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The UK Shifts to the Indo-Pacific: An Opportunity for India-UK Ties
Feb 15, 2021

The UK Shifts to the Indo-Pacific: An Opportunity for India-UK Ties

When the United Kingdom (UK) releases the highly anticipated integrated review of its foreign, defence, security and development policy in March, it will mark the first formal iteration of the UK’s Indo-Pacific strategy. This brief explores the dynamics that are driving the UK’s tilt to the Indo-Pacific. It identifies three key drivers that are prompting the shift: a reappraisal of China, the economic fallout of Brexit, and the UK’s close t

The World in Disarray: Is This the End of Multilateralism for Trade?
Aug 14, 2023

The World in Disarray: Is This the End of Multilateralism for Trade?

Russia’s war on Ukraine, interrupted value chains, and increased regionalisation are putting pressures on the already-strained multilateral trading system. Though a strong World Trade Organization (WTO) is needed to navigate these challenges, the organisation risks becoming irrelevant if far-reaching reforms are not implemented as soon as possible. In the short- and medium-term, WTO members must agree on limiting export barriers, especi

The WTO Crisis: Exploring Interim Solutions for India’s Trade Disputes
Sep 22, 2020

The WTO Crisis: Exploring Interim Solutions for India’s Trade Disputes

The ‘crown jewel’ of the World Trade Organization (WTO) — the dispute resolution mechanism — is facing a crisis. The US obstruction to new appointments in the WTO’s Appellate Body (AB) has frozen the appeals process and brought the mechanism to a halt. Until such crisis is resolved, New Delhi will need to explore other means for resolving its current and future trade disputes. This paper outlines interim solutions that India can emplo

The Wuhan summit and the India–China border dispute
Jun 26, 2018

The Wuhan summit and the India–China border dispute

The recent Wuhan summit between India and China has been called many things: from a “game changer” to a much needed “reset” in Indian-China relations. It has generated expectations in the two countries that they will avoid any clash due to miscalculation and error. This has strengthened the tradition that India and China have maintained since the Border Peace and Tranquility Agreement of 1993, of resolving problems bilaterally through dia

The ‘QuadFather’: The Legacy of Shinzo Abe and the Quad
Aug 16, 2023

The ‘QuadFather’: The Legacy of Shinzo Abe and the Quad

Before the rise of Xi Jinping—before the Beijing Olympics and the South China Sea tensions and the China-India border crisis—the late former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe had already sensed that a rising China would pose daunting challenges to its neighbours and the regional order. This brief argues that without Abe, there would likely have been no ‘Quad’ grouping joining Australia, India, Japan, and the United States. His re

Threats to the Environment in the Indo-Pacific: Strategic Implications
Mar 11, 2022

Threats to the Environment in the Indo-Pacific: Strategic Implications

The Indo-Pacific region is confronting emerging challenges that go beyond the traditional definition of “security.” Among the most crucial are threats to the environment, including natural hazards such as cyclones and tsunamis; illegal, unregulated and unreported (IUU) fishing and overfishing; and marine pollution. This report underlines the strategic implications of these environmental issues in the Indo-Pacific. It outlines the measures tha

Time to Boost India-Bangladesh Trade and Economic Relations
Jul 28, 2023

Time to Boost India-Bangladesh Trade and Economic Relations

Among India's neighbours, Bangladesh occupies a special position not only because of India's role in its liberation but because geographically, too, it surrounds Bangladesh from three sides. The beginning of close economic relations between the two countries can be traced back to 1971. After its independence, Bangladesh's requirements of consumer goods, especially food, came from India. Over the years, the country has sought easier access to Indi

Towards a Deliberative BIMSTEC
Aug 06, 2020

Towards a Deliberative BIMSTEC

The Bay of Bengal region links South Asia and Southeast Asia, with the BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) serving as a platform of trans-border cooperation. The BIMSTEC’s prime assets are the historical and cultural links between the nations, and their spirit of community. However, the lack of both a robust decision-making mechanism and a set of common rules have slowed down the growth of th

Towards an India–US consensus on counterterrorism cooperation
Apr 08, 2020

Towards an India–US consensus on counterterrorism cooperation

This paper examines the environmental and policy-level challenges to the actualisation of US-India counterterrorism cooperation. Indeed, despite their seeming convergence on the imperative of effective counterterrorism, there has been limited cooperation between the two countries. While the US’ sense of “American exceptionalism” and its hegemon status purports a utilitarian notion of the adversary, India’s regional power status makes its

