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MH-17 shooting down: A 'wake-up call' to work for truce
Jul 21, 2014

MH-17 shooting down: A 'wake-up call' to work for truce

If efforts to dilute tensions between the West and Russia fail, Delhi will have to intensify its engagement with Moscow to develop the relationship as leverage against what is perceived to be India's primary strategic challenge - the rise of China. India and Russia will have to creatively use various forums to circumscribe Chinese power.

MH370 spotlight: Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Apr 01, 2014

MH370 spotlight: Andaman and Nicobar Islands

With the Chinese navy's increasing ability to project power into the Indian Ocean, it is important for New Delhi to strengthen its strategic outpost in the Andaman and Nicobar territory and remain a security provider to the region.

Minding the gaps in India’s act east policy
Sep 21, 2018

Minding the gaps in India’s act east policy

New Delhi’s approach to Southeast Asia within the wider Indo-Pacific region is strategically sound but has limits.

Minister inaugurates national seminar on Defence
Oct 12, 2006

Minister inaugurates national seminar on Defence

Minister of State for Defence Production Hon. Rao Inderjit Singh inaugurated, on October 12, 2006, a national seminar on "Public Private Partnership in Defence: Problems and Prospects", hosted by Observer Research Foundation (ORF), New Delhi.

Modi and Jokowi
Oct 28, 2014

Modi and Jokowi

New Delhi is yet to get its defence engagement with Jakarta in shape. Through the decade-long UPA rule, Delhi and Jakarta had been talking about expanding bilateral defence cooperation. But progress had been rather slow thanks to the government's dysfunctional defence policies.

Modi and the middle powers
Apr 09, 2015

Modi and the middle powers

Prime Minister Narendra Modi's visit to France, Germany and Canada beginning Thursday should help New Delhi consolidate three of India's very special relationships -with France, Germany and Canada. Modi's visit to Europe and Canada should help restore some balance to India's international engagement.

Modi can't take India-America ties for granted with US President Trump
Jun 06, 2017

Modi can't take India-America ties for granted with US President Trump

New Delhi is going through the motions of pretending everything is normal.

Modi government can't afford to repeat foreign policy mistakes in 2018
Jan 02, 2018

Modi government can't afford to repeat foreign policy mistakes in 2018

In 2018, significant developments could take place in Southeast Asia, beginning with the Indo-ASEAN commemorative summit on January, followed by New Delhi hosting all the ASEAN leaders collectively as chief guests at the Republic Day function.

Modi Govt's challenge in Nepal
Jul 25, 2014

Modi Govt's challenge in Nepal

The Modi government's real challenge in Nepal is not China. It is the tragic failure of Delhi's own engagement with Kathmandu. Despite geographic proximity, cultural intimacy, economic interdependence and shared political values, India has stumbled in Nepal.

Modi in Maldives: Sets the ball rolling for restoring old ties
Nov 26, 2018

Modi in Maldives: Sets the ball rolling for restoring old ties

In his inauguration speech, President Solih referred only to India by name, and also reiterated that the Maldives was returning to the ‘India first�

Modi reimagines the Indian military
Sep 09, 2019

Modi reimagines the Indian military

By announcing the creation of a chief of defense staff, New Delhi hopes to modernise India’s armed forces.

Modi's faultless foreign policy
Mar 18, 2015

Modi's faultless foreign policy

The IOR tour was not just about declarations and MOUs, proof of this is that New Delhi has put down money through Lines of Credit for infrastructure development in various island states. The challenge now is to ensure that it is effectively utilised.

Modi's Geopolitics
Jul 07, 2015

Modi's Geopolitics

Delhi's foreign policy discourse continues to be dominated by the metaphor of "non-alignment" and the mindset of a weak state. Are there other ways of thinking about India's grand strategy? Delhi could turn to classical geopolitics in understanding the global power shift.

