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MDGs: India should take the lead in South Asia
Oct 24, 2015

MDGs: India should take the lead in South Asia

The South Asian region lacks a common plan of action to deal with the impact of climate change despite possessing common ecological habitat. Africa and Latin America fare a tad better on this front. India should take the lead to create elaborate policies for joint management of common resources and ecological preservation.

Modi-Sharif meeting: A small move in larger reckoning
Jul 13, 2015

Modi-Sharif meeting: A small move in larger reckoning

To characterise the Modi-Sharif meeting and joint statement in Ufa as a "breakthrough" would be a gross exaggeration. It is another move - a positive move, but only one small move in the larger reckoning - in the elaborate chess game of India-Pakistan relations.

Modi-Xi Summit: More than ‘optics’ at Mahabalipuram
Oct 28, 2019

Modi-Xi Summit: More than ‘optics’ at Mahabalipuram

The informal nature of the summit — namely the absence of pressure involved in putting out a joint statement, among other aspects — helps create an environment for better understanding of each other’s concerns.

NASA Chief in India: Big Fillip to India-US Space Agenda
Dec 11, 2023

NASA Chief in India: Big Fillip to India-US Space Agenda

There appears to be a near perfect alignment of the stars for the Indian and U.S. space agencies to collaborate under.

Nepal: India's sensitivity to connectivity with China
Mar 30, 2015

Nepal: India's sensitivity to connectivity with China

Nepal and China have agreed in principle to take up a joint project on infrastructure development of the Nepal-China Economic Belt. The decision was taken at the Foreign Ministers' level meeting held in Beijing recently to commemorate the 60th anniversary of establishing diplomatic relations between the two neighbours.

Nepal: Terrorist arrests and cooperation with India
Sep 06, 2013

Nepal: Terrorist arrests and cooperation with India

The recent arrests of some of India's top terrorists along the Indo-Nepal border indicate the vulnerability of the porous border between the two neighbours. More importantly, it reflects on the bilateral cooperation in intelligence-sharing and joint-operations,

Nepal: What BIMSTEC Summit means for the country
Mar 14, 2014

Nepal: What BIMSTEC Summit means for the country

The south Asian region has been a region of disjointed congruity for decades. Efforts at integrating the countries that make up the region have been in place through a variety of mechanisms such as diplomatic efforts, regional and sub-regional organisations.

Nepal’s cautious deals with China
Oct 10, 2023

Nepal’s cautious deals with China

Although PM Dahal signed several agreements with China during his recent visit, critics at home are dismayed that Nepal is not gaining anything concre

No Progress in China-India Military Talks
Jan 16, 2022

No Progress in China-India Military Talks

A 14th round of military talks ended with a joint statement but no real progress.

North Korea's artillery fire and regional implications
Jan 09, 2024

North Korea's artillery fire and regional implications

Pyongyang’s recent live-fire drills could set in motion a series of events with far-reaching consequences for regional stability, diplomacy, and the

Nuclear Umbrella
Jan 29, 2014

Nuclear Umbrella

A closer reading of the joint statement issued by Chinese President Xi Jinping after a meeting with the President of Ukraine, Viktor Yanukovych last month, suggested China was merely offering boiler plate assurances to Ukraine.

On nuclear diplomacy, a window has opened
Oct 19, 2004

On nuclear diplomacy, a window has opened

As a responsible nuclear power, India is ready to work with like-minded countries in strengthening the global non-proliferation system. That was the clear message from Prime Minister Manmohan Singh at his recent joint press conference with the visiting German chancellor, Gerhard Schroeder.

ORF participates in Moscow BRIC conference
Nov 18, 2008

ORF participates in Moscow BRIC conference

The Observer Research Foundation (ORF) was invited to put together a group from India for the Moscow conference by the Polity Foundation, one of the principal Russian organisers. ORF and Polity have had earlier contact and a bilateral event had been jointly organised by

ORF, Russia hold first non-official dialogue
Oct 05, 2007

ORF, Russia hold first non-official dialogue

The First Meeting of the ORF-Russia non-official Dialogue jointly organised by ORF and two Russian NGOs, Public Chamber of the Russian Federation and the Polity Foundation was held in Moscow in October 2007.

Overcoming an EU-China trade and trust deficit
Dec 06, 2023

Overcoming an EU-China trade and trust deficit

Beijing seeks normalisation of ties with Europe; however, for Brussels, reconciliation will be conditional on Beijing’s willingness to address funda

Overhauling defence bureaucracy
Dec 12, 2016

Overhauling defence bureaucracy

What is required is a complete transformation of the system including steps like appointing of a Chief of Defence Staff as a single point military advisor, establishment of joint theatre headquarters, and actual integration of the military into the Ministry of Defence.

Pak Army using Islam: Cohen
Nov 06, 2003

Pak Army using Islam: Cohen

The present generation of the Pakistani army is not so much Islamic as political and materialistic, said Professor Stephen Cohen, Senior Fellow, Brookings Institution and renowned authority on Pakistan Army. Speaking at the USI as part of a joint ORF-USI lecture, Profession Cohen said the Pakistani army was only using Islam for its political objectives and this has not compromised the professional orientation of the army.

