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How a delta ravaged by cyclone Amphan awaits a revival
May 23, 2020

How a delta ravaged by cyclone Amphan awaits a revival

As if COVID-19 was not enough, Amphan has not merely damaged infrastructure, rendered many homeless, and affected small businesses — but has imposed a cost on the West Bengal economy whose indelible impacts will be felt in the long-run.

How beneficial are joint exercises by the military?
Oct 26, 2015

How beneficial are joint exercises by the military?

Most of the joint exercises being conducted by security forces, like like the Malabar 2015, are of the simple basic variety and, hence, really provide no 'net value addition' to the Indian force that participates. Thus, approvals for such exercises should necessitate a case-by-case approach in the future.

How can BRICS survive amidst TTIP?
Jan 05, 2015

How can BRICS survive amidst TTIP?

With the US and EU, who together are responsible for the makeup of 46% of the world economy, preparing to enter into the largest trade deal in history, the TTIP, the question of how the BRICS adapt and consolidate their position globally is one that holds considerable relevance. The options available to the BRICS are limited.

How central planning has groomed China
Jul 08, 2014

How central planning has groomed China

In 1990, China's GDP was roughly the same as India's and parts of its infrastructure, such as its railway system, were considered inferior. Today, China's GDP is around $9 trillion and India's is $2 trillion. The high speed train travelling at 300 kph from Shanghai to Beijing signals the extent to which China had pulled away from India.

How do you measure new movements?
Apr 11, 2013

How do you measure new movements?

During a discussion on "Urban Middle Classes and the Ascent of New Politics in India" at ORF, it was noted that success should not be measured in terms of the ability to ensure successful electoral outcomes but as an attempt to make better societies.

How effective will be the free trade agreements with East Asia
Apr 09, 2015

How effective will be the free trade agreements with East Asia

The Centre seems to be keen on development of Free Trade Agreements with our East Asian and South-East Asian neighbours. The general idea floated in this context is: Trade is good. More is better. But, unbridled market force in the form of unbridled trade without the concomitant safeguards in regulation and risk management mechanisms might not be a wise idea.

How growth and equity get a boost in Finance Minister's economic stimulus package
May 15, 2020

How growth and equity get a boost in Finance Minister's economic stimulus package

FM Nirmala Sitharaman’s first tranche of announcements of the fiscal stimulus for economic recovery closely follows PM Modi's vision of making the economy self-reliant.

How Important was Abu Azzam?
Sep 30, 2005

How Important was Abu Azzam?

Before the elections in the beginning of this year, the authorities of the Iraqi Government had announced warrants for the arrest of 29 Iraqis and foreigners, who, according to them, are either former members of the Saddam Hussein Government or part of the Abu Mus¿ab al-Zarqawi terrorist network of the Al Qaeda.

How India deals with Pakistan and China
Jun 02, 2011

How India deals with Pakistan and China

It might be interesting to analyse our diplomatic handling of China and Pakistan on a comparative basis. These two countries pose the most difficult and complex foreign policy challenges to us. Is our approach to both countries similar, or there are differences in the way we engage them?

How it all played out
Feb 24, 2012

How it all played out

The behind-the-scenes drama had all the ingredients of a potboiler.

How large are our social safety nets?
May 22, 2014

How large are our social safety nets?

A World Bank report on 'State of Social Safety Nets' paints an overall positive picture, with over one billion people worldwide being included under at least one safety net initiative. But the reality is that more than two-thirds of the world's 1.2 billion poorest are not covered.

How many wake up calls do we need?
Jul 14, 2006

How many wake up calls do we need?

150 innocent lives have been lost in the serial blasts set-off by terrorists in Mumbai on July 11, 2006; the death toll is likely to mount. The blasts, sadly, are a chilling reminder that terrorist can strike with impunity and at will, secure in the comfort that they cannot be touched. If the 1993 Bomb blasts in Mumbai had a fig leaf of an excuse (the demolition of the Babri mosque), the current blasts have none.

How much surveillance does a country need?
Jul 20, 2013

How much surveillance does a country need?

Terrorists have taken to the use of social media networks in a big way. This brings us back to the old dilemma of how much data is information and how much information is adequate intelligence. The other dilemma is how much surveillance is enough for security. The third dilemma is how much liberty is to be sacrificed for security.

How Not To Project The Party or PM
Jul 08, 2011

How Not To Project The Party or PM

The quest for media management in an environment of a media so controlled is a quest for the impossible.

How Obama shifted the discourse
May 14, 2014

How Obama shifted the discourse

In the US, the party primaries to elect the candidates for the November election have begun. It is clear from the primaries that the Republican party is seeking to return to the middle ground from the excesses of the past when it was held hostage by the right-wing Tea Party.

How PM Modi's trips are securing India's defence
Jun 17, 2014

How PM Modi's trips are securing India's defence

Narendra Modi's visits out of New Delhi last week have emphasised the new government's understanding of India's Grand Strategy. In some ways, it marks a continuity with the policy of past governments, but in important ways it presages a departure.

