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Assessing the Efficacy of the West’s Autonomous Cyber-Sanctions Regime and its Relevance for India
Sep 09, 2022

Assessing the Efficacy of the West’s Autonomous Cyber-Sanctions Regime and its Relevance for India

Cyber-sanctions have emerged as a preferred tool for Western governments to deter cyberattacks emanating from their adversaries’ territories. As they implement such sanctions, however, these states face various challenges one of which is the difficulty in attribution. Moreover, the sanctions have only partially curbed the malicious cyber activities. Yet, the regime continues to expand, and many allies of the United States are emulating its prac

Assessing the Merger of Delhi’s Municipal Corporations
Jul 20, 2023

Assessing the Merger of Delhi’s Municipal Corporations

In April, the Delhi Municipal Corporation (Amendment) Act, 2022, merged the North, South, and East Delhi municipal corporations into a single urban local body (ULB) called the Delhi Municipal Corporation. The unification is expected to lead to better service delivery, greater financial strength, economies of scale, and eliminate administrative duplication. However, the Act does not outline the functional and financial domains of ULBs and aspects

Assessing the ‘new Bretton Woods’ moment
Dec 22, 2020

Assessing the ‘new Bretton Woods’ moment

As in 1944, two challenges lie ahead — to fight the warfare today and build a better tomorrow. Economic policy must be effective on the run and forw

Asteroids, meteors and planetary defence
Feb 18, 2013

Asteroids, meteors and planetary defence

Prior to the meteor hit in Russia and Asteroid 2012 DA 14's close miss, the Indian public and its policy makers likely could just not comprehend such a distant, seemingly un-real threat. Perhaps now, this will not be the case.

At SAARC, in charge
Dec 28, 2004

At SAARC, in charge

As he packs his bags for the first foreign policy venture in the new year ¿ the annual summit of the South Asian nations in Dhaka ¿ Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has two options. The default one would be to let the foreign office bureaucracy work out an anodyne declaration of good intentions on future cooperation.

Atlas Shrugged: The platform v. the state
Jan 14, 2021

Atlas Shrugged: The platform v. the state

The decisions social media platforms take about the content and users they host can affect livelihoods, political processes, and major public policy d

Atmanirbhar Bharat: Missing a focus on air pollution and climate change
May 12, 2023

Atmanirbhar Bharat: Missing a focus on air pollution and climate change

Will the government’s ambitious mission, ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat (self-reliant India)’ eventually prove to be a missed opportunity? Earmarking funds worth 10 percent of India’s GDP, the mission not only aims to respond to the devastating blow caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, but also to serve as a long-term roadmap to growth. It is largely hinged on business-as-usual practices, including providing a push to the coal sector, which may be under

Australia and India: Capturing the opportunities in life sciences
Oct 27, 2020

Australia and India: Capturing the opportunities in life sciences

We need investments in innovations and discover new ways of engaging. An integrated way of working together which involves sharing of skills, resource

Australia-China relations: The great unravelling
May 24, 2023

Australia-China relations: The great unravelling

Over the last three decades, Australia and China have established mutually beneficial economic ties. However, Australia’s decision to ask for an independent enquiry into the origins of SARS-CoV-2, which causes COVID-19, has led to a backlash from China. This brief examines the more important developments since 2015 that persuaded Australia to take measures aimed at protecting both its open economy and its democratic polity against China’s sys

Australian agriculture amidst droughts: Productivity gains and integration into global value chains key to global competitiveness
Feb 11, 2022

Australian agriculture amidst droughts: Productivity gains and integration into global value chains key to global competitiveness

Despite extreme climate events, through timely policy measures, Australia has not only achieved food security but also has become a large exporter

Avoid Knee-jerk Reactions to Tackle Inflation
Apr 14, 2008

Avoid Knee-jerk Reactions to Tackle Inflation

With India's annual inflation rate rising to a near four-year high on a point-to-point basis on the back of rising food prices, the search for policies to combat the price rise poses unusual challenges. The nature and causes of the current spiraling inflation in India has become a subject of intense debate, primarily because of the ostensible role of `imported inflation' in driving the domestic prices north. Issues like poor performance of the Pu

Balancing China in South Asia
Apr 30, 2010

Balancing China in South Asia

A two-day seminar 'Understanding China' was aimed at making an in-depth study of China's overall South Asian policy

Balancing Old and New in Delhi: Modern Delhi’s Perspective on Built Heritage Conservation
Aug 23, 2023

Balancing Old and New in Delhi: Modern Delhi’s Perspective on Built Heritage Conservation

While existing literature provides solid documentation of conservation policy and legislation, coverage of civil society's perceptions and role within conservation schemes is relatively sparse. This paper presents the under-represented perspective of modern Delhi on the policies and realities of heritage conservation.

