Search: For - Indian government

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Indian government’s 2G restrictions in Kashmir fail to curb online extremism
May 27, 2020

Indian government’s 2G restrictions in Kashmir fail to curb online extremism

Amid the COVID-19 pandemic, extremist groups find workarounds to the digital blockade as ordinary citizens endure restricted access

In Pakistan, eyes are now on new Indian government
Apr 18, 2014

In Pakistan, eyes are now on new Indian government

With the elections underway in India, eyes are now on the outcome of the polls, likely to be known by May 16. Wider belief is that the Bharatiya Janata Party-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) may win the keenly fought elections.

24×7 cities: Recommendations for an India playbook
May 12, 2023

24×7 cities: Recommendations for an India playbook

In 2016, the Indian government cleared the Model Shops and Establishments (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Services) Act, allowing retail establishments to remain open throughout the day and night. Proponents say that when fully implemented, the act will drive nighttime economy and, in turn, increase cities’ incomes. In the past few years, certain states have begun implementing such concept of “24×7 cities”, including Mumbai, Ah

26/11 and the media: Where were the protocols?
Nov 24, 2018

26/11 and the media: Where were the protocols?

Off the record, top Indian government sources admit that by and large, when governments and law enforcement authorities put systems in place in a cris

A Primer on US and EU response to India’s Abrogation of Article 370
Oct 16, 2020

A Primer on US and EU response to India’s Abrogation of Article 370

This paper outlines the responses of the US Congress and European Union (EU) parliament to the Indian government’s abrogation of Article 370 of the Constitution and the surrounding events, including the communications lockdown in Kashmir. It notes contrasting responses: the US Congress showed a binary reaction of moderate and extreme calls to action, and the EU parliament honed a more expansive approach to address India’s apparent “democrat

As internet matures, India faces a choice on governance
Mar 24, 2014

As internet matures, India faces a choice on governance

Given the Indian government's taste for pushing unilateral mechanisms for governing the internet at an international level, and Indian civil society, which for the most part seems to vocally support a multistakeholder approach, the Indian elections might bring about a new opportunity for both sides to find clarity.

BCIM: Can India Be a Driving Force?
Jan 02, 2015

BCIM: Can India Be a Driving Force?

The current Indian government has given clear indicators that it is likely to place regional integration high on its economic diplomacy agenda, be it SAARC, ASEAN or BCIM. The last two are especially important to India's Act East Policy.

Building a 'Strategic Oil Reserve' for India
Aug 30, 2003

Building a 'Strategic Oil Reserve' for India

After years of conceiving the idea of Strategic Oil Reserve, the Indian government seems to be moving in the right direction in a resolute manner. Recent statements by both the Prime Minister and the Petroleum Minister about building strategic storage facilities to gear up the country to meet oil emergencies

Catalysing Progress Through Capacity-Building Initiatives: Learnings from India’s Pan-African e-Network Project in Ghana and Malawi
Nov 14, 2023

Catalysing Progress Through Capacity-Building Initiatives: Learnings from India’s Pan-African e-Network Project in Ghana and Malawi

Capacity building is a central feature of India’s outreach to Africa. Over the last seven decades, the Indian government has provided numerous scholarships to African students through the Indian Council for Cultural Relations and the Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation scheme. India has also established several technical institutes throughout the continent. However, assessments of India’s capacity-building initiatives remain limited. Th

Covid Corrections: How the Pandemic Reveals the Failures of India’s Growth Model
May 24, 2023

Covid Corrections: How the Pandemic Reveals the Failures of India’s Growth Model

The COVID-19 pandemic can serve as an opportunity for India to redefine its approach to economic growth. The policy objective should be that once the threat of the current pandemic subsides, the country will not return to business-as-usual mode and rather build an economy for the future. The Indian government has declared that it is considering measures towards distress mitigation, relief disbursement, and a revival of growth. At the same time, h

Covid-19 and unemployment: Implications for child labour
Jul 31, 2020

Covid-19 and unemployment: Implications for child labour

Poverty is the root cause of child labour, which, despite being a priority for a succession of Indian governments, is yet to be eradicated.

