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The Kashmir that India Lost: An Analysis of India’s Post-1980s Policy on Gilgit Baltistan
Jul 21, 2023

The Kashmir that India Lost: An Analysis of India’s Post-1980s Policy on Gilgit Baltistan

This paper dissects the history and politics of Gilgit-Baltistan, a part of Pakistan-occupied Jammu and Kashmir (PoJK), from the 1980s to the present day. It analyses the policies implemented by Pakistani leaders in the region and how successive political parties have attempted to justify Pakistan’s administrative control of it while disregarding any democratic, secular or moral principles in the ruling of its supposed subjects. The pap

The Paradox of ‘Centralised Federalism’: An Analysis of the Challenges to India’s Federal Design
Sep 17, 2020

The Paradox of ‘Centralised Federalism’: An Analysis of the Challenges to India’s Federal Design

The Indian model of federalism may be one of the most interesting typologies in the world, characterised as it is by a paradox, to begin with: that of being a “centralised federalism.” This paper provides a temporal framework in the discourse on Indian federalism by outlining the history of the country’s federal structure in four different time periods, from the birth of the Indian republic to these contemporary times. It shows how the prev

The right cost-benefit analysis for e-vehicles
Mar 14, 2018

The right cost-benefit analysis for e-vehicles

The effective total emissions, social costs, higher electricity prices, and loss of energy caused by production, transport and storage of electricity need to be included in any calculation.

The WTO dispute settlement system: An analysis of India’s experience and current reform proposals
Sep 02, 2019

The WTO dispute settlement system: An analysis of India’s experience and current reform proposals

Established in 1995, the World Trade Organization’s (WTO) Dispute Settlement System (DSS) is used to resolve trade-related disputes between WTO member states. It has received over 500 complaints since its inception, and utilises both political negotiation and adjudication for dispute resolution. Today the DSS faces an unprecedented crisis due to US obstruction, which may render the system effectively dysfunctional by late 2019. It is likely tha

Tracking India’s Progress in Clean Water and Sanitation: A Sub-National Analysis
Jun 01, 2020

Tracking India’s Progress in Clean Water and Sanitation: A Sub-National Analysis

This paper creates an index to track the achievement of UN Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG 6: Clean Water and Sanitation) across India’s states. The SDG 6 index incorporates both supply-side indicators and demand management variables, as well as institutional interventions. In this paper, state-wise indices are constructed to identify their respective performances in the domains of access to clean water and provision of sanitation facilitie

Trust but verify: A narrative analysis of “trusted” tech supply chains
Apr 21, 2021

Trust but verify: A narrative analysis of “trusted” tech supply chains

The contours of global supply chains in the 2020s and beyond will be shaped by the evolving understandings of “trust.”

Twitter Diplomacy: A Brief Analysis
May 11, 2023

Twitter Diplomacy: A Brief Analysis

In the past few years, Twitter has served as a versatile form of political public square for domestic and world affairs. The use of Twitter, largely propelled by the prominence of social media in the current environment for the discharge of diplomatic functions, has become an integral part of contemporary international relations. Indeed, Twitter has created its own form of diplomacy by incorporating itself to augment traditional diplomatic functi

Understanding Sino-Indian border issues: An analysis of incidents reported in the Indian media
Feb 12, 2018

Understanding Sino-Indian border issues: An analysis of incidents reported in the Indian media

Reports of incursions by the Chinese People’s Liberation Army along the Line-of-Actual Control (LAC) are rife in the Indian media. A commonly held opinion is that the Indian media tend to sensationalise their reportage of these incursions, or “China’s transgressions”, as the Indian government calls them. This paper analyses these incidents, as reported in select Indian newspapers, over a period of 12 years. It outlines the nature of these

‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao’ scheme: A critical analysis
Oct 19, 2022

‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao’ scheme: A critical analysis

Despite the BBBP scheme bringing much-need attention to gender discrimination, the scheme in its present form is at risk of failing its central object

#COP27: ‘जलवायु सम्मेलन के बाद भारत की जलवायु नीति और उसकी राह का विश्लेषण’
Dec 01, 2022

#COP27: ‘जलवायु सम्मेलन के बाद भारत की जलवायु नीति और उसकी राह का विश्लेषण’

अपनी राष्ट्रीय नीतियों में जलवायु परिवर्तन से निपटने के

#Indo-Pacific: वर्ष 2022 में अमेरिका की हिंद-प्रशांत रणनीति का विश्लेषण
May 31, 2022