Modi's Japan Visit: Security, the key driver
Aug 29, 2014

Modi's Japan Visit: Security, the key driver

Enabling a stable Asian strategic framework to the mutual benefit of both New Delhi and Tokyo should be a compelling factor for both prime ministers, Mr Narendra Modi and Mr Shinzo Abe.

Modi's ports
Aug 20, 2014

Modi's ports

Modi needs a credible domestic strategy to ramp up India's maritime infrastructure. A strategy of seeking multiple partners for India's maritime development would help Modi end New Delhi's current defensiveness on China's Maritime Silk Road initiative.

Modi's Sagar Mala
Mar 11, 2015

Modi's Sagar Mala

As he swings across the Indian Ocean this week, Prime Minister Narendra Modi's biggest challenge is not about countering China. His real problem is in Delhi, afflicted by a condition called continentalism, which has proved rather difficult to overcome.

Modi's third date with Obama
Sep 28, 2015

Modi's third date with Obama

New Delhi can't really expect that the Americans can or will solve India's problems with Pakistan. India can better leverage support from the US and other international partners only when it has a strong and sustainable engagement of its own with Pakistan.

Modi, Rajapaksa revive hopes on dead-locked fishers' talks
May 31, 2014

Modi, Rajapaksa revive hopes on dead-locked fishers' talks

New Indian Prime Minister and Sri Lankan President should attempt to take forward the fishers' talks, promised to be continued/revived by their respective Heads of Government at their Delhi meeting, and then have their officials create the structures and super-structures aimed at implementing those decisions.

Modi’s France Visit Strengthens Defense Cooperation
Aug 03, 2023

Modi’s France Visit Strengthens Defense Cooperation

New Delhi has ambitious plans to bolster its armed forces with French procurements, but it is unclear how these deals are to be delivered

Modi’s tryst with NAM
May 08, 2020

Modi’s tryst with NAM

There was a time for non-alignment. New Delhi has been there and done that. Today’s India and its aspirations demand much more from its leadership.

Momentum in the India-Australia Relationship on Display With 2+2 Strategic Dialogue
Nov 27, 2023

Momentum in the India-Australia Relationship on Display With 2+2 Strategic Dialogue

Canberra and New Delhi look at each other as vital partners playing critical roles in maintaining peace and stability in the Indo-Pacific.

More modestly, with Kabul
Apr 27, 2015

More modestly, with Kabul

The visit of Afghan President Ashraf Ghani in New Delhi this week offers an opportunity to PM Modi to recalibrate India's Afghan policy towards greater realism and more modest goals. Modi must reassure Ghani that Delhi is in a "standby" mode, ready to extend, whatever support Kabul wants and feels comfortable with.

Multi-sectoral approach for minimising air pollution
Jan 18, 2022

Multi-sectoral approach for minimising air pollution

The fourth Master Plan for Delhi aims to address the increasing air pollution in the city. Would such an action plan be enough to improve Delhi’s ai

Murder is murder
Oct 05, 2015

Murder is murder

Mohammad Akhlaq's horrific killing in Dadri, in western Uttar Pradesh, just outside Delhi, is an act of infamy. Whatever the circumstances or the alleged provocation, it ceases to matter when a person is done to death with such barbarism.

Myanmar and China in Cahoots: SIGINT capabilities on Coco Island get boost
Apr 17, 2023

Myanmar and China in Cahoots: SIGINT capabilities on Coco Island get boost

The growing SIGNIT capabilities on Myanmar’s Coco Island with China’s assistance raise concerns for New Delhi

Myanmar: Balancing India and China
Jul 26, 2010

Myanmar: Balancing India and China

Myanmar's top military general, Than Shwe, would use his India visit to convey the message to New Delhi that his country's relationship with India remains strong and undiluted in the backdrop of the recent events.

