Search: For - foreign policy

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India Faces a Diplomatic Storm in the Middle East
Jun 13, 2022

India Faces a Diplomatic Storm in the Middle East

This episode illustrates the danger facing Indian foreign policy from domestic political developments, increasingly centered on religious conflict.

India has a role in UN Security Council
Apr 22, 2005

India has a role in UN Security Council

Professor Joseph Nye,Dean, John F Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, who visited ORF recently, gave an e-mail Interview to Dr. Harinder Sekhon, Senior Fellow, on US foreign policy trends, especially in West Asia and the future of Indo-US relations.

India is bringing reputational security back into focus
Jan 12, 2024

India is bringing reputational security back into focus

India, through its foreign policy choices and its multi-alignment strategy, has built its reputational security in significant ways in the last decade

India leads: Two to Tango with in 2023
Oct 06, 2022

India leads: Two to Tango with in 2023

India is assuming the leadership of SCO and G20. While the two groupings have divergent goals, Delhi will need to ensure that the concerns of developing nations are not ignored. An assertive foreign policy that seeks to shape and steer conversations will help

India must be a regional power to realise its aspiration of becoming a global power
Sep 30, 2019

India must be a regional power to realise its aspiration of becoming a global power

The two most-important objectives of foreign policy is ‘security’ — both external and internal — and ‘economy’.

India must think of reconfiguring its ties with Russia
Feb 26, 2022

India must think of reconfiguring its ties with Russia

Through its actions in Ukraine, Russia has challenged the global order in fundamental ways and India’s foreign policy won’t be immune from its reverberations

India needs a strong neighbourhood policy: Former MEA secretary
Feb 03, 2014

India needs a strong neighbourhood policy: Former MEA secretary

There is a need for a strong foreign policy, particularly with regard to the India's immediate neighbourhood, according to a former secretary in the Ministry of External Affairs.

India takes charge on the World stage: विश्व मंच पर भारत ने संभाली कमान
Jul 19, 2023

India takes charge on the World stage: विश्व मंच पर भारत ने संभाली कमान

जैसा कि भारत ने G20 की बागडोर संभाली है, समावेशिता और सहयोग �

India's ambitious African outreach
Oct 06, 2017

India's ambitious African outreach

A presidential visit underlines the continuing salience of Africa in India’s foreign policy matrix.

India, Russia need to think strategically about Central Asia
Mar 04, 2013

India, Russia need to think strategically about Central Asia

Both India and Russia need to start thinking strategically about the Central Asian region, not letting emotions guide their foreign policy decisions. This was the consensus reached at a conference organised recently in Delhi.

India-Bangladesh Trans-Boundary River Management: Understanding the Tipaimukh Dam Controversy
Jan 18, 2020

India-Bangladesh Trans-Boundary River Management: Understanding the Tipaimukh Dam Controversy

This brief offers a way to rethink the ongoing dispute between India and Bangladesh over the former’s plan to build a high dam on River Barak (known as Surma-Kushiyara and Meghna in Bangladesh) at Tipaimukh in the state of Manipur. It identifies the origins of different sources of water for Bangladesh’s Haor, the region that is widely feared to be under threat by India’s planned dam. The brief recommends the conduct of a comprehensive study

India-Japan-Australia minilateral: The promise and perils of balancing locally
May 24, 2017

India-Japan-Australia minilateral: The promise and perils of balancing locally

This paper argues that even when the India-Japan-Australia minilateral is inspired by a need to ensure their interests against the current global power transition, it remains limited in its aim: to restrain China from achieving regional hegemony as it may threaten the liberal security order in the region. In the face of China’s rise and the US’ retrenchment, Asia’s regional powers are hedging their bets on a regional security order that is

India-Maldives relations: Restoring a sense of normalcy?
Apr 16, 2024

India-Maldives relations: Restoring a sense of normalcy?

