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China’s real intentions behind its ‘technical hold’ on Masood Azhar
Feb 21, 2019

China’s real intentions behind its ‘technical hold’ on Masood Azhar

Masood Azhar-led Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) is one of the many terror groups Beijing considers as important cogs for security and stability in its restive

Importance of Indo-Russian Military-Technical Cooperation and Future Prospects
Dec 03, 2007

Importance of Indo-Russian Military-Technical Cooperation and Future Prospects

This report is the text of a presentation made at a seminar on ’Military-technical Cooperation between Russia and India: Status and Perspectives for Cooperation’, organised jointly by Observer Research Foundation and Unity for Russia Foundation, on October 5-7, 2007 in Moscow.

India-Russia military-technical cooperation: Beyond commercial relations
Jun 22, 2017

India-Russia military-technical cooperation: Beyond commercial relations

The India-Russia military technical relationship has withstood the test of time. Despite strains since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the relationship has remained highly critical both in terms of the level of trust between the two states and the imperatives of sustaining a military-technical relationship to counter the growth of Chinese power. A more synergistic military-technical is possible, and Moscow and New Delhi must explore ways to con

Mullaperiyar Dam: Political and Technical Undercurrents
Dec 26, 2011

Mullaperiyar Dam: Political and Technical Undercurrents

Instead of dealing with the Mullaperiyar dam controversy as a geo-political conflict, it should be tackled as an institutional, legal and administrative failure in the region. Equitable distribution of the benefits of the shared resource is not an impossible task to achieve.

Quality rules in India: Trade, technical regulations and consumer protection
Aug 21, 2023

Quality rules in India: Trade, technical regulations and consumer protection

India’s competitiveness in manufacturing and the success of ‘Make in India’ depend on its ability to produce high-quality products and services. Product quality is important for human health and consumer safety, as well as for protecting the climate and the environment. One way of ensuring that products and services meet certain standards is through technical regulations with mandatory compliance. However, technical regulations also have th

The Hypersonic Potential of India-Russia Military-Technical Cooperation
Aug 31, 2022

The Hypersonic Potential of India-Russia Military-Technical Cooperation

With an increasingly belligerent China having demonstrated its hypersonic capabilities and the distinct possibility of proliferation to Pakistan, Indi

When strategy was technical
Feb 24, 2012

When strategy was technical

Antony figured the French were more likely to part with critical technologies needed to enhance India's defence aviation sector than any other country

#Tech and Quad: क्वॉड और तक़नीकी मानकों की विकट समस्या
Jun 21, 2022

#Tech and Quad: क्वॉड और तक़नीकी मानकों की विकट समस्या

5Gi का मामला वैश्विक तकनीकी व्यवस्था के निर्माण में महत्वप

5G: New skills for a new era
Oct 15, 2022

5G: New skills for a new era

The current skill gap when it comes to 5G technologies must be closed if India is to transition to the era of economic growth 5G could enable

A digital direction for BIMSTEC
Oct 05, 2017

A digital direction for BIMSTEC

The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) was formed to foster socio-economic cooperation between its seven member nations – India, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Sri Lanka. The group signed a free trade agreement (FTA) in 2004, but the pact is still not operational due to the lack of consensus on certain key issues. Some members like India are keen to finalise the terms of t

A landmark election, and a new President
Apr 15, 2015

A landmark election, and a new President

The Nigerian presidential election on March 28 was nothing short of a historic turning point in the rather fragile democracy. An incumbent Nigerian President was voted out in a general election which was, on the whole, free and fair barring a few technical glitches.

Aadhaar fever: Unveiling secrets to secure India?
Dec 13, 2017

Aadhaar fever: Unveiling secrets to secure India?

Public angst against Aadhaar is not because of the technical effectiveness of the system, but the manner in which it is proposed to be used.

