengthen the EU’s defen

From Buyer to Builder: The Indian Navy’s Rocky Road to Self-Reliance
Sep 10, 2020

From Buyer to Builder: The Indian Navy’s Rocky Road to Self-Reliance

This paper evaluates deficiencies in India’s naval shipbuilding programme, and identifies factors that adversely impact naval warship construction in the country. It argues that despite considerable effort, India’s shipbuilding endeavours continue to suffer from systemic deficits that cannot be addressed through ad hoc policy interventions and short-term solutions. Through an assessment of strengths and weaknesses of India’s defence shipyar

From Cox’s Bazar to Bhasan Char: An Assessment of Bangladesh’s Relocation Plan for Rohingya Refugees
May 24, 2023

From Cox’s Bazar to Bhasan Char: An Assessment of Bangladesh’s Relocation Plan for Rohingya Refugees

The Rohingyas are among the world’s most persecuted communities, who, until a mass exodus in 2017, mainly resided in Myanmar’s Rakhine State. In 2017, about 712,179 Rohingyas made their way to Bangladesh, taking the total number of Rohingya refugees in that country to 855,000.[1]The overcrowding caused by this influx at the Cox’s Bazar refugee camps has led the Bangladesh government to consider temporarily relocating the Rohingya refugees t

From data to deployment: Gender bias in the AI development lifecycle
Mar 07, 2024

From data to deployment: Gender bias in the AI development lifecycle

The AI development process from design to deployment perpetuates gender bias. Future legislation should recognise these gender-based risks to mitigate

From Neglect to Revival: Making Sense of Russia’s Outreach to Bangladesh
Jan 29, 2024

From Neglect to Revival: Making Sense of Russia’s Outreach to Bangladesh

Despite sharing a close historical relationship based on the Soviet Union’s support during the 1971 Liberation War, Bangladesh had for long been out of the scope of Russia’s foreign policy priorities. This is best exemplified by the fact that no Soviet/Russian foreign minister had visited the country until September 2023. However, amid Western sanctions due to its war in Ukraine and tensions with the US, Russia is seeking to reinvigorate ties