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A conceptual analysis of Sino-Indian space deterrence and space warfighting
Apr 24, 2017

A conceptual analysis of Sino-Indian space deterrence and space warfighting

This paper evaluates the importance of a space military strategy for India against China. It argues that in light of China’s advances in space weapons, New Delhi needs to seriously consider developing at least a limited menu of space weapons and integrate them into India’s defence posture. It draws on conceptual literature on nuclear deterrence, air power and sea power to show that space weapons, at least some variants, are usable military in

A Contemporary Analysis of India–EU Cooperation in Counterterrorism
Aug 11, 2023

A Contemporary Analysis of India–EU Cooperation in Counterterrorism

India and the European Union (EU) share a deep political and strategic relationship that pivots around democracy, global rule of law, security, and trade. While the depth is obvious on paper, however, the partnership has delivered short on dividends expected by both sides. Yet diplomatic engagement remains robust, and in recent times is moving towards greater mutual understanding of the challenges of terrorism and the potential counterterrorism s

A landscape analysis of adolescent health in India: The case of Uttar Pradesh
Dec 11, 2019

A landscape analysis of adolescent health in India: The case of Uttar Pradesh

The health of adolescents is crucial to achieving India’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and the Government of India has spotlighted adolescent health in various programmes and policies. However, substantial health challenges continue to affect Indian youth. This paper describes the health profile of adolescents in India and, in particular in Uttar Pradesh, one of the country’s least performing states in the domain of health outcomes.

AI policy analysis: AIDP of China vs. India’s NITI Aayog AI policy paper
Jul 10, 2019

AI policy analysis: AIDP of China vs. India’s NITI Aayog AI policy paper

Tighter collaboration between private, government, nonprofits and educational institutes will be the key to India’s development of new-age technolog

An analysis of maternal health condition across parliamentary constituencies in India
May 06, 2019

An analysis of maternal health condition across parliamentary constituencies in India

The data reveals clear inequality in maternal health across parliamentary constituencies in terms of maternal mortality rate and the uptake of service

ASICS report and the 10 instruments of urban change: An analysis
Dec 05, 2023

ASICS report and the 10 instruments of urban change: An analysis

India’s urban challenges are too deep and systemic to be fixed through a few tactical stabs. A long-term strategic view of urban transformation is n

Boston bombings: Early analysis
Apr 18, 2013

Boston bombings: Early analysis

The twin bomb blasts during the Boston Marathon on April 16 present new counter-terrorism challenges for the US as well as other countries gearing up to face a rapidly mutating threat.

Building India’s Economy on the Backs of Women’s Unpaid Work: A Gendered Analysis of Time-Use Data
Oct 17, 2022

Building India’s Economy on the Backs of Women’s Unpaid Work: A Gendered Analysis of Time-Use Data

This paper undertakes an analysis of the gender-disaggregated data from the National Statistical Organisation’s Time-Use Survey 2019, and finds that Indian women spend eight times more hours on unpaid care work than men. The patterns are similar across educational qualification, and employment or marital status: women with higher education, or earn their own incomes, do not spend any less time on unpaid care work. Shifting mindsets and rebalanc

Can Communal Violence Fuel an ISIS Threat in India? An Analysis of ‘Voice of Hind’
Sep 04, 2020

Can Communal Violence Fuel an ISIS Threat in India? An Analysis of ‘Voice of Hind’

In early 2020 the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) published an India-centric propaganda material called Voice of Hind. This special report examines the first issue of the publication, which openly recruits Indian Muslims by manipulating the fears and grievances they harbour owing to certain political developments in the country. The analysis uses theories of social psychology, inter-group conflict discourse, and communications theory to pr

CBR Security in India: Threat Analysis and Role of Industries
Jun 15, 2013

CBR Security in India: Threat Analysis and Role of Industries

The media in India enjoys a great deal of freedom and when it is threatened, the response is vociferous. Nevertheless, there is the need to maintain a balance between free expression and other community and individual rights; this responsibility should not be borne by the judiciary alone, but by all those who enjoy these rights.  

Crime in India: A Critical Review of Data Collection and Analysis
May 16, 2024

Crime in India: A Critical Review of Data Collection and Analysis

Safe countries bestow multiple social and economic benefits on the individual and larger community. Therefore, crime levels must be controlled. While India is a relatively peaceful country by global standards, there is significant scope for improvement in terms of policing, the national criminal justice system, and how data on crimes is collected and analysed. Amid India’s rapid urbanisation, it is crucial to study the various facets of crimina

Crime in India’s largest cities: An analysis
Apr 09, 2024

Crime in India’s largest cities: An analysis

While the NCRB data on crimes in India is the most comprehensive set of data, it suffers from some data deficits that need to be addressed

Electronic and cyber warfare: A comparative analysis of the PLA and the Indian Army
Jul 17, 2019

Electronic and cyber warfare: A comparative analysis of the PLA and the Indian Army