An eco-hydrological perspective to monsoon high flows in the Ganga-Padma system: Imperatives for flood management
Sep 30, 2019

An eco-hydrological perspective to monsoon high flows in the Ganga-Padma system: Imperatives for flood management

The paper provides an understanding of high flows in a river system by explaining the hydro-meteorological, hydro-geomorphological, ecological and socio-economic dimensions of monsoon-related high-flows in the Ganga-Padma river system straddling India and Bangladesh. The aim is to inform the existing flood management approach in India, which has failed to adequately incorporate the geomorphic, hydrologic, hydraulic and biological processes of riv

BIMSTEC and Disaster Management: Future Prospects for Regional Cooperation
May 24, 2023

BIMSTEC and Disaster Management: Future Prospects for Regional Cooperation

The Bay of Bengal is highly prone to extreme weather events, many of which result in massive disaster. The sub-regional grouping, BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral and Technical Cooperation), took a long time to begin nurturing their collective capabilities in disaster mitigation. It was only after the Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004, which caused overwhelming devastation in the region, that BIMSTEC identified the area of ‘Envir

BIMSTEC and Japan: Exploring prospects for renewed cooperation
Aug 20, 2023

BIMSTEC and Japan: Exploring prospects for renewed cooperation

As the Bay of Bengal region continues to rise as an economic and strategic hub, there is increasing awareness of the role to be played by the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) in promoting growth, development and stability in the region. Having kept a low profile in its 20 years of existence, BIMSTEC is now being seen as a potential driver of integration between South Asia and Southeast As

BIMSTEC and the fourth industrial revolution: The role of technology in regional development
May 24, 2023

BIMSTEC and the fourth industrial revolution: The role of technology in regional development

After a hiatus of almost two decades, the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) appears poised to once again assume significance in regional affairs. The renewed vigour has already resulted in a fresh agreement on tangible areas of cooperation and ways of resuscitating the organisation. This brief examines the role that will be played by technology and digital skilling in BIMSTEC’s goals toward

BIMSTEC into the mainstream: The role of the media
May 12, 2023

BIMSTEC into the mainstream: The role of the media

This brief is an experienced journalist’s view of how the media should regard the relevance of BIMSTEC, or the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation; and, in turn, how BIMSTEC can utilise the media in making its issues known to the public and the policymakers, in its immediate region and beyond. The brief argues that if BIMSTEC is to become an effective forum for regional cooperation, it should be more o

BIMSTEC on the Cusp: Regional Security in Focus
Aug 16, 2023

BIMSTEC on the Cusp: Regional Security in Focus

The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) is standing on the threshold of a new inning, as it marks its 25th year in 2022. The past months have been momentous for BIMSTEC, as it adopted a charter at the fifth Summit Meeting in March to outline a clearer purpose for the organisation. During the summit, BIMSTEC rationalised its 14 diverse sectors of cooperation into seven core areas of inte

BIMSTEC-FTA: A new hope for enhanced regional trade
Sep 19, 2017

BIMSTEC-FTA: A new hope for enhanced regional trade

The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) has gained more importance recently because of the many hurdles that have come in the way of the South Asian Free Trade Agreement (SAFTA) since 2016, mainly due to issues between India and Pakistan. This brief explores the possibilities of stronger trade and investment ties between the BIMSTEC nations by expediting the signing of a Free Trade Agreement (F

BIMSTEC: Overcoming inertia to serve as a truly strategic platform
Sep 08, 2017

BIMSTEC: Overcoming inertia to serve as a truly strategic platform

Two decades since its inception, the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) has yet to truly succeed as an instrument of regional integration. The primary reason for the group’s slow progress is general inertia, or lack of interest amongst its members. There have also been more pressing national and regional issues that have overtaken the group’s development. This is set to change under the im

Breathing new life into BIMSTEC: Challenges and imperatives
Apr 27, 2020

Breathing new life into BIMSTEC: Challenges and imperatives

This paper explores the various opportunities and challenges of the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation or BIMSTEC, a unique inter-regional grouping composed of aspiring member countries from South Asia and Southeast Asia. While the grouping has massive potential to contribute to regional cooperation, this paper explores the capabilities of the organisation in terms of meeting the expectations of renewed

