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Australia-India 2+2 Dialogue: Converging Interests
Sep 23, 2021

Australia-India 2+2 Dialogue: Converging Interests

New Delhi and Canberra have had to bear the brunt of increasingly belligerent Chinese behavior in the Indo-Pacific, pushing their bilateral relationship to new heights.

Beyond Cyber Fires and Ukraine: PLASSF Impact on a Sino-Indian Conventional War
Sep 01, 2023

Beyond Cyber Fires and Ukraine: PLASSF Impact on a Sino-Indian Conventional War

The ongoing Russia-Ukraine war has served as a laboratory test to assess the effectiveness of Cyber Warfare (CW) capabilities. It would be misleading, however, to extrapolate sweeping conclusions from this conflict about the relative ineffectiveness of CW. Rather, diligence should be exercised by Indian strategic and military planners in assessing the CW capabilities of the People’s Liberation Army Strategic Support Force (PLASSF) and enhancing

Beyond the Quad: Booming Security Cooperation Efforts in the Indo-Pacific
Jan 16, 2023

Beyond the Quad: Booming Security Cooperation Efforts in the Indo-Pacific

New defense and security cooperation efforts are springing up across the Indo-Pacific, between some Quad members and those outside the grouping.

BIMSTEC and regional security
Jan 15, 2021

BIMSTEC and regional security

Seen against the backdrop of geopolitical rivalries — and the lack of a common strategic vision among BIMSTEC members — it is hardly surprising th

Boosting India-Africa defence and security partnership
Mar 24, 2023

Boosting India-Africa defence and security partnership

While new initiatives, platforms, and exercises attest to the growing synergy in Indo-African defence and security partnership, the true potential con

BRICS needs doses of steroids to prosper
Jul 14, 2014

BRICS needs doses of steroids to prosper

Perhaps, the most critical issue for the five BRICS leaders, who will meet at the sunny shores of Fortaleza, will be practical goal-setting. This will be an exercise in planning and coordination to maintain continuity as well as honing in on objectives for the long term. If there is an opportunity to be seized in cross-leveraging political and economic ties, it will be in the coming years.

Budget without many surprises
Mar 02, 2015

Budget without many surprises

This was a budget without many surprises. Maybe we have evolved to being an economy, in which the budget is a mundane, technical exercise, of interest to economists and accountants, but of little immediate consequence for those who live in the real world.

Building 100 Smart Cities in India: Issues to be addressed
Sep 23, 2015

Building 100 Smart Cities in India: Issues to be addressed

Most participants at an ORF conference on urban development and creation of 100 smart cities in India felt that creation of smart cities is an extremely challenging exercise and for this, careful planning and effective project implementation are required.

Can India edify Myanmar to keep the peace?
Jan 04, 2018

Can India edify Myanmar to keep the peace?

Engaging the Myanmar Army in exercises such as those with India provides an opportunity for Myanmar Army officers to learn from the experiences of other armed forces in international military operations.

Changing Sino-Indian perceptions
Nov 18, 2003

Changing Sino-Indian perceptions

Last fortnight's India-China joint naval exercise, however limited, may be a new opening in bilateral relations. Coupled with the politico-economic CBMs of the past years, the Shanghai naval exercise is an indication that both nations are learning to overcome the bitter past.

China debates the current churn in the South China Sea
Apr 26, 2024

China debates the current churn in the South China Sea

China sees a regional security structure shaping in the Indo-Pacific, with the US at its core, focused on the Quadrilateral Security Mechanism and sup

China-Nepal military relations: Risks and opportunities for India
Apr 20, 2024

China-Nepal military relations: Risks and opportunities for India

The recent visits by Chinese military delegations to Nepal suggest a deepening of China's engagement in the region, which could have implications for

China-Pakistan naval drills: More than just symbolism
Jan 11, 2020

China-Pakistan naval drills: More than just symbolism

Beyond symbolism, the substance behind the latest iteration of exercises between the two countries also deserves emphasis.

China’s military manoeuvres in the Taiwan Strait
Aug 09, 2022

China’s military manoeuvres in the Taiwan Strait

The recent military drills by the PLA are to ascertain the nature of Taiwan’s response.

Chinese claim over South China Sea has as much to do with economics as history
Dec 08, 2012

Chinese claim over South China Sea has as much to do with economics as history

An Indian maritime expert feels China, which had increased its defence budget several-fold in order to retain or recover its territories in the disputed area, is also cleverly diffusing the situation by having joint military exercises with countries around the area to prevent them from banding together against its claims.