Cyber Warfare (CW) and Electronic Warfare (EW) are crucial to combat in modern warfare. Both are products of Signals Intelligence and constitute one part of Information Warfare (IW) and what is known as Network Centric Warfare (NCW). This paper explores how the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) of China and the Indian Army (IA) have approached CW and EW. Both the PLA and the IA acknowledge NCW as doctrinally important. Organisationally and in Comm

How fares India in healthcare? A sub-national analysis
Feb 25, 2020

How fares India in healthcare? A sub-national analysis

India’s geographical landscape is vast, cultural differences can be sharp, and income disparities are stark in certain regions. Access to healthcare, therefore, is varied and the on-ground gaps and challenges are complex. The NITI Aayog Health Index is an attempt by the current government to formulate a mechanism to monitor at the sub-national level the country’s performance in improving healthcare. This paper uses the findings of the Health

Hubris, Biases, and Overlearning: A Historical Analysis of How India Missed Pakistan’s Nuclear Coup
Jan 05, 2022

Hubris, Biases, and Overlearning: A Historical Analysis of How India Missed Pakistan’s Nuclear Coup

Intelligence agencies are prone to exaggerate an adversary’s capabilities. Indian intelligence in the mid-1970s, meanwhile, severely underestimated Pakistan’s nuclear cunning. For a crucial part of those years, India could not identify AQ Khan’s clandestine nuclear activities to acquire Uranium enrichment technology. This brief names three reasons: hubris, biases, and overlearning from one’s experiences. For New Delhi, this is as much a p

In China’s Own Words: An Analysis of Chinese Strategic Discourse on Tibet
Oct 06, 2022

In China’s Own Words: An Analysis of Chinese Strategic Discourse on Tibet

The predominant view not only within India but globally, is that China sees Tibet solely through the prism of sovereignty and territorial integrity. Analysing sources that illuminate China’s internal debates and discussions about its stakes in Tibet, this paper finds that unlike in the past, China no longer views Tibet as a national security barrier. Rather, Tibet has become China’s main gateway into the economic hinterland of South Asia. Wit

India and China’s space and naval capabilities: A comparative analysis
Jul 23, 2018

India and China’s space and naval capabilities: A comparative analysis

As Sino-Indian enmity in the maritime domain intensifies, the relationship between space assets and maritime capabilities in this constantly evolving rivalry remains understudied. This paper fills the gap with a comparative analysis that brings to the fore the importance of space sensors in the conduct of naval operations for both India and China. Equally relevant to this competition is the relationship between space assets and the nature of the

India at the United Nations: An analysis of Indian multilateral strategies on international security and development
Aug 10, 2023

India at the United Nations: An analysis of Indian multilateral strategies on international security and development

This paper explores how India has been able to achieve cooperation in the sphere of international development, but has been unable to replicate such success on issues of international security. It maps out India’s engagement on these two issues through four case studies and places them in the context of multilateral theory and international cooperation theory. It further considers factors within the game theoretic models of cooperation, includi

India-ASEAN relations in the maritime domain—an analysis
Nov 17, 2021

India-ASEAN relations in the maritime domain—an analysis

Both India and ASEAN need to act on the ample opportunities available to advance a cooperative and  mutually beneficial maritime relationship

India’s triangular cooperation with the US, UK and Japan in Africa: A comparative analysis
Jan 23, 2020

India’s triangular cooperation with the US, UK and Japan in Africa: A comparative analysis

Triangular cooperation aims to forge global partnerships and foster sustainable global development. In such a system, traditional donors provide financial and technical support to facilitate development activities between two developing countries in the South, i.e. one emerging donor country and a beneficiary. Triangular cooperation allows nations to learn from the mistakes of the pioneers of the development cooperation process, bringing about co

Indo-Pacific Strategy 2022: An Analysis
May 23, 2022

Indo-Pacific Strategy 2022: An Analysis

The US recently released the Indo-Pacific strategy, indicating its continued interest in the region and allaying the fears of its allies in South Asia

London Blasts: An Analysis
Jul 11, 2005

London Blasts: An Analysis

In the recent history of terrorism, there have been four instances of well-planned, well-executed and well-synchronised multiple explosions by terrorist groups causing large casualties. These are the explosions in Mumbai (Bombay) in March,1993, which killed over 200 innocent civilians, at Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu in February,1998,

Manifestos as a Tool for Accountability: A Content Analysis of the 2004-2019 UPA and NDA Poll Manifestos
Aug 14, 2023

Manifestos as a Tool for Accountability: A Content Analysis of the 2004-2019 UPA and NDA Poll Manifestos

This brief analyses the manifestos of the Indian National Congress and Bharatiya Janata Party in the past four Lok Sabha elections. It introduces the concept of “falsifiability” to evaluate whether promises made in manifestos can be verified, to begin with; it then outlines the poll promises that are falsifiable across various sectors. The authors examine whether or not the promises were fulfilled, and if not, if they were carried aga