How prepared is our military for climate change?
Oct 05, 2013

How prepared is our military for climate change?

The US Navy has already developed a generic "Road Map" against climate change while we are yet to assess the impact of such changes, let alone formulate doctrinal responses. Let us not get caught napping.

How radicalised is Pakistan Army?
Sep 20, 2007

How radicalised is Pakistan Army?

How radicalised is Pakistan Army today? was the question which formed the focal point of an intense discussion organised by Observer Research Foundation on September 20. Well-known academics, journalists, experts and military officers attended the discussion which was chaired by Mr Vikram Sood, Vice President (International Affairs), ORF and former chief of Research & Analysis Wing.

How should India meet the Maoist challenge?
May 14, 2010

How should India meet the Maoist challenge?

At a meeting organised by ORF several experts said the current discourse on the Maoist challenge has been dominated by a "paranoid" view

How stable is the new Government in Nepal?
Mar 04, 2011

How stable is the new Government in Nepal?

When the Communist Party of Nepal - United Marxist Leninist (CPN-UML) Chairman Jhala Nath Khanal was finally elected as the new Prime Minister of Nepal, the country breathed a sigh of relief.

How sustainable are India’s development partnerships?
Jan 03, 2022

How sustainable are India’s development partnerships?

India’s development partnerships could be a potential game changer if sustainability is incorporated into the agenda

How Tesla solved India's broadband puzzle in 1893
Jun 27, 2011

How Tesla solved India's broadband puzzle in 1893

It's time policy mandarins remove their blinkers and jettison their vested interests to learn the sharp and focused lessons that history of science teaches so beautifully

How the civil war in Yemen came about
Jul 09, 2015

How the civil war in Yemen came about

While the Arabs tend to blame the West for their troubles with some reason, much of the blame they have to shoulder themselves. The Arab world is in turmoil mainly because of undemocratic regimes, lack of institutions, the absence of a spirit of scientific enquiry and societies that have yet to adjust to the 21st century.

How the Iran nuke deal gives India room in the Greater Middle East
Jul 15, 2015

How the Iran nuke deal gives India room in the Greater Middle East

India's thinking about the Middle East, whether from the UPA or NDA, has tended to be ideological and rooted in their domestic political considerations. Prime Minister Narendra Modi needs to break from this tradition and develop a strategy towards the Middle East that is firmly anchored in realpolitik.

How the news ecosystem is changing in India
Jul 28, 2020

How the news ecosystem is changing in India

Newspapers, or even television channels, will have to bypass Google and Facebook to survive. Question is — how do they do that?

How the pandemic is an opportunity to create a ‘more equal’ world
May 12, 2020

How the pandemic is an opportunity to create a ‘more equal’ world

A new “more equal” world has to replace the old unequal world with a paradigm propagating equality from spatial and temporal dimensions.

How the PM put India on an even keel
May 26, 2015

How the PM put India on an even keel

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been energetically pushing the Indian view. If he is able to transform the Indian economy and put it on a fast growth track in the coming years, he will sharply enhance India's weight in the international system.

How to deal with foreign policy headaches from neighbourhood
Nov 17, 2015

How to deal with foreign policy headaches from neighbourhood

Despite the promise of 2014, India's neighbourhood policy has run into some confusion. There are many examples. With Pakistan, India is paying for the Narendra Modi government's initial missteps.

How to intervene
Mar 17, 2015

How to intervene

Before PM Modi can pat himself on the back for a fine diplomatic performance in Lanka, Modi now faces a big political test in the Maldives, where the regime of Abdul Yameen has arrested former President Mohamed Nasheed on charges of terrorism and a perverted judicial system has sentenced him to 13 years in prison.

How to secure equal representation in Parliament?
Jul 29, 2015

How to secure equal representation in Parliament?

The loopholes and technicalities of the Women's Reservation Bill should be open to scrutiny, but the Bill and its purpose must not be forgotten. Perhaps the revival of the debate over the bill could be an opportunity for PM Modi to demonstrate his party's focus on gender equality.

How to stem black money
Nov 04, 2014

How to stem black money

It would perhaps be wiser for the government to focus on how to stop the outflow of black money instead of just chasing money already stashed abroad. One method is to enter into agreements and treaties with countries to share information, like the way the US is doing now.

How to take India-Japan ties forward
Jan 31, 2014

How to take India-Japan ties forward

To take India-Japan ties to the next level, three issues need to be resolved. First, early end to their negotiations on civil nuclear cooperation. Second, a decision on the offer of the US-2 amphibian aircraft. Third, the symbolism of Japanese technology products which can be used for military applications.

How US lost War on Terrorism
Feb 03, 2004

How US lost War on Terrorism

President George W. Bush is a desperate man today. He wants Osama bin Laden, dead or alive. More than 12000 US troops, including a 1400-men strong elite commando unit known as Task Force 121, are in Pakistan and Afghanistan hunting for Laden. Supporting them is a 70,000-strong contingent from President Pervez Musharraf¿s Army.