Crowdsourcing violence: Decoding online propaganda of new militant groups in Kashmir
Jan 19, 2022

Crowdsourcing violence: Decoding online propaganda of new militant groups in Kashmir

As new militant groups use digital militancy to garner support, the Indian government should implement effective counter narratives to control false p

Foreign Fighters in Ukraine: The Indian Position
Aug 14, 2023

Foreign Fighters in Ukraine: The Indian Position

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has led to a full-fledged international armed conflict, and the Ukrainian president has issued a call to people across the world to join the country’s battle through the International Legion of Territorial Defence (ILTD). At the time of writing, 500 Indians have submitted applications to join the ILTD, and one is already in the force. This brief contextualises the rise of Indians fighting ‘foreign’ war

Getting to the Green Frontier
Jan 26, 2022

Getting to the Green Frontier

The Indian government’s commitment to pursuing low-carbon development is evident in its ambitious targets and path-breaking climate initiatives

Global Internet Governance: India’s Search for a New Paradigm
Aug 23, 2023

Global Internet Governance: India’s Search for a New Paradigm

What should be India's approach towards the international internet governance discourse? This Issue Brief attempts answer this question by examining the Indian government's engagement with the global community, using the recently concluded NETmundial conference on internet governance as a case study. It also provides policy recommendations for the way forward.

Government under-staffed, affects services delivery: Former official
Oct 06, 2015

Government under-staffed, affects services delivery: Former official

When compared to countries like the US, the Indian government is understaffed and it affects the service delivery, says retired revenue secretary M.R. Sivaraman. He says the Indian government has only 257 people serving every 100,000 population against 840 in the US federal government.

Har Ghar Jal in India: The social determinants of health approach in action
Mar 21, 2024

Har Ghar Jal in India: The social determinants of health approach in action

The progress made through the Jal Jeevan Mission has laid a robust foundation for a transformative shift in public health dynamics, yet the journey to

Health Policy belongs to the national security domain and different stakeholders must engage
Apr 18, 2020

Health Policy belongs to the national security domain and different stakeholders must engage

Samir Saran, President, ORF was interviewed by Oxford Political Review in the backdrop of the Indian government’s decision to enforce a complete loc

How Fares the PMAY (U)? Taking Stock of India’s National Housing Programme
May 12, 2022

How Fares the PMAY (U)? Taking Stock of India’s National Housing Programme

Across India’s burgeoning cities, the supply of affordable homes is highly inadequate to keep pace with the growing need; as a result, slums and other informally built areas, where living conditions are extremely poor, have grown. In 2015 the Indian government implemented a national housing programme, Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (urban) or PMAY (U) to bridge the gap in affordable housing. This report evaluates the progress of PMAY (U), and finds

India bets big on Kashmir
Aug 31, 2019

India bets big on Kashmir

Why did the Indian government decide on this course of action?

India need to be pro-active to strengthen relations with Bangladesh
Apr 05, 2012

India need to be pro-active to strengthen relations with Bangladesh

The fourth India-Bangladesh Security Dialogue, organised by ORF in association with the BEI, Dhaka, stressed on the need for the Indian government to be more proactive in the promotion of its ties with Bangladesh.

India's 2022: Capacity utilisation and economic revival
Dec 29, 2021

India's 2022: Capacity utilisation and economic revival

With the looming third wave, the Indian government would have to revive consumption demand and control inflation simultaneously.

India's pitch for NSG membership
Jun 24, 2014

India's pitch for NSG membership

The Indian Government's ratification on June 23 of the IAEA Additional Protocol, which is essentially a component of the Indo-US civil nuclear deal, will allow the international nuclear body to monitor India's civilian nuclear programme with ease.

