Search: For - foreign policy

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Continuity and Change in Bangladesh’s Indo-Pacific Outlook: Deliberating Post-Election Scenarios
Jan 04, 2024

Continuity and Change in Bangladesh’s Indo-Pacific Outlook: Deliberating Post-Election Scenarios

Bangladesh’s Indo-Pacific Outlook, released in April 2023, is a projection of its interests in the region, and a testament to its political nonalignment and commitment to economic development. Its focus on upholding the rule of law and maintaining regional stability makes it a conducive partner for neighbouring countries and major powers in the Indo-Pacific. Bangladesh enjoys close ties with China, Japan, and the US, and a special relationship

Counter-terrorism: आतंक-निरोध के क्षेत्र में भारत का अंतरराष्ट्रीय पटल पर बढ़ता रुतबा!
Jul 28, 2023

Counter-terrorism: आतंक-निरोध के क्षेत्र में भारत का अंतरराष्ट्रीय पटल पर बढ़ता रुतबा!

आतंकवाद के उभरते ख़तरों के मद्देनज़र भारत ने आतंक-निरोध �

COVID-19 crises: Northeast India and the Sikkimese miracle
May 02, 2020

COVID-19 crises: Northeast India and the Sikkimese miracle

It is imperative that the Northeastern region be a major catalyst for India’s foreign policy in the immediate Southeast Asian neighbourhood.

Decoding crucial trends from the Maldives’ Presidential elections
Sep 16, 2023

Decoding crucial trends from the Maldives’ Presidential elections

As Maldives heads to the second round of elections, uncertainty looms large for the island nation

Decoding India’s Priorities at the SCO: Connectivity, Counterterrorism, and Afghanistan
Aug 09, 2023

Decoding India’s Priorities at the SCO: Connectivity, Counterterrorism, and Afghanistan

As an emerging power in the current multipolar global order, India can use the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) to protect, promote, and project its geostrategic and geoeconomic interests. The SCO is also a platform for India to reaffirm its commitment to revive and deepen its centuries-old civilisational, spiritual, and cultural ties with other member countries. This paper explores India's priorities at the SCO, chiefly connectivity, coun

Decoding Romney's worldview
Aug 17, 2012

Decoding Romney's worldview

At this juncture of the US Presidential campaign, Mitt Romney's worldview seems to be defined, more than anything else, by the desire to sound different from President Obama. But foreign policy is still very much President Obama's turf, and Romney's recent foreign trip did nothing to change that.

Despite Trump walkout on Iran, Delhi should back Europe
May 10, 2018

Despite Trump walkout on Iran, Delhi should back Europe

During the 2017 winter session of parliament, PM Modi stated that India’s foreign policy stood on its own independent merit, and if it wanted to purchase oil from Iran, it would do so.

Developing Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A dilemma for Delhi
Nov 21, 2022

Developing Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A dilemma for Delhi

When India first began developing the ANI in the 1980s, the defence and foreign policy establishments were not entirely in agreement

Dynamics of US Force Transformation
Dec 25, 2006

Dynamics of US Force Transformation

In September 2002, the Bush administration officially introduced its national security strategy report. In response to the devastating attacks on the epicentre of America's financial and defence establishment, President Bush outlined the fundamental tenets of a strategy that was authored to contend with changes caused due to the "profound transformation" in the current security environment. President Bush proclaimed that, in order to protect Amer

East Meets East: An Assessment of the Proposed Chennai-Vladivostok Maritime Corridor
Dec 07, 2020

East Meets East: An Assessment of the Proposed Chennai-Vladivostok Maritime Corridor

In 2019, India and Russia announced their intent to connect the ports in their respective cities, Chennai and Vladivostok. One year on, the project remains only on paper. This paper explores the economic and strategic viability of this proposed maritime connectivity corridor. While not purporting to be a feasibility study, this analysis seeks to examine the potential benefits and pitfalls of the proposed link and its place in the Indo-Russia stra