Although Muizzu is signalling a return to normalcy in the Maldives-India equation, his larger goal of reducing his country’s reliance on India still

India-Myanmar Energy cooperation
Sep 29, 2003

India-Myanmar Energy cooperation

India's urgent requirements for hydrocarbons seem to be prompting it to look for proverbial strange bedfellows. Shrugging off the ideological baggage of the Cold War era and the Nehruvian idealism, India is all set to pursue a realistic foreign policy.

India-Taiwan  के गहराते रिश्ते और चीन की बढ़ती चिंता!
Jul 27, 2023

India-Taiwan के गहराते रिश्ते और चीन की बढ़ती चिंता!

भारत और ताइवान (India and Taiwan) के बीच उभरते हुए रिश्ते चीन (China) के ल�

India-US Defence Relations: In Search of a Direction
Jul 23, 2023

India-US Defence Relations: In Search of a Direction

The strong reactions to the non-inclusion of American firms in a major Indian military procurement tender, in the backdrop of proposed aggressive weapons sales by the Americans, paint a contrasting picture that could influence India-US defence relations in the near future. This Paper looks at the entire gambit of Indo-US Defence relations and, based on past experiences and ongoing deliberations, the challenges ahead.

India-US relationship is built on the compact that alignment doesn’t require loss of strategic autonomy
Oct 03, 2019

India-US relationship is built on the compact that alignment doesn’t require loss of strategic autonomy

The Trump administration’s withdrawal from the Iran Nuclear Deal, its imposition of Iran oil sanctions, its withdrawal from the Paris Climate Accord

India: Prime Minister's visit opens up new chapter with Nepal
Aug 08, 2014

India: Prime Minister's visit opens up new chapter with Nepal

From all accounts, the two-day visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to Nepal on August 2-3 was a success. It was also a demonstration of the BJP-led government's neighbourhood policy which seems to be at the core of country's foreign policy.

India@76: Batting hard for an African seat in the G20
Aug 14, 2023

India@76: Batting hard for an African seat in the G20

In its efforts to be the voice of the Global South, India has continued to push for an African Union seat at the G20 during its presidency

India–EU Relations: क्या रिश्तों की अपार संभावनाओं से अब भी दूर खड़ी है दोस्ती?
Jul 30, 2023

India–EU Relations: क्या रिश्तों की अपार संभावनाओं से अब भी दूर खड़ी है दोस्ती?

1990 के दशक से व्यापारिक संबंधों में बढ़ोतरी के साथ भारत-ईयू

India–UAE CEPA: कैसे अपनाया जाए एक समग्र दृष्टिकोण!
Jul 31, 2023

India–UAE CEPA: कैसे अपनाया जाए एक समग्र दृष्टिकोण!

यूएई और भारत सीईपीए मंच का अधिकतम लाभ उठाने के लिए, भारत औ�

India–UAE CEPA: भारत के मुक्त व्यापार समझौतों का भविष्य क्या होगा?
Jul 31, 2023

India–UAE CEPA: भारत के मुक्त व्यापार समझौतों का भविष्य क्या होगा?

भारत और संयुक्त अरब अमीरात का व्यापक आर्थिक भागीदारी समझ

India’s balancing partnerships in Eurasia
Feb 27, 2019

India’s balancing partnerships in Eurasia

An interview of ORF President to the Institut Montaigne on India’s foreign policy choices, in particular relations with China, Russia and the Europe

India’s challenges in extraditing fugitives from foreign countries
Aug 21, 2023

India’s challenges in extraditing fugitives from foreign countries

With the advent of globalisation and increased interconnectivity, it has become less difficult for offenders in India to escape to foreign jurisdictions and avoid prosecution in the country. The importance of extraditing fugitives and bringing them before Indian courts cannot be stressed enough. Apart from providing timely justice and grievance redressal, it also serves as a deterrent against potential fugitives. However, India’s success rate i

India’s Era of Partnerships: From Non-Alignment to Crafting a ‘New Balance’
Jan 26, 2022

India’s Era of Partnerships: From Non-Alignment to Crafting a ‘New Balance’

India is shedding its past diffidence in foreign policy matters and is making bold moves in crafting partnerships for a rules-based, democratic intern

