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BRICS Think Tanks Council set up
Mar 11, 2013

BRICS Think Tanks Council set up

Think tanks from five BRICS countries, participating in the 5th Academic Forum meeting in Durban, have announced the setting up of the BRICS Think Tanks Council (BTTC).

BRICS, Steel, Mortar....and Money
Apr 04, 2012

BRICS, Steel, Mortar....and Money

The unity and purpose of BRICS has been the target of speculation and scepticism from various quarters. With the Delhi Declaration, BRICS members have been able to assuage such doubts as they have begun to create a credible hedge against traditional global narratives of security and development.

BRICS: A wall for some and a platform for others
Apr 04, 2013

BRICS: A wall for some and a platform for others

China as the leader of the pack will use BRICS for control and dominance. The West will see this as a threat to existing arrangements and try to pull it down before it takes off. Indian presence will remain weak so long as our economic reforms and progress remain slow and our internal political and policy frameworks remain uncertain.

BRICS: An evolving forum with limitations
May 27, 2011

BRICS: An evolving forum with limitations

BRICS is an evolving process, and any exaggerated notion of it becoming a power bloc will be out of place. It might work towards "a multi-polar (or poly-centric) world", which a former Brazilian President had described as an important goal of BRICS, but in no sense it is a ganging-up against the US or the West.

Bridges to the future — Alternative connectivity paradigms and their geopolitical implications
Dec 28, 2020

Bridges to the future — Alternative connectivity paradigms and their geopolitical implications

Driving all of the visions is the fact that the world’s infrastructure needs far exceed what any single country can provide. And those needs are onl

Bridging gaps, building futures: SDG 3 and youth capital
Apr 05, 2024

Bridging gaps, building futures: SDG 3 and youth capital

Nurturing youth capital and well-being is not only a moral imperative but also an economic necessity

Bridging the gap: India Bangladesh relations
Aug 21, 2010

Bridging the gap: India Bangladesh relations

India and Bangladesh relations got a new boost following Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee's brief visit to Bangladesh recently, demonstrating New Delhi's keenness in enhancing bilateral relations.

Bridging the global gender chasm in 2024: Need for more steam?
Feb 03, 2024

Bridging the global gender chasm in 2024: Need for more steam?

Due to unprecedented global crises, progress in bridging the gender divide has stagnated

Bridging the Gulf
Feb 25, 2014

Bridging the Gulf

Any suggestion of a look west policy compels a comparison with India's much-celebrated Look East policy and presents us with a paradox. India's relationship with the Gulf is much denser than with Southeast Asia. Yet the Gulf does not resonate as much as Southeast Asia in Indian Foreign Policy discourse.

Bridging the India-China divide
Jun 20, 2014

Bridging the India-China divide

Whatever shape future talks between India and China takes, bilateral problems, including the border dispute, have taken more time than their people can wait, to address leave alone resolve them.

Bridging the SDGs Financing Gap: A Ten-Point Agenda for the G20
May 05, 2023

Bridging the SDGs Financing Gap: A Ten-Point Agenda for the G20

This brief discusses one of the most crucial challenges to effective global governance for development: bridging the financing gap for the UN Sustainable Development Goals. It considers the role of the G20 in addressing this gap, and outlines a 10-point action plan for the grouping. The aim is to bolster the financing required to achieve the SDGs in the next six and a half years—serving as an update to the Addis Ababa Action Agenda of 2015 in l

Brief assessment of China's National People's Congress
Mar 30, 2009

Brief assessment of China's National People's Congress

The 2nd session of the 11th National People's Congress (NPC) was held in Beijing from Mar 5-13, 2009, the first session after the onset of the global economic crisis

Briefing: UNFCCC COP 20 Meeting in Lima
Jan 19, 2015

Briefing: UNFCCC COP 20 Meeting in Lima

Climate change defined officially as 'a change in the state of the climate that can be identified among other things by changes in the mean and / or the variability of its properties, and that persists for an extended period, typically decades or longer' is among major challenges facing countries.