Embracing relic diplomacy: Material culture's role in India's cultural diplomacy
Mar 20, 2024

Embracing relic diplomacy: Material culture's role in India's cultural diplomacy

Relic diplomacy can substantively contribute to India’s foreign policy gains and thus ought to be explored

Emotions and Vote Choice: Perspectives from the US and India
Mar 02, 2021

Emotions and Vote Choice: Perspectives from the US and India

While the idea that emotional appeal is central to political persuasion may serve common intuition, the dynamics underscoring how and why this is so, remain underexplored. This primer collates insights from neuroscience and political psychology to show why emotions are essential to vote choice. It explores the effects of emotional appeals on voter perceptions using examples from campaign advertisements in US elections. The analysis finds that pol

Endorsing the Internationalist
Feb 17, 2024

Endorsing the Internationalist

A survey finds overwhelming support for Modi’s foreign policy among Indian youth

Erdoğan retains power in Türkiye
May 30, 2023

Erdoğan retains power in Türkiye

The final attempt to win the presidential elections by using a concoction of nationalism and religion helped Erdoğan snatch victory from Kemal Kiliç

EU’s expanding engagement in Central Asia to counter Russia and China
Jul 14, 2023

EU’s expanding engagement in Central Asia to counter Russia and China

The geopolitical and security crisis has forced the CARs and the EU to rethink their foreign policy regarding the region's sovereignty, safety, and st

Exploring new drivers in India-Russia cooperation
Oct 24, 2017

Exploring new drivers in India-Russia cooperation

The 70th anniversary of Russia-India relations is an opportune time to make a comprehensive assessment of the current state of their cooperation, keeping in mind the long history of friendship between the two countries. In the last few years, India and Russia have been struggling to retain the legacy of their long-term relationship while moving beyond the traditional spheres of cooperation to reach new heights. To expand their bilateral agenda,

Fast-tracking Sri Lanka peace talks
Apr 09, 2004

Fast-tracking Sri Lanka peace talks

By declaring that India should be actively involved in the Sri Lankan peace process, Mahinda Rajapakse, the newly sworn-in Prime Minister of the island-nation has put both the peace process and India back at the centre-stage back again. Lakshman Kadirgamar, the ruling dispensation¿s foreign policy czar, has said as much. In her maiden national telecast after the parliamentary polls

For Beijing and New Delhi, 2020 was the point of no return
Dec 29, 2020

For Beijing and New Delhi, 2020 was the point of no return

Indian foreign policy has been at the front and centre of challenging China’s global designs. New Delhi was the first country to warn the world of the dangers of China’s BRI at a time when almost every other country was willing to buy into Beijing’s narrative.

Foreign Secretary at ORF
Apr 10, 2007

Foreign Secretary at ORF

Observer Research Foundation organised a lecture by Shivshankar Menon, Foreign Secretary, Government of India, on "Indian Foreign Policy: The Challenges Ahead" on Tuesday April 10, at the ORF Delhi campus.

Foreign Secretary launches book on 'Modi's World: Expanding India's Sphere of Influence'
Jul 18, 2015

Foreign Secretary launches book on 'Modi's World: Expanding India's Sphere of Influence'

Launching the new book of Dr. C. Raja Mohan, 'Modi's World' on Friday, Indian Foreign Secretary Dr. S. Jaishankar explained the changes brought out by the foreign policy of the Modi government.

From Buyer to Builder: The Indian Navy’s Rocky Road to Self-Reliance
Sep 10, 2020

From Buyer to Builder: The Indian Navy’s Rocky Road to Self-Reliance

This paper evaluates deficiencies in India’s naval shipbuilding programme, and identifies factors that adversely impact naval warship construction in the country. It argues that despite considerable effort, India’s shipbuilding endeavours continue to suffer from systemic deficits that cannot be addressed through ad hoc policy interventions and short-term solutions. Through an assessment of strengths and weaknesses of India’s defence shipyar

From Neglect to Revival: Making Sense of Russia’s Outreach to Bangladesh
Jan 29, 2024