India-EU trade links: Stronger the better
May 20, 2013

India-EU trade links: Stronger the better

The hurried sense of negotiations taking place between the EU and India is becoming a cause of worry. The Indian government should tread cautiously so as to safeguard the domestic concerns and public interests at large. If structured well, the FTA can push up India's growth for the next decade.

Indian cities—Stunted by partial democratisation
Dec 29, 2021

Indian cities—Stunted by partial democratisation

The Indian government should address the challenge of municipal inequity, and ensure that better opportunities are available to enhance urban governan

India’s Enduring Urban Housing Shortage: The Case for Upgrading Informal Settlements
Jul 23, 2023

India’s Enduring Urban Housing Shortage: The Case for Upgrading Informal Settlements

In 2015, the Indian government launched the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana-Urban (PMAY-U) as a response to the perennial challenge of shortage in urban housing. As of June 2021, 11.2 million houses have been sanctioned under PMAY-U, of which 4.8 million have been completed. However, various analyses indicate that PMAY-U dwellings may be insufficient in quantity, and that some of them may be either unaffordable or unviable for those who need them the

India’s lithium industry: Potentials and pitfalls
Aug 10, 2023

India’s lithium industry: Potentials and pitfalls

The Indian government has immense potential to guide the lithium industry down a path that is both sustainable and economically beneficial

Indigenous Technology as a strategic moat for India
May 24, 2023

Indigenous Technology as a strategic moat for India

Technology is vital to enabling accelerated socio-economic growth, effective governance, and relief delivery at scale. Many economies are adopting and developing technology-first frameworks to strengthen their population’s social welfare net, and support economic growth. The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed both the challenges and opportunities in India that can be addressed and driven by multidimensional technology frameworks. With the rebalancin

Internet governance debates gain steam within India
Apr 09, 2014

Internet governance debates gain steam within India

Though the Indian state has chosen to espouse a state-led mechanism for internet governance, one must remember that it is the civil society and media outrage that led the Indian government to ensure the IT Act, 2000 is not easily abused. All actors have their place at the table, be it at the state or international level.

Investment lessons for India, from Sri Lanka & Maldives
Nov 05, 2016

Investment lessons for India, from Sri Lanka & Maldives

With Indian Government reiterating commitment to facilitate investments in Sri Lanka and Maldives, the need for making case-studies of both

Lessons from India's past for its semiconductor future
Jun 22, 2023

Lessons from India's past for its semiconductor future

The compounded incentives offered by the Indian government along with smooth approvals and licenses, would be critical in moving India up the global s

Modi's frontier
Feb 26, 2014

Modi's frontier

For the next government, tough rhetoric on the boundary question is no substitute for coping with the multiple challenges arising from China's new status as a first-rate power. With China emerging as the second-largest economy in the world, comprehensive commercial cooperation with Beijing is an imperative that no Indian government can ignore.

Modi's reach abroad
Oct 07, 2013

Modi's reach abroad

Other than neighbouring countries, any future Indian government's principal focus will be on the vast swathe that begins in Sri Lanka and ends in Sydney, and can be described under a variety of rubrics: Look East, Indian Ocean Region, the Indo-Pacific. Countries such as Japan, Indonesia and Singapore present India big windows as it strives to become an economic and maritime power.

Moves to enhance response to CBR attacks
Dec 27, 2011

Moves to enhance response to CBR attacks

The recent Indian government's decision to equip 800 police stations in 80 cities with radiation monitors is a clear indication of how serious the threats posed by chemical, biological and radioactive (CBR) weapons is being taken.

Paradiplomacy and India: Growing role of states in foreign policy
Dec 06, 2016

Paradiplomacy and India: Growing role of states in foreign policy

Paradiplomacy throws up fresh challenges for the Indian government.

Reimagining India in the neighbourhood
Mar 31, 2022

Reimagining India in the neighbourhood

What is fuelling anti-India rhetoric in India’s neighbourhood despite the efforts made by the Indian government to allay such fears?

Road Safety: Why do Indian roads top the international table of road deaths?
Jun 23, 2022

Road Safety: Why do Indian roads top the international table of road deaths?