India’s evolving views on responsibility to protect (R2P) and humanitarian interventions: The significance of legitimacy
Dec 24, 2017

India’s evolving views on responsibility to protect (R2P) and humanitarian interventions: The significance of legitimacy

The role of legitimacy in India’s approach to the doctrine of the ‘Responsibility to Protect’ (R2P) and Humanitarian Interventions (HIs) has not received as much attention as it is due. The following paper evaluates India’s evolving views on R2P and HIs through the prism of legitimacy. It also demonstrates why the outcome of an HI, whether through the medium of the R2P or otherwise, matters as much as motives. Most Indian debates about R2

India’s Malabar Dilemma
May 10, 2023

India’s Malabar Dilemma

Speculations are rife about India possibly inviting Australia for the next Malabar naval exercise—which COVID-19 has caused to be moved to 2021.[1] If true, this would represent a break from the past and signal a change in the Asian strategic environment. Over the past few years, India has consistently resisted including Australia in the exercise, despite the latter’s willingness. The only other time that Australia was included in the Malabar

India’s Maritime Agenda Pivots to Western Indian Ocean
Aug 16, 2023

India’s Maritime Agenda Pivots to Western Indian Ocean

The Western Indian Ocean Region (WIOR) is linked to India in several ways, yet it remains conspicuous in its absence from India’s foreign policy discourse. This lack of attention is now beginning to reverse as external players stake their geopolitical claims in the region. India has responded by reorienting its own nautical outlook towards WIOR and building friendly relationships with African countries that straddle the region. This bri

India’s Move on Kashmir Puts Pakistan on the back foot
Aug 08, 2019

India’s Move on Kashmir Puts Pakistan on the back foot

India’s decision to revoke Article 370 giving special status to Jammu & Kashmir has put Pakistan on the back foot, dealt New Delhi back into the Sou

India’s Pacific pathways in Papua New Guinea
May 03, 2023

India’s Pacific pathways in Papua New Guinea

Over the years, India’s foreign policy objectives overlooked the PIC narrative but that is changing in the post pandemic world order 

India’s Participation in the NSG: Capturing the Debate
Apr 27, 2015

India’s Participation in the NSG: Capturing the Debate

The paper examines how the Nuclear Suppliers Group has evolved over the years and the role the Group defines for itself. It also attempts to provide a more nuanced understanding of the consequences of India's NSG-membership.

India’s pursuit of United Nations Security Council reforms
Dec 24, 2017

India’s pursuit of United Nations Security Council reforms

The United Nations Security Council has emerged as the key arena and barometer for evaluating the promise and progress of accommodating new, rising powers in the international system. The case of India provides one of the best examples of a rising power coming to terms with its increased power, role and expectations of itself and of other powers, great and small, in negotiating its place in the reformed Council as a permanent member. This paper b

India’s Uganda outreach requires a careful balancing act
Mar 12, 2024

India’s Uganda outreach requires a careful balancing act

India’s renewed relationship with Uganda presents a test cast for Indian diplomacy

India’s ‘Look Far East’: The Vladivostok moment in Indo-Russian relations
May 26, 2020

India’s ‘Look Far East’: The Vladivostok moment in Indo-Russian relations

This paper explains Russian co-option of India into the Eastern Economic Forum (EEF) at a high level of participation in September 2019 and the range of agreements involved. It argues that the co-option was the result of Russian President Vladimir Putin’s dissatisfaction with the economic outcomes so far for the Russian Far East of “northeast Asian regional cooperation.” Moscow related this behaviour to skewed priorities of East Asia’s �

Indo-US Agricultural Cooperation From “Green” to “Evergreen” Revolution?
Jul 23, 2023

Indo-US Agricultural Cooperation From “Green” to “Evergreen” Revolution?

India and the US are poised to expand agricultural cooperation with the hope of bringing about a "Second Green Revolution" in India. Cooperation in this area would, however, need to take into account the interests of Indian farmers as well as issues related to bio-diversity and the environment.

