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Decoding India’s Priorities at the SCO: Connectivity, Counterterrorism, and Afghanistan
Aug 09, 2023

Decoding India’s Priorities at the SCO: Connectivity, Counterterrorism, and Afghanistan

As an emerging power in the current multipolar global order, India can use the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) to protect, promote, and project its geostrategic and geoeconomic interests. The SCO is also a platform for India to reaffirm its commitment to revive and deepen its centuries-old civilisational, spiritual, and cultural ties with other member countries. This paper explores India's priorities at the SCO, chiefly connectivity, coun

Decoding what U.S. wants from India
Jan 20, 2015

Decoding what U.S. wants from India

Narendra Modi is viewing Obama's New Delhi visit on a longer perspective where he seeks to leverage the U.S. connection to attract technology and investment from the western world, as well as build ties to balance China.

Defence indigenisation can’t happen overnight
Mar 09, 2023

Defence indigenisation can’t happen overnight

New Delhi realises it must be self-reliant in all significant areas relating to the military. Accordingly, it is working overtime to build its defence-industrial capacity, but it will not yield significant results for another two decades.

Degrees of irresponsibility
Jan 09, 2014

Degrees of irresponsibility

With the Delhi Durbar at its weakest in decades and the national parties in a funk, India's ability to deal with externally induced challenges in the run-up to the elections and after is being undermined by an irresponsible domestic discourse.

Demilitarisation of Siachen
Apr 05, 2005

Demilitarisation of Siachen

The Observer Research Foundation¿s (ORF) Institute of Security Studies hosted a roundtable discussion on the ¿Demilitarisation of Siachen¿, on May 4, 2005, at ORF Campus, New Delhi. The discussion was chaired by Gen (Retd) VP Malik, former Chief of the Army Staff.

Dhaka spillover
Dec 19, 2013

Dhaka spillover

Whatever be the academic arguments, the die has been cast in Dhaka for a definitive contest between the forces of progress and regression. The outcomes are likely to have a lasting impact on the subcontinent's political future and India's regional security environment. It is time Delhi's political classes paid some serious attention to the developments in Bangladesh.

Did India just win at the Line of Actual Control?
Feb 25, 2021

Did India just win at the Line of Actual Control?

Beijing and New Delhi may be disengaging in the Pangong Tso lake region, but their divisions are more fraught than ever.

Diego Garcia: India’s conundrum
Jun 16, 2020

Diego Garcia: India’s conundrum

New Delhi declared unequivocal support for “all peoples striving for decolonisation”, only to keep conspicuously quiet.

Doklam impasse: Why confrontation with the PRC matters
Jul 19, 2017

Doklam impasse: Why confrontation with the PRC matters

The current impasse has put India in a veritable hornets' nest, because New Delhi can neither forsake defending the territorial claims Bhutan has over

Doklam, Gipmochi, Gyemochen: It’s hard making cartographic sense of a geopolitical quagmire
Jul 21, 2017

Doklam, Gipmochi, Gyemochen: It’s hard making cartographic sense of a geopolitical quagmire

While India has been assertive in protecting interests it considers vital to its security posture in the region, New Delhi remain cagey when it comes to drawing lines on a map.

Don't blame it on China
Oct 17, 2013

Don't blame it on China

India has many reasons to nurse a nuclear grievance against China. For, Beijing's decision to arm Pakistan with nuclear weapons has given Rawalpindi the impunity to pursue cross-border terrorism against India. But Delhi has no reason at all to blame Beijing for its own failures on the nuclear policy front.

Donald Trump's Iran gamble could hit India too
Oct 10, 2017

Donald Trump's Iran gamble could hit India too

New Delhi's bid to counter the One Belt One Road by creating transportation linkages through the Iranian ports, is at stake.

Drawing lines in the water
Jul 14, 2014

Drawing lines in the water

There are unlimited possibilities for strengthening maritime cooperation with Bangladesh and Myanmar - ranging from joint scientific research to environmental monitoring and from major trans-border projects to trilateral naval exercises. If Delhi decides to play for small stakes in the Bay of Bengal, it will deal itself out of the emerging great game in the east.

Drones are welcome, but where's the policy framework?
Jan 15, 2015

Drones are welcome, but where's the policy framework?

The Delhi police proposal to use drones for day-to-day law and order activities is bound to fail unless it is accompanied by a regulatory and manufacturing ecosystem for unmanned aerial vehicles

DU-ORF summer workshop on contemporary challenges and the making of public policies
May 17, 2010

DU-ORF summer workshop on contemporary challenges and the making of public policies

Observer Research Foundation in collaboration with the Delhi University conducted the third summer workshop for undergraduate students of Delhi University from 17 May to 2 June. The theme of this year's workshop was "Contemporary Challenges and the Making of Public Policies".

Egypt's President Morsy Comes Calling
Mar 16, 2013

Egypt's President Morsy Comes Calling

These are not cheerful times for South Block in its dealings with neighbours or nations as distant as Italy. But there is a whole range of countries, in the Arab world which have traditionally been warm to New Delhi and who have been sending senior envoys to plead their respective cases and seek Indian support bilaterally and in multilateral forums.

