Search: For - policy

2494 results found

70 Policies — Food Corporation of India, 1965
Aug 04, 2018

70 Policies — Food Corporation of India, 1965

The new FCI should be a market-friendly agency for food management, with a primary focus on creating competition in every segment of foodgrain supply

70 Policies — Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, 1973
Aug 07, 2018

70 Policies — Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, 1973

The Foreign Exchange Regulation Act extended controls to “the use or disposal of — or dealings in — coin, bullion, securities or foreign exchang

70 Policies — Indian Standards Institution (Certification Marks) Act, 1952
Aug 02, 2018

70 Policies — Indian Standards Institution (Certification Marks) Act, 1952

As companies and producers began to embrace and communicate their adherence to the “ISI Mark” as a virtue, the mark and the quality it certified s

70 Policies — Industries (Development and Regulation) Act, 1951
Aug 02, 2018

70 Policies — Industries (Development and Regulation) Act, 1951

The law declared “in the public interest” — a term that would get echoed over the next five decades for several laws and policies, to mean the c

70 Policies — Institutes of Technology Act, 1961
Aug 04, 2018

70 Policies — Institutes of Technology Act, 1961

While building institutions is hard, maintaining them is even harder.

70 Policies — Minimum Wages Act, 1948
Aug 01, 2018

70 Policies — Minimum Wages Act, 1948

Through the Minimum Wages Act, the Parliament declared that governments — not economic agents — would decide the amount of wages paid.

70 Policies — Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Act, 1969
Aug 06, 2018

70 Policies — Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Act, 1969

A five-decade-old issue — concentration of economic power, dominance in the hands of the few and the resultant inequalities — remains alive even t

70 Policies — Nationalisation of Air India, 1953
Aug 02, 2018

70 Policies — Nationalisation of Air India, 1953

If airlines symbolised the travel of the rich, they should logically have been banned altogether or taxed heavily. Instead, the government nationalise

70 Policies — Nationalisation of Banks, 1969
Jul 19, 2019

70 Policies — Nationalisation of Banks, 1969

“Nationalisation,” Indira Gandhi proclaimed, “is necessary for the speedy achievement of these objectives.”

70 Policies — Nationalisation of Coal Mines, 1971
Aug 07, 2018

70 Policies — Nationalisation of Coal Mines, 1971

In terms of outcomes, the first decade of coal nationalisation saw “political patronage of mafia activities” and bureaucratic corruption.

70 Policies — Nationalisation of General Insurance, 1972
Aug 07, 2018

70 Policies — Nationalisation of General Insurance, 1972

From 1972 to 2002, the journey of GIC — from nationalisation to a general insurance monopoly to opening up to private competition and finally to bec

70 Policies — Nationalisation of Life Insurance, 1956
Aug 04, 2018

70 Policies — Nationalisation of Life Insurance, 1956

While the ostensible reason for nationalisation and the obliteration of all competition was unfair practices of the companies and the protection of po

70 Policies — Oil and Natural Gas Division, 1955
Aug 03, 2018

70 Policies — Oil and Natural Gas Division, 1955

Intermingled with ONGC’s corporate structure was India’s strategic goal of energy security, the route to which was through global acquisitions.

70 Policies — Planning Commission, 1950
Aug 02, 2018

70 Policies — Planning Commission, 1950

An analysis of the agenda papers and records of the first 50 meetings indicates the dominance of a central economic thought, articulated by the prime

70 Policies — Public Provident Fund, 1968
Aug 04, 2018

70 Policies — Public Provident Fund, 1968

Initially offered by post offices and branches of select public sector banks, today, most private sector banks can offer the provident fund scheme to

70 Policies — Sick Textile Undertakings (Nationalisation) Act, 1974
Aug 07, 2018

70 Policies — Sick Textile Undertakings (Nationalisation) Act, 1974

Possibly enthused by the socialist celebration of nationalisation as a silver bullet for all things market, the nationalisation of textile mills faile

70 Policies — Special Economic Zones, 1965
Aug 04, 2018

70 Policies — Special Economic Zones, 1965

The Special Economic Zones Act was, and still remains, a difficult legislation to turn into action.