Towards Universal Access to Clean Cooking Fuels and Technologies: The Role of Policy, National Incomes, and Social Behaviour
Aug 14, 2023

Towards Universal Access to Clean Cooking Fuels and Technologies: The Role of Policy, National Incomes, and Social Behaviour

Goal seven of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) commits the international community to providing access to clean cooking fuels and technologies to all by 2030. Progress has been slow, however, and in about 40 of the UN’s 189 member countries for which data is available, more that 80 percent of the populations continue to lack such access. Using case studies, this brief analyses the role of a country’s policies, i

Treading a Pragmatic Path: Russia in Afghanistan After August 2021
Nov 09, 2023

Treading a Pragmatic Path: Russia in Afghanistan After August 2021

After the United States and its allies left Afghanistan in 2021, analysts expected Russia to fill the vacuum caused by the withdrawal. As far as Moscow itself is concerned, it would like to establish full diplomatic ties with the Taliban regime while it urges Western countries to take accountability and fulfil their responsibilities towards the Afghan people. Indeed, Russia’s desire for security and regional hegemony compels it to selectively e

Turkey Says ‘No’ to Presidential Government
Jun 25, 2015

Turkey Says ‘No’ to Presidential Government

The general elections of 7 June 2015 were Turkey's last scheduled elections until the next one in 2019. Coming at a time when the country and its neighbours are on the brink of profound transformation, and given the increasing complexity of the socio-political situation in the Middle East, the elections results may well re-define the direction of West Asian politics for some time to come.

Ukraine Crisis: चीन पर यूक्रेन युद्ध का असर!
Jul 31, 2023

Ukraine Crisis: चीन पर यूक्रेन युद्ध का असर!

यूक्रेन में युद्ध को देखते हुए यूरोप इस बात की कोशिश कर रह

Understanding ASEAN’s Non-Linear Approach to the Russia-Ukraine War
Aug 17, 2023

Understanding ASEAN’s Non-Linear Approach to the Russia-Ukraine War

This brief examines the response of the ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) to the prolonged Ukraine war. ASEAN’s approach is viewed from two perspectives: how individual member states have responded, and the stance that the grouping itself has taken. In the immediate aftermath of the Russian invasion in February this year, the ASEAN statement was insipid; it underlined the importance of the principles of ‘mutual respect fo

Understanding ISIS: From conception to operations
Aug 24, 2017

Understanding ISIS: From conception to operations

This paper bridges the gap in Indian public discourse on the aims of ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria or Islamic State) and where it stands today as the most formidable terrorist organisation of the 21st century. It explores ISIS from the perspective of the Middle East, rather than coming from an Indian foreign policy and security point of view, of which there is no dearth in literature. Such an approach is crucial in understanding the terr

Understanding the Economic Issues in Sri Lanka’s Current Debacle
Jul 20, 2023

Understanding the Economic Issues in Sri Lanka’s Current Debacle

Sri Lanka, which in the 1970s was being hailed as a development success story for a low-income nation, is now mired in a financial and economic disaster, its worst yet since independence in 1948. Despite notable investments in infrastructure projects, and a largely stable growth rate from 2013 to 2019, the Sri Lankan story was marred by a series of untimely and mismanaged economic measures that led to the current meltdown. External factors have c

Understanding the Indian Public Opinion-Foreign Policy Relationship
Nov 23, 2020

Understanding the Indian Public Opinion-Foreign Policy Relationship

This paper analyses the contentious idea of a nexus between public opinion and foreign policy agendas, focusing on the Indian context. The paper examines the history of the discourse and outlines the key ideological divergences and events that have shaped the inquiry. It then traces the public opinion-foreign policy linkage in the Indian context, and frames the analysis against other representative democracies, specifically the United States. Usi

UNGA में शांति के पक्ष में भारत: कूटनीति और वार्ता ही रूस-यूक्रेन विवाद का हल
Sep 26, 2022

UNGA में शांति के पक्ष में भारत: कूटनीति और वार्ता ही रूस-यूक्रेन विवाद का हल

संयुक्‍त राष्‍ट्र महासभा में भारतीय विदेश मंत्री ने अपने भाषण में दुनिया के समक्ष भारत का समग्रता का दृष्टिकोण रखा. उन्‍होंने भारतीय विदेश नीति की बुनियादी सिंद्धांतों �

Unlocking Sustainable Finance to Promote Green Transition: India’s Priorities for its G20 Presidency in 2023
Aug 04, 2022

Unlocking Sustainable Finance to Promote Green Transition: India’s Priorities for its G20 Presidency in 2023

Sustainable finance emerged as a key issue to tackle climate change at the 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference and is spurring a global transition to net zero. A peculiar feature of the race to net zero is that it cannot be achieved unless all countries can meet their targets, and any positive step towards it will benefit all countries. The drive to achieve carbon neutrality and net-zero emissions needs to be targeted through a range of

US and China: Decoupling in the era of COVID19
Jun 09, 2020

US and China: Decoupling in the era of COVID19

Questions about the utility of globalisation are not new. Could the COVID-19 outbreak be the final nail on the coffin for an idea that drove the world economy in the past three decades?  In theory, countries would produce what they specialised in, leaving it to the market to ensure everyone got a better price for it. As 2020 began, the pandemic spread from one province of China and soon disrupted production across the world. Countries banned the

US Engagement in the Indo-Pacific: An Assessment of the Trump Era
Oct 28, 2020

US Engagement in the Indo-Pacific: An Assessment of the Trump Era

There is no dearth in analyses that sound the alarm on the current United States (US) administration’s policy in the Indo-Pacific. This paper conducts an evaluation of the US’ engagement in the region, and finds it to be contrary to alarmist predictions. President Donald Trump’s administration has reaffirmed commitments towards traditional allies, built on the predecessor president’s courtship of nascent partners, and encouraged partners

US Policies Towards Africa: In Search of a New Paradigm
Aug 23, 2023

US Policies Towards Africa: In Search of a New Paradigm

There seems to be a revival of American interest in Africa. What are the reasons for this? What are the past and current US policies towards the region? Are these interests and policies different from those it had during the Cold War? How do Africans perceive the US? What are the implications of a renewed US interest in Africa for India? These are some of the questions that this Issue Brief attempts to answer.

US sanctions on Pakistan and their failure as strategic deterrent
Aug 21, 2023

US sanctions on Pakistan and their failure as strategic deterrent

The US has subjected Pakistan to a unilateral sanctions regime at several crucial junctures in the history of their bilateral ties. Though the reasons for cutting off economic and military aid to Pakistan have been contingent on strategic exigencies prevalent at different points in time and therefore not singular, countering Pakistan’s nuclear ambitions has been a recurring theme. It is widely believed that these sanctions have not been able to

USA and Revolutions in the Arab World
Aug 10, 2023

USA and Revolutions in the Arab World

The recent protests in West Asia that started in Tunisia and now encompass the entire Arab world will have an impact on the regional balance of power equations. West Asia’s geographic location and its weight in the world energy market bestow on it an undeniable centrality that has also resulted in intensive interaction with external powers. Since it is at the heart of global energy security resources, West Asia has witnessed intense great powe

US–Pakistan relations in the Trump era: Resetting the terms of engagement in Afghanistan
Dec 24, 2017

US–Pakistan relations in the Trump era: Resetting the terms of engagement in Afghanistan

In a groundbreaking speech in August this year, US President Donald Trump laid out his government’s policy for South Asia, authorising more American troops to Afghanistan and insisting that Pakistan must either “do more” to restrain Islamist militants, or face consequences. Indian and Afghan governments have welcomed the new US policy approach. The major components of Trump’s Afghanistan strategy — recognising Pakistan’s role in provi

Wading out to Sea: The Evolution of India and Indonesia’s Naval Mindset towards Multilateralism
Jun 25, 2012

Wading out to Sea: The Evolution of India and Indonesia’s Naval Mindset towards Multilateralism

This Paper examines the evolution of India and Indonesia's military strategic mindset, from inward-looking powers to budding naval powers. It asserts that the two countries will have "no choice but to cast aside the antiquated aspects of non-alignment and move toward a more pragmatic approach to foreign policy, based on multilateralism."