Elusive Respite
Sep 20, 2004

Elusive Respite

Nepalese Prime Ministers generally prefer to call on New Delhi for their first foreign visit after assuming office. The urgency for Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba's visit was, however, accentuated by nearly a week-long effective blockade of Kathmandu imposed by the Maoist insurgents.

Emerging dimensions of Bangladesh-India hydropolitical relations
Mar 25, 2021

Emerging dimensions of Bangladesh-India hydropolitical relations

The future of Bangladesh-India hydro-relations will not only be contingent upon what New Delhi and Dhaka will think, but will also be dependent on the

Engaging with a Resurgent Africa
Nov 27, 2008

Engaging with a Resurgent Africa

An international conference on "Engaging with a resurgent Africa" was organised in New Delhi on 20th and 21st of November. It was organised jointly by Observer Research Foundation and Rosa Luxemburg Stiftung of Germany.

Erdogan's comeback: Prospects of closer India-Türkiye ties
Jun 07, 2023

Erdogan's comeback: Prospects of closer India-Türkiye ties

With the rise of India on the global stage, it’s in the interest of Delhi and Ankara to expand economic engagement.

EU-India FTA: Can it be revived?
Apr 29, 2014

EU-India FTA: Can it be revived?

It is quite likely that whoever ascends to power in New Delhi will primarily be focused on domestic politics, and the question of an FTA with Europe will receive less attention than in the past. Additionally, unless the remaining key issues are resolved through some give and take by both sides, the BTIA negotiations may remain stalled in the foreseeable future.

Europe overcoming India’s nuclear status
May 09, 2023

Europe overcoming India’s nuclear status

New Delhi’s increasing bilateral outreach to the individual member states of the EU presents an opportunity to promote cooperation

Even with Biden: Trend against globalisation is dampening India’s prospects, headwinds will only increase
Jan 02, 2021

Even with Biden: Trend against globalisation is dampening India’s prospects, headwinds will only increase

New Delhi needs to note that China’s estrangement from the US is not as serious as the one with India.

Evolving maritime geopolitics in the Indo-Pacific region
Jul 10, 2014

Evolving maritime geopolitics in the Indo-Pacific region

A four-day maritime conference on "Maritime Geo-Politics in the Indo-pacific" was organised in Chennai, Kochi and New Delhi recently. The conference saw speakers deliver perspectives from India, China, Japan, US, Australia and Indonesia.

Examining India’s stance on the Rohingya crisis
Aug 21, 2023

Examining India’s stance on the Rohingya crisis

The current debate on Delhi’s approach towards the Rohingya crisis focuses principally on the implications. While this aspect, without doubt, deserves careful examination, there is a need for a more holistic understanding. This brief fills the gap by shifting the focus on the role that India is playing in finding a solution to the crisis. It looks beyond what the approach means for India and explores ways for Delhi to further deepen and expand

Existential dilemma of Indian think tanks
Sep 09, 2009

Existential dilemma of Indian think tanks

why should Delhi have a monopoly on good ideas? While Mumbai is the economic capital of India, its history has also forced it to be a center of strategic and policy thought from which Delhi remains divorced

Exploring new drivers in India-Russia cooperation
Oct 24, 2017

Exploring new drivers in India-Russia cooperation

The 70th anniversary of Russia-India relations is an opportune time to make a comprehensive assessment of the current state of their cooperation, keeping in mind the long history of friendship between the two countries. In the last few years, India and Russia have been struggling to retain the legacy of their long-term relationship while moving beyond the traditional spheres of cooperation to reach new heights. To expand their bilateral agenda,

Facial recognition in law enforcement is the litmus test for India’s commitment to “Responsible AI for All”
Oct 17, 2021

Facial recognition in law enforcement is the litmus test for India’s commitment to “Responsible AI for All”

Responsible and ethical AI is premised on an infrastructure of trust; it is imperative that accountability and governance frameworks establish transpa

False promises of an electric vehicle utopia
Aug 30, 2019

False promises of an electric vehicle utopia

Pollution-free, decongested and zero emissions. This is what electric vehicles offer Delhi, but its current policy does not achieve this.

Fear of Persia: Saudis call for a Gulf Arab Union
May 16, 2012

Fear of Persia: Saudis call for a Gulf Arab Union

As Delhi focuses on managing Washington's pressure to reduce oil imports from Iran and avoid the imposition of unilateral U.S. economic sanctions on India, it could easily miss the unfolding power play in the Gulf between Tehran and Riyadh.

Fencing frontiers with Myanmar: The benefits and challenges of FMR along India-Myanmar border
Jan 08, 2024

Fencing frontiers with Myanmar: The benefits and challenges of FMR along India-Myanmar border

Initiated in 1970, the FMR experienced a resurgence in 2016, finding a place within the broader Act East Policy of New Delhi.

Fighting limited wars: A major challenge for the military
Jul 05, 2010

Fighting limited wars: A major challenge for the military

In January 2000, when I spoke about the concept of limited conventional wars under the nuclear threshold at an international seminar in New Delhi, there was considerable uproar in the media and the strategic community, particularly in Pakistan.