#Indo-Pacific: वर्ष 2022 में अमेरिका की हिंद-प्रशांत रणनीति का विश्लेषण

अमेरिका ने पिछले दिनों इंडो-पैसिफिक रणनीति जारी की जिसमे

#Indo-Pacific: वर्ष 2022 में अमेरिका की हिंद-प्रशांत रणनीति का विश्लेषण
May 31, 2022

#Indo-Pacific: वर्ष 2022 में अमेरिका की हिंद-प्रशांत रणनीति का विश्लेषण

अमेरिका ने पिछले दिनों इंडो-पैसिफिक रणनीति जारी की जिसमे

'Smart City' "no substitute to developing urban infrastructure"
Sep 21, 2016

'Smart City' "no substitute to developing urban infrastructure"

There is a need for a threadbare analysis of smart city model in the Indian context to build urban infrastructure.

10 Years Of Modi's Foreign Policy: Aspiration Meets Self-Assurance
Mar 22, 2024

10 Years Of Modi's Foreign Policy: Aspiration Meets Self-Assurance

This commentary provides an analysis of the Modi government's decade long foreign policy decisions.

70 Policies — Planning Commission, 1950
Aug 02, 2018

70 Policies — Planning Commission, 1950

An analysis of the agenda papers and records of the first 50 meetings indicates the dominance of a central economic thought, articulated by the prime

A brief history of India-US relations: Nehru to Modi, Truman to Biden
Jun 17, 2023

A brief history of India-US relations: Nehru to Modi, Truman to Biden

This retrospective analysis traces diplomatic relations between India and US, from a bipolar world to a multipolar one

A case for inclusive wealth assessment of Indian states
Jan 04, 2024

A case for inclusive wealth assessment of Indian states

The Inclusive Wealth (IW) approach provides a more comprehensive analysis of wealth and development, essential for India's diverse and complex socio-e

A comparison between Lokpal Bills
Dec 01, 2011

A comparison between Lokpal Bills

Even as the debate on the Lokpal Bill hots up with the draft Lokpal Bill of the Government likely to come up before the Parliament during the ongoing session, we present below a shorter comparative analysis of the different Lokpal Bills.

A Divided ‘Visegrad Four’ Navigates Relations with the European Union
Oct 03, 2023

A Divided ‘Visegrad Four’ Navigates Relations with the European Union

The Visegrad Four (V4) countries—Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Hungary—are examples of communist states that have transitioned to liberal and democratic governance systems. In recent years, their visibility in the European Union (EU) has surged due to their contrarian positions on certain critical issues facing the Union, such as mass migration and, since 2022, the conflict in Ukraine. This paper analyses the impact of these trend

A path to NSG: India’s rise in the global nuclear order
Dec 24, 2017

A path to NSG: India’s rise in the global nuclear order

This research provides an empirical analysis of India’s limited, but transformative position in the global nuclear order. By examining India’s bid for a Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) membership, this paper makes three major arguments. First, India’s attempt to acquire veto power status through the NSG challenges classical revisionism in international relations theory. Second, India’s rise through the NSG is based on selective coalition-bu

A Stocktaking of BRICS Performance in Climate Action
Feb 14, 2022

A Stocktaking of BRICS Performance in Climate Action

Global temperature rise is set to exceed 1.5°C compared to pre-industrial levels by 2100. Efforts to ramp up climate action must be accompanied by an assessment of countries' existing strategies to combat climate change. At the same time, it is crucial to determine the effectiveness of multilateral institutions in mitigating climate change by galvanising member countries in this direction. This report presents a comparative analysis based on fiv

Afghanistan: No Sign of End to Instability
Jan 31, 2008

Afghanistan: No Sign of End to Instability

The situation in Afghanistan is grim. There is a tendency to confuse random acts of violence with the instability caused by the the Taliban or the neo-Taliban. An analysis of the violent incidents in Afghanistan in the past few years has revealed that more than two-thirds of the violence has been related to land, resources or power-politics, pointing towards unequal sharing of power at the sub-national level. A round-table discussion on Afghanis

Agnipath’s merit is debatable
Jun 20, 2022

Agnipath’s merit is debatable

The recently announced Agnipath scheme merits a proper analysis, weighing both the positives and the negatives of this military programme.