Pakistan: Neutrality in Yemen and Arabian displeasure
May 15, 2015

Pakistan: Neutrality in Yemen and Arabian displeasure

During the recent crisis in Yemen, between the Houthis and the nine-nation military coalition led by the Saudis, a joint sitting of Pakistan's Parliament voted against joining the Saudi-led coalition.

PLA preparing for a grand slam
Dec 07, 2020

PLA preparing for a grand slam

Xi’s stint in military bureaucracy comes handy in making PLA a fighting force.

PM's visit to Russia and China: A journalist's report card
Nov 09, 2013

PM's visit to Russia and China: A journalist's report card

Russia is considering supplying Hydrocarbons to India through pipelines and both countries have commissioned joint study groups to analyse the feasibility of the project.

President Donald Trump and future of the Iran deal
Dec 07, 2016

President Donald Trump and future of the Iran deal

One of the foremost questions around Trump's victory has been in relation to the future of the Iran nuclear deal, one that the President-elect has cri

Prevent Zoonoses: Now or never
Jul 06, 2023

Prevent Zoonoses: Now or never

The G20 has the potential to leverage its influence and resources to address the root causes of zoonotic diseases through joint initiatives and take p

Rajapaksa camp’s increasing India-bashing
Aug 12, 2016

Rajapaksa camp’s increasing India-bashing

India-baiting has become a part and parcel of the Rajapaksa camp-led Joint Opposition’s political attacks and protests against the ruling Maithiri-R

Re-negotiating the Iran nuclear deal and trajectory of security in West Asia
Dec 07, 2021

Re-negotiating the Iran nuclear deal and trajectory of security in West Asia

As the two key players have returned to the negotiating table, it seems that it has become even more difficult for them to see eye to eye

Rebooting the Indian Army: A Doctrinal Approach to Force Restructuring
Feb 03, 2021

Rebooting the Indian Army: A Doctrinal Approach to Force Restructuring

The ongoing conflict on the Sino-Indian border has highlighted the need for structural reforms in the Indian Army. This paper examines the impact of the Joint Doctrine of Indian Armed Forces, 2017 (JDIAF) and the Indian Army’s Land Warfare Doctrine, 2018 (LWD) on the development of the Indian Army’s tactical concepts, organisational structures, and the weapons and equipment profile. It discusses the importance of formulating a formal National

Reclaiming the Indo-Pacific: A political-military strategy for Quad 2.0
Mar 27, 2018

Reclaiming the Indo-Pacific: A political-military strategy for Quad 2.0

After a decade, officials from India, Japan, Australia and the United States convened in Manila in November 2017 to renew their quadrilateral cooperation in the Indo-Pacific. While the agenda of the quad is still unknown, this paper presents a political-military strategy for the grouping directed at shaping Chinese behaviour in the region. Viewing strategy through the ends-means-ways lens, the paper describes key objectives of dissuasion, deterre

Rethinking Development Finance in Response to 21st-Century Challenges:  Islamic Climate Finance and Post-Conflict Recovery
Nov 24, 2023

Rethinking Development Finance in Response to 21st-Century Challenges: Islamic Climate Finance and Post-Conflict Recovery

Traditional development financing is proving insufficient to address overlapping global challenges, such as climate change and fragile contexts. This brief explores new thinking in development finance through two examples. The first is Islamic climate finance, which constitutes less than 2 percent of global Islamic finance. The brief identifies policy priorities and proposes dedicated Islamic climate-finance windows (e.g., in the Green Climate Fu

Securing Sea Lines of Communication in Asia
Jul 17, 2023

Securing Sea Lines of Communication in Asia

The Sea Lines of Communication (SLOC) in the Indo-Pacific are a critical enabler of economic development and prosperity in the region but receive little policy attention. In an era of geopolitical contestation, with regional powers reluctant to exert military effort in preserving exclusive access in ‘contested’ spaces, joint military endeavours remain largely confined to non-traditional areas of security. The COVID-19 pandemic, the war in Ukr

Security in India's Neighborhood: The View from Washington
Mar 14, 2005

Security in India's Neighborhood: The View from Washington

In a talk jointly organized by ORF ORF Chennai and Department of Politics and Public Administration, University of Madras on March 14, 2005, at the University of Madras, ORF Chennai,

Sharing trans-boundary resources: Fluid lessons
Jul 18, 2012

Sharing trans-boundary resources: Fluid lessons

Powerful private interests will collude with the most powerful state to safeguard their mutual energy interest or the private sector may actually end up suggesting and implementing a joint framework agreement.

South Asia Weekly 92
Oct 04, 2009

South Asia Weekly 92

Sri Lankan Navy and Indian Navy successfully conclude their joint naval exercises, which started on October 6 and continued till October 8, 2009. The naval training exercise, code-named CADEX 2009, took place on the western seas off Sri Lanka.