70 Policies — State Bank of India Act, 1955
Aug 03, 2018

70 Policies — State Bank of India Act, 1955

Through the six decades of SBI’s presence, the initial objective of extending “banking facilities on a large scale, more particularly in the rural

70 Policies — The 93.5 Percent Marginal Rate of Taxation, 1971
Aug 07, 2018

70 Policies — The 93.5 Percent Marginal Rate of Taxation, 1971

The intellectual framework for high taxes was set by Finance Minister C.D. Deshmukh in his 27 February 1953 Union Budget speech, where he set up the T

70 Policies: A treatise on the evolution of India’s political economy
Aug 24, 2018

70 Policies: A treatise on the evolution of India’s political economy

Focused primarily on the Indian economy, Gautam Chikermane's new book, 70 Policies, also explores the impact of external influences — legal, politic

A blurring dichotomy: Can the new bill prevent the Maldives’ diplomatic disruptions?  
Feb 15, 2022

A blurring dichotomy: Can the new bill prevent the Maldives’ diplomatic disruptions?  

The new bill reflects the Maldives government’s earnest attempt to protect its foreign policy interests, but it could backfire on the domestic front

A Budget to steady the ship
Jul 11, 2014

A Budget to steady the ship

There were no big reforms and no major policy turnarounds in the Union Budget presented by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley. It was a budget of small and tentative steps to help steady the ship and laid the foundation for big reforms in the months ahead.

A call to leadership
Jan 14, 2013

A call to leadership

The UPA government has allowed the withering away of the Prime Minister's Office as the ultimate source of authority in policy-making. The latest developments on the Indo-Pak LoC demand that the Congress party focus urgently on revamping the defence establishment and reclaiming the PMO's authority to coordinate national security policy.

A case for inclusive wealth assessment of Indian states
Jan 04, 2024

A case for inclusive wealth assessment of Indian states

The Inclusive Wealth (IW) approach provides a more comprehensive analysis of wealth and development, essential for India's diverse and complex socio-e

A Divided ‘Visegrad Four’ Navigates Relations with the European Union
Oct 03, 2023

A Divided ‘Visegrad Four’ Navigates Relations with the European Union

The Visegrad Four (V4) countries—Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Hungary—are examples of communist states that have transitioned to liberal and democratic governance systems. In recent years, their visibility in the European Union (EU) has surged due to their contrarian positions on certain critical issues facing the Union, such as mass migration and, since 2022, the conflict in Ukraine. This paper analyses the impact of these trend

A fine balance: India’s voting record at the UNGA
Jul 25, 2017

A fine balance: India’s voting record at the UNGA

This brief studies India’s foreign policy preferences using an index based on historical voting patterns of member states at the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA). By visualising the trajectory of policy preferences for all member states in the UNGA, with a particular focus on India, this work identifies how India’s policy stance at the UN has evolved in relation to its peers. It finds that Indian policy has maintained an exceptionally h

A Food Systems Approach to Food Security and Nutrition
May 16, 2023

A Food Systems Approach to Food Security and Nutrition

The world is currently witnessing an increase in the prevalence of undernourishment as well as a rise in the incidence of overweight, obesity, and non-communicable diseases. Addressing issues of food security and nutrition would not be possible without adopting a food systems perspective—from farm to fork. Indeed, in 2021, countries developed national pathways to transforming food systems to accelerate progress towards the Sustainable Developme

A guidebook on Pacific diplomacy: India looks to the ‘Far East’
Jul 24, 2023

A guidebook on Pacific diplomacy: India looks to the ‘Far East’

Since his assumption to power in 2014, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been slowly stretching the arm of the country’s foreign policy into Pacific waters in furtherance of the ‘Act East’ policy. While India’s relationship with the Pacific island states (read, not Australia and New Zealand) is quite unestablished, Modi is attempting to set the foundations for prosperous future cooperation. In the form of a guidebook for India on Pa

A holistic understanding of Himalayan ecology
Jun 25, 2019

A holistic understanding of Himalayan ecology

The Indian Himalayan Region, spanning 12 Indian states, has long been absent from the centre stage of Indian policy.

A journey into the new American century
Jan 13, 2006

A journey into the new American century

When two top American diplomats speak out in quick succession about the international system, the world will take note. The op-ed by U.S. Secretary of State Condoleeza Rice in the Washington Post titled "The Promise of Democratic Peace," and the policy speech four days later by Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs Nicholas Burns at the European Institute titled "A Renewed Partnership for Global Engagement" fall into this category.

A lot left to play: The under-researched Indian gaming landscape
Mar 17, 2022

A lot left to play: The under-researched Indian gaming landscape

Despite the rapid rise in the video gaming industry in India, in-depth research and policy interventions in this sector is negligible.

A new approach to global security: Munich Security Conference meets in New Delhi
Oct 20, 2015

A new approach to global security: Munich Security Conference meets in New Delhi

The Munich Security Conference Core Group Meeting is beginning in New Delhi from Tuesday. Around 70 senior decision-makers from politics, business, media and civil society from India, as well as the Euro-Atlantic, Asian and the Middle East region will discuss key issues of international security policy.