From Neglect to Revival: Making Sense of Russia’s Outreach to Bangladesh

Despite sharing a close historical relationship based on the Soviet Union’s support during the 1971 Liberation War, Bangladesh had for long been out of the scope of Russia’s foreign policy priorities. This is best exemplified by the fact that no Soviet/Russian foreign minister had visited the country until September 2023. However, amid Western sanctions due to its war in Ukraine and tensions with the US, Russia is seeking to reinvigorate ties

From Rio to Paris: India in global climate politics
Dec 24, 2017

From Rio to Paris: India in global climate politics

This paper analyses India’s participation in more than two decades of global climate politics. India has transitioned from a protest voice on the fringes of global climate policy to one that is actively shaping international efforts to combat climate change. Analysis of the drivers behind India’s negotiating positions on climate change thus far has focused on the competing motives of equity and co-benefits, which has however been insufficient

From Trump to Biden, Continuity and Change in the US’s China Policy
Aug 16, 2023

From Trump to Biden, Continuity and Change in the US’s China Policy

A year and a half since United States (US) President Joe Biden took the helm, both sides of the country’s political divide continue to debate whether the incumbent’s China policy is distinct from that of the Trump administration. The Republicans claim that Biden’s China policy has not veered away from Trump’s; the Democrats, meanwhile, argue that it is different. This brief weighs in on the debate, and finds that despite the Biden

From turmoil to clarity: International relations in the new decade
Jan 04, 2021

From turmoil to clarity: International relations in the new decade

Indian foreign policy will have to respond to the meta-trends by crafting an approach that is more than just the sum of its bilateral and multilateral

From ‘Pivot to Asia’ to Trump’s ARIA: What drives the US’ Current Asia policy?
Feb 19, 2020

From ‘Pivot to Asia’ to Trump’s ARIA: What drives the US’ Current Asia policy?

After President Donald Trump’s 2017 visit to Asia, the Indo-Pacific region assumed greater significance in the United States’ foreign policy calculus, as articulated in the ‘Indo-Pacific Strategy Report’ released by the US Department of Defence. On 31 December 2018, Trump passed the Asia Reassurance Initiative Act (ARIA), which authorises US$1.5 billion in spending for a range of US programmes in East Asia and Southeast Asia to “develop

Geopolitical realities may yet push India closer to Nato
Jun 30, 2023

Geopolitical realities may yet push India closer to Nato

It offers a notable contrast that India’s ties with Russia haven’t taken off despite New Delhi’s keenness while its relationship with the US has expanded notwithstanding hesitations.

Groundswell of support for India’s ties with the US and the broader West
Aug 21, 2021

Groundswell of support for India’s ties with the US and the broader West

Beyond noting an overwhelming anti-China sentiment, the ORF Foreign Policy Survey’s findings also reflect the successes of India’s multidimensiona

Guarantee Afghanistan's neutrality
Jan 22, 2010

Guarantee Afghanistan's neutrality

Discussions between the American Foreign Policy Council (AFPC) and the Observer Research Foundation (ORF) also saw a general agreement that the Taliban victory in Afghanistan will lead to a civil war with disastrous consequences for Pakistan

Has Wagner spelt the end of private armies?
Jul 24, 2023

Has Wagner spelt the end of private armies?

The future of the Wagner Group, a private mercenary conglomerate linked to Russian foreign policy, is uncertain, raising questions about its global footprint.

Hong Kong’s National Security Law: Implications for India
Oct 08, 2020

Hong Kong’s National Security Law: Implications for India

China has enacted a National Security Law for the special administrative region of Hong Kong. The provisions of the law can be used to curb peaceful dissent and enhance Beijing’s control over the region. It has the potential to not only change Hong Kong’s legal and political autonomy, but also alter its status as a global financial centre. This paper offers an overview of the national security law and its implications for the ‘one country,

How India deals with Pakistan and China
Jun 02, 2011

How India deals with Pakistan and China

It might be interesting to analyse our diplomatic handling of China and Pakistan on a comparative basis. These two countries pose the most difficult and complex foreign policy challenges to us. Is our approach to both countries similar, or there are differences in the way we engage them?