A detailed analysis of why India ranks at the top of the international table of fatalities caused by road crashes, and the measures the Indian governm

Russian Far East & opportunities for India
Jan 31, 2014

Russian Far East & opportunities for India

If the Indian government appropriately leverages Russia's goodwill, Russian Far East could turn out to be a growth area for Indian business. Innovatively implemented, India's ties with the Russian Far East could help cement Indo-Russian relations as well as bolster its ties with Central Asia and East Asia.

Sri Lanka: India reaches out to the Tamils
Sep 11, 2010

Sri Lanka: India reaches out to the Tamils

Indian Foreign Secretary Nirupama Rao's tour of the war-ravaged areas in the North and East of Sri Lanka has come as a perceptible first step towards the Indian Government repairing relations with the Tamil community in the island-nation.

Supporting climate resilient development in India
Jun 15, 2015

Supporting climate resilient development in India

Indian climate policy-making should 'mainstream' adaptation strategies into development planning to better address climate change. The Indian Government had formulated the National Action Plan on Climate Change in 2008.

The Causes and Consequences of Abolishing Cantonments in India
Sep 19, 2023

The Causes and Consequences of Abolishing Cantonments in India

India’s decision to abolish cantonments after carving out the military areas, announced in April 2023, has been met with scepticism and support. Cantonments, primarily created during the British rule to station and house the military, evolved to include civilians as residents and staff to provide support and logistic services. Over time, cantonment boards, with some civilian members, were created to manage the civil areas, but the rights of civ

The counterterror dimension to the planning of smart cities
Aug 21, 2023

The counterterror dimension to the planning of smart cities

The Indian government’s “Smart Cities Mission” aims to drive economic growth and improve quality of life through “smart” solutions for the delivery of infrastructure and services. This is expected to transform living spaces, enhance quality of life, and provide employment opportunities, in turn helping reduce crime rates and promoting law and order. Among the challenges to the “Smart Cities” programme is terrorism—especially in ur

The long road ahead: Russia and its ambitions in the Far East
Sep 11, 2019

The long road ahead: Russia and its ambitions in the Far East

Indian government and businesses would do well to carefully examine their prospects.

The Sedition Law: Time to erase the blot on Indian democracy
May 17, 2022

The Sedition Law: Time to erase the blot on Indian democracy

The Indian government should review the provisions of the sedition law, a remnant of the colonial past, as it stifles the expression of dissent.

Tracking India’s Infrastructure Development Near the Line of Actual Control
Oct 17, 2023

Tracking India’s Infrastructure Development Near the Line of Actual Control

The pace of Indian infrastructure building along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) bordering China has historically been slow due to financial and doctrinal constraints, but has accelerated in the past 20 years. Construction has become more efficient owing to bureaucratic changes and the infusion of greater financial resources. This paper attributes these changes to strategic compulsions brought about by Chinese actions—both diplomatic and on-th

Understanding Sino-Indian border issues: An analysis of incidents reported in the Indian media
Feb 12, 2018

Understanding Sino-Indian border issues: An analysis of incidents reported in the Indian media

Reports of incursions by the Chinese People’s Liberation Army along the Line-of-Actual Control (LAC) are rife in the Indian media. A commonly held opinion is that the Indian media tend to sensationalise their reportage of these incursions, or “China’s transgressions”, as the Indian government calls them. This paper analyses these incidents, as reported in select Indian newspapers, over a period of 12 years. It outlines the nature of these

Unified Payment Interface: Towards Greater Cyber Sovereignty
May 23, 2023

Unified Payment Interface: Towards Greater Cyber Sovereignty

On 1 July 2020, the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) of India celebrated #5YearsOfDigitalIndia. Given the recent call by the prime minister for Atmanirbhar Bharat (‘self-reliant India’) the IT minister found the occasion apt for trumpeting a crowning jewel of Digital India—the Unified Payment Interface that was launched almost four years ago. This indigenous innovation has prepared India for both the restrictions o