Finish what you started
Jul 22, 2013

Finish what you started

As Delhi and Washington try to develop separate, special relationships with Beijing, there is a danger of misreading each other's intentions. Both India and the US want a secure Afghanistan and moderate Pakistan, but their approaches are not always in sync. An honest conversation between Joe Biden and the Indian leaders is critical at this juncture to prevent misperceptions from derailing India-US security cooperation in Asia.

Follow the money
Jul 08, 2019

Follow the money

The NIA raids have had a salutary effect, but a lot more needs to be done to shut down the funding networks and penalise and reduce to penury of the conflict entrepreneurs.

For a humane role in Kabul
Dec 13, 2021

For a humane role in Kabul

New Delhi’s top-most priority should be to ensure timely, non-discriminatory relief distribution

For A Truly Incredible Experience
Sep 28, 2004

For A Truly Incredible Experience

A number of initiatives have been recently undertaken to improve the tourism sector in India. These include the introduction of tourist police at key tourist sites in Delhi and the decision to set up an inter-ministerial group to facilitate better co-ordination between the tourism and civil aviation ministries.

For China, pullback Is ‘Done’. Will India raise diplomatic costs?
Aug 01, 2020

For China, pullback Is ‘Done’. Will India raise diplomatic costs?

In China’s view, disengagement is a done thing; if New Delhi thinks otherwise, the onus is on it to do what it can.

For Kashmiris, the curse of sisyphus may be no curse at all
Nov 05, 2018

For Kashmiris, the curse of sisyphus may be no curse at all

If Kashmiris derive purpose from the process of defiance, with only secondary concern for the outcome of this approach, then the ‘gods’ in Delhi may be condemned to watch in eternity the purposeful repetition of their struggle.

Foreign policy shift unlikely under new Government
May 13, 2014

Foreign policy shift unlikely under new Government

Delhi appears set for a regime change, probably by the BJP-led coalition. However, there is unlikely to be any major change in Indian Foreign Policy. There might be more rhetoric, but not much in substance and action. In all probability, it will be a foreign policy which is realist and pragmatic.

Foreign Secretary at ORF
Apr 10, 2007

Foreign Secretary at ORF

Observer Research Foundation organised a lecture by Shivshankar Menon, Foreign Secretary, Government of India, on "Indian Foreign Policy: The Challenges Ahead" on Tuesday April 10, at the ORF Delhi campus.

Forthcoming Presidential Elections in India
Jun 08, 2007

Forthcoming Presidential Elections in India

The Observer Research Foundation organised a roundtable on the "Forthcoming Presidential Election in India" on April 27, 2007 at the ORF Campus, Delhi. The roundtable was attended by several eminent personalities from the media, academia, political parties and think-tanks. The discussion largely focused on the possible contenders, the current electoral strengths of various political formations and possible scenarios that are likely to emerge.

G20: Prospects for climate cooperation
Sep 22, 2023

G20: Prospects for climate cooperation

The real challenge is to translate the call for climate cooperation iterated at the G20 Summit in New Delhi into deeds given the divergent development

Gadkari’s visit signals that India is committed to strong ties with Iran despite setbacks
Aug 10, 2017

Gadkari’s visit signals that India is committed to strong ties with Iran despite setbacks

New Delhi must work with the Rouhani government to ensure that bilateral irritants in fostering economic ties between the two nations are resolved soon.

Gaiko Forum report on ORF symposium on Japan-India cooperation
Mar 17, 2008

Gaiko Forum report on ORF symposium on Japan-India cooperation

Gaiko Forum, Japan's prominent think tank sponsored by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Japan, has published a detailed report on the symposium on "Security and Strategic Challenges in Asia: Prospects of Japan-India Cooperation" organised by Observer Research Foundation in association with the Gaiko Forum and the Embassy of Japan in New Delhi, on March 18, 2008.

Gas pricing to be determined by Govt: Petroleum Secy.
Sep 30, 2008

Gas pricing to be determined by Govt: Petroleum Secy.

Various issues and problems impacting the availability and accessibility of natural gas, the fuel of the future, came up for detailed discussions at the recent two-day 7th Petro India 2008, organised jointly by Observer Research Foundation and Indian Energy Forum in Delhi.

Geopolitical realities may yet push India closer to Nato
Jun 30, 2023

Geopolitical realities may yet push India closer to Nato

It offers a notable contrast that India’s ties with Russia haven’t taken off despite New Delhi’s keenness while its relationship with the US has expanded notwithstanding hesitations.

Geopolitics is shifting. India must be prepared
Dec 19, 2019

Geopolitics is shifting. India must be prepared

Continued efforts at looking beyond immediate horizons is required.

Global nation
Jan 08, 2015

Global nation

PM Narendra Modi's interest in the diaspora is about recognising India's possibilities as a "global nation" that is not defined in narrow territorial terms. Delhi, of course, is not yet ready to give dual citizenship of the kind that some countries do. But short of political rights for the diaspora, Modi has begun to offer much.

Gradually burying non-alignment
Sep 15, 2016

Gradually burying non-alignment

The non-alignment movement has become the first casualty of New Delhi's rise in the rapidly shifting global world order.