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The Policy and Operational Challenges in Formulating India’s New Foreign Trade Policy
Oct 07, 2021

The Policy and Operational Challenges in Formulating India’s New Foreign Trade Policy

In 2022, the Government of India is set to introduce the new Foreign Trade Policy (FTP) that will provide direction to the country's broader trade policy regime in the succeeding five years. This FTP will be more difficult to draft than the previous ones, for various reasons including the increased global pressure to address trade policy uncertainties, the need for alignment with the self-reliance mission, Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan, and the tenu

The problem with Narendra Modi’s Pakistan policy is not ideology – but hubris and incompetence
Sep 24, 2018

The problem with Narendra Modi’s Pakistan policy is not ideology – but hubris and incompetence

His party claimed to be different from the effete government led by the Congress and its foreign policy therefore needs to be held to a higher standard.

The return of America — Has Trump forced Biden’s hand on continuing the ‘America First’ foreign policy?
Dec 28, 2020

The return of America — Has Trump forced Biden’s hand on continuing the ‘America First’ foreign policy?

In some ways, Joe Biden’s election victory will reverse many of the trends from the past four years, including on multilateralism, democracy promoti

The rising domestic danger to India’s foreign policy under Modi
Mar 06, 2020

The rising domestic danger to India’s foreign policy under Modi

Whether New Delhi likes it or not, it is becoming increasingly clear that domestic issues are affecting ties with its neighbors and partners and that the costs of this are increasing.

The role of monetary policy in climate change mitigation
May 24, 2023

The role of monetary policy in climate change mitigation

Climate change is one of the most significant challenges defining the 21st century, and ways to deal with it occupy an important space in current policymaking discourse. Central banks in different parts of the world have recently started playing a part in articulating strategies to combat climate change. This brief explores the position of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in this regard. It outlines the physical and transition risks associated wit

The significance of China and Africa in Russia’s foreign policy
Apr 26, 2023

The significance of China and Africa in Russia’s foreign policy

Russia’s foreign policy underlines the significant role that both China and African countries will play

The Suu Kyi factor in China's Myanmar policy
Jun 12, 2015

The Suu Kyi factor in China's Myanmar policy

As Myanmar's general elections draws nearer and at a time when China's relations with Myanmar's military-backed government comes under increasing strains in recent months, Beijing seems to be stepping up its multiple-engagement strategy with key political actors to prepare itself for any eventuality post-elections.

The Taiwan question in Indian foreign policy
May 16, 2020

The Taiwan question in Indian foreign policy

Taiwan’s successful handling of the pandemic has led it to draw support from some major global players and some are even recalibrating their Taiwan

The Trump policy
Jan 19, 2018

The Trump policy

A breakdown of the deal and tension in the Persian Gulf has implications for India

The Ukraine Crisis: Impact on Indian defence policy
Mar 11, 2023

The Ukraine Crisis: Impact on Indian defence policy

The Ukrainian conflict has compelled India to wean itself off Russian military capabilities

The ‘China Debate’ in Australia: Implications for the 2019 Federal elections and Australian foreign policy
Apr 17, 2019

The ‘China Debate’ in Australia: Implications for the 2019 Federal elections and Australian foreign policy

The most striking aspect of Australia’s ‘China Debate’ today revolves around the issue of political donations with claims that China is seeking

Three years of Narendra Modi's foreign policy
May 31, 2017

Three years of Narendra Modi's foreign policy

The Narendra Modi government has been unabashed in changing India’s foreign policy trajectory in the three years it has been in power.

Time to revisit our reservation policy
Dec 12, 2015

Time to revisit our reservation policy

For over six decades, Indian politicians and policy makers have remained obsessed with reservation as the only viable tool for affirmative action. B

Too little too late: TRIPS waiver saga illustrates global policy hesitancy
Sep 02, 2022

Too little too late: TRIPS waiver saga illustrates global policy hesitancy

Given the COVID-19 pandemic and the ongoing monkeypox epidemic, concerns over global policy hesitancy need to be addressed.

Towards an Inclusive National Policy on Menstrual Health and Hygiene
Nov 29, 2023

Towards an Inclusive National Policy on Menstrual Health and Hygiene

In April 2023, the Supreme Court of India advocated for the government to establish a "uniform national policy" on menstrual health and hygiene (MHH), spotlighting the need for comprehensive measures on a significant public health issue. This brief traces India's path to promoting MHH, highlighting key policy initiatives and their impact on period product usage. Using secondary data from the National Family Health Survey-5, this brief introduces

Towards greater synergy in space policy
Feb 18, 2015

Towards greater synergy in space policy

It appears that the Modi government is beginning to recognise the need for greater synchronisation between the different arms of the government and appreciate the need for better space utilisation in the realm of foreign policy and national security. This new approach needs to be strengthened and sustained for India to tap its full potential in outer space.