A new day in Asia
Dec 02, 2013

A new day in Asia

Non-alignment, strategic autonomy and Asian solidarity might be attractive slogans for some, but offer no guidance for the conduct of Indian Foreign Policy in East Asia and the Middle East. To cope with the new geopolitical imperatives, India must learn to deal with Asia on its own terms and stop imposing its ideological preferences on the region.

A new edge in global stability: What does space security entail for states?
Oct 13, 2021

A new edge in global stability: What does space security entail for states?

The recent multiplication of space actors, whether States or non-government entities, as well as assets and activities, became a game-changer for law-

A new phase in China-ASEAN relations?
Dec 06, 2013

A new phase in China-ASEAN relations?

China's renewed engagement with the Southeast Asian neighbours seems to be a policy of the new leadership. However, it must follow up on these successful visits by its efforts and actions. For now, maintaining good relations with ASEAN members seems to be Beijing's new strategy to ease tensions in the SCS.

A new Trump presidency could overturn the already roiled world
Dec 12, 2023

A new Trump presidency could overturn the already roiled world

A second Trump presidency could mean many things for the world, but it would most certainly be worse for the US and the world than his first term.

A new twist in global politics
Sep 28, 2018

A new twist in global politics

US foreign policy is steadily renouncing multilateralism while China is stepping into its shoes

A paradigm-defining contest with China
Jul 15, 2020

A paradigm-defining contest with China

As India redefines its priorities vis-a-vis China, its policymakers will have to be bolder in articulating the need for robust partnerships

A position paper on Afghanistan signalling China’s image recrafting
May 08, 2023

A position paper on Afghanistan signalling China’s image recrafting

Beijing’s position paper, on its policy in Afghanistan, is reflective of its recent efforts to present China as a nation that is now heavily invested in addressing ‘international hot button issues’

A possible new phase in ties with the US?
Nov 28, 2014

A possible new phase in ties with the US?

The first few weeks of Afghan President Ashraf Ghani's tenure has seen a flurry of diplomatic activity. The steps taken by him in the foreign policy domain give a clear indication of the new government's priorities.

A Primer on US and EU response to India’s Abrogation of Article 370
Oct 16, 2020

A Primer on US and EU response to India’s Abrogation of Article 370

This paper outlines the responses of the US Congress and European Union (EU) parliament to the Indian government’s abrogation of Article 370 of the Constitution and the surrounding events, including the communications lockdown in Kashmir. It notes contrasting responses: the US Congress showed a binary reaction of moderate and extreme calls to action, and the EU parliament honed a more expansive approach to address India’s apparent “democrat

A Proposed Roadmap to Enhance Last-Mile Connectivity in India’s Metro Rail Transit Systems
Aug 14, 2023

A Proposed Roadmap to Enhance Last-Mile Connectivity in India’s Metro Rail Transit Systems

Evidence from several countries suggests that last-mile connectivity solutions—the transport options available to commuters from the origin of their journey to the point of accessing a public transit system—enhance citizens’ mobility and increase metro rail ridership. This brief evaluates India’s operational metro rail transit systems to identify the missing links in the provision and effective implementation of last-mile connecti

A realist Indian strategy for Maldives — and South Asia
Feb 09, 2018

A realist Indian strategy for Maldives — and South Asia

The Maldives conundrum is an opportunity for India to craft a better policy towards India’s smaller neighbours.

A roadmap for sustainable food security
Apr 26, 2021

A roadmap for sustainable food security

Given the rapidly growing population, resource constraints and climate change concerns, accompanied by the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic — it is

A stable government at the Centre after long!
May 17, 2014

A stable government at the Centre after long!

For the first time in 30 years, Elections-2014 has thrown up a decisive Parliament. The Treasury Bench does not have to do number-crunching all the time, to push policy initiatives, legislative initiatives and even budgets - which have more often than not been passed in the midst of din and dust.

A Trump reprise?
Feb 10, 2024

A Trump reprise?

Trump vs Biden is a rematch most Americans don’t want, but it is what they will likely get.

A US$ 2-trillion export target by 2030 is within sight
Apr 03, 2023

A US$ 2-trillion export target by 2030 is within sight

India’s Foreign Trade Policy 2023 realigns itself with the country’s rising economic ambitions

A ‘just transition’: Is India’s green transition inclusive?
Sep 17, 2021

A ‘just transition’: Is India’s green transition inclusive?

As the world speeds towards its goal of a “green transition”, India must look into what this entails for people, communities, and the social struc