Invest, Indebt, Incapacitate: Is China Replicating Its ‘Xinjiang Model’ In BRI Countries?
Aug 21, 2020

Invest, Indebt, Incapacitate: Is China Replicating Its ‘Xinjiang Model’ In BRI Countries?

China has been aggressively promoting its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) through massive investments in participating countries, as a means to further its strategic, economic and political goals. Such a strategy bears striking similarities to its policies in the Xinjiang province. This paper attempts a comparative study between Xinjiang and BRI countries in South and Central Asia to highlight the issues these states will likely face in the coming

Iran’s BRICS membership: “Hello to the new world”?
Oct 03, 2023

Iran’s BRICS membership: “Hello to the new world”?

Iran views its BRICS membership as a foreign policy success, however, whether this move will translate into long-term benefits remains to be seen

Iraq Policy of the United States: Dimensions of Failure
Jan 25, 2007

Iraq Policy of the United States: Dimensions of Failure

The invasion and occupation of Iraq in March-April 2003 by a 'Coalition of the Willing' led by the United States was the second part of the response to the outrage conducted by a non-state actor on September 11, 2001. This was perceived in Washington as a gift from history, an opportunity to reshape a region of crucial relevance to the politics and economics of the western world. The impulse for drastic action was greater because notwithstanding

Irresolute on the world stage
Sep 23, 2013

Irresolute on the world stage

Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's trip to America will show if there is any political energy left in the UPA government for purposeful international engagement. If the answer is in the negative, the rest of the world will simply wait for stronger leadership to re-emerge in Delhi. India might pay a price for the wasted moments, but the ruling party may not much care, having grown rather comfortable with a do-nothing foreign policy.

IS Khorasan, the US–Taliban Deal, and the Future of South Asian Security
Dec 15, 2020

IS Khorasan, the US–Taliban Deal, and the Future of South Asian Security

The Taliban today undoubtedly has a stronger hold over how the US militarily plans to withdraw from the conflict in Afghanistan. This raises questions about the continuing challenges to security in South Asia—in particular, the influence of IS Khorasan (IS-K), the group’s Afghanistan avatar, and its rise both as an ISIS-aligned entity and a big-tent brand for various jihadist groups in the country. As the ‘Khorasan’ project of ISIS gets m

Is now a good time for India to recalibrate ties with Türkiye?
Jul 12, 2022

Is now a good time for India to recalibrate ties with Türkiye?

With Türkiye adopting a more pragmatic approach to its foreign policy, can India and Türkiye hope to repair frayed ties?

Is there room at the dragon's table?
Jun 16, 2014

Is there room at the dragon's table?

While the world is hopeful of a firm foreign policy in the Modi era, the Chinese dilemma lurks in a big way. Modi should devise ways of taking China in its stride on a workable, if not friendly, basis to make the best of the Look East Policy and to put itself on a sound footing for the Asian century.

Jaishankar’s Moscow visit: जयशंकर की रूस यात्रा पर क्‍यों है US की नज़र, क्‍या जंग रोकने की होगी पहल!
Jul 19, 2023

Jaishankar’s Moscow visit: जयशंकर की रूस यात्रा पर क्‍यों है US की नज़र, क्‍या जंग रोकने की होगी पहल!

S Jaishankar visit to Moscow ऐसे में सवाल उठता है कि क्‍या वाकई भारतीय विदेश मंत्री की इस यात्रा में जंग खत्‍म करने की पहल हो सकती है. अमेरिका व पश्चिमी देश भारत से इस तरह की उम्‍मीद क्‍यों कर �

Japan and ASEAN: Changing Security Dynamics
Jul 23, 2023

Japan and ASEAN: Changing Security Dynamics

Southeast Asia has been one of the key components of Japan's foreign policy in the post-Cold War period. It is one region where Japan's diplomacy has accomplished considerable success in coming to terms with the challenges posed by the legacies of the Second World War. Successive Japanese governments since 1952 have always maintained that the stability and security of ASEAN countries are closely tied to Japan's security and prosperity.