ASEAN-India Relations: समुद्री क्षेत्र में भारत और आसियान के संबंध-एक विश्लेषण
Nov 25, 2021

ASEAN-India Relations: समुद्री क्षेत्र में भारत और आसियान के संबंध-एक विश्लेषण

ASEAN-India Relations: भारत और आसियान दोनों को ही अपने समुद्री संबंधों �

ASICS अहवाल आणि शहरी बदलांच्या 10 साधनांचे विश्लेषण
Jan 03, 2024

ASICS अहवाल आणि शहरी बदलांच्या 10 साधनांचे विश्लेषण

विकासाच्या मार्गावर असलेल्या भारतातील शहरी आव्हाने काह

Balancing IP and Competition Concerns in India’s Audio-Visual Content Sector
Aug 16, 2023

Balancing IP and Competition Concerns in India’s Audio-Visual Content Sector

India has become the largest and fastest-growing producer of audio-visual (AV) content in the world, with the highest number of hours of content every day. This brief discusses issues of intellectual property (IP) and competition in the AV content sector. Under India’s Copyright Act 1957, the owner of AV content is accorded exclusive copyright over their work, which includes the right to monetise. Effective copyright protection incentiv

Beyond the ‘Lethal’ in lethal autonomous weapons: Applications of LAWS in theatres of conflict for middle powers
Dec 21, 2018

Beyond the ‘Lethal’ in lethal autonomous weapons: Applications of LAWS in theatres of conflict for middle powers

Even as Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems (LAWS) promise to revolutionise the battlefield, very little analysis moves beyond the great powers to examine the interests that middle powers may have in these systems. Shaped by their own geostrategic contexts, demographic issues and geography challenges, countries like India, South Korea, Indonesia or the Philippines may find utility in LAWS for improving the efficiency of their forces, reducing both

Bigger, Not Necessarily Better: India’s Defence Budget 2022-23
Aug 11, 2023

Bigger, Not Necessarily Better: India’s Defence Budget 2022-23

This brief examines India’s defence allocations for 2022-23. It outlines the conceptual and definitional aspects of the defence budget, examines defence allocations from the prism of state of the economy and public finance, and explores the potential impacts of the budget announcements on the defence production sector of the government’s self-reliance mission, Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan. The analysis also utilises a comparison of India’s mi

Bridging Water Demand and Supply Gap in Delhi
Jun 24, 2020

Bridging Water Demand and Supply Gap in Delhi

In this article, the situation of water supply and disposal in Delhi is described. The analysis reveals that Delhi government is lagging behind in ser

Bridging Water Demand and Supply in Delhi: The Potential of Rainwater Harvesting
Aug 19, 2020

Bridging Water Demand and Supply in Delhi: The Potential of Rainwater Harvesting

The Delhi government is facing numerous challenges in managing water demand and supply in the capital, primary of which are water shortages and declining groundwater levels. One of the strategies that are being employed to address these issues is the promotion of rainwater harvesting (RWH). This report provides an account of the growth and development of Delhi’s RWH sector. The analysis shows that while the programme has met with some success,

Countering Disinformation and Hate Speech Online: Regulation and User Behavioural Change
Jan 25, 2021

Countering Disinformation and Hate Speech Online: Regulation and User Behavioural Change

Social media platforms facilitate the sharing of information and enhance connectivity and civic engagement. At the same time, however, they are vulnerable to abuse by malicious actors who use the channels to spread misinformation and hateful and divisive content. Regulatory reforms must seek to align the utility of social media platforms with the welfare of citizens, while safeguarding the right to free speech. This paper explores the regulatory

Covid-19 Global Vaccination Drive: The Goal of Equity in an Unequal World
May 02, 2022

Covid-19 Global Vaccination Drive: The Goal of Equity in an Unequal World

The Covid-19 vaccination rollout has been slow in many parts of the world, and it might not be inaccurate to say that the newer, more transmissible variants have done a better job at immunising populations than the vaccine. More than 16 months since the global vaccination drive was started, wealthier countries have inoculated vastly higher proportions of their populations compared to the poorer ones. For example, as of late April 2022, the United

Crop Shifting for Improved Water Use and Nutritional Productivity in the Lower Indo-Gangetic Plains of West Bengal
Jul 20, 2023

Crop Shifting for Improved Water Use and Nutritional Productivity in the Lower Indo-Gangetic Plains of West Bengal

The challenge for agriculture is to meet rising demand for food while dealing with climate change and natural resource constraints. This paper takes the case of cereal production in the lower Indo-Gangetic plains in the state of West Bengal, India, and examines the implications of various crop-shifting scenarios on consumptive water demand and nutrient production. The analysis finds that by replacing summer crop (Boro rice) in each district with

Crossroads of Artificial Intelligence: Higher Education and Research in India and China
Nov 11, 2020

Crossroads of Artificial Intelligence: Higher Education and Research in India and China

This paper offers a comparative study of India and China in higher-education reforms for the development of talent in artificial intelligence (AI), and in AI research. It analyses the AI development plans and strategies of the two countries, their automation readiness index, talent retention, and research output. The analysis is based on both primary and secondary sources including interviews, government and industry reports, and recognised ranki

Déjà vu – Failures in Intelligence & Accountability?
Jun 19, 2020

Déjà vu – Failures in Intelligence & Accountability?

