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China’s civil-military forays in India’s neighbourhood
Apr 29, 2023

China’s civil-military forays in India’s neighbourhood

China’s growing presence in India’s immediate neighbourhood is concerning

COVID-19, Blue Economy, and the Climate Change Agenda: The case of Seychelles
May 18, 2020

COVID-19, Blue Economy, and the Climate Change Agenda: The case of Seychelles

The human toll of the COVID-19 pandemic has been devastating. At the same time, measures to tackle the crisis have affected national economies and grounded global trade to a halt. Small Island Developing States (SIDS) such as the Seychelles are amongst the countries that have suffered some of the worst economic impacts of the outbreak. The current situation illustrates the global state of unpreparedness for a pandemic and points to similar inadeq

Decoding crucial trends from the Maldives’ Presidential elections
Sep 16, 2023

Decoding crucial trends from the Maldives’ Presidential elections

As Maldives heads to the second round of elections, uncertainty looms large for the island nation

Divided Asia
Jan 15, 2014

Divided Asia

The contest between China and Japan over tiny islands, Senkaku in Tokyo and Diaoyu in Beijing, has brought the militaries of the two nations face to face on a routine basis. Japan and South Korea and Japan and Russia are also squabbling over small islets in the Sea of Japan.

Evolving dynamics of the Af-Pak region and its impact on Sri Lanka and Maldives
Sep 10, 2021

Evolving dynamics of the Af-Pak region and its impact on Sri Lanka and Maldives

How India’s island neighbours react to this new geopolitical reality and whether this will result in an emergence of a new Cold War is yet to be see

Extreme Heat Events in India’s Cities: A Framework for Adaptive Action Plans
Jan 22, 2021

Extreme Heat Events in India’s Cities: A Framework for Adaptive Action Plans

Among the most severe consequences of climate change is the global rise in average temperatures, and the resultant increase in the frequency and intensity of heatwaves. Cities are particularly vulnerable to heatwaves as their high built density absorbs and retains heat, leading to higher temperatures than the surrounding areas and causing the ‘heat island’ effect. India’s northwest region routinely experiences abnormally hot days during the

Fast-tracking Sri Lanka peace talks
Apr 09, 2004

Fast-tracking Sri Lanka peace talks

By declaring that India should be actively involved in the Sri Lankan peace process, Mahinda Rajapakse, the newly sworn-in Prime Minister of the island-nation has put both the peace process and India back at the centre-stage back again. Lakshman Kadirgamar, the ruling dispensation¿s foreign policy czar, has said as much. In her maiden national telecast after the parliamentary polls

Financing for Agenda 2030: Deepening India-EU Development Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific
Feb 12, 2024

Financing for Agenda 2030: Deepening India-EU Development Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific

As the world confronts multiple challenges which are intricately connected, our path for development stands at a crucial juncture. In the context of the embroiling polycrisis, progress on the sustainable development goals (SDGs) has been steady but fragile with major and persistent challenges. Financing for Agenda 2030 has emerged as a major bottleneck with several developing economies, especially the least developed countries (LDCs), low-income

From Cox’s Bazar to Bhasan Char: An Assessment of Bangladesh’s Relocation Plan for Rohingya Refugees
May 24, 2023

From Cox’s Bazar to Bhasan Char: An Assessment of Bangladesh’s Relocation Plan for Rohingya Refugees

The Rohingyas are among the world’s most persecuted communities, who, until a mass exodus in 2017, mainly resided in Myanmar’s Rakhine State. In 2017, about 712,179 Rohingyas made their way to Bangladesh, taking the total number of Rohingya refugees in that country to 855,000.[1]The overcrowding caused by this influx at the Cox’s Bazar refugee camps has led the Bangladesh government to consider temporarily relocating the Rohingya refugees t

From Dictatorship to Democracy, the Peaceful Maldivian Experience
Jun 03, 2010

From Dictatorship to Democracy, the Peaceful Maldivian Experience

The Vice-President of Maldives, in his address to the ORF faculty, recounts the long and bitter-sweet struggle against autocratic rule in his country. With an elected government now at the helm and democracy gradually taking roots in different spheres of society, he outlines the crucial challenges that lie ahead for the island nation.

G20 देशों में स्थित छोटे द्वीपों में आपदा से संबंधित वित्तीय संसाधनों के लिये रास्ता बनाना!
May 31, 2023

G20 देशों में स्थित छोटे द्वीपों में आपदा से संबंधित वित्तीय संसाधनों के लिये रास्ता बनाना!