Myths and Realities in Climate Change Negotiations
Aug 26, 2009

Myths and Realities in Climate Change Negotiations

The Observer Research Foundation organized a round table discussion on Climate Change on August 26, 2009 at its New Delhi campus. The theme speaker was Mr. Owen Jenkins, Counsellor for Climate Change and Energy, British High Commission and the DFID.

Navigating the changing geo-economic landscape
Jan 28, 2016

Navigating the changing geo-economic landscape

This Special Report is based on some of the most important ideas shared amongst participants in ORF's roundtable on Changing Geoeconomic Landscapes, held on 21 December 2015 in New Delhi. The discussion examined current patterns in world economy, initiatives being taken by the Indian leadership to steer domestic economy, and the need for the country to carefully integrate its domestic economic priorities, including those of reforms, with its fore

Nawaz Sharif and India
Jul 17, 2013

Nawaz Sharif and India

Nawaz Sharif's return as the Prime Minister of Pakistan in early June this year marks a signpost from where a more meaningful relationship between India and Pakistan could be forged. The bilateral relationship had of late been mired in mistrust and often meaningless rhetoric. The previous civilian government in Pakistan was paralysed by its own ineptitude. An equally incoherent position in New Delhi has allowed the crucial relationship to drift.

Need for a ‘Chipko 2.0’ movement
Dec 20, 2017

Need for a ‘Chipko 2.0’ movement

Environment is becoming good politics. The timing is apt for both an administrative and political vision to give a Green Roadmap for India.

Need for re-defining 'bail jurisprudence'
Nov 15, 2011

Need for re-defining 'bail jurisprudence'

The very day a trial court in India, New Delhi to be precise, denied bail to the accused in the 2-G scam case, another in distant London was awarding sentences to three Pakistani cricketers for match-fixing at the end of an equally much-publicised trial.

Need to review and recast the relevance and role of the NSA
May 13, 2014

Need to review and recast the relevance and role of the NSA

It may be useful if the post-poll political dispensation in New Delhi reviews the relevance of the office of the National Security Advisor in contemporary Indian context, and recasts the role, if its continued need was found to be justified.

Nepal Challenge
Apr 28, 2015

Nepal Challenge

New Delhi did well to respond decisively when tragedy struck Nepal. While the media and cameras, which have now flooded Kathmandu, will soon leave Nepal, the world's attention will turn to the next crisis. But India must stick around for the long haul.

Nepal treaty
Aug 06, 2014

Nepal treaty

As Delhi waits for specific proposals from Kathmandu, it on its own must imagine and debate the contours of a new strategic partnership agreement with Nepal that is rooted in the principle of sovereign equality and deepens security and economic cooperation between the two countries on a pragmatic basis.

Nepal: Bhattarai could mend fences
Oct 14, 2011

Nepal: Bhattarai could mend fences

Nepal's Prime Minister Dr Baburam Bhattarai will make an important visit to New Delhi starting October 20. Given the strain in relationship between his own party, the UCPN (Maoist), and India on multiple issues during the tenure of his party President Pushpa Kamal Dahal Prachanda as the premier.

Nepal: India advocates consensus during President's visit
Dec 28, 2012

Nepal: India advocates consensus during President's visit

Nepal President Dr Ram Baran Yadav's India visit last week helped to bring some clarity on New Delhi's current position vis-a-vis the political developments in Nepal. Although the visit came at the height of political tensions back home,

Nepal: Murky road to polls
Feb 22, 2013

Nepal: Murky road to polls

As Nepal sees rising tensions on the political front, New Delhi cannot design temporary solutions which can hardly bring lasting peace in the country.

Nepal’s Continuing Quest for Federalism and Peace
Aug 11, 2023

Nepal’s Continuing Quest for Federalism and Peace

This paper analyses the debate surrounding federal restructuring in Nepal and the position taken by various political stakeholders. It argues that an early political consensus on federalism is imperative; otherwise, the country may slip into greater ethnic conflict. Nepal is currently experiencing perhaps one of the most turbulent phases in its contemporary political history. In 2008, Nthe 240-year-old institution of monarchy—for long seen a

New Bhutan government's attitude towards India is not clear
Oct 24, 2018

New Bhutan government's attitude towards India is not clear

Druk Nyamrup Tshogpa (DNT) is not talking about foreign policies yet. But when it will, it might not be in the best interests of New Delhi.

