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Collective regional action needed for environmental security in south Asia
Mar 22, 2013

Collective regional action needed for environmental security in south Asia

A two-day deliberations by 20 experts from India, China and U.K, have underlined the need for a collective regional action to ensure environmental security in South Asia. The meeting was organised by Observer Research Foundation in collaboration with Royal United Services Institute, London and Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing.

Colombia's Agenda for 'Democratic Prosperity'
Dec 02, 2011

Colombia's Agenda for 'Democratic Prosperity'

Address by Colombian Deputy Foreign Minister, at the Observer Research Foundation, New Delhi, on November 3, 2011 on Colombia's Agenda for Domestic Prosperity.

Colombo correction
Apr 01, 2014

Colombo correction

The UPA's policy failures on Bangladesh and Sri Lanka have generated much bemoaning in Delhi's national security establishment about the breakdown of the rules of the republic that made the conduct of foreign policy the sole responsibility of the Centre. A closer look reveals that it is not the states that are exercising a veto over foreign policy decisions.

Column : Arming while aiming
Dec 22, 2010

Column : Arming while aiming

My revered teacher late professor Matin Zuberi had once remarked that major states in global affairs, real or aspiring, end up possessing superfluous arsenals often times through superficially planned and mostly ad hoc manners.

Combining the Best of North-South and South-South Development Cooperation: The Case for Triangular Partnerships
Mar 30, 2023

Combining the Best of North-South and South-South Development Cooperation: The Case for Triangular Partnerships

The COVID-19 pandemic pushed most economies into recession and heightened inequalities within and across countries. Mitigating current challenges requires greater solidarity, innovative thinking, and more effective international development cooperation. This paper makes a case for triangular cooperation as an instrument of development cooperation in current times. It outlines its advantages, examines the challenges involved in such partnerships,

Comfort women issue: Why can't Japan, South Korea reconcile?
Apr 10, 2015

Comfort women issue: Why can't Japan, South Korea reconcile?

The year 2015 marks an important date in international history - the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II. It is also the 50th anniversary of normalisation of relations between South Korea and Japan. And, it is a chance that both Japan and South Korea should grab with an aim to re-normalise their relations.

Commission on Air Quality Management — A general without foot soldiers
Feb 13, 2021

Commission on Air Quality Management — A general without foot soldiers

The key to long-term clean air is a landmark regulatory overhaul.

Commissions, Omissions in Obama's Speech
May 21, 2011

Commissions, Omissions in Obama's Speech

It is commonly recognised in Jerusalem, and elsewhere that the Likud PM, Mr. Benjamin Netaniyahu, nurses an adversarial chemistry with the US President. He went ahead with Jewish settlements in a most insulting reception to US Vice President, Joe Biden.

Competition with China not antagonism: S M Krishna
Jul 01, 2010

Competition with China not antagonism: S M Krishna

The foreign minister said the boundary issue between the two countries has not prevented mutually beneficial and functional cooperation in a number of areas

Completely overhaul civil aviation sector: Experts
Dec 23, 2008

Completely overhaul civil aviation sector: Experts

Senior Supreme Court lawyer and ORF trustee Lalit Bhasin moots a comprehensive law to replace the obsolete Aircraft Act of 1934

Comprehensive approach needed on fishing front
Oct 24, 2011

Comprehensive approach needed on fishing front

The Centre could start well with the creation of an independent 'fisheries ministry'. In the emerging situation, such a ministry may have to comprehensively address all issues of maritime concerns and interests.

Compromised  TRIPS waiver: One step forward, two steps back
Apr 16, 2022

Compromised TRIPS waiver: One step forward, two steps back

The watered-down version of the initial TRIPS waiver proposal put forth by India and South Africa indicates that the developed nations’ policy is bu

Conference Summary: ORF-CSIS Dialogue on East Asia
Mar 17, 2005

Conference Summary: ORF-CSIS Dialogue on East Asia

Participants from India and the United States shared their respective viewpoints on the political, economic, and security environment to identify areas of mutual interest in East Asia. The discussion focused on identifying current and future challenges & opportunities in the bilateral relationship

Conflict in Syria and the possibility of peace
Dec 01, 2014

Conflict in Syria and the possibility of peace

THE United Nations Security Council (UNSC) achieved the almost impossible recently by adopting a unanimous resolution on providing access to humanitarian aid to Syria, breaking a deadlock that pitted Russia and China against the Western powers.