Britain should shed its China obsession to seize the moment in the Indo-Pacific
Aug 05, 2020

Britain should shed its China obsession to seize the moment in the Indo-Pacific

Post-Brexit Britain needs to move away from its China-centric policy and step up trade engagements in the region, which offers potential for win-win economic gains. London should also look to join its allies, including the US, India, Australia in the support of regional security to manage the risks posed by Beijing

Broadcasting standards and TV channels
Feb 25, 2014

Broadcasting standards and TV channels

The NBSA process needs to keep pace with the fists of fury that politicians are unleashing on each other. Particularly so as the level of unsubtantiated allegations is getting worse as we're getting closer to the General Elections 2014.

BSP's 25-year Journey: What Next?
Apr 14, 2010

BSP's 25-year Journey: What Next?

Mayawati has apparently decided that she should retain her core constituency hoping that everything else would fall in place

Bubbles and Other Troubles: Risks from Ultra Easy Monetary Policy
Aug 12, 2014

Bubbles and Other Troubles: Risks from Ultra Easy Monetary Policy

Spillovers from unconventional monetary policy in the AEs pose a systemic risk for emerging market economies (EMEs). Unconventional monetary policies to ensure cheap liquidity and easy credit conditions have been used not only in the US but in Europe as well as Japan.

Budget 2004: The Power Sector Review
Jul 15, 2004

Budget 2004: The Power Sector Review

Budget 2004, despite the change of regime in New Delhi, maintains the much required continuity for critical power sector reforms to achieve the country¿'s "Power for All" objective by 2012 and double installed capacity to over 200,000 MW .The salient features in the budget vis-a-vis the power sector are:

Budget 2013: Exaggerated revenue and under-estimated spends a worry
Feb 25, 2013

Budget 2013: Exaggerated revenue and under-estimated spends a worry

The macro-economic situation at this point of time is indisputably negative and the Budget for 2013-14 should set realistic spending allocations with the aim to reduce the fiscal deficit to sustainable levels.

Budget 2013: Eye on elections
Mar 07, 2013

Budget 2013: Eye on elections

The focus on delivery of various schemes is missing in this budget. Each year, public money is being poured into them, but things remain the same unless there are dynamic state ministers monitoring everything. Some provision for effective monitoring should have made in budget 2013-14.

Budget 2022: Is the 'rare mention' of mental health truly an actionable effort?
Feb 01, 2022

Budget 2022: Is the 'rare mention' of mental health truly an actionable effort?

While the focus on mental health is welcome, concentrating capacity to only a few institutions will affect the quantity and quality of mental healthca

Budget indicative of future policies
Mar 12, 2013

Budget indicative of future policies

The Finance Minister announced allocations for various sectors in the Budget. But these are a regular feature of every Budget. What was different in this Budget? Almost nothing except that there has been fiscal consolidation. Obviously, it is not going to satisfy the common man, farmers, industry or foreign investors.

Budget must focus on defence
Feb 17, 2015

Budget must focus on defence

The Modi Government's first real annual Budget is perhaps its most important test after flunking the Delhi Assembly examination. While businessmen will be watching it to gauge the intentions and determination of the Government to create a pro-business atmosphere, it will be equally eagerly watched by the armed forces community for its modernisation targets.

Budget provisions for energy transition: Less than meets the eye
Feb 15, 2022

Budget provisions for energy transition: Less than meets the eye

Though the Budget has increased financial incentives to the RE industry, it does not reflect an unambiguous focus on the energy transition of the coun

Budget wishy washy, lacks direction
Mar 17, 2012

Budget wishy washy, lacks direction

The Finance Minister has chosen to walk the conservative path, hoping to stimulate investment and growth through small half-measures. Expect high rates of inflation in FY 13 and greater pressure on the fiscal deficit despite white paper on black money.

Budget without many surprises
Mar 02, 2015

Budget without many surprises

This was a budget without many surprises. Maybe we have evolved to being an economy, in which the budget is a mundane, technical exercise, of interest to economists and accountants, but of little immediate consequence for those who live in the real world.

Budgets priorities under different regimes
Apr 10, 2012

Budgets priorities under different regimes

While the coverage of Budgets in the media and research reports are mainly limited to high interest items like income-tax, sales tax, excise, inflation etc., the "Part A" of the budget, which is an indicator of government intention and priority, remains relatively under explored.