Balancing ties with India and China, new PM Deuba's big challenge
Jun 22, 2017

Balancing ties with India and China, new PM Deuba's big challenge

When the political situation in Nepal is fluid, it is necessary to balance relations with China and India to maintain peace and stability.

Bangladesh, India ties: A new neighbourhood model
Oct 30, 2019

Bangladesh, India ties: A new neighbourhood model

Sheikh Hasina has guided her country’s policy wisely and adroitly, making Bangladesh the best performing economy in Asia.

Bangladesh-India connectivity: Passage through Tripura
Mar 25, 2021

Bangladesh-India connectivity: Passage through Tripura

The relationship between Bangladesh and Tripura is a long one; it is civilisational, historical, lingual, and cultural.

Bangladesh: Warming up to the US on all fronts
Jun 08, 2012

Bangladesh: Warming up to the US on all fronts

Bangladesh, once described as 'basket case' by veteran US strategist Henry Kissinger, has gathered new prominence in US' South Asia policy. The visit of US Secretary of State by Hillary Clinton in May this year that resulted in signing of a joint statement

BCIM: Can India Be a Driving Force?
Jan 02, 2015

BCIM: Can India Be a Driving Force?

The current Indian government has given clear indicators that it is likely to place regional integration high on its economic diplomacy agenda, be it SAARC, ASEAN or BCIM. The last two are especially important to India's Act East Policy.

Be a Benevolent Big Brother: Shujaat Hussain
Mar 31, 2005

Be a Benevolent Big Brother: Shujaat Hussain

A lively and frank debate on India-Pakistan relationship marked the meeting between a high-powered delegation from Pakistan led by former Prime Minister Chaudhary Shujaat Hussain and an Indian team of senior diplomats, strategic analysts, commentators and policy makers led by former Indian Foreign Secretary M Rasgotra, who is presently, International Affairs Adviser, Observer Research Foundation (ORF), New Delhi, at ORF, Campus on March 31, 2005.

Begging will not de-risk Brussels from Beijing
Mar 30, 2024

Begging will not de-risk Brussels from Beijing

Not narratives, not rhetoric: what the EU needs is to wake up from its strategic slumber and act on its China addiction

Beijing and the Dalai Lama: Ice Melting?
Feb 28, 2005

Beijing and the Dalai Lama: Ice Melting?

The 46th Anniversary of Tibetan Uprising of the Year 1959 is round the corner. On March 10, the Dalai Lama will issue yet another Policy Statement to commemorate the occasion.

Between a rock and a hard place
Dec 15, 2014

Between a rock and a hard place

Financial health of Indian banks deserves scrutiny. The RBI should strike a careful balance in its policy objectives. Tighter lending norms are unlikely to be a panacea. It must resist the temptation to resort to such short-term fixes.

Between Consensus and Homogeny
Jul 20, 2004

Between Consensus and Homogeny

By writing to Chief Ministers on administrative systems, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has revived a process that probably died with Jawaharlal Nehru. As Prime Minister, Vajpayee had his year-end Musings, which like Nehru¿s letters covered a wide range of subjects, including foreign policy and security issues.

Beyond Tawang: China’s frustration and New Delhi’s imperative
Jan 06, 2023

Beyond Tawang: China’s frustration and New Delhi’s imperative

New Delhi must prepare for more frequent and longer border impasses, including clashes and skirmishes, particularly in the eastern sector.

Beyond the Preamble: Measuring up the right to education in practice
Jan 24, 2024

Beyond the Preamble: Measuring up the right to education in practice

While the right to education is widely recognised by national constitutions, its actual implementation remains inadequate

Bhutan elections: What is at stake for India?
Jan 22, 2024

Bhutan elections: What is at stake for India?

While the new administration will make little difference in Bhutan’s border negotiations with China, it will promote deeper economic cooperation and

Bhutan: 'Himalayan dilemma' on the China front
Jul 13, 2012

Bhutan: 'Himalayan dilemma' on the China front

The announcement on the side-lines of the Rio+20 Summit that Bhutan and China have decided to establish diplomatic relations is not only a reflection on the evolving foreign policy of the Kingdom but it also carries with it broader implications for the political dynamics of Asia.

Bhutan’s imperatives and India’s dilemmas
Apr 12, 2023

Bhutan’s imperatives and India’s dilemmas

While India-China competition and Chinese assertiveness have triggered some changes in Bhutan’s foreign policy, recent developments suggest that continuity still looms large in Bhutan-India relations

Biden and the Indo-Pacific – Will regional powers shape America’s approach?
Jan 10, 2021

Biden and the Indo-Pacific – Will regional powers shape America’s approach?