Chinese generals prepare for a battle of hearts and minds
Jun 02, 2023

Chinese generals prepare for a battle of hearts and minds

China may be developing techniques to subvert societies in rival nations

Choppy waters: On the Italian marines decision
Jul 13, 2020

Choppy waters: On the Italian marines decision

Exercise of foreign criminal jurisdiction over state officials — as India attempted to do so — is successful in very few cases, and depends on the

Climate change and geostrategic ocean governance in the Indo-Pacific
Jan 14, 2022

Climate change and geostrategic ocean governance in the Indo-Pacific

Marine ecology is increasingly threatened by military exercises in oceans; India can take the lead in ensuring sustainability in military practices

Climate Performance Index: A Study of the Performance of G20 Countries in Mitigation
Feb 20, 2023

Climate Performance Index: A Study of the Performance of G20 Countries in Mitigation

Climate is a global common, and the task of reversing the worsening climate change is a global responsibility. There are two aspects to climate action: adaptation and mitigation. This paper focuses on mitigation, the global efforts for which are uneven as some countries are performing better than others. The paper evaluates the mitigation efforts of the G20 countries, which are collectively responsible for some 80 percent of global greenhouse gas

Countering Chinese assertiveness: India’s changing posture in the Indian Ocean
Jan 02, 2021

Countering Chinese assertiveness: India’s changing posture in the Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean is important to China because Chinese trade and energy resources transit this route.

Devas v. Antrix: Lessons for India in Navigating Bilateral Investment Treaty Disputes
Aug 14, 2023

Devas v. Antrix: Lessons for India in Navigating Bilateral Investment Treaty Disputes

In Devas Multimedia Pvt. Ltd v. Antrix Corporation Ltd, the Supreme Court of India has upheld the National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (NCLAT) order winding up Devas Multimedia Ltd on the grounds of fraud. Antrix is the commercial arm of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), and Devas is a multimedia services company. The decision comes at a crucial time, as foreign investors of Devas are endeavouring to attach Indian assets

Did surgical strikes really deter Pakistan?
Jun 29, 2018

Did surgical strikes really deter Pakistan?

The relatively small tactical operation did not meet its military objective but generated spectacular political theatre. The release of the videos in the run up to the elections is further evidence of the true nature of the exercise.

Drawing lines in the water
Jul 14, 2014

Drawing lines in the water

There are unlimited possibilities for strengthening maritime cooperation with Bangladesh and Myanmar - ranging from joint scientific research to environmental monitoring and from major trans-border projects to trilateral naval exercises. If Delhi decides to play for small stakes in the Bay of Bengal, it will deal itself out of the emerging great game in the east.

Drawing the boundaries: Ideal ingredients of a Space Code
Jan 04, 2013

Drawing the boundaries: Ideal ingredients of a Space Code

Given the enormity of challenges, there is a need for all the space-faring powers to unite in this exercise. It is important for India and others to debate and decide on what it thinks the norms should be and what sort of future it wants to achieve in space.

EDCA expansion: Implications for the US-Philippines-China triangle
Apr 05, 2023

EDCA expansion: Implications for the US-Philippines-China triangle

Under President Marcos, Manila is keen to strengthen the country’s maritime security capabilities and improve its defence network in the region

Election Commission under public scrutiny?
Mar 14, 2019

Election Commission under public scrutiny?

Given that the general election is a humongous exercise, responsibility and burden on the ECI both in logistical as well as moral terms, is unparallel

Elevating the Australia-India maritime partnership
May 23, 2023

Elevating the Australia-India maritime partnership

India and Australia must raise the level of their engagement, going beyond pre-planned exercises and sporadic deployments

Embracing nonlinearity: The future of India’s entertainment industry
Jan 13, 2021

Embracing nonlinearity: The future of India’s entertainment industry

The first step to prepare India to become a global leader in creative industries is an exercise in imagination — picturing what entertainment will l

Enhancing Aerospace Power Engagement Among the Quad Countries: A Roadmap
May 13, 2024

Enhancing Aerospace Power Engagement Among the Quad Countries: A Roadmap

The Indo-Pacific region is becoming the world's new strategic and economic ‘centre of gravity’. Indeed, the accelerated trajectory of the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad) in recent years highlights the region’s growing importance. The Quad countries have committed to a rules-based order and a free and open Indo-Pacific, and are aiming to develop resilience across domains, such as in the maritime space, to counter and deter aggressive

Ethics of A.I.: Principles, Rules, and the Way Forward
Aug 17, 2023

Ethics of A.I.: Principles, Rules, and the Way Forward

In recent years, different research institutions, government bodies, and private entities across countries have issued principles and guidelines for the ethical use of Artificial Intelligence (AI). There is little consensus, however, over universal ethical principles and how to implement them. What are the similarities and differences in AI ethics discussions across geographies, and what are the existing gaps? Crucially, if the larger goa

Examining Manila's Contemporary West Philippine Sea Strategy
May 23, 2024

Examining Manila's Contemporary West Philippine Sea Strategy

As China pursues its expansionist ambitions in the greater South China Sea, Philippines President Ferdinand Marcos Jr. is working to enhance his country’s ability to exercise its sovereignty and sovereign rights. Towards this end, Manila is expanding its strategic options through robust external partnerships and national policy recalibrations to secure its lawful waters in what it calls the West Philippine Sea. There are concerns, however, abou

Exports and e-commerce in India
Oct 24, 2017

Exports and e-commerce in India

This paper attempts to make a contribution in the context of the recent push in making India an e-empowered economy for promoting exports. The study stems from the premise that exports respond significantly to the costs associated with breaking into foreign markets and sustaining in those markets, whereas e-commerce offers a ready platform to minimise such costs. The empirical exercise focuses on export decision and export intensity, after adjust

