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Defence Acquisition Procedure 2020: Imperatives for Further Reforms
Feb 04, 2021

Defence Acquisition Procedure 2020: Imperatives for Further Reforms

The Ministry of Defence released the Defence Acquisition Procedure 2020 (DAP 2020) in September last year, in a move to further streamline the procurement process and provide a boost to indigenous arms manufacturing. This brief argues that measures articulated in the DAP—highly anticipated as it was—need to be complemented by additional reforms to create a robust procurement machinery that supports faster and cheaper acquisition as well as hi

Defence as offence: India's struggle with COVID-19
May 03, 2020

Defence as offence: India's struggle with COVID-19

With a very high population density, India has to prevent the virus from reaching vulnerable populations through a systematic approach.

Defence Budget 2022-23: A mixed bag
Feb 03, 2022

Defence Budget 2022-23: A mixed bag

For India’s defence services, there is no escaping the budgetary ‘chakravyuh’

Defence budget 2022-23: Securing India, pursuing self-reliance
Feb 01, 2022

Defence budget 2022-23: Securing India, pursuing self-reliance

Keeping in line with the security needs of India, the defence budget saw a significant increase. Will this be enough to boost defence research and dev

Defence Budget 2023-24: Better than before, but less than ideal
Feb 04, 2023

Defence Budget 2023-24: Better than before, but less than ideal

The Budget continues to emphasise indigenisation, but the defence allocation is but a small increase from the previous fiscal

Defence Budget 2023-24: Optimising with limited funds
Feb 10, 2023

Defence Budget 2023-24: Optimising with limited funds

India’s armed forces must be prepared to secure India with the resources available, as well as to prioritise local defence acquisitions over their c

Defence Budget 2024 and India's deep tech leap
Mar 08, 2024

Defence Budget 2024 and India's deep tech leap

The government’s aim to facilitate deep tech investments to augment defence systems and security infrastructure is a step in the right direction

Defence budget : Long-term strategy needed
Feb 16, 2006

Defence budget : Long-term strategy needed

The emergence of Bangladesh as the new hub of international Islamist terrorism, insurgency in Nepal and Maoist militancy across several states, add new challenges to national security threats that India traditionally tackles. Despite these, India's defence expenditure continues to decrease in real terms and as a percentage of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) every year.

Defence Budget and its discontents
Jan 24, 2023

Defence Budget and its discontents

Allocations made for capital expenditure must increase if India is to keep pace with China's rising military might

Defence budget and the big picture
Feb 03, 2021

Defence budget and the big picture

A strong and capable military will deter any adversary from casting an evil design. Let the situation at the borders under the pandemic times be a pus

Defence diplomacy
Feb 21, 2015

Defence diplomacy

China has discarded the traditional emphasis on criticising the arms control agreements promoted by the Western powers and focuses instead on securing Beijing's national interests by actively participating in international and regional military negotiations and shaping the international military norms.

Defence diplomacy and environmental security: Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific and beyond
May 17, 2021

Defence diplomacy and environmental security: Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific and beyond

Security risks associated with the consequences of climate change will have a direct impact on the way the armed forces anticipate, prepare, operate a

Defence expenditure: Going beyond the Budget
Mar 20, 2013

Defence expenditure: Going beyond the Budget

Defence needs to be viewed as an integral part of national planning so as to comprehensively quantify the overall requirement to meet our legitimate security needs and strategic aspirations.

Defence indigenisation can’t happen overnight
Mar 09, 2023

Defence indigenisation can’t happen overnight

New Delhi realises it must be self-reliant in all significant areas relating to the military. Accordingly, it is working overtime to build its defence-industrial capacity, but it will not yield significant results for another two decades.

Defence Indigenisation: Progress and Perils
Mar 16, 2023

Defence Indigenisation: Progress and Perils

The long-term challenge for India is in ensuring deep and sustained investments in defence R&D and a defence industrial ecosystem that can, if not comprehensively, but for the most part, service the requirements of the Indian military.

Defence is important, but the economy must come first
Jun 11, 2014

Defence is important, but the economy must come first

There is need to re-prioritise the expensive items in the services' wish list in a manner that will not strain the economy, without necessarily increasing the vulnerability of the country.

Defence reforms get a fillip, but more needs to be done urgently
Jan 15, 2019

Defence reforms get a fillip, but more needs to be done urgently

At a time when advances in technology are revolutionising warfare, India is still debating the need to move towards leaner force structures. India needs to cut the flab on an urgent basis.

Defence sector needs drastic reforms
Jul 27, 2015

Defence sector needs drastic reforms

Resources are constraining the modernisation drives of India's three services. The government has not been able to check the growth of manpower in the Army and paramilitary forces. This has a direct repercussion on the modernisation plans of the military.

Defence Spending Trends in India
Mar 30, 2012

Defence Spending Trends in India

While allocations for the defence forces have been prioritized, the country's policymakers still grapple with the question: Despite spending billions, how strong is our Defence?

Defence, beyond action-reaction
Mar 31, 2011

Defence, beyond action-reaction

The defence component of the national budget accounts for 14% of central government expenditure, but gets less than 5% of media space. Virtually no discussion on the issue takes place in Parliament either. A call for increased resources for national defence usually goes out only when defence spending by Pakistan and China makes headlines.

Defence: Not really an ideal Budget
Jul 11, 2014

Defence: Not really an ideal Budget

Modi Govt's defence budget will only sharpen the divide between an increasingly assertive China and the Indian security establishment trying hard to cope up with the Chinese military modernisation programme. China's 2014 military budget is of $132 billion while Indian budget is of approximately US $ 37 bn only.