Bridging Water Demand and Supply in Delhi: The Potential of Rainwater Harvesting
Aug 19, 2020

Bridging Water Demand and Supply in Delhi: The Potential of Rainwater Harvesting

The Delhi government is facing numerous challenges in managing water demand and supply in the capital, primary of which are water shortages and declining groundwater levels. One of the strategies that are being employed to address these issues is the promotion of rainwater harvesting (RWH). This report provides an account of the growth and development of Delhi’s RWH sector. The analysis shows that while the programme has met with some success,

Budget without many surprises
Mar 02, 2015

Budget without many surprises

This was a budget without many surprises. Maybe we have evolved to being an economy, in which the budget is a mundane, technical exercise, of interest to economists and accountants, but of little immediate consequence for those who live in the real world.

Building a BIMSTEC agenda for counterterrorism
Nov 28, 2017

Building a BIMSTEC agenda for counterterrorism

Member states of the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) continue to grapple with a host of security issues, including the burgeoning ISIS threat and the humanitarian crisis in Myanmar. In the recent months, the region has witnessed the immense social, political, economic and geo-strategic implications of terrorism and displacement. BIMSTEC’s counterterrorism initiatives must therefore be scr

Building national digital health infrastructures in India
Apr 05, 2024

Building national digital health infrastructures in India

Given the diversity of stakeholders and technical requirements, there is a need for flexible standards to achieve scale and drive the adoption of digi

Catalysing Progress Through Capacity-Building Initiatives: Learnings from India’s Pan-African e-Network Project in Ghana and Malawi
Nov 14, 2023

Catalysing Progress Through Capacity-Building Initiatives: Learnings from India’s Pan-African e-Network Project in Ghana and Malawi

Capacity building is a central feature of India’s outreach to Africa. Over the last seven decades, the Indian government has provided numerous scholarships to African students through the Indian Council for Cultural Relations and the Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation scheme. India has also established several technical institutes throughout the continent. However, assessments of India’s capacity-building initiatives remain limited. Th

Challenges and opportunities for India: An assessment of the 20th Report on Demands for Grants
Apr 18, 2023

Challenges and opportunities for India: An assessment of the 20th Report on Demands for Grants

As India anchors itself as an emerging pole in this multipolar world order, it is crucial to understand the operational requirements of the Ministry o

Climate Change and Sea-Level Rise in the BIMSTEC Region: Towards a Suitable Response
May 11, 2023

Climate Change and Sea-Level Rise in the BIMSTEC Region: Towards a Suitable Response

Global warming threatens lives and livelihoods across the Bay of Bengal region. With about nine million people living in low-lying coastal areas in these littoral countries, it is important to understand the changes in key climate variables in the region—primary of which is sea-level rise—and examine the states’ response measures. This brief describes the strategies being taken by countries of the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral

Common responses to maritime security threats in the Bay of Bengal
Nov 14, 2017

Common responses to maritime security threats in the Bay of Bengal

The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) appears to be gaining momentum in formulating collective strategies to combat non-traditional security threats in the subregion. This brief describes how BIMSTEC had focused on bilateralism or trilateralism from its inception in 1997 until 2015, thereby failing to pursue a more comprehensive and long-term approach to addressing the common threats to their

Coping with floods: Indigenous survival strategies in Bangladesh
May 18, 2020

Coping with floods: Indigenous survival strategies in Bangladesh

Vulnerable communities are more confident and comfortable about using their local knowledge in crisis situations and indeed their functional knowledge

Delhi’s efforts to build roads on the lines of European cities
Dec 19, 2020

Delhi’s efforts to build roads on the lines of European cities

Modern street planning does not stop at technical designing.

Dogfight over the MMRCA
May 07, 2011

Dogfight over the MMRCA

If the selection for MMRCA so far has shown emphases on technicalities, the final selection should primarily be based on more concrete benefits that either company offers. The final MMRCA award would also reflect the abilities of the MoD in processing such complex contracts in the future.