Sri Lanka: Why Tamil Nadu’s call to ‘retake’ Kachchativu is ill-timed, too
Jun 03, 2022

Sri Lanka: Why Tamil Nadu’s call to ‘retake’ Kachchativu is ill-timed, too

India may consider a joint-patrol mechanism, either bilateral or under the Colombo Security Conclave (CSC), as it would also help keep the fishers’

Strengthening Indo-Israel Agritech cooperation
Jul 26, 2023

Strengthening Indo-Israel Agritech cooperation

Institutional collaborations and joint ventures between India and Israel can help address India’s water and food security challenges

Taliban’s takeover: Challenges in establishing control
Jun 15, 2022

Taliban’s takeover: Challenges in establishing control

With the Taliban grappling with both internal and external challenges, the need of the hour is to help it develop a joint security system.

Team Biden impresses on East Asia debut
Mar 26, 2021

Team Biden impresses on East Asia debut

Joint statements from both the visits emphasised the critical importance of the US–ROK–Japan alliance to the regional security order.

Technology and Climate Change: Innovation and Partnerships for Transformational Change
Sep 13, 2023

Technology and Climate Change: Innovation and Partnerships for Transformational Change

The world is facing a climate-change challenge that requires nothing short of atechnological revolution to address. Yet the current patterns of technology development anddiffusions are not transformative enough; nor are they happening at a pace, rapid enough.Actions at multiple levels engaging different actors are needed to reduce emissions whilemeeting the developmental needs of the global south. This paper summarises the mostinnovative ideas sh

Thailand’s geopolitical dilemma: Aligning with China while honouring US ties
Sep 10, 2023

Thailand’s geopolitical dilemma: Aligning with China while honouring US ties

Navigating the delicate balance between its association with the US and China amidst their ongoing global geopolitical competition presents a signific

The Afghanistan-Pakistan peace quagmire
May 21, 2013

The Afghanistan-Pakistan peace quagmire

Pakistan is an important player as far as determining the outcome of a post-2014 Afghanistan is concerned and should be engaged with. But to expect it to play a productive role or to expect Afghanistan and Pakistan to reconcile their differences and jointly work towards stability is a tall order.

The Indian Air Force and an increasing HADR mandate
May 12, 2020

The Indian Air Force and an increasing HADR mandate

The primary role of the Indian defence forces is to safeguard the nation’s sovereignty from external threats, but when called upon, they are equally

The Indian Air Force and Indian Army Apache fleet need NLOS missiles
Dec 03, 2021

The Indian Air Force and Indian Army Apache fleet need NLOS missiles

The Indian Air Force and Indian Army along with the Ministry of Defence should jointly negotiate for the Israeli NLOS missiles to avoid unnecessarily

The Quad is rebalancing
May 30, 2023

The Quad is rebalancing

The Pacific theatre is now an obvious area of interest to boost non-traditional activities by the Quad countries

The time is ripe for an alliance of democracies
Sep 15, 2022

The time is ripe for an alliance of democracies

The threat to the global democratic order needs to be tackled by developing joint strategies, especially in light of the rising belligerence of author

Towards a multipolar world?
Nov 17, 2003

Towards a multipolar world?

A number of important treaties of immense strategic significance have been signed during Prime Minister Vajpayee's first ever visit to Tajikistan on November 14. The agreements signed were related to setting up a Joint Working Group on Counter-Terrorism, a bilateral extradition treaty and military ties.

Trump abandons the Kurds in favour of Turkey
Oct 09, 2019

Trump abandons the Kurds in favour of Turkey

The move paves way for a Turkish ‘invasion’ of northern Syria, which has a smorgasbord of rebels, Islamists, foreign powers, Iran backed rebels, U

Unequal Accommodation: A National Stockholm Syndrome?
Apr 19, 2005

Unequal Accommodation: A National Stockholm Syndrome?

Both India and Pakistan would have reasons to be satisfied with the joint statement issued at the end of President General Pervez Musharraf's visit to New Delhi from April 16 to 18, 2005, for talks with our Prime Minister Dr.Manmohan Singh.

Urban population: Challenges before policy-makers
Mar 15, 2013

Urban population: Challenges before policy-makers

ORF and GIZ, Germany, have jointly initiated an Urban Workshop Series 2013 to facilitate interaction among key national and international stakeholders and offer and discuss critical inputs that are urgently needed for effective policy-making in India and other emerging economies.

US Talk of Convergence with India is Contradictory
Nov 18, 2010

US Talk of Convergence with India is Contradictory

The India-US joint statement speaks of the convergence of interests of the two countries, with President Obama welcoming India's emergence as a major regional and global power and affirming his country's interest in India's rise.

Vietnam and India-US Cooperation
Jun 15, 2015

Vietnam and India-US Cooperation

The India-U.S. Joint Vision and the mention of the South China Sea is India's strategic response to the growing Chinese naval profile in the Indian Ocean Region. In this context, US outreach to Vietnam and India's Act East policy are symbolic of India-U.S. cooperation in the Indo-Pacific.