While many will be content to lay the blame only on China, questions also need to be asked about the systemic shortcomings in strategic analysis and intelligence.

Delhi Blasts: An Update
Oct 31, 2005

Delhi Blasts: An Update

( At the time of the blasts, I was on a flight from Delhi to Chennai. Immediately on my return home at 9 PM on October 29,2005, I heard of the blasts. At the request of an online journal, I had given my initial reactions in a brief write-up titled " Delhi Blasts: The Message". This article is an attempt at a more comprehensive analysis on the basis of further information available at 8 AM on October 30,2005)

Determining India's engagement in Africa
Oct 15, 2014

Determining India's engagement in Africa

The manner in which to determine the relationship between India and Africa is two-fold: micro analysis and macro analysis. This includes focusing on economic and energy diplomacy, political and security engagement and pan-African projects and strategies, says Dr. Arndt Michael of the University of Freiburg, Germany.

Digital Public Goods in times of crises: The COVID-19 pandemic and digital sovereignty
Oct 26, 2022

Digital Public Goods in times of crises: The COVID-19 pandemic and digital sovereignty

An analysis of how the DHIS2 open-source platform was used in Sri Lanka, Norway, and Uganda during the COVID-19 pandemic

Digital Wise: How will we prepare ourselves for the future?
Oct 13, 2020

Digital Wise: How will we prepare ourselves for the future?

Whole brain function is required to support not only analysis functions — where we zoom in to see the detail — but also synthesis functions where

Disasters without borders: Strengthening BIMSTEC cooperation in humanitarian assistance
Nov 08, 2017

Disasters without borders: Strengthening BIMSTEC cooperation in humanitarian assistance

This brief seeks to understand the importance of Humanitarian Aid and Disaster Relief (HADR) initiatives in the Bay of Bengal undertaken by the BIMSTEC countries individually, and the dynamics of their collaboration as a subregional forum. It opens with an analysis of the turbulent nature of the Bay of Bengal, because of which disaster management gains paramount importance for the littoral states. The aim is to understand the BIMSTEC countries’

Domestic Violence and Women’s Health in India: Insights from NFHS-4
Jan 21, 2022

Domestic Violence and Women’s Health in India: Insights from NFHS-4

Across the globe, more than 730 million women report ever having experienced some form of gender-based violence; those in low- and lower-middle-income countries are disproportionately affected. In the past two years, the COVID-19 pandemic has only increased the incidence of violence suffered by women in the hands of their intimate partners, owing to heightened stresses of loss of livelihood, disruption of social and protective networks, a

East Meets East: An Assessment of the Proposed Chennai-Vladivostok Maritime Corridor
Dec 07, 2020

East Meets East: An Assessment of the Proposed Chennai-Vladivostok Maritime Corridor

In 2019, India and Russia announced their intent to connect the ports in their respective cities, Chennai and Vladivostok. One year on, the project remains only on paper. This paper explores the economic and strategic viability of this proposed maritime connectivity corridor. While not purporting to be a feasibility study, this analysis seeks to examine the potential benefits and pitfalls of the proposed link and its place in the Indo-Russia stra

Eight reforms to reimagine policymaking for 21st century India
May 24, 2023

Eight reforms to reimagine policymaking for 21st century India

Three poorly-designed recent policies display a yawning gap between the makers and the takers of economic policy

Elections in Europe: यूरोप में हाल के चुनावों का विश्लेषण; दक्षिणपंथ की ओर झुकाव?
Nov 14, 2022

Elections in Europe: यूरोप में हाल के चुनावों का विश्लेषण; दक्षिणपंथ की ओर झुकाव?

हाशिये पर खड़े दक्षिणपंथी (right-wing parties) दलों के मुख्यधारा में �

Emerging dynamics of conflict and cooperation in a post-hegemonic age: A Kautilyan perspective on BRICS
Aug 21, 2019

Emerging dynamics of conflict and cooperation in a post-hegemonic age: A Kautilyan perspective on BRICS

This paper theorises international relations using the perspective of an Indian classic, Kautilya’s Arthashastra, and employs such interpretation to conceptualise BRICS (or the association of emerging economies, Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.) As a litmus test for the analytical viability of the Kautilyan perspective developed here, the paper examines what might be called “the BRICS paradox”: the mismatch between theoretical