G20 देशों में स्थित छोटे द्वीपों को अलगाव, सीमित संसाधनों के साथ ही साफ तौर पर जलवायु परिवर्तन एवं प्राकृतिक आपदाओं से संबंधित विभिन्न प्रकार की विशिष्ट चुनौतियों का सामना �

Gender lens for climate finance: A smart approach to sustainability in the Indo-Pacific
Mar 07, 2024

Gender lens for climate finance: A smart approach to sustainability in the Indo-Pacific

It is imperative to integrate climate financing with a gendered approach in the Indo-Pacific region to tackle climate change in an effective manner

Implications of China’s floating nuclear power plants in the South China Sea
May 13, 2024

Implications of China’s floating nuclear power plants in the South China Sea

These power plants pose not only an environmental threat but a security risk as well

Implications of Indonesia’s new military base in the South China Sea
Feb 01, 2019

Implications of Indonesia’s new military base in the South China Sea

Though Indonesia is not a claimant in the South China Sea, Jakarta and Beijing have entered into skirmishes in the Natuna area for long.

India and New Zealand Improve Ties with Jaishankar Visit
Oct 19, 2022

India and New Zealand Improve Ties with Jaishankar Visit

The deepening of India-New Zealand after a lull in relations is important both in bilateral terms and also within the wider regional context.

India can't be at sea over China
Aug 30, 2016

India can't be at sea over China

India and Japan have had a long relationship, which was never really a factor in their relationship with China.

India is Embracing a ‘Net Security Provider’ Role in the Indian Ocean Region
Mar 11, 2024

India is Embracing a ‘Net Security Provider’ Role in the Indian Ocean Region

New infrastructure built by India in Mauritius demonstrates New Delhi’s commitment to cementing its security presence in the IOR.

India loses Lanka plot
Mar 26, 2012

India loses Lanka plot

With India voting in favour of the anti-Sri Lanka resolution at the UN Human Rights Council, Delhi finds itself in a precarious position in Colombo vis-à-vis Beijing. Worse, it's likely to make the lives of Tamils more difficult in the island nation.

India, France and the Pacific: Where an old friend might get in the way of new partnerships
Oct 19, 2016

India, France and the Pacific: Where an old friend might get in the way of new partnerships

India must contextualise France in a region-specific sense because in the Pacific the French are associated with colonial past and present.

India, Sri Lanka and the UNHRC
Mar 08, 2012

India, Sri Lanka and the UNHRC

''The Centre will consider the prevailing situation in Sri Lanka and the overall relationship between India and its island-neighbour while formulating its stand on the US-backed resolution against Sri Lanka in the UNHRC,''.

India’s Irritation With China Grows
Aug 30, 2022

India’s Irritation With China Grows

The Indian and Chinese diplomatic missions in Sri Lanka sparred on social media over the visit of a Chinese military research vessel to the island nation.

India’s Maldives headache
Feb 26, 2018

India’s Maldives headache

Given the Maldives’ geostrategic location in the Indian Ocean, it is understandable that China has long-term strategic interests in it. The island nation sits atop of critical sea lanes of communication (SLOCs). Gaining a larger footprint in the Indian Ocean is now part of China’s stated strategy.

Indonesia’s ‘soft balancing’ against China
May 30, 2018

Indonesia’s ‘soft balancing’ against China

The vision seeks to go beyond economic development internal to Indonesia and the mere enhancing of connectivity between the islands of the Indonesian

Is the latest draft of the “South China Sea Code of Conduct” really a milestone?
Sep 20, 2018

Is the latest draft of the “South China Sea Code of Conduct” really a milestone?

China is consolidating its position in the South China Sea by building artificial islands, so when the time to conclude the actual Code of Conduct com

ISIS’s new target: South Asia
May 03, 2019

ISIS’s new target: South Asia

The Easter Sunday attacks in Sri Lanka have brought the island nation to the forefront of the global terrorism discourse. The attacks further demonstrate the change in the Islamic State from a territorial group to a sponsor of terrorism worldwide.

Japan's New Defence Policy: A Shift from the Past?
Dec 28, 2010

Japan's New Defence Policy: A Shift from the Past?

Japan has announced its new military policy changes, amidst escalating tensions, particularly in Northeast Asia. In a major military policy shift, its new National Defense Programme Guidelines has called for shifting of forces from the northern islands of Hokkaido towards the southern islands,

Japan-Russia dilemma over the territorial dispute
May 20, 2019

Japan-Russia dilemma over the territorial dispute

Peace talks between Japan and Russia have remained at halt ever since the World War II.

Jihadi Terrorism in South East Asia
Oct 07, 2005

Jihadi Terrorism in South East Asia

The explosions of October 1, 2005, in the predominantly Hindu-inhabited tourist resort island of Bali in Indonesia came on the eve of two important religious observances¿¿on the eve of the Dusserah (called Galungan in Bali) festival, which the Hindus all over the world observe as marking the triumph of good over evil and the Muslim holy fasting period of Ramadan.

Look beyond Brazil in Latin America: Expert
Mar 10, 2018

Look beyond Brazil in Latin America: Expert

Several misconceptions exist in India about Latin America and the Caribbean Islands. India’s knowledge of these countries is restricted to news coverage.

Maldives: India-funded sea bridge project has an ambitious deadline
Aug 31, 2021

Maldives: India-funded sea bridge project has an ambitious deadline

Maldives’ latest India-funded project has stark differences from China-funded ventures

Maldives: Towards a free and peaceful poll
Sep 05, 2013

Maldives: Towards a free and peaceful poll

There is a need for all-party coordination committees at the island and atoll-levels, besides at the highest level, to ensure a smooth presidential polls on September 7. There is also a greater need for coordination between the police and the EC officials at all levels.