Conflict is Counterproductive
Apr 21, 2005

Conflict is Counterproductive

It is usually only the politically naive who are optimistic about the future of India's relations with Pakistan. The terms "enduring rivalry", "protracted discord" and "communal conflict in armour" have become part of the global political vocabulary because of the depressing saga of India-Pakistan ties.

Confronting Cascading Disasters, Building Resilience: Lessons from the Indian Sundarbans
Jan 29, 2021

Confronting Cascading Disasters, Building Resilience: Lessons from the Indian Sundarbans

The intersecting impacts of COVID-19 and climate change are compounding the vulnerabilities of coastal communities.  This paper examines the disastrous effects of cyclone Amphan in the Bengal delta region of the Indian Sundarbans amidst a countrywide lockdown triggered by the pandemic, and their cascading consequences for a rural community inhabiting this climate hotspot. It highlights the livelihood crisis experienced by internal rural-urban mi

Confusing the Kashmir Conundrum
Sep 23, 2010

Confusing the Kashmir Conundrum

It is sad that caught unawares, the nation is finding new ways to explain away the current puzzle that Jammu and Kashmir once again has become. Issues such as 'trust deficit' and 'governance deficit',

Confusion in India's Nepal policy
May 03, 2005

Confusion in India's Nepal policy

India has almost blinked to the King of Nepal on the question of arms supply. These supplies were put on hold on February 1, 2005, following King Gyanendra¿s coup against the democratic system and leadership.

Congress must craft a solid policy platform to survive
Oct 31, 2014

Congress must craft a solid policy platform to survive

The depth of the Congress's problems is evident from the party's inability to come to grips with the problem of party leadership. For structural reasons -- primarily the fact that it is a proprietorial entity -- this is the most critical problem for the party. This was evident from the reactions to P. Chidambaram's remark that a "non-Gandhi" could "someday" become president of the party.

Congress: In a mood to take risk
Jan 24, 2013

Congress: In a mood to take risk

The Congress' brain storming session at Jaipur seemed to suggest that the party is now in a mood to take big risks in the months ahead. The diesel price hike clearly was the most risky one, politically speaking.

Connecting northeast India
Jul 01, 2015

Connecting northeast India

India's Northeast remains disconnected from the rest of the country. This disconnect is not just in the geographical realm, but also at the level of the superstructure. With the advent of newer forms of communication, many research organisations or think tanks have come up to to study the eight States in the region.

Consensus President need of the hour
Apr 27, 2007

Consensus President need of the hour

The discussion on "Forthcoming Presidential Election" in India saw crucial issues impacting the election of the next Indian President being analysed and debated

Constituent Assembly will have to be extended again, says senior Nepali leader
Jun 23, 2011

Constituent Assembly will have to be extended again, says senior Nepali leader

Senior leader of the CPN-UML, K P Sharma Oli, feels that the Constituent Assembly of Nepal is unlikely to complete its task by the August 31 deadline and another extension is unavoidable.

Constitution: Power-sharing needs a fresh look
Aug 06, 2011

Constitution: Power-sharing needs a fresh look

In the backdrop of the ever-evolving global situations and demands of sustainable development, there is now an increasing need to widen the scope of the discourse on the Centre-State relations, expanding to include new areas of concerns and the various arms of the State.

Constitutional and political disconnect necessary for Nepal's stability
Aug 17, 2010

Constitutional and political disconnect necessary for Nepal's stability

Ms Menaka Guruswamy, Supreme Court lawyer, who has been associated with Constitution making in Nepal, outlined four major areas of divergence in Nepalese Constitution. Federalism is one such area which is highly contested.

Constitutional crisis averted, but road ahead full of traps
May 27, 2011

Constitutional crisis averted, but road ahead full of traps

A constitutional crisis that was threatening to undo all the achievements of the popular struggle against the Nepalese monarchy and establishment of a republic was averted on Sunday.