New energy in India-Saudi Arabia ties
Oct 31, 2019

New energy in India-Saudi Arabia ties

India and Saudi Arabia are re-defining their foreign policy priorities: For New Delhi, Saudi Arabia and the Arab Gulf states are becoming key interlocutors in the Middle East. For Riyadh, India is one of the eight major powers with which it wants to forge strategic partnerships as part of its Vision 2030.

New Middle East
Jul 24, 2013

New Middle East

If there ever was a moment for India to stick by the principle of non-intervention in the internal affairs of other nations, this is it in the Middle East. The region is in the throes of a difficult political transition and Delhi must deal with the governments of the day, irrespective of their internal orientation.

New terror attack exposes India’s limited options
Feb 16, 2019

New terror attack exposes India’s limited options

Despite the severity of the attack and the pressure for action, New Delhi’s choices are much more limited than they may initially appear.

New urban climate policy: Making our cities “Tall, Green and Walkable
Jun 06, 2024

New urban climate policy: Making our cities “Tall, Green and Walkable

Over the next two decades, as most Indian cities will urbanise, we have a window of opportunity of making the cities “Tall, Green and Walkable”.

Nirmala Sitharaman’s ASEAN summit visit is a step towards Manila
Oct 31, 2017

Nirmala Sitharaman’s ASEAN summit visit is a step towards Manila

As India and the ASEAN celebrate 25 years of their partnership, it is a politically opportune moment to upgrade India’s regional profile.

No closure to India-China border flare- up
May 24, 2013

No closure to India-China border flare- up

Just because China now seems to be in a hurry to move on the border issue should not be cause for New Delhi to reciprocate. We need to weigh the issues carefully and see what serves our interest the best. Anyway, we are not likely to see a final resolution of the border issue in a hurry

No table for three
Aug 21, 2014

No table for three

As the NDA government recalibrates India's Kashmir and Pakistan policies, Delhi must do a much better job explaining the logic behind the cancellation of the foreign secretary talks, widely seen as abrupt.It must let the international community, especially Pakistan's friends, including the US, China and Saudi Arabia, know India is not abandoning the peace process with Islamabad.

Northwest turbulence
Mar 04, 2015

Northwest turbulence

What Delhi needs is a strategy that will generate some influence for India in shaping the future of the critical northwest sub-region. Such a strategy will necessarily involve sustained dialogue with Pakistan, a recalibration of the Afghan policy, encouragement to the peace talks between Kabul and Rawalpindi and the readiness to engage all powers who have a stake in the region's stability.

Not promoting, not exporting: India’s democracy assistance
Dec 24, 2017

Not promoting, not exporting: India’s democracy assistance

India is commonly — and rightly — considered as a reluctant democracy promoter. But while sceptical about the motives behind Western attempts to promote democracy and about the effects of their democracy promotion efforts, India has since the mid-2000s moved warily to involve itself in “democracy assistance”. This article argues that New Delhi has engaged in these activities in the context of a wider shift in strategy, in parallel with t

Not so coy
Oct 08, 2014

Not so coy

What is new is the fact that Delhi under Modi is no longer coy about affirming its position in conjunction with the US. A self-assured Modi is injecting a measure of pragmatism and openness into India's positions.

Nothing substantial in the India-US Annual Strategic Dialogue
Jun 20, 2012

Nothing substantial in the India-US Annual Strategic Dialogue

For two reasons, no big ticket items or headline-grabbing news came out of this year's third Indo-US Annual Strategic Dialogue. For one, the US is in election mode; the second reason is the policy paralysis in New Delhi.