Maldives’ new pro-China tilt is worrisome but India hopes for pragmatism
May 17, 2024

Maldives’ new pro-China tilt is worrisome but India hopes for pragmatism

India has been understanding of the Maldivian government’s new policy, but it expects the island nation to respect Indian sensitivities and equally uphold its commitment to bilateral ties

Militarising Andamans: The costs and the benefits
Jul 29, 2020

Militarising Andamans: The costs and the benefits

There is merit in collaborating with Indo-Pacific partners in the islands, but it will entail information-sharing too

Modi's faultless foreign policy
Mar 18, 2015

Modi's faultless foreign policy

The IOR tour was not just about declarations and MOUs, proof of this is that New Delhi has put down money through Lines of Credit for infrastructure development in various island states. The challenge now is to ensure that it is effectively utilised.

Muizzu’s Maldives is missing the ‘Geo’ in geopolitics
Jan 11, 2024

Muizzu’s Maldives is missing the ‘Geo’ in geopolitics

The island nation has bigger problems than tourism and India-Out—it is getting crushed in an Islamist-China pincer

Navigating the interlinkage of climate change and malaria in SIDS
Apr 25, 2024

Navigating the interlinkage of climate change and malaria in SIDS

The rising cases of malaria in SIDS need a renewed global response to mitigate climate-induced transmission and re-emergence

Navy needs a capacity boost to become ‘net security provider’
May 23, 2024

Navy needs a capacity boost to become ‘net security provider’

India faces a medium-term challenge from the Chinese PLA Navy, which has been active in terms of sending vessels on regular patrols in the Indian Ocean.

One Country One Law, China circumnavigating a Sri Lankan fertiliser hazard
Dec 02, 2021

One Country One Law, China circumnavigating a Sri Lankan fertiliser hazard

China is coercing Sri Lanka to allow a substandard shipment of Chinese fertiliser to enter the island nation despite Sri Lanka’s explicit rejection

Papua New Guinea: A tale of two visits
May 26, 2023

Papua New Guinea: A tale of two visits

PM Modi and US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken’s visits to PNG reflect the increasing importance of the Pacific Island countries in the strategic

Poverty, Criminality, Extremism: The Interrelated Sources of Insecurity in Maldives
Aug 16, 2023

Poverty, Criminality, Extremism: The Interrelated Sources of Insecurity in Maldives

Maldives, or the Maldive islands in the north-central Indian Ocean, is widely regarded as a paradise by holiday-seekers from across the world. Yet, its own people are beset by severe issues of insecurity. This brief investigates the various threats to security in the island nation, primary of which is the massive income inequality. It outlines a political and religious history of the nation, and explores their influence in the current sta

Rajapaksa’s dysfunctional regime in Sri Lanka and its impact on South Asia
Sep 23, 2021

Rajapaksa’s dysfunctional regime in Sri Lanka and its impact on South Asia

How the island nation’s security conundrums will worsen an already threatened South Asia post the reemergence of the Taliban

South Asia South Asia Weekly 31
Aug 04, 2008

South Asia South Asia Weekly 31

Tamil Nadu has always played an important role in the ongoing ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka. Tamils fighting for their homeland in the island nation has always desired and appreciated the assistance rendered by their Tamil brethren from the neighbouring India,

South Asia Weekly Report 71
May 11, 2009

South Asia Weekly Report 71

After days of speculation and diplomatic haggling, the United Nations Security Council finally decided to discuss the humanitarian issue in Sri Lanka arising out of the ethnic conflict in the island nation.

South Asia Weekly Report 79
Jul 06, 2009

South Asia Weekly Report 79

Foreign aid reserves are at an all-time low in Sri Lanka. The island country requires foreign assistance to resettle millions of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and reconstruct war-ravaged areas of the northeast.

South China Sea Monitor | Volume V; Issue 12 |India & Japan: Cementing Bilateral Ties
Dec 05, 2016

South China Sea Monitor | Volume V; Issue 12 |India & Japan: Cementing Bilateral Ties

Japan protested to China after four Chinese coast guard ships sailed into territorial waters of Senkaku Islands & other roundups from South China Monitor

South China Sea: Beijing's 'Salami Slicing' strategy
Mar 21, 2014

South China Sea: Beijing's 'Salami Slicing' strategy

The South China Sea is seeing increasing tension amongst the claimants. The Second Thomas Shoal is the latest addition to Beijing's 'Salami Slicing' strategy of slowly acquiring small reefs and islands to consolidate its contested claim.

Sports in Indian cities: Rethinking the use of astroturfs
Nov 07, 2023

Sports in Indian cities: Rethinking the use of astroturfs

The adoption of astroturf in sporting facilities poses a health hazard to humans and aggravates climate issues, thus, urban planning must focus on gre