Budgetting for the Poor
Jun 28, 2004

Budgetting for the Poor

The accompanying politico-administrative changes apart, Elections-2004 has caused the mid-course review of the economic reforms, seeking to introduce the missing "human face", about which Prime Minister Manmohan Singh had begun talking about while in the Opposition.

Build on the constituency of peace and trust, say visiting Pak journalists
Jan 24, 2011

Build on the constituency of peace and trust, say visiting Pak journalists

Visiting Pakistani journalists informed a select gathering at Observer Research Foundation that the ongoing turmoil in their country was the result of a transition from military dictatorship to coalition politics in the democratic setup.

Building 100 Smart Cities in India: Issues to be addressed
Sep 23, 2015

Building 100 Smart Cities in India: Issues to be addressed

Most participants at an ORF conference on urban development and creation of 100 smart cities in India felt that creation of smart cities is an extremely challenging exercise and for this, careful planning and effective project implementation are required.

Building a 'Strategic Oil Reserve' for India
Aug 30, 2003

Building a 'Strategic Oil Reserve' for India

After years of conceiving the idea of Strategic Oil Reserve, the Indian government seems to be moving in the right direction in a resolute manner. Recent statements by both the Prime Minister and the Petroleum Minister about building strategic storage facilities to gear up the country to meet oil emergencies

Building a bridge to Tokyo
Jun 03, 2013

Building a bridge to Tokyo

New Delhi must take full advantage of the geopolitical opportunity that the Japanese connection offers us. As democracies, both India and Japan are open societies and committed to a liberal world order. Through visits and agreements, the two sides have now laid the infrastructure for their strategic partnership.

Building a multi-faceted Indo-ROK partnership
Jan 20, 2014

Building a multi-faceted Indo-ROK partnership

In terms of the existing institutional mechanisms, South Korea somewhat lags behind Japan, but one should remember that India-South Korea partnership is only about 40 years old and during this rather short period, what the two countries have achieved is quite remarkable.

Building a new world
Mar 16, 2012

Building a new world

The ORF-hosted BRICS Academic Forum's recommendations to the 4th BRICS Leaders Summit, to be held in New Delhi on March 29, seek to set the agendas for global governance reforms and sustainable development and map out a new geography of cooperation.

Building better connections
Feb 18, 2015

Building better connections

A major problem in developing connectivity projects has been the lack of higher direction. By virtue of being strategic, these tasks ought to be done in special quick time. But, more often than not, they end up mired in all kinds of problems. At the best of times inter-ministerial and centre-state coordination is poor.

Building Climate-Resilient Food Systems
Aug 16, 2023

Building Climate-Resilient Food Systems

Climate change, conflicts, and various crises have exposed the vulnerabilities of global food systems. Acute food insecurity and undernourishment have become more prevalent in recent times, and the imperative is to build more robust and sustainable food systems that do not adversely impact the environment. The COVID-19 pandemic has only underlined the importance of food security in times of crises. This brief explores the promise of clima

Building Future-Proof Global Value Chains
Aug 14, 2023

Building Future-Proof Global Value Chains

Recent global events have underscored the importance of economic integration even as they have exposed the fragility of global value chains (GVCs). The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, for instance, highlighted the systemic risks to the functioning of GVCs. This brief explores the factors that impact the creation of production networks and recommends key methods to make GVCs more stable and sustainable to withstand potential shocks.

Building India-Australia strategic partnership in an Asian century
May 03, 2012

Building India-Australia strategic partnership in an Asian century

With interests of Australia and India "converging" in the evolving geostrategic environment of Asia, both countries have the capacity to develop into a "real" strategic partnership, according to the Australian High Commissioner, Mr Peter Varghese.

Building India’s global health strategy: Beyond the role of ‘Pharmacist of the world’
May 06, 2020

Building India’s global health strategy: Beyond the role of ‘Pharmacist of the world’

As the Covid-19 pandemic began to unfold in February, India’s dependence on Chinese inputs for the production of pharmaceutical products was debated intensely. This special report argues that the narrow discussion has fallen short in capturing India’s crucial role in global health as a provider of health-related goods to many developing countries. The report analyses trade data on over 200 categories of health-related goods, and provides quan

Building resilience will be key to future success
Dec 29, 2020

Building resilience will be key to future success

Can the pandemic become a means to prepare us to deal more effectively with a number of other seismic shifts which are either already underway or immi