As Biden’s commitment to the Indo-Pacific remains under question, Trump’s legacy of bolstering regional powers could force US policy continuity

Biden on Indo-Pacific: Continuing the ‘America First’ approach
Jan 29, 2021

Biden on Indo-Pacific: Continuing the ‘America First’ approach

Trump’s effort to shape the region’s economic future was coupled with a trade approach, which will fit squarely with the Biden administration’s

Biden recalibrates approach towards Saudi Arabia but also warns Iran
Feb 27, 2021

Biden recalibrates approach towards Saudi Arabia but also warns Iran

Last week, American President Joe Biden hit the reset button on the US’s relationship with Saudi Arabia and its arch-enemy Iran upending his predece

Biden will not bid for war to contain China
Aug 18, 2020

Biden will not bid for war to contain China

If Biden wins in the upcoming elections, a shift in America’s China policy is on the cards.

Biden’s criticism of India indicative of political bargain with progressives
Jul 07, 2020

Biden’s criticism of India indicative of political bargain with progressives

In its attempt to assimilate the progressive faction of the Democratic Party, the former vice-president’s campaign is ceding ground on its promise o

Biden’s elusive search for legacy in West Asia
Aug 24, 2023

Biden’s elusive search for legacy in West Asia

As 2024 moves closer, the vague Middle East policy blueprint of the US is only fuelling the “power in recession” narrative

Biden’s proposed visit to Saudi Arabia: An attempt to bring calm to chaos
Jun 08, 2022

Biden’s proposed visit to Saudi Arabia: An attempt to bring calm to chaos

Backtracking on its previous policy, the United States would have to establish an amicable relationship with Saudi Arabia and by extension the Middle

BIMSTEC and climate change: Setting a common agenda
Oct 18, 2017

BIMSTEC and climate change: Setting a common agenda

The BIMSTEC region is among the most vulnerable in the world from increased threat due to climate change. In the foreseeable future, climate change is projected to affect each BIMSTEC member country with greater severity and frequency, thereby impeding their response capacity significantly. This brief explores the vulnerability of the region from climate change and the BIMSTEC-level initiatives that have taken place to address the issue. Although

BIMSTEC into the mainstream: The role of the media
May 12, 2023

BIMSTEC into the mainstream: The role of the media

This brief is an experienced journalist’s view of how the media should regard the relevance of BIMSTEC, or the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation; and, in turn, how BIMSTEC can utilise the media in making its issues known to the public and the policymakers, in its immediate region and beyond. The brief argues that if BIMSTEC is to become an effective forum for regional cooperation, it should be more o

BIMSTEC: Rediscovering old routes to connectivity
Dec 04, 2017

BIMSTEC: Rediscovering old routes to connectivity

As BIMSTEC pushes for transport connectivity, it stands to gain from other, complementary transport connectivity projects that are emerging in the region. BIMSTEC can also take advantage of extant policy designs, and aligning its projects with the various national, bilateral and multilateral projects either ongoing or being planned. Given India’s key role in BIMSTEC — owing not only to its geographical location but also its capabilities — i

BJP leader's illogic on boundary issue with Bangladesh
Jan 02, 2014

BJP leader's illogic on boundary issue with Bangladesh

If the BJP stands by its leader Arun Jaitley's illogic, it must necessarily oppose any negotiation of India's land boundary disputes with any of its neighbours, including China, Pakistan and Nepal. If this is a considered position of a party that is in striking distance of power, one shudders to think what the foreign policy of a BJP government might look like.

BJP's Beijing
Sep 10, 2014

BJP's Beijing

If Modi is a strong leader who is bringing greater purposefulness to India's China policy, Xi is even more powerful at home. He has conveyed a strong interest in transforming relations with New Delhi and is willing to explore opportunities with Modi.

Blue Economy in the Indo-Pacific: Navigating Between Growth and Conservation
Jul 28, 2021

Blue Economy in the Indo-Pacific: Navigating Between Growth and Conservation

Once a niche term, Blue Economy (BE) has matured into a popular concept in marine governance discussions in the Indo-Pacific region. As land resources reach their limits, governments in the region are keen to harness the ocean’s wealth for economic projects. Policymakers widely believe the blue paradigm allows marine activities to be earth-friendly and sustainable, and thereby guaranteeing a more equitable future. Recent developments, however,

Booster shots for COVID-19: A moving target
May 19, 2022

Booster shots for COVID-19: A moving target

Would a one-size-fits-all booster policy be a sound decision in the long run?

Borders, enclaves and progressive exchanges
Jun 10, 2015

Borders, enclaves and progressive exchanges

The unanimous passage of the LBA bill through both houses of Parliament underlines the growing maturity of the political discourse on foreign policy in India. In particular, the larger political parties have shown that building consensus on India's foreign policy can increasingly be a bipartisan affair.