First Quad leaders meeting: An agenda beyond security
Mar 16, 2021

First Quad leaders meeting: An agenda beyond security

Besides vaccine diplomacy, this Quad meeting deliberated on matters like climate change, and critical and emerging technologies.

iCET: तंत्रज्ञान-केंद्रित भविष्यासाठी भारत-यूएस भागीदारी
Sep 10, 2023

iCET: तंत्रज्ञान-केंद्रित भविष्यासाठी भारत-यूएस भागीदारी

आम्ही इंडो-पॅसिफिकमध्ये तंत्रज्ञानाची घोडदौड पाहत असताना, iCET चे उद्दिष्ट दोन्ही देशांना गंभीर आणि उदयोन्मुख तंत्रज्ञानामध्ये भागीदारी वाढविण्यात मदत करणे आहे.

India and the China-Taiwan Conflict: The Military Dimension
Mar 27, 2023

India and the China-Taiwan Conflict: The Military Dimension

Proactively taking advantage of China’s involvement in the Taiwan Strait to fight China in multiple theatres is something Indian military planners should think about.

India and the Sri Lankan Peace Process
Apr 21, 2004

India and the Sri Lankan Peace Process

Sri Lanka¿s new Foreign Minister, Lakshman Kadirgamar, has indicated the importance, and relevance of India to the Sri Lankan context, by visiting New Delhi within days of his being sworn in. His visit to India even before the conclusion of the Indian electoral exercise was testimony to the mood in Colombo for increasing New Delhi¿s role and involvement in the Sri Lanka peace process.

India-Maldives relations: Restoring a sense of normalcy?
Apr 16, 2024

India-Maldives relations: Restoring a sense of normalcy?

Although Muizzu is signalling a return to normalcy in the Maldives-India equation, his larger goal of reducing his country’s reliance on India still

India-Myanmar naval diplomacy
Mar 12, 2013

India-Myanmar naval diplomacy

In an important advance in the bilateral security cooperation between Delhi and Yangon, two naval vessels from Myanmar have arrived in Vishakhapatnam for joint exercises. While India's naval diplomacy with Myanmar is headed in the right direction, Delhi needs to step up the pace of cooperation.

India-Pak peace process in a shambles
Jan 19, 2013

India-Pak peace process in a shambles

Ceasefire along LoC has not really solved any of India's problems.There exists a dire need to look beyond the existing CBMs of providing advance warnings for military exercises and ballistic missile tests which are relatively "high level" issues.

India-Thailand Joint Commission: Prospects for improved bilateral ties
Aug 24, 2022

India-Thailand Joint Commission: Prospects for improved bilateral ties

While celebrating the 75th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between India and Thailand, new bilateral areas to further expand

Indian Foreign Minister Visits Australia Amid Deepening Relations
Feb 23, 2023

Indian Foreign Minister Visits Australia Amid Deepening Relations

There is a lot riding on the relationship for both New Delhi and Canberra given that both have a inherent interest in balancing China and ensuring a stable Indo-Pacific strategic order.

Indian Foreign Policy and Its Aspirations: Institutional Design Matters
Dec 16, 2020

Indian Foreign Policy and Its Aspirations: Institutional Design Matters

The MEA’s restructuring is an exercise to prepare for the aspirations of a 21st-century India

India’s G20 presidency: Confronting a China challenge
Feb 03, 2023

India’s G20 presidency: Confronting a China challenge

There is a growing uneasiness among the Chinese circles that India will use the G20 platform to push for its interests

India’s growing defence diplomacy footprint
Mar 08, 2022

India’s growing defence diplomacy footprint

India's participation in multilateral naval exercises such as 'Milan' bolsters India's growing soft military power

India’s growing strategic footprint in the Indo-Pacific
Aug 15, 2023

India’s growing strategic footprint in the Indo-Pacific

As a rising power in the Indo-Pacific region, India is expanding its outreach in Southeast Asia and the South Pacific exponentially

India’s Malabar Dilemma
May 10, 2023

India’s Malabar Dilemma

Speculations are rife about India possibly inviting Australia for the next Malabar naval exercise—which COVID-19 has caused to be moved to 2021.[1] If true, this would represent a break from the past and signal a change in the Asian strategic environment. Over the past few years, India has consistently resisted including Australia in the exercise, despite the latter’s willingness. The only other time that Australia was included in the Malabar

India’s Military Outreach: Military Logistics Agreements
Sep 12, 2021

India’s Military Outreach: Military Logistics Agreements

China’s increasing activities in the Indo-Pacific have motivated India to embrace military logistics agreements with a wide variety of partners.

India’s pivot to Australia
Jul 22, 2020

India’s pivot to Australia

With discussions underway for Canberra to join the Malabar naval exercises, New Delhi hopes to add a new backer in its fight against China

India’s South China Sea posture is still in its infancy
May 17, 2023

India’s South China Sea posture is still in its infancy

Overstating Indian activism in the Western Pacific creates a false narrative that is harmful to balanced policymaking.