Xi’s China, China’s Xi: Current Political and Social Challenges
Dec 11, 2020

Xi’s China, China’s Xi: Current Political and Social Challenges

In recent years, China, under President Xi Jinping, has seen substantial growth and sought a greater leadership role in world affairs. New equations have emerged domestically as well. As Xi fortifies his hold over the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and the country, repressive policies in Tibet and Xinjiang and excessive curbs on academic freedom can pose potential political threats. At the same time, issues like ecological degradation and widening

Youth and Radicalisation: The Threat to India
Sep 13, 2023

Youth and Radicalisation: The Threat to India

In common discourse on extremism, it is widely thought that the poor and unschooled are most easily recruited to militant organisations. Today, however, an increasing number of young professionals are embracing extremism. Is this true for India? If such a pattern is indeed present, what threats does it pose to India?

अंतरराष्ट्रीय मसले: ऊर्जा, सुरक्षा और यूरोप की असुविधा पर ‘राजनीति’
Aug 04, 2022

अंतरराष्ट्रीय मसले: ऊर्जा, सुरक्षा और यूरोप की असुविधा पर ‘राजनीति’

पिछले सात दशकों के दौरान समृद्धि ने यूरोपीय महाद्वीप को �

अंतरराष्ट्रीय संबंध: भारत और महामारी के दौर की भू-राजनीति
Jul 30, 2023

अंतरराष्ट्रीय संबंध: भारत और महामारी के दौर की भू-राजनीति

चीनी मोर्चे पर लगातार जारी सीमा विवाद अमेरिका के साथ साम�

अंतरराष्ट्रीय संबंध: ‘युद्ध के समय तेज़ी से भारत के क़रीब आता पश्चिम’
Aug 02, 2023

अंतरराष्ट्रीय संबंध: ‘युद्ध के समय तेज़ी से भारत के क़रीब आता पश्चिम’

लोगों को आशंका थी कि यूक्रेन-रूस युद्ध के समय में भारत पर �

अंतरराष्ट्रीय: कांगो में भारत के ‘शांति’ मिशन को झटका
Aug 13, 2022

अंतरराष्ट्रीय: कांगो में भारत के ‘शांति’ मिशन को झटका

पिछले दिनों बीएसएफ के दो जवानों की मौत इस बात की तरफ़ इशार

अंतरिक्ष को टिकाऊ कैसे बनाएं?
Oct 28, 2022

अंतरिक्ष को टिकाऊ कैसे बनाएं?

नई और उभरती हुई तकनीकों के विकास को देखते हुए अंतरिक्ष को

अगर चीन और ताइवान के बीच जंग छिड़ता है तो ये तय है कि अमेरिका उसमें शामिल होकर रहेगा!
Jun 04, 2022

अगर चीन और ताइवान के बीच जंग छिड़ता है तो ये तय है कि अमेरिका उसमें शामिल होकर रहेगा!

चीन एक अरसे से दावा करता आ रहा है कि ताइवान उसका हिस्सा है और वह शांतिपूर्ण उपायों से उसे अपने में मिला लेना चाहता है, लेकिन जरूरत पड़ने पर बलप्रयोग करने भी वह हिचकेगा नहीं.

अग्निपथ योजना की संरचनात्मक क़मियों को कैसे दूर किया जाए?
Sep 07, 2022

अग्निपथ योजना की संरचनात्मक क़मियों को कैसे दूर किया जाए?

अग्निपथ योजना कागज पर संभव प्रतीत हो सकती है लेकिन व्यवह�

अग्निपथ योजना से जुड़े सामाजिक और राजनीतिक प्रभावों की पड़ताल
Jun 23, 2022

अग्निपथ योजना से जुड़े सामाजिक और राजनीतिक प्रभावों की पड़ताल

आर्थिक गुण के लिहाज़ से अग्निपथ योजना में कुछ कसर रह सकती

अग्निवीर योजना: अग्निपरीक्षा से ही हासिल होंगे फ़ौलादी नतीजे!
Jul 04, 2022

अग्निवीर योजना: अग्निपरीक्षा से ही हासिल होंगे फ़ौलादी नतीजे!

अग्निपथ स्कीम से जुड़े सुधारों से भारतीय रक्षा प्रणाली म

अपने ही बुने जाल में फंस गईं ब्रिटेन की पीएम लिज ट्रस
Oct 20, 2022

अपने ही बुने जाल में फंस गईं ब्रिटेन की पीएम लिज ट्रस

ब्रिटेन अभूतपूर्व राजनीतिक हलचल से गुजर रहा है, लेकिन इसके पीछे लिज ट्रस के नेतृत्व की कमियां और टोरी पार्टी की आपसी प्रतिद्वंद्विता है. ऐसे में भारत को धैर्य रखते हुए लंदन