Driving connectivity: Bridging gaps in BIMSTEC's transportation Master Plan
Jun 09, 2023

Driving connectivity: Bridging gaps in BIMSTEC's transportation Master Plan

The challenges that are impeding the BIMSTEC transport connectivity projects need to be addressed to foster seamless connectivity among the member sta

Education as a Pivot in India’s Cooperation with BIMSTEC Countries
Nov 03, 2020

Education as a Pivot in India’s Cooperation with BIMSTEC Countries

This brief discusses the education component of cooperation between India and the countries of the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC). It argues that nurturing the education link within BIMSTEC can play a transformative role in augmenting people-to-people contact and cementing a more fruitful regional connectivity. While progress has been achieved—to which India has contributed considerably�

Financing for Agenda 2030: Deepening India-EU Development Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific
Feb 12, 2024

Financing for Agenda 2030: Deepening India-EU Development Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific

As the world confronts multiple challenges which are intricately connected, our path for development stands at a crucial juncture. In the context of the embroiling polycrisis, progress on the sustainable development goals (SDGs) has been steady but fragile with major and persistent challenges. Financing for Agenda 2030 has emerged as a major bottleneck with several developing economies, especially the least developed countries (LDCs), low-income

Framing multistakeholder conversations on encryption
Dec 06, 2016

Framing multistakeholder conversations on encryption

On August 12, 2016 the Observer Research Foundation convened the first in a series of multistakeholder roundtables on encryption. This report is the outcome of the discussion of issues and proposal of solutions conducted at the roundtable. Being a complex, technical-legal question around access to data for law enforcement, encryption has long been a contested issue. Creating best-in-class regulation on encryption will require targeted interventio

Fresh calls for space security governance measures unlikely to yield results
Apr 19, 2021

Fresh calls for space security governance measures unlikely to yield results

Progress will probably require developing small, technical agreements given that big, all-encompassing agreements have proven too difficult under current international circumstances.

From Kargil to Balakot: The continuing challenges to India’s modern air power
May 22, 2023

From Kargil to Balakot: The continuing challenges to India’s modern air power

Most leading air forces around the world were quick to learn from the experiences of the US Air Force between the Vietnam War in the 1960s and the Gulf War three decades later. This resulted in the widespread adoption by these forces of Precision Guided Munitions (PGMs) beginning in the mid-1990s. Only a few of these air arms, however, have matched the overall effectiveness of US air power, which combines aircraft survivability with weapon range,

Fulfilling the SDG on Zero Hunger: A Progress Report on BIMSTEC Nations
Nov 02, 2020

Fulfilling the SDG on Zero Hunger: A Progress Report on BIMSTEC Nations

The countries of BIMSTEC, or the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation, are working to translate the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) into action plans to ensure access to adequate and nutritious food. They are transforming their food systems based on their priorities and capacities to fulfill, in particular, the 2030 SDG Goal 2 that aims to “end hunger, achieve food security, and promote sustainable

Greek crisis: Only Syriza Govt strategy to blame
Jul 07, 2015

Greek crisis: Only Syriza Govt strategy to blame

If the Syriza government in Greece had the foresight to seek technical assistance from the bureaucracy of any Latin American, African or Asian country on how to deal with agitated lenders, they would never have got into the mess they are in now.

How to secure equal representation in Parliament?
Jul 29, 2015

How to secure equal representation in Parliament?

The loopholes and technicalities of the Women's Reservation Bill should be open to scrutiny, but the Bill and its purpose must not be forgotten. Perhaps the revival of the debate over the bill could be an opportunity for PM Modi to demonstrate his party's focus on gender equality.

Hydropower in India: An update
Oct 12, 2023

Hydropower in India: An update

Though a market for electricity does not exist in India in the strictest sense, PHS cannot count on technical viability and environmental benefits to