Mapping the Literature on Development Assistance in Health: A Bibliometric Analysis
Apr 22, 2024

Mapping the Literature on Development Assistance in Health: A Bibliometric Analysis

This paper presents a bibliometric analysis of the literature on private health aid and official health assistance between 2000 and 2022. It provides an overview of the sites and themes in the literature pertaining to development assistance in health, and collates the significant policy recommendations presented therein. Several crucial findings emerge from the bibliometric analysis: 44.2 percent of the 489 papers/articles assessed focused on low

Master plans and ‘urban dysfunction’: An analysis
Mar 30, 2021

Master plans and ‘urban dysfunction’: An analysis

At the current rate of urbanisation, India would have taken two and a half centuries to urbanise to the current US levels, as against two centuries fo

Pakistan general elections 2018: Analysis of results and implications
Dec 18, 2018

Pakistan general elections 2018: Analysis of results and implications

n July 2018, Pakistanis voted in what was the third consecutive transfer of power from one civilian government to another in the country’s 71-year history. The elections may be called a success in that winners had been declared. However, the months leading up to the elections demonstrated the power of the military, and its ability to influence election outcomes and control sections of the media. As Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf leader Imran Khan see

Productivity growth in Indian manufacturing: Policy implications from an econometric analysis
Jan 08, 2018

Productivity growth in Indian manufacturing: Policy implications from an econometric analysis

This paper evaluates the impact of various policy reforms, including the economic reforms of the 1990s, on India’s manufacturing sector. Covering the priority sectors relevant to the government’s ‘Make in India’ initiative, the paper analyses the productivity of registered manufacturing units from 1974-75 to 2012-13. It offers empirical evidence on the growth of productivity in the organised manufacturing sector through an inter-tem

Proxy voting for NRIs: Tricky issue which needs deeper analysis
Oct 29, 2018

Proxy voting for NRIs: Tricky issue which needs deeper analysis

Lok Sabha may have passed a Bill to introduce proxy voting for the diaspora, but there are many issues to be ironed out before it comes into practice.

Resource use efficiency and productivity: An analysis of India’s food grain sector
Jan 07, 2020

Resource use efficiency and productivity: An analysis of India’s food grain sector

The concept of food security comprises access, affordability, food safety, food preferences and dietary patterns. Recently, there has been a demand-driven shift in food consumption patterns in India towards nutrition-rich and economically high-value horticulture (fruits and vegetables), livestock and dairy products. Providing for such consumption needs will require diversification of agricultural production beyond the staples, especially wheat an

Social Media and Political Leaders: An Exploratory Analysis
Jul 21, 2023

Social Media and Political Leaders: An Exploratory Analysis

Politicians have always used the media to communicate with the electorate. What makes social media unique is the scale, speed, and minimal cost at which leaders can do this task. This paper analyses the relationship between political leaders and the microblogging site, Twitter. It provides a comprehensive and systematic analysis of the use of Twitter by two contemporary Indian political leaders—Narendra Modi and Rahul Gandhi. It describ

Stakeholders in development assistance in mental health: An analysis of recent funding patterns
Sep 01, 2023

Stakeholders in development assistance in mental health: An analysis of recent funding patterns

The central challenge in DAMH is the misalignment between the goals of recipients and the priorities of donors

The 5th National Family Health Survey of India: A Sub-National Analysis of Child Nutrition
May 18, 2021

The 5th National Family Health Survey of India: A Sub-National Analysis of Child Nutrition

In December 2020, the government released the results of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) 5 for 2019-20, covering 22 states and Union Territories (UTs). Contrary to expectations, NFHS5 found an increase in the percentage of stunted children in 13 states and UTs, compared to the results of NFHS4. This paper analyses such reversal of the three-decadal progress that India had previously made in reducing stunting in children. It analy

The India-China Border Question: An Analysis of International Law and State Practices
Dec 16, 2020

The India-China Border Question: An Analysis of International Law and State Practices

Over the years, India has attempted to find political as well as legal solutions to its border dispute with China; these efforts have met with little success. This paper argues that the reason a resolution to the India–China border issue remains elusive is the inadequate understanding—and enforcement—of International Law. It examines the sustainability of China’s position, as well as its general approach to International Law, its interpre

The Kashmir that India Lost: A Historical Analysis of India’s Miscalculations on Gilgit Baltistan
Oct 20, 2021

The Kashmir that India Lost: A Historical Analysis of India’s Miscalculations on Gilgit Baltistan

Since 1947, parts of Jammu and Kashmir have been under Pakistan’s illegal occupation, with India referring to the area as ‘Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK)’. The stolen region comprises two ethnically and linguistically different regions: what Pakistan calls, ‘Azad Jammu and Kashmir’ or AJK, which includes parts of Kashmir and Jammu; and Gilgit Baltistan, which is the northern most tip of Kashmir and covers parts of Ladakh. While Gilgit