How India sees its neighbourhood: From the lens of Young India
Jan 02, 2023

How India sees its neighbourhood: From the lens of Young India

A close assessment of India’s foreign policy reveals the youth’s understanding and acceptance of India’s policy towards its neighbours

Imagining a global IR out of India
Aug 17, 2023

Imagining a global IR out of India

The global order is fast-changing; the field of International Relations (IR), less so. Despite the rise of other countries in economic and geopolitical terms, the field of IR continues to be dominated by the West and its theories, methods and policy concerns. The idea of ‘Global IR’ proposed in this brief aims to make the field more inclusive and universal. After outlining the major elements of a Global IR paradigm, the brief suggests that In

Importance of Obama's India visit
Jan 24, 2015

Importance of Obama's India visit

Both President Obama and Prime Minister Modi have seized the moment to reinvigourate the bilateral ties. If Modi has put America at the very centre of his dynamic foreign policy strategy, Obama appears eager to work with what is undoubtedly a more vigorous and action-oriented government in Delhi.

Imran Khan has talked about fixing India-Pakistan ties. The first step should be a reality check
Jul 30, 2018

Imran Khan has talked about fixing India-Pakistan ties. The first step should be a reality check

There is no reason to believe that we will witness some change in Pakistan’s foreign policy.

India and China in Central Asia: Understanding the new rivalry in the heart of Eurasia
Feb 17, 2020

India and China in Central Asia: Understanding the new rivalry in the heart of Eurasia

After the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, India established official ties with the five former Soviet Republics of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan; so did China. In recent years, both India and China have come up with different strategies to strengthen their respective ties with these resource-rich economies, collectively called the Central Asian Republics (CARs). China’s strategy is the ambitious Belt and Roa

India and China: Is Maldives balancing or tilting?
May 07, 2020

India and China: Is Maldives balancing or tilting?

The structure of the international system and balance of power tend to limit the foreign policy choices of smaller states. But we are now living in a

India and global trade governance: Redefining its ‘national’ interest
Dec 24, 2017

India and global trade governance: Redefining its ‘national’ interest

This paper considers and explains the shifts and consistencies in India’s engagement with structures of global trade governance beginning from the Uruguay round of trade negotiations in late 1980s. It makes three major arguments. First, that although India has participated actively in global trade negotiations since the establishment of the General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs (GATT) it was only under the present-day trade governance institut

India and Japan: Changing Dimensions of Partnership in the post-Cold War Period
Mar 06, 2010

India and Japan: Changing Dimensions of Partnership in the post-Cold War Period

Indo-Japanese relations have witnessed a paradigm shift since 2000 when both countries launched a global partnership in order to address a range of issues affecting regional and global peace and prosperity. Systematic efforts made by the leaders of both countries since then have strengthened their partnership. Until very recently, their interactions were mainly limited to economic issues, but today they cover a wide spectrum of subjects including

India and Latin America: Where ignorance is not bliss
Sep 12, 2017

India and Latin America: Where ignorance is not bliss

India and South America have barely managed to maintain minimal bilateral ties for the last several decades. Absent strong ties in geography, what India and South America have instead is a shared post-colonial history. Colonised by European powers for several centuries, both began their journey as independent countries under conditions of underdevelopment and having inexperienced polities with a limited foreign policy agenda. Today, it is not onl

India and Russia in Central Asia: Opening the doors of perception
May 18, 2024

India and Russia in Central Asia: Opening the doors of perception

Russia views India’s burgeoning role in Eurasia with optimism, both politically and economically and recognises its potential to fortify its trade a

India and the Budapest Convention: Why not?
Oct 20, 2016

India and the Budapest Convention: Why not?

So far, foreign policy considerations may have prevented India’s accession to the Budapest Convention.