Towards policy clarity on Autonomous Weapons Systems
May 24, 2023

Towards policy clarity on Autonomous Weapons Systems

Policy clarity is needed to deal with the idea of a weapons system that surrenders life-and-death decisions to machines. ICRC is an independent humanitarian organisation set up in 1863, that has been playing an active part in discussions around the subject of AWS

Towards Universal Access to Clean Cooking Fuels and Technologies: The Role of Policy, National Incomes, and Social Behaviour
Aug 14, 2023

Towards Universal Access to Clean Cooking Fuels and Technologies: The Role of Policy, National Incomes, and Social Behaviour

Goal seven of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) commits the international community to providing access to clean cooking fuels and technologies to all by 2030. Progress has been slow, however, and in about 40 of the UN’s 189 member countries for which data is available, more that 80 percent of the populations continue to lack such access. Using case studies, this brief analyses the role of a country’s policies, i

Translating aspirations into foreign policy a key challenge: Former FS
Aug 07, 2015

Translating aspirations into foreign policy a key challenge: Former FS

Discussing Dr. C Raja Mohan's book 'Modi's World: Expanding India's Sphere of Influence' in Kolkata, former Foreign Secretary K. Srinivasan said foreign policy has to be a combination of aspirations and capabilities. He said translating aspirations into policy would be a key challenge for the government.

Trends in Indian Foreign Policy
Aug 11, 2004

Trends in Indian Foreign Policy

Speaking at an interaction on 'Trends in Indian Foreign Policy', organized by Observer Research Foundation (ORF), ORF Mumbai Chapter, Prof. S D Muni of Jawaharlal Nehru University, ... more

Trump's call to Sharif doesn't indicate any real change to US foreign policy with India
Dec 05, 2016

Trump's call to Sharif doesn't indicate any real change to US foreign policy with India

Phone calls are making waves with Nawaz Sharif and Tsai Ingwen - showing there is no indicator on which way US will go under new presidency

Trump's South Asia policy: India, Pakistan and China
Oct 06, 2018

Trump's South Asia policy: India, Pakistan and China

A year since the announcement of the new South Asia strategy, an attempt to break from the recurrent continuum has been evident. At least on two of the three accounts — with respect to Pakistan and India, the Trump administration has spurred a break from the past.

Trump’s Central Asia policy
Aug 04, 2020

Trump’s Central Asia policy

Does the US in general, and the Trump administration in particular, have a differing approach towards Central Asia developing their relations with Rus

Trump’s exemptionalist US foreign policy
Jul 17, 2018

Trump’s exemptionalist US foreign policy

Under President Trump, the United States seems to adopting an unprecedented antagonistic stance against the institutions, commitments, and unpronounced precedents alike, of the liberal world order that the US itself put in place in the aftermath of the Second World War.

Understanding Africa’s policy conundrums in a changing global order
Aug 30, 2018

Understanding Africa’s policy conundrums in a changing global order

Trends in Africa are diverging. While East Africa shows growing signs of authoritarianism and suppression of dissent, in Southern Africa — liberatio

Understanding disease and shaping public health policy in a time of pandemic
May 23, 2023

Understanding disease and shaping public health policy in a time of pandemic

A pandemic of the viral disease COVID-19 has reached millions of people around the world with significant rates of mortality. With no specific treatments or vaccines in the immediate horizon, limiting contact with infected persons, the use of masks, and hand hygiene offer the only mitigation for now. This has led most countries to adopt severe isolation measures, which have in turn caused disruption of economic activity and increased unemployment

Understanding the Indian Public Opinion-Foreign Policy Relationship
Nov 23, 2020

Understanding the Indian Public Opinion-Foreign Policy Relationship

This paper analyses the contentious idea of a nexus between public opinion and foreign policy agendas, focusing on the Indian context. The paper examines the history of the discourse and outlines the key ideological divergences and events that have shaped the inquiry. It then traces the public opinion-foreign policy linkage in the Indian context, and frames the analysis against other representative democracies, specifically the United States. Usi

Understanding the role of health in foreign policy: The Indian experience
Apr 27, 2021

Understanding the role of health in foreign policy: The Indian experience

To influence the global health agenda, India not only needs to proactively engage within the WHO, but also outside the organisation at the regional an

Urban Health Governance in India: A policy roundtable
Jul 31, 2019

Urban Health Governance in India: A policy roundtable

Acknowledging health as a central component of urban planning and governance will help achieve health SDGs and ensure policy coherence.

Urban population: Challenges before policy-makers
Mar 15, 2013

Urban population: Challenges before policy-makers

ORF and GIZ, Germany, have jointly initiated an Urban Workshop Series 2013 to facilitate interaction among key national and international stakeholders and offer and discuss critical inputs that are urgently needed for effective policy-making in India and other emerging economies.

Urgent need for a national immigration policy
Aug 19, 2016

Urgent need for a national immigration policy

There is an urgent need for a national immigration policy in which the government ought to aim at giving immigrants their rights.

Urgent need for new architecture for India’s neighbourhood policy
Oct 10, 2016

Urgent need for new architecture for India’s neighbourhood policy

With the crippling of the South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC), India’s quest for a new architecture for its neighbourhood policy

US contemplating reversal of its Pakistan policy
Jun 04, 2012

US contemplating reversal of its Pakistan policy

The United States is contemplating a total reversal of its highly ineffective Pakistan policy. This was stated by Prof Christine Fair, Assistant Professor at Georgetown University's Edmund A Walsh School of Foreign Service while delivering a talk on "The situation in the Af-Pak region" at Observer Research Foundation on June 4, 2012.

US elections: Are Indian foreign policy pundits missing the big picture?
Sep 27, 2016

US elections: Are Indian foreign policy pundits missing the big picture?

The US elections are less than two months away and the campaign is reaching its pinnacle.