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China and Indonesia: A new tug-of-war
Oct 13, 2017

China and Indonesia: A new tug-of-war

Indonesia is increasing its military presence in the region and upgrading its forces in the Natuna Islands as it seeks to challenge China and maintain its control over an important sea domain containing abundant marine food and energy resources.

China to miss the Global Nutrition Target
Aug 17, 2022

China to miss the Global Nutrition Target

As per the Global Nutrition Report 2021, at the present rate, it is impossible to achieve Global Nutrition Targets (GNTs) by 2025, with COVID-19 furth

China-Maldives Free Trade Agreement: Analysing domestic economic parameters
Mar 18, 2024

China-Maldives Free Trade Agreement: Analysing domestic economic parameters

With a large decline in import duty collection and imposition of high levels of debt due to the China-Maldives FTA, Maldives will find itself in a pre

China’s vaccine scandal — why we should care too
Aug 13, 2018

China’s vaccine scandal — why we should care too

As seen in the Chinese case, the vaccine manufacturers have not only lost trust domestically but also internationally.

Climate change and the Maldivian economy: Will it capsize or sail through?
May 05, 2023

Climate change and the Maldivian economy: Will it capsize or sail through?

A close study of how climate change influences the Maldivian economy will help analyse its adaptation needs and identify future opportunities

Climate change and women: A crisis within a crisis
Sep 02, 2022

Climate change and women: A crisis within a crisis

In addressing the urgent crisis of climate change, it is crucial to acknowledge the gender dimension of its impacts, and for that to be reflected in t

Climate Smart Agriculture: स्थिरता और खाद्य सुरक्षा के लिए क्लाइमेट स्मार्ट कृषि
Dec 03, 2022

Climate Smart Agriculture: स्थिरता और खाद्य सुरक्षा के लिए क्लाइमेट स्मार्ट कृषि

बढ़ती मांग और खाद्य असुरक्षा की चुनौतियों का सामना करने �

Contemporary aspects of India’s relations with East and South Africa
Jan 19, 2017

Contemporary aspects of India’s relations with East and South Africa

This paper trains the spotlight on India’s relations with Africa by studying the country’s relations with two east African countries – Tanzania and Kenya, and two south African countries – Mozambique and South Africa. The paper opens with a description of the trade, investment, and development cooperation links between India and these countries. An assessment follows of three key areas in these bilateral relationships: energy, food securi

COP27: भारत का तीन सूत्रीय एजेंडा
Jul 27, 2023

COP27: भारत का तीन सूत्रीय एजेंडा

विकासशील देशों की आवाज़ और जलवायु परिवर्तन से जुड़े अपने

Coronavirus pandemic and cyclone will leave many Indians hungry and undernourished
Jul 16, 2020

Coronavirus pandemic and cyclone will leave many Indians hungry and undernourished

Undernourished people with weak immune systems and those with co-morbidities are strongly linked to adverse COVID-19 outcomes.

COVID-19: The lofty economic recovery for Latin America
Jan 27, 2021

COVID-19: The lofty economic recovery for Latin America

The sudden fall in commodity prices, export volumes, FDI redirection, and growing unemployment strongly disturbs Latin American economies.

Crop Shifting for Improved Water Use and Nutritional Productivity in the Lower Indo-Gangetic Plains of West Bengal
Jul 20, 2023

Crop Shifting for Improved Water Use and Nutritional Productivity in the Lower Indo-Gangetic Plains of West Bengal

The challenge for agriculture is to meet rising demand for food while dealing with climate change and natural resource constraints. This paper takes the case of cereal production in the lower Indo-Gangetic plains in the state of West Bengal, India, and examines the implications of various crop-shifting scenarios on consumptive water demand and nutrient production. The analysis finds that by replacing summer crop (Boro rice) in each district with

Debt ad Infinitum: Pakistan’s Macroeconomic Catastrophe
May 31, 2023

Debt ad Infinitum: Pakistan’s Macroeconomic Catastrophe

This paper dissects the causes behind Pakistan’s ongoing economic crisis. The causes include dwindling forex reserves, the phenomenon of ‘galloping inflation’, a falling Pakistani Rupee, uncompetitive and undiversified export basket, burgeoning external debt, lack of fiscal prudence, debt distress, and a worsening business environment—all cascading to a balance of payment crisis. While austerity measures, appeals for loan rollover to debt

Decade-long detention: Rohingyas in Myanmar camps
Jul 01, 2022

Decade-long detention: Rohingyas in Myanmar camps

The international rules-based order has failed the Rohingyas who now have spent 10 years in Myanmar detention camps.