Containing coronavirus
Mar 25, 2020

Containing coronavirus

Self-discipline and strict adherence to government advisories is the key to manage the Coronavirus crisis in India; government response alone will not

Containment policy may fail to deter China
Aug 18, 2020

Containment policy may fail to deter China

China has been less harmed by the tariff war than was expected, and it has been remarkably resistant to the Covid-19 pandemic. It is the only economy in the IMF’s World Economic Outlook update that is likely to have a positive growth rate of 1 per cent in 2020. This has probably reinforced Xi’s belief that a strong one-party state is better able to handle the challenges. He has also pushed state-owned market enterprises to follow market rules

Contemporary Conflicts in Jammu & Kashmir
Mar 22, 2007

Contemporary Conflicts in Jammu & Kashmir

The internal dynamics of Jammu and Kashmir have assumed significance in the context of the ongoing India-Pakistan normalisation process, on the one hand, and the Centre's continuing efforts at peace-building with non-militant political groups in the State, on the other. Often, efforts aimed at understanding the complexities of the issues are bogged down by the past, or are confined to the 'Indian angle'. There is very little reference to Pakistan

Contemporary History of Anthropogenic Environment Change
Sep 01, 2009

Contemporary History of Anthropogenic Environment Change

The earth's geological past has seen violent climate shifts. The extinction of the dinosaurs, the Neolithic Revolution that followed the retreat of the last ice age, and the sudden demise of ancient civilizations, has been linked to climate change. While mankind has been altering the planetary environment ever since the Neolithic Revolution, it is only after the Industrial Revolution that it has attained the weight of numbers and technological ca

Contesting Mutual Security: India- Nepal Relations
Jun 26, 2003

Contesting Mutual Security: India- Nepal Relations

The present paper analyses the existing security relations and strategic perceptions of India and Nepal and attempts to identify the common and divergent perceptions existing, if any. It tries to understand the reasons for the erosion of mutuality and its impact on Indo- Nepal relationship.

Continental China
Sep 19, 2013

Continental China

Even as China becomes a maritime power to reckon with, Beijing has no desire to give up on its continental aspirations. Chinese President Xi Jinping's continuing tour of Central Asia this past week showcased the nation's rise at the heart of the Eurasian landmass.

Contours of a new terror matrix
Mar 16, 2006

Contours of a new terror matrix

The stage is set for a new terrorist confederation with the sole agenda of wreaking havoc across the heartland of India in the months to come. Ignorance or indifference to the clear signs of such an alliance - visible from Bangalore to Delhi, via Ayodhya, Nalgonda, Mulund and Varanasi - would prove suicidal for India.

Contours of crisis consumption
May 12, 2020

Contours of crisis consumption

Internet usage across the world and networks has risen up to 80%. Will the internet be able to handle the growing pressures, growing traffic and expe

Contradictions grow amid another BRICS summit
Nov 20, 2020

Contradictions grow amid another BRICS summit

India’s aim in engaging with BRICS may be an effort to demonstrate that it retains strategic autonomy and that it engages with all major powers irrespective of incongruences.

Control inflation by non-monetary means
Oct 22, 2010

Control inflation by non-monetary means

India may have to apply capital controls in the future like Brazil has done to regulate the inflow of FIIs, and there could be more effective intervention in the currency market by the RBI to stabilise the rupee to promote export growth.

Controlling crowds in public areas as India unlocks
Aug 28, 2020

Controlling crowds in public areas as India unlocks

A decentralised cluster planning approach holds the key to social distancing in urban public spaces.

Cool Syria to focus on Afghanistan in Chicago
Apr 16, 2012

Cool Syria to focus on Afghanistan in Chicago

It is President Barak Obama's political requirement to have a calm Middle East so that he can keep a steady gaze on Afghanistan, the country on which the NATO Summit in Chicago must focus in May in ways that it is useful for his re election in November.

Cooperation with China important for India's Eurasian energy policy
May 27, 2014

Cooperation with China important for India's Eurasian energy policy

For Russia and even Central Asian countries, China can act as a catalyst to market their hydrocarbon resources to South Asia and beyond, opening an opportunity for gas exports too. Russia's $400 billion gas deal with China is a case in point.

Cooperation, not competition
Aug 20, 2012

Cooperation, not competition

On a proposal by Vietnam recently, ONGC Videsh Limited (OVL), the overseas investment arm of ONGC, has decided to stay invested in Block 128. The decision was taken after Hanoi offered to provide additional data to make future exploration economically feasible and discovering hydrocarbons commercially viable.

Copter attack: grim reminder of challenges in Afghanistan
Aug 08, 2011

Copter attack: grim reminder of challenges in Afghanistan

While President Barack Obama is pursuing his two-pronged approach in Afghanistan that involves talking to the Taliban and handling over the security to the Afghan National Army (ANA).