'Make in India' in defence sector: A distant dream
May 07, 2018

'Make in India' in defence sector: A distant dream

To ensure self reliance, the government is emphasising on “Make in India”. It is undoubtedly in the right direction, however, implementation needs

20 months from now, Nirmala Sitharaman will be judged on ‘Make in India’ in defence
Sep 08, 2017

20 months from now, Nirmala Sitharaman will be judged on ‘Make in India’ in defence

For an India that has had to make do with one part-time Defence Minister and another with his heart set on Goan Chief Ministership — Nirmala Sitharaman’s appointment comes at a crucial juncture.

A Conceptual Relook at the Indian Army’s Terminal Air Defence
Dec 22, 2022

A Conceptual Relook at the Indian Army’s Terminal Air Defence

The ongoing Russia-Ukraine war has underlined the emerging realities of states’ air defence needs, including those for medium- and long-range air defence missile systems. The most important facet in the domain of air defence relates to terminal air defence—or the defence of a single object or a limited area like a ship, building or an airfield, now usually against air attacks and guided missiles. This report underscores the need for India to

A Conceptual Relook at the Indian Army’s Terminal Air Defence
Dec 27, 2022

A Conceptual Relook at the Indian Army’s Terminal Air Defence

The ongoing Russia-Ukraine war has underlined the emerging realities of states’ air defence needs, including those for medium- and long-range air defence missile systems. The most important facet in the domain of air defence relates to terminal air defence—or the defence of a single object or a limited area like a ship, building or an airfield, now usually against air attacks and guided missiles. This report underscores the need for India to

A new chapter in defence and tech
Feb 22, 2023

A new chapter in defence and tech

The India-U.S. initiative on critical and emerging technologies could have a transformative impact on bilateral relations

A Survey of India-US Defence Cooperation
Mar 15, 2024

A Survey of India-US Defence Cooperation

Manoj Joshi, “A Survey of India-US Defence Cooperation,” ORF Special Report No. 224, March 2024, Observer Research Foundation.

Abe's defence
Jul 21, 2015

Abe's defence

It's not often that one sees leaders take risks in the pursuit of a political conviction. Abe, a rare exception, has been steadfast in his determination to remove the extraordinary restraints on Japan's military imposed by its post-war constitution. Abe wants Japan to be a "normal" power, 70 years after World War II.

Accelerating the pace of India’s defence research
Jul 23, 2022

Accelerating the pace of India’s defence research

Expanding participation to other stakeholders and cultivating linkages with other countries’ R&D are two ways by which India hopes to stimulate defe

Acting East: Indian defence co-operation in Asia
Sep 05, 2019

Acting East: Indian defence co-operation in Asia

India must remember that it is only by exporting to Asia that it can transform its ‘Act East’ policy from being a tokenistic one into an influenti

Advances in Chinese missile defence and hypersonic capabilities
Jun 19, 2023

Advances in Chinese missile defence and hypersonic capabilities

In light of the advances in Chinese defence capabilities, India must prioritise the development of the second phase of India’s BMD capability as wel

After Male's defence pact with US, India needs to check over-crowding of Indian Ocean strategic space
Sep 22, 2020

After Male's defence pact with US, India needs to check over-crowding of Indian Ocean strategic space

There is a real possibility of the neighbourhood Indian Ocean waters getting over-crowded sooner or later with defence pacts and multiple navies criss

Agenda 2+2: US and India to hold second foreign and defence ministerial dialogue
Dec 12, 2019

Agenda 2+2: US and India to hold second foreign and defence ministerial dialogue

Beyond the personal chemistry between political leaders forecasting bilateral ties, consultative platforms on the ministerial level like the US-India

Agnipath: A bold, new defence recruitment scheme
Jun 22, 2022

Agnipath: A bold, new defence recruitment scheme

The Agnipath scheme has been formulated to ease the burden on the defence budget and to enhance the country’s preparedness in the face of emerging n

Ahead of Secretary Carter's India visit, bipartisan support for expansion of defence cooperation
May 26, 2015

Ahead of Secretary Carter's India visit, bipartisan support for expansion of defence cooperation

India-US defence ties are driven not only by business and commercial interests, but by the logic of geopolitics. Sustained bipartisan support in favour of burgeoning India-US ties is necessary.

Analysing Iranian Defence Minister’s visit to India
Feb 08, 2021

Analysing Iranian Defence Minister’s visit to India

Iran may become an important point of contact — diplomatically — in the near future, and the reason behind this will not be energy security for In

Antony's term as defence minister has been mired in scandals, missed opportunities
Jun 24, 2013

Antony's term as defence minister has been mired in scandals, missed opportunities

It is an unfortunate fact that India usually commits itself to reform after it is hit by a crisis. That is why the two periods of reform and restructuring followed the 1962 defeat at the hands of the Chinese and the Kargil war.

Army exercise showcases growing India-Singapore defence collaboration
Apr 18, 2019

Army exercise showcases growing India-Singapore defence collaboration

The broader convergence of strategic interests between India and Singapore is the driving factor for these engagements.

Assessing Indo-US defence ties
Aug 20, 2014

Assessing Indo-US defence ties

A lot of the things are hanging in the air because Indo-US relations are doing so as well. Given India's reticence in giving any kind of political shape to the partnership with the US, Washington is understandably stringing New Delhi along with promises. Modi's forthcoming visit to Washington DC could be an opportunity to move forward in some of the issues

Asteroids, meteors and planetary defence
Feb 18, 2013

Asteroids, meteors and planetary defence

Prior to the meteor hit in Russia and Asteroid 2012 DA 14's close miss, the Indian public and its policy makers likely could just not comprehend such a distant, seemingly un-real threat. Perhaps now, this will not be the case.