Deciphering RBI’s monetary policy stance
Jun 20, 2023

Deciphering RBI’s monetary policy stance

A normal monsoon and the consequently softer inflation in food prices could force RBI’s hand on both its policy stance as well as on the policy rate

Dire straits: The Horn of Africa faces deepening crises
Jan 23, 2023

Dire straits: The Horn of Africa faces deepening crises

The international community must ensure that measures are in place to deal with the food and health crises unfolding in the Horn region

Double jeopardy of inflation and IIP slowdown
Oct 18, 2022

Double jeopardy of inflation and IIP slowdown

This double whammy will pose a challenge to those at the bottom of the income pyramid

East to West: India’s migrant crisis looms large during COVID-19
Apr 20, 2020

East to West: India’s migrant crisis looms large during COVID-19

While India has numerous policies for social security when it comes to education, healthcare, skilling, food security and pensions — most of these s

Economic and political crisis in Sri Lanka
May 19, 2022

Economic and political crisis in Sri Lanka

Analysing the Rajapaksa rule during the emergency in Sri Lanka as the country enters a state of complete chaos.

Effects of globalisation: Inflation and slow industrial growth
Sep 23, 2011

Effects of globalisation: Inflation and slow industrial growth

The combination of high food inflation, general inflation and lack of sufficient job opportunities due to slow growth in the manufacturing sector can spell disaster for a highly populated country like India.

Environmental security in the Sundarban in the current climate change era: Strengthening India-Bangladesh cooperation
Nov 01, 2019

Environmental security in the Sundarban in the current climate change era: Strengthening India-Bangladesh cooperation

The Sundarban ecoregion, straddling India and Bangladesh, is home to the largest contiguous mangrove forest in the world. Parts of the forest are designated as World Heritage Sites in both countries due to their rich biodiversity. The natural areas of the Sundarban are influenced by human use and, in recent years, increasingly by climate change. This paper explores an institutional arrangement that could help identify and implement the options th

Estimating the Productivity of India’s Agricultural Waters: Towards Water and Nutritional Security Through Crop Choices
Jul 21, 2023

Estimating the Productivity of India’s Agricultural Waters: Towards Water and Nutritional Security Through Crop Choices

This paper presents an approach towards promoting nutritional security on one hand, and water security on the other, in an integrated framework. Using econometric models, it delineates water use efficiency on the basis of calorific estimates of the productivity of agricultural water use in the context of various crops. Based on the estimated marginal product of water across the various crops, the paper finds that alternative crops such as maize a

For a humane role in Kabul
Dec 13, 2021

For a humane role in Kabul

New Delhi’s top-most priority should be to ensure timely, non-discriminatory relief distribution

Four famines in an interconnected world: What can the G20 do?
Jun 28, 2017

Four famines in an interconnected world: What can the G20 do?

Nearly 20 million people in Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, and Yemen are facing what has been described as the largest food crisis in the world in 70 years. Conflict is the main reason behind these famines, abetted by drought, climate change, poverty, and the existing vulnerability of the people in these countries. Security issues have led to a dramatic decline in agricultural production and have adversely affected the supply and distribution of

From Policy to Practice: Charting a Path for Floodplain Zoning in India
May 25, 2020

From Policy to Practice: Charting a Path for Floodplain Zoning in India

Floods are a recurrent phenomenon in many parts of India, and human and economic losses are consistently rising with increased exposure to the hazard. These losses can be significantly reduced by eliminating the encroachment on floodplains and regulating the land use within it through floodplain zoning, a widely accepted and effective non-structural policy measure. Despite its benefits, floodplain zoning has not been widely adopted in India, main

From Rio to Paris: India in global climate politics
Dec 24, 2017

From Rio to Paris: India in global climate politics

This paper analyses India’s participation in more than two decades of global climate politics. India has transitioned from a protest voice on the fringes of global climate policy to one that is actively shaping international efforts to combat climate change. Analysis of the drivers behind India’s negotiating positions on climate change thus far has focused on the competing motives of equity and co-benefits, which has however been insufficient

Fulfilling the SDG on Zero Hunger: A Progress Report on BIMSTEC Nations
Nov 02, 2020

Fulfilling the SDG on Zero Hunger: A Progress Report on BIMSTEC Nations

The countries of BIMSTEC, or the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation, are working to translate the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) into action plans to ensure access to adequate and nutritious food. They are transforming their food systems based on their priorities and capacities to fulfill, in particular, the 2030 SDG Goal 2 that aims to “end hunger, achieve food security, and promote sustainable

Gender Gap in Agriculture and the ‘South Asian Enigma’
Oct 11, 2021

Gender Gap in Agriculture and the ‘South Asian Enigma’

Current data suggests that the global community is far from achieving the 2030 agenda of ending hunger, food insecurity, and malnutrition. By the end of 2019, 650 million people suffered from chronic hunger and 135 million experienced acute food-insecurity. Not all regions are equal: the Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2020 found that some are experiencing less severe incidence of hunger on the GHI scale, compared to others. The most serious levels of

Genetically engineered insects: From agricultural pests to entomological warfare
Apr 19, 2023

Genetically engineered insects: From agricultural pests to entomological warfare

As genetic engineering continues to grow and find more avenues of impact, the need to optimise and regulate this technology will also heighten

Govt should support farmers to augment production: Ex-WTO member
Dec 20, 2014

Govt should support farmers to augment production: Ex-WTO member

India's former member of the WTO Arbitration Committee, Dr. A.V. Ganesan, thinks that it would be unsustainable for India to rely on imported food grains, and hence it is imperative that India supports its farmers to augment food production to meet the domestic demand.

Haiti: In the throes of a crisis
Sep 12, 2022

Haiti: In the throes of a crisis

Haiti is currently facing one of its worst crises in history. The need of the hour is practical intervention from the international community.

Harnessing Agriculture for Achieving the SDGs on Poverty and Zero Hunger
May 11, 2023

Harnessing Agriculture for Achieving the SDGs on Poverty and Zero Hunger

Agriculture remains the world’s biggest employer and the most important source of food and raw material for various economic activities. The fulfillment of a number of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is anchored on the performance of the sector. This brief examines the most crucial negative consequences of how modern agriculture is practiced, and how these will make it difficult for the world to realise the SDGs. Drawing on examples fr

Household consumption expenditure in India: A small share for energy
Apr 25, 2024

Household consumption expenditure in India: A small share for energy

In India, expenditure on energy grew faster than expenditure on food and non-food expenditure. This could either mean energy prices increased or that

How the war in Ukraine is stress testing West Asia’s geopolitics
Nov 21, 2022

How the war in Ukraine is stress testing West Asia’s geopolitics

Gulf capitals are attracted towards the concept of ‘strategic autonomy’, one that is attractive on paper but challenging in practice

How will Russia-Africa ties look in 2023?
Feb 26, 2023

How will Russia-Africa ties look in 2023?

For Africa, the Russo-Ukrainian crisis remains a sensitive issue due to significant economic dependence on Russia

Hunger returns to Brazil
Nov 16, 2021

Hunger returns to Brazil

With several food programmes dismantled during the pandemic, the food crisis in Brazil has taken a turn for the worse.

I2U2 बिझनेस फोरम: पश्चिम आशियासाठी महत्त्वाचा क्षण
Oct 15, 2023

I2U2 बिझनेस फोरम: पश्चिम आशियासाठी महत्त्वाचा क्षण

प्रादेशिक आर्थिक एकत्रीकरणाला प्राधान्य देऊन I2U2 बिझनेस फोरम समोर येत आहे. पश्चिम आशियाई प्रादेशिकतेसाठी मजबूत पाया म्हणून हे फोरम काम करू शकणार आहे.

In Deep Water: Current Threats to the Marine Ecology of the South China Sea
Mar 08, 2021

In Deep Water: Current Threats to the Marine Ecology of the South China Sea

Territorial disputes in the South China Sea are traditionally viewed through the standpoint of China’s military expansionism, where the threats are more visible. The environmental impacts of China’s activities, which will be long-lasting, remain underexplored. China’s island construction, drilling activities, and overfishing have pushed the marine ecosystem of the region to the brink of collapse, and the destruction of coral reefs a

In Sri Lanka, India’s mantra should be “assist and publicise”
Apr 13, 2022

In Sri Lanka, India’s mantra should be “assist and publicise”

To counter Chinese propaganda that is aimed to tarnish India’s image, India should assist its southern neighbour and publicise its efforts.

India and global trade governance: Redefining its ‘national’ interest
Dec 24, 2017

India and global trade governance: Redefining its ‘national’ interest

This paper considers and explains the shifts and consistencies in India’s engagement with structures of global trade governance beginning from the Uruguay round of trade negotiations in late 1980s. It makes three major arguments. First, that although India has participated actively in global trade negotiations since the establishment of the General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs (GATT) it was only under the present-day trade governance institut